Wednesday, 11 November 2020

November 11, 2020

920 years ago
1100


Married on this date
King Henry I of England married Matilda of Scotland, the daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and a direct descendant of the Saxon king Edmund Ironside. Matilda was crowned as queen consort on the same day.

520 years ago
1500


War
In the Treaty of Granada, Kings Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agreed to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them after removing Frederick IV of Naples from the Neapolitan throne.

270 years ago
1750


Died on this date
Gyurme Namgyal
. Miwang (ruling prince) of Tibet, 1747-1750. Gyurme Namgyal acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Pholhané Sönam Topgyé. He faced opposition from his brother Gyurme Yeshe Tseten, who died suddenly on January 25, 1750. Gyurme Namgyal adopted an anti-Chinese foreign policy, but the Chinese got word of his plans, and he was stabbed to death by Manchu ambans Fucin and Labdon.

Protest
Riots broke out in Lhasa after the murder of Gyurme Namgyal, resulting in the murders by the mob of assassins Fucin and Labdon, and the deaths of 51 Qing soldiers and 77 Chinese citizens.

Academia
The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club at the the College of William and Mary, was formed at Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.

170 years ago
1850


Disasters
The most disastrous fire in the history of Fredericton, New Brunswick occurred in the downtown core, destroying 18 acres and more than 300 buildings, and leaving almost 2,000 people homeless.

160 years ago
1860


Born on this date
Thomas Joseph Byrnes
. Australian politician. Mr. Byrnes was a barrister who was a member of the Queensland Legislative Council (1890-1893), and represented Cairns (1893) and Warwick (1893-1896) in the Queensland Legislative Assembly, serving as Premier of Queensland from April 13, 1898 until his death from measles and pneumonia at the age of 37 on September 27, 1898, after less than six months in office.

140 years ago
1880


Died on this date
Lucretia Mott, 87
. U.S. social reformer. Mrs. Mott participated in the typical reform movements of the 19th century, including abolition, temperance, and women's suffrage.

Ned Kelly, 25. Australian criminal. Mr. Kelly was a bushranger who began a career in crime as a teenager, serving two prison terms. With his brother Dan and two others, he participated in the murders of three policemen in 1878, but avoided capture for two years. Mr. Kelly led his gang in an attempted ambush on a police train in June 1880, but he was seriously wounded in the resulting shootout, despite wearing a full suit of armour. Mr. Kelly was convicted of the murders of two policemen and was hanged in Melbourne, despite pleas for clemency. He remains a major figure in Australian culture.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Maria Babanova
. U.S.S.R. actress. Miss Babanova appeared in plays and films in a career spanning six decades. She died on March 20, 1983 at the age of 82.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Walter Krupinski
. German military aviator. Hauptmann Krupinski served with the Luftwaffe during World War II, recording 197 victories in 1,100 sorties. Generalleutnant Krupinski held various commands in the Bundeswehr from 1957-1976, and died on October 7, 2000 at the age of 79.

Roy Jenkins. U.K. politician. Mr. Jenkins was a member of the Labour Party for most of his career, representing Southwark Central (1948-1950); Birmingham Stechford (1950-1977); and Glasgow Hillhead (1982-1987) in the House of Commons. He was regarded as a centrist, and held several cabinet posts in the governments of Prime Minister Harold Wilson, including Chancellor of the Exchequer (1967-1970) and Home Secretary (1965-1967, 1974-1976). Mr. Jenkins served as President of the European Commission (1977-1981). He left the Labour Party in 1981, and led the Social Democratic Party (1982-1983). Mr. Jenkins was elevated to the House of Lords in 1987, and led the Liberal Democratic Party in the upper house (1988-1997). He died on January 5, 2003 at the age of 82.

Died on this date
Alexander McCurdy
. Canadian police officer. Constable McCurdy of the Manitoba Provincial Police died from injuries, hours after a liquor raid on the Stockyards Hotel in St. Boniface. Two other offices are seriously injured, and Constable James Uttley died of his wounds on November 16.

Britannica
The Cenotaph was unveiled in London, and the Unknown Warrior was buried in Westminster Abbey in remembrance of the First World War.

Football
APFA
Decatur (6-0-1) 20 @ Champaign 0
Rock Island (5-1-2) 7 @ Thorn 7

90 years ago
1930


Diplomacy
The United Kingdom recognized Norway's sovereignty over Jan Mayen Island, in return for the Sverdrup Islands in the high Arctic being ceded to Canada, which occurred the following day.

80 years ago
1940


War
British carrier planes crippled half the Italian fleet in an attack on Taranto. The German cruiser Atlantis captured top secret British mail, and sent it to Japan.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy repudiated an interview published in the Boston Globe the previous day which quoted him as saying that democracy ws finished in Britain and woul soon be replaced by national socialism.

Thailand agreed to moderate its demands on French Indochina in exchange for a Japanese promise of mediation.

Politics and government
Japanese reports from Indochina said that Rear Admiral Jean Decoux had resigned as Governor General of the French colony.

Crime
11 men died and 52 became seriously ill after eating pancakes containing roach powder at a Salvation Army Social Service Center in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The crime was believed to be the work of a discharged cook, who had threatened to get even.

Disasters
144 people were killed by tornadoes and blizzards that swept eastward from the Rocky Mountains to the Appalachians and from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico.

75 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Jerome Kern, 60
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Kern was one of the most prominent songwriters of the first half of the 20th century, especially for musical theatre. He won Academy Awards for Best Original Song for The Way You Look Tonight (1936, from Swing Time) and The Last Time I Saw Paris (1941, from Lady Be Good). Mr. Kern's other songs included Ol' Man River and Smoke Gets in Your Eyes. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

War
Chinese Nationalists reported that attempts to obtain Soviet permission to let their forces be flown in to Manchuria were underway.

Defense
In his last report to U.S. Secretary of War Robert Patterson on the Army Air Force, General Hap Arnold predicted that any future war would see the use of robot planes launched from spac vehicles and that the U.S. should begin appropriate military defense measures.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Colmer Committee recommended the reorganization of U.S. foreign economic policy directed by an undersecretary for economic affairs. It added that the U.S.S.R. should disclose productuion statistics and trade pact details before receiving U.S. aid.

Football
NFL
New York (1-4-1) 17 @ Philadelphia (4-2) 38
Boston (3-3-1) 7 @ Washington (5-1) 34
Chicago Cardinals (1-7) 0 @ Pittsburgh (2-5) 23
Green Bay (4-3) 7 @ Cleveland (6-1) 20
Detroit (6-1) 35 @ Chicago Bears (1-6) 28

70 years ago
1950


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mona Lisa--Dennis Day; Nat "King" Cole

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Goodnight Irene--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers (Best Seller--13th week at #1; Jukebox--12th week at #1); All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Harbor Lights--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra with Tony Alamo and the Kaydets
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
2 All My Love (Bolero)--Patti Page
--Percy Faith and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Bing Crosby
3 Goodnight Irene--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra and the Weavers
--Frank Sinatra
4 Mona Lisa--Nat "King" Cole
--Victor Young and his Orchestra (Don Cherry, vocal)
--Art Lund
5 Sam’s Song--Gary Crosby and Friend
--Joe "Fingers" Carr and the Carr-Hops
6 Thinking of You--Don Cherry
--Eddie Fisher
7 Can Anyone Explain? (No, No, No!)--The Ames Brothers
8 La Vie en Rose--Tony Martin
--Bing Crosby
--Edith Piaf
9 Our Lady of Fatima--Richard Hayes and Kitty Kallen
--Red Foley
10 Play a Simple Melody--Gary Crosby and Friend
--Jo Stafford

Singles entering the chart were Lullaby in Boogie, with versions by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra; and Harry James and his Orchestra (#28); Mr. Touchdown, U.S.A. by Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra (#32); and Strangers by Lorry Raine (#34).

Died on this date
Alexandros Diomidis, 75
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1949-1950. Dr. Diomidis was an economist and a Liberal who was first elected to the Hellenic Parliament in 1910. He served as Minister of Finance (1912-1915, 1922), and became Governor of the National Bank of Greece in 1923 and Governor of the Bank of Greece in 1928. Dr. Diomidis served as Prime Minister from June 28, 1949-January 6, 1950, taking office upon the death of Themistoklis Sophoulis. The Greek Civil War ended during Dr. Diomidis' time as Prime Minister, but he was forced to resign amidst a scandal involving Transport Minister Panos Hatzipanos.

War
Burmese government forces announced he capture of Einme, a stronghold of Karen nationalist rebels west of Rangoon.

The United Nations reported that 1.5 million Koreand had suffered property losses in the war and that 150,000 homes had been destroyed.

Politics and government
Disagreement over financial policy caused a cabinet shuffle in Egypt amidst reports of widespread unrest over inflation, poverty, and scandals involving high military and palace officials.

A seven-man U.S. House of Representatives Education and Labor subcommittee arrived in San Juan to study Puerto Rico's social problems.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Finals
Toronto 11 @ Hamilton 13 (First game of 2-game total points series)

ORFU
Finals
Toronto 18 @ Sarnia 10 (Toronto won 2-game total points series 35-21)

WIFU
Finals
Edmonton 12 @ Winnipeg 22 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

14,000 fans were at Civic Stadium to see the Tiger-Cats edge the Argonauts.

Jack Jacobs passed to Bud Korchak for one Blue Bomber touchdown, while Tom Casey, on a halfback option, completed a touchdown pass to Ian Gibb for another Winnipeg touchdown. Tommy Ford scored the other Blue Bomber touchdown on a 63-yard rush after taking a lateral from Johnny Stroppa. Mike King and Dmitri Goloubef scored Edmonton touchdowns; Annis Stukus and Don Durno each kicked a convert. Mr. Durno was ejected from the game for throwing a bunch at Ed Norvack of the Blue Bombers, which caught Mr. Norvack above the left eye and knocked him out cold. Rollin Prather of the Eskimos and Roy Gardiner of the Blue Bombers were also ejected. The Blue Bombers outrushed the Eskimos 273 yards to 59. 8,300 fans attended the game at Osborne Stadium.

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Eye of the Beholder, starring Maxine Stuart, William D. Gordon, and Donna Douglas

World events
A coup attempt by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam against President Ngo Dinh Diem was crushed after Mr. Diem falsely promised reform, allowing loyalists to rescue him.

Football
AFL
New York (4-6) 21 @ Boston (4-5) 38

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Woodstock--Matthews Southern Comfort (2nd week at #1)

Edmontonia
The screen at the Starlite went dark shortly after midnight at the conclusion of a screening of Patton, and Edmonton’s first drive-in movie theatre closed for good. The drive-in opened on June 6, 1949, and attracted so much traffic that many would-be customers were turned away. It was located at 156 Street and 87 Avenue, which was then at the edge of the city, but by 1970 was kitty-corner from Meadowlark Mall.

Labour
Negotiators for General Motors Corporation and the United Auto Workers of America reached agreement on a pact that would end the union's eight-week strike.

40 years ago
1980


Died on this date
Vince Gair, 79
. Australian politician. Mr. Gair was a member of the Labour Party when he represented South Brisbane in the Queensland Parliament (1932-1960), holding several offices and serving as Premier (1952-1957). Conflict with labour unions led to the defeat of Mr. Gair's government and expulsion from the Labour Party, so he and two dozen defectors formed the Queensland Labour Party, which he led until it merged with the Democratic Labour Party in 1962. Mr. Gair went into federal politicsm and represented Queensland in the Senate (1965-1974), where he was known for his strong anti-Communist stand. In 1974, Mr. Gair accepted an appointment as Australian Ambassador to Ireland in an attempt by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam to gain a majority of seats for the Labour Party in the upcoming federal election. Mr. Whitlam's plan was foiled by Queensland Premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen. Mr. Gair proved unfit for diplomacy, and was recalled on January 21, 1976.

Art
Group of Seven member A. Y. Jackson's painting Algoma Lake sold for $210,000, a record for a Canadian work of art.

Space
The U.S. probe Voyager 1 crossed the orbit of Saturn's outermost moon and was in the region of the planet's magnetic field.

Diplomacy
The Madrid Conference to review compliance with the Helsinki accords on European security and human rights opened amidst fears that the United States and its allies would have a confrontation with the Soviet Union and some eastern European countries in setting up an agenda. The Soviets had lobbied to limit the time given over to a discussion of such matters as the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and alleged human rights violations in eastern Europe.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): To Sir with Love--Ngaire (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (2nd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Tom's Diner--DNA featuring Suzanne Vega
3 Ich hab' geträumt von dir--Matthias Reim
4 Crazy for You--David Hasselhoff
5 Cult of Snap--Snap!
6 Blaze of Glory--Jon Bon Jovi
7 Dance with a Stranger--The Invisible Man
8 I am from Austria--Rainhard Fendrich
9 La luna lila (Purple Moon)--Luisa Fernandez & Peter Kent
10 Naked in the Rain--Black Pearl

Singles entering the chart were Release Me by Wilson Phillips (#24); Have You Seen Her by MC Hammer (#27); Are You Dreaming? by Twenty 4 Seven featuring Capt. Hollywood (#29); and Soca Dance by Charles D. Lewis (#30).

Died on this date
Sadi Irmak, 86
. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1974-1975. Dr. Irmak was a physician and professor of physiology who was a member of the Republican People's Party (CHP), representing Konya in the Grand National Assembly (1943-1950), and serving as Minister of Labour (1945-1946). He was admitted to the Senate in 1974, and was commissioned by President Fahri Korutürk to form a government. Dr. Irmak resigned after just four months in office when his government lost a non-confidence vote in Parliament, but was elected to the Consultative Assembly in 1981, serving as its Speaker (1981-1983).

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Ottawa 25 @ Toronto 34

Western Semi-Final
Saskatchewan 27 @ Edmonton 43

Mike "Pinball" Clemons rushed 12 times for 141 yards, caught 4 passes for 50, and totalled 364 all-purpose yards to lead the Argos to victory before a SkyDome crowd of 24,427. Rickey Foggie started at quarterback for the Argos, but left the game early with a bruised shoulder. John Congemi relieved him and left with a concussion in the 2nd quarter. Willie Gillus then came in to quarterback the Argos until Mr. Congemi returned for the final series of the game. Toronto struck first on a 32-yard Lance Chomyc field goal, but Mr. Foggie fumbled on the play that knocked him out of the game, and Gregg Stumon returned the ball 26 yards for a touchdown 5:38 into the game. Dean Dorsey converted and added a single on a missed field goal a few minutes later. A 30-yard field goal by Mr. Chomyc reduced Ottawa’s lead to 8-6. Midway through the 2nd quarter, the Rough Riders drove deep into Argo territory, but Reggie Barnes was stopped on a third-down gamble from the 2-yard line. A few plays later, Mr. Gillus connected with Darrell K. Smith for a 99-yard touchdown pass. Mr. Chomyc converted and added a 38-yard field goal with 9 seconds remaining until halftime to give the Argos a 16-8 lead. Mr. Chomyc added a single on a missed field goal early in the 3rd quarter, but the Rough Riders came back with 10 points to take an 18-17 lead at the end of the 3rd quarter. Quarterback Damon Allen rushed 1 yard for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Dorsey, and Mr. Dorsey kicked a 32-yard field goal with 53 seconds remaining in the quarter. Mr. Chomyc kicked a 32-yard field goal just 85 seconds later to give the Argos a 20-18 lead, and the lead became 27-18 just 1 minute and 38 seconds later when Don Wilson intercepted a pass from Mr. Allen and returned it 73 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Chomyc. The Rough Riders moved within 2 points when Mr. Allen completed a 27-yard touchdown pass to James Ellingson. Mr. Dorsey converted, and Ottawa trailed 27-25 with 2:23 remaining in regulation time. However, Mr. Clemons took over, with a 41-yard rush, and then, a few plays later, a 24-yard rush for a touchdown with 1:10 remaining. Mr. Chomyc’s convert gave the Argos an insurmountable 9-point lead. Mr. Allen completed 20 of 35 passes for 326 yards, and led Ottawa rushers with 84 yards on 10 carries. Mr. Barnes was held to 47 yards on 15 carries. The three Toronto quarterbacks combined to complete just 10 of 23 passes, but managed 240 yards. Mr. Smith led with 119 yards on 3 receptions; he also rushed once for 38 yards.



Brian Walling, who had scored the winning touchdown in the previous year’s semi-final while playing for Saskatchewan, hurt his old team by rushing 10 times for 87 yards and adding 74 yards on 5 pass receptions on a snow-covered field before 23,006 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Jeff Braswell got the Eskimos off to a good start when he intercepted a Kent Austin pass and returned it 23 yards for a touchdown 2:54 into the game, converted by Ray Macoritti. Mr. Austin connected with Jeff Fairholm for a 48-yard touchdown. Dave Ridgway converted and added a 32-yard field goal before Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham completed a 10-yard touchdown pass to Michael Soles. Mr. Macoritti’s convert gave the Eskimos a 14-10 lead after the 1st quarter. The teams exchanged converted touchdowns in the 2nd quarter: Former Eskimo Milson Jones rushed 10 yards for Saskatchewan, and Mr. Ham connected with Craig Ellis for a 34-yard score with 1:19 remaining until halftime to give the Eskimos a 21-17 lead. Mr. Jones struck back with a 40-yard touchdown run just 1:04 into the 3rd quarter, converted by Mr. Ridgway. The Eskimos regained the lead with a 2-yard touchdown run by Blake Marshall, converted by Mr. Macoritti. Mr. Ridgway kicked a 27-yard field goal, and Mr. Marshall scored again on a 2-yard run with 1:30 remaining in the quarter. Mr. Macoritti’s convert gave the Eskimos a 35-27 lead. The Eskimos were successful at controlling the ball--mainly due to the plays involving Mr. Walling--in the 4th quarter. Mr. Macoritti kicked a single, and then Mr. Ham completed a 14-yard pass to Mr. Ellis with 2:06 remaining, converted by Mr. Macoritti, to put the game away. Mr. Jones rushed 12 times for 114 yards, but teammate Lucius Floyd was held to 4 yards on 6 carries and 28 yards on 8 pass receptions. Mr. Fairholm led all receivers with 84 yards on 3 receptions. Mr. Ellis caught 4 passes for 71 yards. Mr. Ham completed 20 of 35 passes for 290 yards and rushed 9 times for 62. Mr. Austin completed 22 of 35 passes for 208 yards, far below his usual output. Backup Jeff Bentrim relieved him in the 4th quarter and completed 3 of 5 for 20 yards. It was a penalty-filled game, with the Roughriders being flagged 15 times for 121 yards and the Eskimos 13 for 100.



NFL
Seattle 17 @ Kansas City 16

Derrick Thomas of the Chiefs set a league record for a single game with 7 sacks.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Het is een Nacht... (Levensecht)--Guus Meeuwis & Vagant (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Je sais pas--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Je sais pas--Céline Dion (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Believe/Up on the Roof--Robson & Jerome

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (7th week at #1)
2 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
3 Runaway--Janet Jackson
4 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
5 Tell Me--Groove Theory
6 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
7 Back for Good--Take That
8 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
9 Who Can I Run To--Xscape
10 Name--Goo Goo Dolls

Singles entering the chart were Bullet with Butterfly Wings by the Smashing Pumpkins (#28); Beautiful Life by Ace of Base (#30); The Riddler by Method Man (#56); Time by Hootie & the Blowfish (#62); Hurricane by the Click (#63); Be My Lover by La Bouche (#85); Last Dayz by Onyx (#93); and I Will Remember You (Live) by Sarah McLachlan (#94). The Riddler was from the movie Batman Forever (1995).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (6th week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.
4 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins
5 Tell Me--Groove Theory
6 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
7 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
8 Who Can I Run To?--Xscape
9 Brokenhearted--Brandy
10 Back for Good--Take That

Singles entering the chart were You'll See by Madonna (#15); Hey Lover by LL Cool J (#30); Beautiful Life by Ace of Base (#51); Set U Free by Planet Soul (#57); Where Ever You Are by Terry Ellis (#72); Walk This World by Heather Nova (#73); I Miss You (Come Back Home) by Monifa (#75); Cruisin' by D'Angelo (#78); Love U 4 Life by Jodeci (#79); Bomdigi by Erick Sermon (#81); and Sexual Healing by Max-A-Million (#82).

Diplomacy
Nigeria was suspended from the Commonwealth of Nations in reprisal for the previous day's execution by the Nigerian government of environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight others.

Protest
A general strike began in Bangladesh in an attempt to force the government to resign.

Football
CIAU
Hardy Trophy
Saskatchewan 30 @ Calgary 32 (OT)

20 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Republicans went to court seeking an order to block manual recounts in Florida for the U.S. presidential election.

Disasters
155 people died in a fire aboard a funicular train in the Austrian Alps.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Marie Osborne Yeats, 99
. U.S. actress and costume designer. Mrs. Yeats was known as Baby Marie when she became the first major child star of American films, appearing in 29 movies from 1914-1919. She appeared in bit parts in several films from 1934-1950, and returned to Hollywood as a costume designer for several movies from the mid-1950s through 1977. Mrs. Yeats died six days after her 99th birthday.

War
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced a partial three-year continuation of Afghanistan mission past the July 2011 deadline, in order to train the fledgling Afghan army and protect gains.

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