275 years ago
Prussian forces commanded by King Frederick II defeated Austrian forces commanded by General Wilhelm Reinhard von Neipperg in the Battle of Mollwitz in what is now Poland, in one of the early battles of the War of the Austrian Succession.
200 years ago
Economics and finance
The government of the United States approved the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.
150 years ago
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
120 years ago
In Athens, Spiridon Louis of Greece won the first modern Olympic marathon gold medal in 2 hours 58 minutes 50 seconds.
100 years ago
The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) was founded in New York City.
75 years ago
A German news agency reported that Ljublijana and Zagreb had been captured, and that an independent state of Croatia had been established from occupied Yugoslavia, with Ante Pavelić's Ustaše fascist insurgents in power. Regent Nicholas Horthy ordered the Hungarian Army to take those territories that Yugoslavia had captured from Hungary in 1918. The U.S. Navy destroyer Niblack depth-charged what was believed to be a German submarine while on convoy duty near Iceland.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Greenland had been placed under U.S. protection by agreement with the government of Denmark; the U.S.A. was given the right to establish air and naval bases on the island. Mr. Roosevelt asked Congress for legislation authorizing him to requisition all foreign ships in American waters considered necessary for the defense program.
A Vichy French military court condemned Free French General Georges Catroux to death in absentia.
18,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers strikers at Ford Motor Company's plant in River Rouge, Michigan voted to accept a peace formula drawn up by Michigan Governor Murray Van Wagoner to end their nine-day walkout.
A report by Mayo Clinic doctors described a new drug known as promin, related to sulfanilamide, which had proved effective in curbing tuberculosis in guinea pigs.
Boston 4 @ Detroit 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)
70 years ago
The Chinese government in Chungking announced that Communist troops had begun an offensive in Manchuria to cut the Peking-Mukden railway and stop Nationalist reinforcements.
The U.S.S.R. named Andrei Gromyko as its permanent delegate to the United Nations and Nikolai Novikov as Ambassador to the United States.
Polish delegate Oscar Lange asked the United Nations Security Council to place the case of the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco on its agenda, charging that it was a danger to international peace.
Politics and government
The liberal and progressive parties won a majority of 230 seats in parliamentary elections in Japan.
The U.S.S.R. named General Vassily Sokolovsky as its member of the Allied Control Council in Berlin, succeeding Marshal Georgi Zhukov.
U.S. President Harry Truman issued an executive order dissolving the Office of Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs and transferring its functions to the State Department.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate Banking and Currency Committee approved a loan of $3.75 billion to the United Kingdom, while French envoy Leon Blum told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that France needed a $4-million loan from the United States. The Senate passed and returned to the House of Represenatatives an emergency $600-million housing bill.
U.S. Navy Admiral Aaron Merrill, in a radio interview, attacked plans to unify the U.S. armed forces commands, stating that the next war would be fought on American shores because of a "greatly weakened Navy, submerged under Army control."
French Salvation Army official Charles Pean disclosed in New York that he had been empowered to liquidate Devil's Island off the coast of French Guiana, the world's most notorious penal colony, over the next three years.
Dr. Glenn Seaborg and other scientists who worked on the atomic bomb revealed that atomic research had resulted in isolation of elements 43 (technetium) and 61 (promethium), and production of pure, non-active carbon by radiation.
60 years ago
Floyd Patterson (29-1) knocked out Alvin Williams (50-13-6) at 1:58 of the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout at Memorial Hall in Kansas City, Missouri.
Detroit 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Rocket Richard's goal with 4:52 remaining in the 2nd period proved to be the winner as the Canadiens defeated the Red Wings at the Montreal Forum, ending Detroit's two-year reign as Stanley Cup Champions, and beginning their own record run of five straight championships. It was the first championship for rookie head coach Toe Blake. Jacques Plante won the goaltending duel over Glenn Hall.
50 years ago
Died on this date
Evelyn Waugh, 62. U.K. writer. Mr. Waugh wrote fiction and non-fiction in a career lasting four decades. His works included Decline and Fall (1928); Brideshead Revisited (1945); and the trilogy Sword of Honour (1952-1961).
Detroit 7 @ Chicago 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Roger Crozier made 32 saves in goal for the Red Wings as they routed the Black Hawks at Chicago Stadium; Chicago goalie Glenn Hall made 22 saves. It was the first Stanley Cup game to be televised nationally in the United States, and the first network telecast of a hockey game in colour; it was shown on NBC, with Win Elliot calling the play-by-play and Bill Mazer providing colour commentary.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ancora tu--Lucio Battisti (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Fernando--ABBA (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Save Your Kisses for Me--The Brotherhood of Man (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Disco Lady--Johnnie Taylor (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Disco Lady--Johnnie Taylor
2 Lonely Night (Angel Face)--Captain and Tennille
3 Right Back Where We Started From--Maxine Nightingale
4 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers
5 Dream Weaver--Gary Wright
6 Sweet Thing--Rufus featuring Chaka Khan
7 Only Sixteen--Dr. Hook
8 Boogie Fever--Sylvers
9 Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen
Singles entering the chart were Silly Love Songs by Wings (#65); Love Hangover by Diana Ross (#70); Love in the Shadows by Neil Sedaka (#81); It's Over by Boz Scaggs (#82); The Fonz Song by the Heyettes (#85); One Piece at a Time by Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Three (#87); Jealousy by Major Harris (#91); Love Hangover by the 5th Dimension (#93); Arms of Mary by the Sutherland Brothers and Quiver (#95); Everyday Without You by Hamilton, Joe Frank and Reynolds (#96); Get Closer by Seals and Crofts (#99); and Words (Are Impossible) by Donny Gerrard (#100). The Fonz Song was inspired by Arthur "Fonzie" Fonzarelli, the character played by Henry Winkler on the television comedy series Happy Days.
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons
2 Dream Weaver--Gary Wright
3 Only Sixteen--Dr. Hook
4 Lonely Night (Angel Face)--Captain and Tennille
5 Money Honey--Bay City Rollers
6 Anyway You Want--Charity Brown
7 Let Your Love Flow--Bellamy Brothers
8 All by Myself--Eric Carmen
9 Love is the Drug--Roxy Music
10 There's a Kind of Hush (All Over the World)--Carpenters
Singles entering the chart were Disco Lady by Johnnie Taylor (#90); Welcome Back by John Sebastian (#91); Rhiannon (Will You Ever Win) by Fleetwood Mac (#92); Young Blood by Bad Company (#93); Playing in the Band by the Stampeders (#94); The Whole World's Goin' Crazy by April Wine (#95); Hurt by Elvis Presley (#96); Without Your Love (Mr. Jordon) by Charlie Ross (#97); Anytime (I'll Be There) by Paul Anka (#98); Love Really Hurts Without You by Billy Ocean (#99); and Don't Pull Your Love/Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye by Glen Campbell (#100).
Avco World Trophy
O'Keefe Cup Semi-Finals
Calgary 3 @ Quebec 1 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 1-0)
U.S. Championship Preliminary
New England 6 @ Cleveland 1 (New England led best-of-five series 2-0)
Phoenix 2 @ San Diego 4 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)
30 years ago
Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 Don't Forget Me (When I'm Gone)--Glass Tiger
2 Kiss--Prince and the Revolution
3 Manic Monday--Bangles
4 R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A.--John Cougar Mellencamp
5 What You Need--INXS
6 Eurasian Eyes--Corey Hart
7 Let's Go All the Way--Sly Fox
8 This Could Be the Night--Loverboy
9 Sanctify Yourself--Simple Minds
10 Secret Lovers--Atlantic Starr
11 Nikita--Elton John
12 West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys
13 Feel it Again--Honeymoon Suite
14 Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones
15 Bad Boy--Miami Sound Machine
16 Tender Love--Force M.D.’s
17 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
18 These Dreams--Heart
19 Calling America--Electric Light Orchestra
20 She Sells Sanctuary--The Cult
21 Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer
23 Why Can’t This Be Love--Van Halen
24 Flippin' to the A Side--Cats Can Fly
25 I Can’t Wait--Stevie Nicks
26 Overjoyed--Stevie Wonder
27 People See Through You--Bruce Cockburn
28 If You Leave--Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
29 A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey
30 Vienna Calling--Falco
On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: A Day in Beaumont, starring Victor Garber and Stacy Nelkin; The Last Defender of Camelot, starring Richard Kiley, Jenny Agutter, and Norman Lloyd
This was the last episode of the season.
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-five series 2-0)
Toronto 6 @ Chicago 4 (Toronto led best-of-five series 2-0)
Vancouver 1 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-five series 2-0)
25 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joyride--Roxette (5th week at #1)
On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Yearbook
Died on this date
Natalie Schafer, 90. U.S. actress. Miss Schafer was a character actress in various plays and films, but was best known for playing "Lovey" Howell in the television comedy series Gilligan's Island (1964-1967).
Kevin Peter Hall, 35. U.S. actor. Mr. Hall, who stood 7" 2", appeared in the television series Misfits of Science (1985-1986) and 227 (1989-1990), and played the title role in the movies Predator (1987) and Predator 2 (1990), as well as playing Harry in the movie (1987) and television series (1990-1991) Harry and the Hendersons. He died of AIDS-related pneumonia after contracting HIV from a blood transfusion during surgery for serious injuries suffered in a car accident.
U.S. Secretary of State James Baker concluded a two-day visit with Israeli authorities. Israel indicated a willingness to attend a regional peace conference sponsored by the U.S. and U.S.S.R. Israeli Housing Minister Ariel Sharon said that he would continue to promote Jewish settlement in the occupied territories.
A rare tropical storm developed in the South Atlantic Ocean near Angola; it was the first to be documented by satellites.
The Italian auto ferry MS Moby Prince collided with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy, killing 140.
St. Louis 3 @ Detroit 4 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Chicago 1 @ Minnesota 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Calgary 2 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Los Angeles 6 @ Vancouver 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
20 years ago
The government of Australia's Northern Territory announced that voluntary euthanasia would become legal on July 1, 1996.
Detroit 5 @ Winnipeg 2
The Red Wings, coached by Scotty Bowman, defeated the Jets to become the second team in NHL history to win 60 regular-season games; the 1976-77 Montréal Canadiens, also coached by Mr. Bowman, were the first.
The Raid on Dieppe, France, August 19, 1942 - By Alex Comber Warning: This article contains graphic images that may be disturbing to the reader; viewer discretion is advised. Seventy-five years ago tod...
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