Saturday, 19 December 2020

December 19, 2020

650 years ago

Died on this date
Urban V, 60
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1362-1370. Urban V, born Guillaume de Grimoard in France, was a Benedictine priest and abbot who was apostolic nuncio in Italy when Pope Innocent VI died. Abbot Grimoard was chosen as the next pope, but first had to be consecrated as a bishop. He pressed for reform and for union between the Eastern and Western Churches, but was unsuccessful. Pope Urban V died after a brief illness, and was succeeded by Gregory XI. Urban V became the only Avignon pope to be beatified when he was so honoured by Pope Pius IX in 1870.

530 years ago

Married on this date
Anne, Duchess of Brittany, was married by proxy to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Ingeborg Refling Hagen
. Norwegian authoress and teacher. Miss Hagen wrote novels and poetry from the 1920s through the 1980s, combining Christian philosophy and socialist ideas. She opposed the regime of Vidkun Quisling during World War II, and taught classical Western literature to students at her home after the war in an attempt to prevent a revival of fascism. Miss Hagen's efforts led to the establishment of the regional theatre Suttungteatret at Tangen in 1948. She remained a significant cultural figure in Norway until her death on October 30, 1989 at the age of 93.

120 years ago

Politics and government
Four days after taking office as Governor-General of Australia and 13 days before the federation of Australia was to take effect, John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appointed New South Wales Premier Sir William Lyne as interim Prime Minister. Sir William was unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government, and was forced to resign in what became known as the Hopetoun Blunder.

110 years ago

Born on this date

Jean Genet
. French author. Mr. Genet was a sodomite who celebrated the subversion of traditional morality in various novels and plays. He died on April 15, 1986 at the age of 75.

100 years ago

Born on this date
David Susskind
. U.S. television producer and host. Mr. Susskind produced dramatizations of famous literature from the 1950s through the 1980s, but was perhaps best known as host of Open End (retitled The David Susskind Show in 1966), a talk show that ran from 1958-1986. He was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1988. Mr. Susskind died of a heart attack on February 22, 1987 at the age of 66.

Little Jimmy Dickens. U.S. musician. Mr. Dickens, who stood 4' 11", was a country singer, songwriter, and guitarist who was known for his novelty songs and rhinestone-studded outfits. He performed at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville from 1948-2014, and had eight Top 10 singles on the Billboard country chart, the first five in 1949-1950. Mr. Dickens' biggest hit, May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose, reached #1 on the country chart and #15 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1965. He died on January 2, 2015, two weeks after his 94th birthday, eight days after suffering a stroke, and 13 days after his last performance at the Grand Ole Opry.

Constantine I was restored as King of the Hellenes, after the death of his son Alexander of Greece and a plebiscite.

Chicago Cardinals (6-2-2) 14 @ Chicago Stayms 14

This was the final game of the American Professional Football Association's first season. No official standings were kept, but on April 30, 1921, the 1920 championship was awarded to the Akron Pros, who had finished with a record of 8-0-3, and were the APFA's only undefeated team.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Kyösti Kallio, 67
. Prime Minister of Finland, 1922-1924, 1925-1926, 1929-1930, 1936-1937; President of Finland, 1937-1940. Mr. Kallio, leader of the Agrarian League, was President during the Winter War against the U.S.S.R. in 1939-1940, and was forced to accept the Moscow Peace Treaty in March 1940. His health declined, and on November 27, 1940 he left his notice of resignation, intending to retire to his farm at Nivala. A band was playing the patriotic Finnish march Porilaisten marssi (March of the Men of Pori) as an honour guard saluted Mr. Kallio at Helsinki Central Railway Station as he prepared to depart for his retirement, but he collapsed and died in the arms of his adjutant, Marshal Carl Mannerheim. Risto Ryti was elected to succeed Mr. Kallio as President just a few hours before Mr. Kallio's death.

The Royal Canadian Navy destroyer HMCS Saguenay was torpedoed 500 kilometres west of Ireland by the Italian submarine Argo while escorting Convoy HG-47; she managed to return to Barrow-in-Furness largely under her own power, but with 21 dead and without most of her bow. German bombers resumed night raids over Britain after a lull of three days, the longest break since September. U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill told Parliament that the British successes in Egypt were due not only to the superiority of British plans and troops, but also to the fact that the Italians had no heart in the war and their morale was low.

British officials presented a list of orders of war materiel to U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau said to total between $2 billion and $3 billion and to include 12,000 combat planes.

Illinois authorities seized papers and records of the Chicago office of the German-American Bund. An investigator reported that one of the books taken contained the names of 1,500-2,000 members supposed to be in the United States Army or Navy.

Alan Shaw, 22, a Communist convicted of criminal syndicalism although no specific act of violence had been charged, was sentenced in Oklahoma City to 10 years in prison and fined $5,000. Mr. Shaw claimed that his case had been a "mockery" from the beginning.

75 years ago

At the movies
Leave Her to Heaven, starring Gene Tierney, Cornel Wilde, Jeanne Crain, and Vincent Price, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
John Amery, 33
. U.K. traitor. Mr. Amery, the son of former Conservative cabinet minister Leo Amery, was hanged by Albert Pierrepoint at Wandsworth Prison in London three weeks after pleading guilty to eight counts of treason related to activities during World War II that included propaganda broadcasts and a proposal to raise a pro-Nazi British volunteer force (which became the British Free Corps).

French troops landed at Haiphong, Indochina.

The U.S. State Department urged all parties in the Netherlands East Indies to resume peace negotiations and reach a settlement based on the United Nations Charter and Declaration.

A United States Navy court-martial at Washington Navy Yard acquitted Captain Charles McVay of failing to give timely orders to abandon ship, but convicted him of "hazarding his ship by failing to zigzag" as a result of the July 30, 1945 loss of the cruiser USS Indianapolis, which had been sunk by a torpedo from the Japanese Navy submarine I-58. Only 317 of the 1,196 crewmen of the Indianapolis survived. Capt. McVay is the only U.S Navy captain to have been court-martialed for having a ship sunk by an act of war.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes and U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin conferred separately with U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin in Moscow after meeting with Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov.

U.S. President Harry Truman nominated former Secretary of State Edward Stettinius as chief United States representative to the United Nations. Both houses of the United States Congress accepted the conference report on the UN participation bill voted on in the House of Representatives the previous day.

U.S. President Truman asked Congress for unification of the nation's armed services under a single civilian Secretary of Defense.

Soviet press urged the creation of an international tribunal to judge "internationally dangerous newspaper crimes" such as slandering "peace-loving" states.

Central Americana
The Council of the American Geographical Society of New York exhibited its 107-sheet map of Hispanic America on the 1:1,000,000 scale after 25 years of preparation.

The American Institute of Electrical Engineers awarded the 1945 Edison Medal to Philip Sporn for his work in power generation.

Economics and finance
The British House of Commons passed the third reading of the bill nationalizing the Bank of England, and received a bill nationalizing coal mines.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Dancing Dan's Christmas, starring Wally Cox

NATO foreign and defense ministers named U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower supreme Atlantic commander and set up a 12-nation Defense Production Board to speed arms production. An Atlantic Council communique asked the Allied High Commissioners and West German government to "explore" the German troop question in an effort to reach agreement on the size of West German units.

The Italian government notified the United States that it planned a $400-million rearmament program, and urged the U.S. to share the cost.

Politics and government
Former Rhode Island Governor John Pastore (Democrat) was sworn in as a U.S. Senator representing the state.

U.S. President Harry Truman defended Secretary of State Dean Acheson against Republican Party attacks, insisting that "no official in our government has been more alive to Communism's threat to freedom or more forceful in resisting it," refusing to fire him.

Columbia University named Grayson Kirk acting President, replacing Gen. Eisenhower for the duration of his Atlantic defense assignment.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Economic Stabilization Agency asked all businesses to freeze prices voluntarily at December 1 levels.

Bo McMillin resigned after three years as head coach of the Detroit Lions. He led the Lions to a 2-12 record in 1948, and the team improved to 4-8 in 1949 and 6-6 in 1950, but continuing conflict with players led to his resignation. Backfield coach Buddy Parker was named the next day to succeed Mr. McMillin.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Itsy Bitsy Petit Bikini--Dalida (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
3 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
4 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
5 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
6 Exodus--Ferrante and Teicher
7 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
8 Many Tears Ago--Connie Francis
9 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
10 He Will Break Your Heart--Jerry Butler

Singles entering the chart were Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer by David Seville and the Chipmunks (#62); Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer by the Melodeers (#74); I Count the Tears by the Drifters (#77); Twistin' Bells by Santo & Johnny (#78); Your Other Love by the Flamingos (#82); Christmas Auld Lang Syne by Bobby Darin (#89); My Last Date (With You) by Joni James (#90); Utopia by Frank Gari (#91); Baby Oh Baby by the Shells (#93); Pepe by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#95); White Christmas by the Drifters (#96); Blue Christmas by the Browns (#97); Lovey Dovey by Buddy Knox (#98); Mister Livingston by Larry Verne (#99); and Calendar Girl by Neil Sedaka (#100). My Last Date (With You) was an "answer" to Last Date.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Music Vendor)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima
3 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
4 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
5 Exodus--Ferrante and Teicher
--Mantovani & his Orchestra
6 Many Tears Ago--Connie Francis
7 He Will Break Your Heart--Jerry Butler
8 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
9 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
10 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette

Mercury-Redstone 1A, an unmanned Mercury spacecraft atop a Redstone rocket, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The suborbital mission lasted 15 minutes and 45 seconds and was a complete success.

Politics and government
The United States Electoral College, meeting in the 50 state capitals, elected U.S. Senator and Democratic Party candidate John F. Kennedy President of the United States and Lyndon Johnson Vice President. Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Johnson received 300 electoral votes, 30 more than the number required for the majority needed to win. Vice President and Republican Party candidate Richard Nixon and vice-presidential candidate Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. received 219 electoral votes. 14 unpledged Democratic electors (8 from Mississippi and 6 from Alabama) voted for U.S. Senator Harry Byrd (Democrat--Virginia) for president and for Senator Strom Thurmond (Democrat--South Carolina) for vice-president. Henry Irwin, a Republican elector from Oklahoma, refused to vote for the Republican ticket and cast a 15th ballot for Mr. Byrd for president while voting for Senator Barry Goldwater (Republican--Arizona) for vice-president. Because of a dispute as to whether Mr. Kennedy or Mr. Nixon had won in Hawaii, that state’s three votes were cast for both candidates, and in effect counted for neither, pending a final count of the votes in that state.

Cuban National Bank director Ernesto "Che" Guevara and U.S.S.R. First Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan, meeting in Moscow, signed an agreement calling for a substantial expansion of Cuban-Soviet trade in 1961. The U.S.S.R. agreed to help Cuba build an iron and steel mill, an oil refinery, electric power stations and other industrial projects; to buy more than the agreed amount of Cuban sugar in 1961 if the United States shut off purchases of Cuban sugar; and to supply Cuba’s nationalized refineries with oil. Mr. Guevara signed a document pledging Cuban support for Soviet foreign policy, including support of "national revolutionary movements" in Latin America.

The United Nations General Assembly voted 63-8 with 27 abstentions to approve an amended Asian-African resolution recognizing UN responsibility to help promote Algerian independence. However, the Assembly had earlier rejected a section of the original proposal providing for a UN-conducted referendum to decide Algeria’s future. The U.S.A. and U.K. opposed the referendum provision and abstained from the final vote on the resolution. France boycotted the two-week debate and did not vote.

Three days after a United Air Lines DC-8 jetliner and a Trans World Airline Super-Constellation had collided over Staten Island, New York with the loss of 134 lives, U.S. Federal Aviation Agency head Elwood Quesada reported to President Dwight D. Eisenhower that the United jet was 11 miles off course when the collision occurred, while the TWA plane was exactly where it should have been. However, he said he could not attempt to fix responsibility for the crash pending an investigation by the Civil Aeronautics Board. Mr. Quesada’s report was criticized by United Air Lines president W.A. Patterson, who suggested that the radio equipment at Preston, New Jersey, where the DC-8 had been told to continue in a holding pattern, might not have been working properly, or that the Federal Aviation Administration radar surveillance procedure might have been at fault.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Noël 70--Les Poppys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Anna--Lucio Battisti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Paranoid--Black Sabbath

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds (4th week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival (5th week at #1)
2 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
3 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
4 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
5 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
6 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
7 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
8 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
9 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
10 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters

Singles entering the chart were The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#54); and After Midnight by Eric Clapton (#57).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 She Likes Weeds--Tee-Set (2nd week at #1)
2 Where Have I Been Wrong--The Cats
3 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
4 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
5 Love is All Around--Sandra & Andres
6 Voodoo Chile--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
7 Lonely Days--Bee Gees
8 Memo from Turner--Mick Jagger
9 Over and Over--George Baker Selection
10 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers

Singles entering the chart were Yesterday, When I was Young by Charles Aznavour (#19); Chestnut Mare by the Byrds (#21); I Hear You Knocking by Dave Edmunds (#26); Apeman by the Kinks (#32); The Smile (Old Friends Have a Right To) by Brainbox (#34); No Matter What by Badfinger (#36); and Border Song by Elton John (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (2nd week at #1)
2 My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
3 One Less Bell to Answer--The 5th Dimension
4 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
5 Black Magic Woman--Santana
6 Knock Three Times--Dawn
7 Stoned Love--The Supremes
8 Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is?--Chicago
9 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
10 No Matter What--Badfinger

Singles entering the chart were Stop the War Now by Edwin Starr (#62); Church Street Soul Revival by Tommy James (#80); Your Time to Cry by Joe Simon (#81); Bridget the Midget (The Queen of the Blues) by Ray Stevens (#86); They Can't Take Away Our Music by Eric Burdon and War (#88); Are You My Woman? (Tell Me So) by the Chi-Lites (#90); (Do the) Push and Pull (Part 1) by Rufus Thomas (#92); God Bless Whoever Sent You by the Originals (#94); and (I Can Feel Those Vibrations) This Love is Real by Jackie Wilson (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 One Less Bell to Answer--The 5th Dimension
4 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 No Matter What--Badfinger
7 Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is?--Chicago
8 Black Magic Woman--Santana
9 Stoned Love--The Supremes
10 Knock Three Times--Dawn

Singles entering the chart were Santa Claus is Comin’ to Town by the Jackson 5 (#65); I Hear You Knocking by Dave Edmunds (#68); Flesh and Blood by Johnny Cash (#71); Mean Mistreater by Grand Funk Railroad (#75); Temptation Eyes by the Grass Roots (#76); They Can’t Take Away Our Music by Eric Burdon and War (#77); Bridget the Midget (The Queen of the Blues) by Ray Stevens (#78); Amazing Grace by Judy Collins (#80); Shoes by Brook Benton with the Dixie Flyers (#85); Watching Scotty Grow by Bobby Goldsboro (#88); 1900 Yesterday by Liz Damon’s Orient Express (#92); Back to the River by Damnation of Adam Blessing (#94); Way Back Home by the Jazz Crusaders (#97); and I’m So Proud by the Main Ingredient (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Isn't it a Pity--George Harrison
2 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
3 Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is?--Chicago
4 He Ain't Heavy...He's My Brother--Neil Diamond
5 Knock Three Times--Dawn
6 Black Magic Woman--Santana
7 No Matter What--Badfinger
8 Beautiful Second Hand Man--Ginette Reno
9 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells
10 Share the Land--The Guess Who

Singles entering the chart were Mean Mistreater by Grand Funk Railroad (#68); Stoney End by Barbra Streisand (#69); Merry Christmas Darling by the Carpenters (#72); When the Party is Over by Robert John (#73); You Make Me Wonder by Everyday People (#75); Carolina in My Mind by James Taylor (#76); Born to Wander by Rare Earth (#79); They Can't Take Away Our Music by Eric Burdon and War (#80); Hello Melinda Goodbye by the Five Man Electrical Band (#91); and Sally Bumper by Houston (#99).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
2 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
3 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
4 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
5 Share the Land--The Guess Who
6 So Close--Jake Holmes
7 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
8 Sacroiliac Boop--The Happy Feeling
9 Sing High, Sing Low--Anne Murray
10 No Matter What--Badfinger
Pick hit of the week: One Man Band--Three Dog Night

Politics and government
South Korean President Park Chung-hee announced that Paik Too-chin would replace Chung Il-kwon as Prime Minister.

Buffalo 0 @ Toronto 2

Dave Keon and Paul Henderson scored in the 3rd period, while Jacques Plante posted a shutout to win the goaltending duel over Joe Daley in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast on CBC.

New York Jets (4-10) 20 @ Baltimore (11-2-1) 35

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): När vi två blir en--Gyllene Tider (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (4th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (5th week at #1)
2 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
3 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
4 Don't Stand So Close to Me--The Police
5 Upside Down--Diana Ross
6 Rock Hard--Suzi Quatro
7 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
8 Shine On--Spirits Rejoice
9 Give Me the Night--George Benson
10 Shouldn't Fall in Love--City Limits

Singles entering the chart were Can You Feel It by the Jacksons (#18); You Win I Lose by Leo Sayer (#19); and Xanadu by Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra (#20).

At the movies
The Jazz Singer, directed by Richard Fleischer, and starring Neil Diamond, Laurence Olivier, and Lucie Arnaz, opened in theatres.

The Mirror Crack'd, directed by Guy Hamilton, and starring Angela Lansbury, Elizabeth Taylor, Rock Hudson, Tony Curtis, Kim Novak, Geraldine Chaplin, and Edward Fox, opened in theatres in North America.

The first phase of the 35-nation European security conference in Madrid ended with a warning from the U.S.A. to the U.S.S.R. that an invasion of Poland was not acceptable.

Iran halted all pumping from its northern oil fields as a result of its war with Iraq.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A.’s largest banks raised their prime lending rate to 21½%.

Two earthquakes in Iran killed 26 people and damaged Shiite Muslim shrines in Qum.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lassie--Ainbusk

At the movies
Hamlet, directed by franco Zeffirelli and starring Mel Gibson, Glenn Close, Alan Bates, Paul Scofield, and Helena Bonham Carter, opened in theatres in Los Angeles, New York, and Toronto.

Politics and government
U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Ryzhkov, addressing the 2,250-member Congress of People’s Deputies, said that perestroika (restructuring) had failed and that he assumed personal failure for failure of the economy.

The U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse released a survey showing a decline in the use of drugs by Americans since 1988. The report said that an estimated 27 million Americans had used some illegal drug during the past year. According to the results, those who used cocaine at least once per month declined in number by 45%, to about 1.6 million. The number using marijuana once per month or more often declined by 12% to about 10.2 million. The number who smoked cigarettes or drank alcohol had also declined. President George Bush called the findings "very encouraging news."

25 years ago

Died on this date
Nita Barrow, 79
. Governor General of Barbados, 1990-1995. Miss Barrow, ths sister of Prime Minister Errol Barrow, had a distinguished career in nursing before being appointed Governor General. She died in office, and was succeeded by acting Governor General Denys Williams before Clifford Husbands was given the office on a full-time basis.

Politics and government
The United States Government restored federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe in Michigan.

20 years ago

Died on this date
John Lindsay, 79
. U.S. politician. Mr. Lindsay was a liberal Republican when he represented New York's 17th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1959-1965), resigning to take office as Mayor of New York City on January 1, 1966. His time in office was beset by labour and social strife, and he lost the Republican mayoral primary in 1969, but narrowly won re-election as candidate of the New York Liberal Party, serving through the end of 1973. Mr. Lindsay switched to the Democratic Party in 1971, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the 1972 Democratic U.S. presidential nomination. He was regarded as a bad mayor, but has been creditied with reducing racial tensions. Mr. Lindsay suffered from Parkinson's disease in later years, and he suffered from serious financial problems. He and his wife Mary moved to a retirement community in South Carolina a year before his death.

The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attacked a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, Turkey, killing one person and injuring three.

Russian President Vladimir Putin concluded a two-day visit to Canada, during which he had met Prime Minister Jean Chretien.

The United Nations Security Council voted 19-0, with China and Malaysia abstaining, to impose sanctions on the Taliban regime that controlled most of Afghanistan. The resolution demanded that the militant Islamic regime give up Osama bin Laden, charged in the bombing of two U.S. embassies in Africa in 1998. The sanctions forced the closure of Taliban diplomatic offices around the world and barred aircraft from other countries from landing in Afghanistan. The UN also imposed an arms embargo on the regime.

Politics and government
The Israeli Knesset voted 69-49 not to hold a general election, but just to hold an election for the position of Prime Minister. The vote cleared the way for Ariel Sharon, leader of the opposition Likud Party, to challenge incumbent Ehud Barak as Prime Minister.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Anthony Howard, 76
. U.K. journalist. Mr. Howard was a reporter and editor for more than 45 years. He was editor of the New Statesman (1972-1978) and The Listener (1979-1981), and deputy editor of The Observer (1981-1988). Mr. Howard died after surgery for a ruptured aneurysm.

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