Tuesday, 3 November 2020

November 3, 2020

800 years ago
1220


Died on this date
Urraca of Castile, 33 or 34
. Queen of Portugal, 1212-1220. Urraca, a daughter of King Alfonso VIII of Castile, married King Afonso II of Portugal in 1212, and was Queen consort until her death.

420 years ago
1600


Died on this date
Richard Hooker, 46
. English theologian. Rev. Hooker was one of the most important English theologians of the 16th century, holding various ecclesiastical offices. His best known work was Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, published in eight volumes beginning in 1594, with the last three volumes published posthumously. Rev. Hooker never used the term "Anglicanism," but his views have traditionally been viewed as a rejection of extreme Reformed doctrine and as the origin of the position of Anglicanism as a bridge between Protestantism and Catholicism.

175 years ago
1845


Born on this date
Edward Douglass White
. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1910-1921. Mr. White, a Democrat from Louisiana, served with the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, and was a member of the original Ku Klux Klan. He represented Louisiana in the U.S. Senate (1891-1894) until he was appointed by President Grover Cleveland to the Supreme Court as an Associate Justice. Justice White sided with the majority in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), which upheld the legality of state segregation to provide "separate but equal" public facilities in the United States. He was elevated to the position of Chief Justice by President William Howard Taft in December 1910, succeeding the late Melville Fuller, and becoming the first incumbent Associate Justice to be named Chief Justice. Chief Justice White was best known for or formulating the Rule of Reason standard of antitrust law, and was generally regarded as a conservative member of the Court. He died in office on May 19, 1921 at the age of 75, and was succeeded as Chief Justice by the man who had appointed him, William Howard Taft.

170 years ago
1850


Energy
Fredericton, New Brunswick was illuminated by gas lights for the first time.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Harry Stephen Keeler
. U.S. author. Mr. Keeler wrote mystery and science fiction novels and short stories employing what he called "webwork" plots, often involving skulls. He wrote several dozen novels from the mid-1920s through 1953, but was almost completely forgotten by the time of his death on January 22, 1967 at the age of 76.

Died on this date
Ulrich Ochsenbein, 78
. 1st President of the Swiss National Council, 1848. Mr. Ochsenbein held several offices before being elected to the Swiss Federal Council in 1848. He was voted out of office in 1854. Mr. Ochsenbein died three weeks before his 79th birthday.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Adi Dassler
. German businessman. Adolf Dassler and his brothers Rudolf and Fritz founded the Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory in 1918. They joined the Nazi Party several months after the Nazis came to power in Germany, which helped the company to remain profitable. The Dassler Brothers gave shoes to athletes at the 1936 Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, and their popularity increased when Jesse Owens of the United States wore their shoes in winning the long jump competition. World War II had severe negative effects on the Dassler Brothers' business, and Adi and his brother Rudolf permanently split during denazification procedures after the war. Adi founded the Adidas sportswear company, while Rudolf founded the Puma sportswear firm. Adi Dassler died from heart failure on September 6, 1978 at the age of 77.

90 years ago
1930


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Clive Brook and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Red-Headed League

This was Mr. Brook's second and last episode as Sherlock Holmes. Richard Gordon took over the role the following week and continued in the part for several years.

Politics and government
10 days after a bloodless coup d'état, Getúlio Vargas became head of the Provisional Government in Brazil.

Transportation
The world's first vehicular tunnel from one country to another opened between Windsor, Ontario and Detroit.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Problem of Thor Bridge

Died on this date
Manuel Azaña Díaz, 60
. Prime Minister of Spain, 1931-1933, 1936; President of Spain, 1936-1939. Mr. Azaña, a member of the Republican Left party, was the second and last President of the Spanish Republic, and was in office when the Spanish Civil War began in 1936. When the Republic was defeated in 1939, he fled to France, and died in exile.

War
Greek troops advanced toward the Italian base of Koritza in Albania.

Science
Harvard University zoologists exhibited a mounted specimen of the kouprey--a kind of wild ox from Indochina--said to be the first new genus of large living mammals discovered in 40 years.

Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. Presidential candidate Wendell Willkie said that if he were elected two days hence, he would recommend a constitutional amendment limiting the time any one president could serve to eight years or less.

Law
The U.S. Justice Department announced that 2,559,706 of the 3.6 million aliens believed to be in the United States had registered.

Crime
An epidemic of looting in London was leading newspapers to suggest that looters be hanged.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Bureau of Agricultural Economics reported that prices of farm products were higher than in 1939, and estimated 1940 cash farm income at $9 bilion, the second highest figure since 1929.

Disasters
A typhoon struck Guam, causing heavy property and crop damage.

Football
NFL
New York (4-2-1) 10 @ Brooklyn (4-3) 7
Pittsburgh (1-6-2) 10 @ Washington (7-0) 37
Detroit (3-4-1) 0 @ Cleveland (3-4) 24
Green Bay (4-3) 7 @ Chicago Bears (6-1) 14

AFL
Buffalo (1-5) 0 @ New York (3-2) 17
Cincinnati (0-6) 2 @ Columbus (6-1) 21
Boston (4-3) 0 @ Milwaukee (5-2) 10

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Till the End of Time--Perry Como with Russ Case and his Orchestra (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Airplay--8th week at #1; Juke Box--6th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--7th week at #1)

War
Nationalist Chinese Information Minister K.C. Wu reported a four-point peace plan sent to the Communists at Yenan, including a halt to all air attacks.

The Soviet government praised the Indonesian national revolt against Dutch control, the first instance of postwar U.S.S.R. support for a "war of national liberation."

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board wound up its business and disbanded.

Labour
The International Labor Organization voted to admit Argentina.

Oil
The U.S. Petroleum Industry War Council approved the recent Anglo-American agreement and urged prompt ratification by the United States Senate.

Law
Irvin Mollison, a Republican from Chicago, was sworn in as a U.S. Customs Court judge in New York City, becoming the first Negro on the federal bench within the continental United States.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Semi-Finals
Regina 0 @ Calgary 12 (Calgary won 2-game, total points series 15-1)

Paul Rowe scored a touchdown and convert and Harry Hobbs added a touchdown as the Stampeders shut out the Roughriders on a snow-covered field before 3,000 fans at Mewata Stadium in one of the worst games of Canadian football ever played. The statistics included: First downs: Calgary 12, Regina 0; Yards rushing: Calgary 213, Regina 33; Yards passing: Calgary 37, Regina 0; Passes/complete: Calgary 9/3, Regina 8/0; Interceptions: Calgary 3, Regina 0; Punts/Average yards: Calgary, 12/36.5, Regina 11/38.1; Punt return yards: Calgary 67, Regina 30; Fumbles/lost: Calgary 12/5, Regina 3/1; Penalties/yards: Calgary 4/35, Regina 3/20.

Canadian university
Saskatchewan (1-2) 0 @ Alberta (3-0) 13

Billy Ingram rushed 5 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Mickey Hajash passed to Bert Hall in the 4th quarter for the other TD as the Golden Bears shut out the Huskies on a wet, slippery field before 1,500 fans at Clarke Stadium in Edmonton. The Golden Bears made 17 first downs, while the Huskies made just 2.

NCAA
Navy (5-0-1) 6 Notre Dame (5-0-1) 6 @ Cleveland

Frank Dancewicz completed a pass to Phil Colella on the last play of the game, but a desperation tackle by a Navy defender prevented him from getting the ball over the goal line, preserving the tie for the Midshipmen against the Fighting Irish before 82,020 fans at Municipal Stadium.



60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Apache--The Shadows (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Nicky



Died on this date
Paul Willis, 59
. U.S. actor. Mr. Willis appeared in silent movies from 1913 until his retirement from acting in 1923. He was perhaps best known for his portrayal of Dickon Sowerby in The Secret Garden (1919).

Space
The United States launched the satellite Explorer 8, whose mission was the direct measurement of the ionosphere and micrometeorites.

Politics and government
The second Canadian federal-provincial constitutional conference on amending the British North America Act opened in Ottawa.

Environment
The land that would become the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge was established by an Act of Congress after a year-long legal battle that pitted local residents against Port Authority of New York and New Jersey officials wishing to turn the Great Swamp into a major regional airport for jet aircraft.

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (7th week at #1)

Politics and government
Salvador Allende was inaugurated as President of Chile, becoming the first democratically-elected Marxist to hold such an office.

In U.S. midterm elections, the Democratic Party gained 9 seats in the House of Representatives, giving them a majority of 255-180 over the Republicans. The Republicans recorded a net gain of 1 seats in the Senate, and President Richard Nixon claimed an "ideological" victory when three liberal incumbents targeted by his administration were defeated: Al Gore, Sr. (Democrat--Tennessee); Joseph Tydings (Democrat--Maryland); and Charles Goodell (Republican--New York). Mr. Gore’s defeat, at the hands of Republican Representative William Brock, was his first defeat in a political career that had included three terms in the Senate. Mr. Goodell was defeated by Conservative Party candidate James Buckley. Harry F. Byrd, who had broken with the Democratic Party, was elected as an independent in Virginia. The 1-seat gain for the Republicans reduced the Democrats’ majority in the Senate to 54-44. Former Vice President Hubert Humphrey ran for the Senate as a Democrat and was elected, taking the seat given up by Eugene McCarthy. The Democrats also won 11 governorships and now led the Republicans in that category by 29 states to 21.

Sport
Jean-Paul L'Allier, head of Quebec's High Commission for Youth, Recreation and Sports, announced that the Quebec government was immediately making a sum of $125,000 available to eight sports federations.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kaze wa Aki Iro / Eighteen--Seiko Matsuda (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Xanadu--Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Santa Maria--Roland Kaiser

World events
A South Korean military court confirmed the death sentence of Kim Dae Jung, who had been convicted of plotting to overthrow the government by instigating student demonstrations. It was alleged that Mr. Kim was the leader of Hanmintong, an organization that supported North Korea.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Jukebox in Siberia--Skyhooks

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cult of Snap--Snap!

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Verdammt - Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Kingston Town--UB40 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 The Joker--Steve Miller Band
2 Verdammt - Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim
3 Have You Seen Her--MC Hammer
4 Show Me Heaven--Maria McKee
5 Candy--Iggy Pop
6 I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
7 Suicide Blonde--INXS
8 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
9 Must Bee the Music--King Bee
10 Duet--Brigitte Kaandorp en Herman Finkers

Singles entering the chart were Freedom! by George Michael (#27); Dedicated by Paul Carrack (#31); Joey by Concrete Blonde (#33); Release Me by Wilson Phillips (#37); and My My My by Johnny Gill (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
2 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
3 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
4 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles
5 I Don't Have the Heart--James Ingram
6 Pray--M.C. Hammer
7 Can't Stop--After 7
8 More than Words Can Say--Alias
9 Suicide Blonde--INXS
10 Cherry Pie--Warrant

Singles entering the chart were One and Only Man by Steve Winwood (#55); Sensitivity by Ralph Tresvant (#64); For You by the Outfield (#68); New Power Generation by Prince (#70); After the Rain by Nelson (#75); Never Enough by the Cure (#79); The First Time by Surface (#82); Don't You Wanna Be Mine by Denise Lopez (#92); Doin' the Do by Betty Boo (#93); and I Found Love by the Party (#94).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice
2 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
3 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
4 I Don’t Have the Heart--James Ingram
5 Suicide Blonde--INXS
6 Giving You the Benefit--Pebbles
7 Can’t Stop--After 7
8 Praying for Time--George Michael
9 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
10 Pray--M.C. Hammer

Singles entering the chart were One and Only Man by Steve Winwood (#68); After the Rain by Nelson (#70); Biscuit's in the House by Biscuit (#78); Just Another Dream by Cathy Dennis (#79); Love is a Killer by Vixen (#82); Me - U = Blue by Glenn Medeiros (#84); and Hard to Handle by the Black Crowes (#86).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Praying for Time--George Michael (2nd week at #1)
2 Suicide Blonde--INXS
3 More than Words Can Say--Alias
4 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
5 Something Happened on the Way to Heaven--Phil Collins
6 Say a Prayer--Breathe
7 Heart of Stone--Taylor Dayne
8 Close to You--Maxi Priest
9 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
10 Black Cat--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were One and Only Man by Steve Winwood (#68); She's My Baby by the Traveling Wilburys (#80); Travelling Riverside Blues by Led Zeppelin (#79); Hard to Handle by the Black Crowes (#88); High Enough by Damn Yankees (#89); My Love is a Fire by Donny Osmond (#94); King of Dreams by Deep Purple (#96); Tom's Diner by DNA featuring Suzanne Vega (#97); Is it Love by Paul Laine (#99); and Hippychick by Soho (#100).

Died on this date
Mary Martin, 76
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Martin was known for her starring roles in Broadway musicals, winning Tony Awards for her performances in South Pacific (1949); Peter Pan (1954); and The Sound of Music (1959). She also recieved an Emmy Award for Peter Pan (1956).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (7-11) 30 @ Toronto (10-8) 49
Saskatchewan (9-9) 28 @ British Columbia (6-11-1) 35

Rickey Foggie passed for 273 yards and 4 touchdowns and rushed 10 times for 101 yards and a touchdown to lead the Argos to victory before a SkyDome crowd of 36,321. Mike "Pinball" Clemons caught 5 passes for 98 yards and touchdowns of 65 and 16 yards, and rushed 4 yards for another score. Darrell K. Smith caught 4 passes for 119 yards and a touchdown, and Jeff Boyd also caught a touchdown pass from Mr. Foggie. Mr. Foggie threw 3 interceptions, and Willie Gillus, who replaced him in the 4th quarter, threw 2 more. Mr. Gillus was 0 for 7 in passing, but rushed 3 times for 52 yards, including a 30-yard touchdown with 1:55 remaining in the game. Lance Chomyc added 7 converts. Ottawa quarterback Damon Allen threw for 315 yards and touchdowns to Stephen Jones and David Williams. Mr. Allen also rushed 12 times for 63 yards and a touchdown, while Reggie Barnes rushed 13 times for 74 yards and a touchdown. Dean Dorsey added 3 converts and a field goal. The 49 points by the Argos gave them a CFL record for a single season of 689, surpassing the Edmonton Eskimos’ total of 644 from the previous year.



Former West Virginia University star quarterback Major Harris rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed for 2 more as the Lions prevented the Roughriders from finishing higher than third place in the Western Division. For Mr. Harris, who relieved starter Joe Paopao in the 1st quarter, it was his last CFL game, and the only one in which he saw significant playing time. He rushed 9 times for 79 yards, and completed 10 of 19 passes for 139 yards. His touchdown strikes went to Ryan Hanson and Jay Christensen. Mr. Hanson also scored the game’s first touchdown on a pass from Mr. Paopao. Tony Martino converted all 5 B.C. touchdowns. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin completed 28 of 45 passes for 297 yards and touchdowns to Milson Jones and Lucius Floyd. Mr. Jones also rushed 24 yards for a touchdown. Dave Ridgway added 3 converts, 2 field goals, and a single. 23,919 were in attendance at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.



CIAU
Manitoba (2-6) 17 @ Alberta (1-6-1) 5

This blogger was among the few in attendance at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton on a bitterly cold Saturday afternoon to see the Golden Bears play their last game under head coach Jim Donlevy. Rick Mattis rushed 16 times for 108 yards, including a 39-yard touchdown in the 4th quarter to give Manitoba an insurmountable lead. The Golden Bears amassed just 158 yards net offense. Several months later, the university threatened to drop football, and Mr. Donlevy, who had been head coach for 18 of the past 20 seasons, put the program’s welfare above his own and resigned.

NCAA
Texas Christian 35 @ Houston 56

Cougars’ quarterback David Klingler passed for 563 yards and 7 touchdowns, while Matt Vogler of the visiting Horned Frogs passed for 690 yards and 5 touchdowns. None of the scoring drives in this game at the Astrodome took more than 1 minute and 40 seconds.





25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio feauring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio feauring L.V.

Business
The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill to prevent foreign magazines from publishing split-run regional editions in Canada to attract advertising. The bill passed the Senate and was signed into law on December 14, 1995.

Thomson Corporation announced the sale of its last British newspaper property; it had owned 66 newspapers at the beginning of 1995.

Basketball
NBA
New Jersey (0-1) 79 @ Toronto (1-0) 94

Alvin Robertson scored 30 points to lead the Raptors over the Nets before 33,306 fans at SkyDome in the expansion Raptors' first regular season game ever.



Vancouver (1-0) 92 @ Portland (0-1) 80

Benoit Benjamin scored 29 points and grabbed 13 rebounds as the expansion Grizzlies won the first regular season game in franchise history over the Trail Blazers before 21,398 fans at the Rose Garden. Clifford Robinson of Portland led all scorers with 33 points.



20 years ago
2000


Crime
Former Salvadoran Defense Minister Jose Guillermo Garcia and former Salvadoran national guard chief Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova were acquitted by a U.S. federal jury in West Palm Beach, Florida of complicity in the murders of four American female church workers in El Salvador in 1980. The four--three nuns and a lay worker--had been raped and murdered by Salvadoran soldiers. The jury concluded that the defendants did not have "command responsibility"--knowledge that the crime was being committed, coupled with failure to act.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (10-8-0-1) 18 @ Winnipeg (7-10-1-1) 30

The Blue Bombers made 5 sacks, recovered 2 Edmonton fumbles, and made 2 interceptions as they beat the Eskimos to clinch the third and final playoff spot in the Eastern Division before 25,537 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Cory Philpot rushed 15 times for 92 yards and 2 touchdowns and caught 2 passes for 48 yards to lead the Blue Bombers. His first touchdown came on a 1-yard run just 1:04 into the game after Edmonton’s Troy Mills fumbled Troy Westwood’s opening kickoff and Doug Hocking recovered for Winnipeg. Mr. Philpot’s second touchdown covered 22 yards on the last play of the first half. The other Edmonton fumble came late in the 3rd quarter when Sean Fleming’s punt was blocked, and Harold Nash returned it 23 yards for a touchdown. The Blue Bombers’ other touchdown came in the 4th quarter on an 11-yard pass from Khari Jones to Rocky Henry. The Eskimos’ only touchdown came on a 1-yard rush by Shawn Daniels with 2:53 remaining in the game. A 2-point convert was unsuccessful. Mr. Fleming kicked 4 field goals for the Eskimos, including kicks from 47 and 49 yards. He was injured in the 3rd quarter, and Rick Walters replaced him for the kickoff after Mr. Daniels’ touchdown.



10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Jerry Bock, 81
. U.S. composer and lyricist. Mr. Bock wrote for musical theatre in a career spanning more than 50 years. He won a Tony Award and Pulitzer Prize for Fiorello! (1959) and another Tony for Fiddler on the Roof (1964). Mr. Bock died of heart failure, 20 days before his 82nd birthday.

Viktor Chernomyrdin, 72. Russian politician and diplomat. Mr. Chernomyrdin was a Communist from 1961-1991, but achieved prominence as an independent (1990-1995) and as a member of the Our Home – Russia Party (1995-2001). He was Prime Minister of Russia from December 1992-March 1998 and again briefly from Agust-September 1998, and participated in Russia's transition to a market economy. Mr. Chernomyrdin was Russian Ambassador to Ukraine from 2001-2009. He died after a long illness.

Jim Clench, 61. Canadian musician. Mr. Clench played bass guitar, sang, and wrote songs with the rock groups April Wine (1971-1975, 1992-2006) and BTO (1978-1979). He was best known for writing and singing lead vocal on the April Wine hit Oowatanite (1975). Mr. Clench died of lung cancer in Montreal.

Politics and government
Gordon Campbell announced that he would step down as British Columbia Premier in the new year, after 26 years in politics, and 9 years as Premier.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announced a plan to buy $600 billion in Treasury bonds over the next eight months in an attempt to boost lending and stimulate the economy.

Business
Canadian Industry Minister Tony Clement said that the government was blocking the $38.6-billion takeover bid by Anglo-Australian mining giant BHP Billiton for the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan, the world's biggest producer of potash.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Chunichi Dragons 4 @ Chiba Lotte Marines 3 (11 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

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