Wednesday, 27 April 2016

April 27, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

225 years ago
1791


Born on this date
Samuel Morse
. U.S. artist and inventor. Mr. Morse was a portrait painter before he became famous for inventing the most widely-used version of the telegraph, and co-inventing the Morse code method of telegraphy. He died on April 2, 1872, 25 days before his 81st birthday.

170 years ago
1846


Politics and government
John A. Macdonald (Conservative--Kingston) delivered his maiden speech in the Assembly of the Province of Canada, advocating a repeal of the usury laws.

125 years ago
1891


Politics and government
Frederick Peters was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Neil McLeod.

120 years ago
1896


Politics and government
Sir Mackenzie Bowell resigned as Prime Minister of Canada due to cabinet infighting, calling his opponents in the Cabinet "a nest of traitors" when they withdrew support over his handling of the issue of allowing Roman Catholic schools in Manitoba. Sir Mackenzie was unable to deal with religious factions in the Conservative Party, and was succeeded as party leader and Prime Minister by Sir Charles Tupper, who had been recalled from his position as High Commissioner to Great Britain. John Costigan was appointed Minister of Marine; A. R. Angers as President of the Council; and L. O. Taillon as Postmaster-General.

110 years ago
1906


Politics and government
The State Duma of the Russian Empire met for the first time.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Enos Slaughter
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Slaughter played right field with the St. Louis Cardinals (1938-1942, 1946-1953); New York Yankees (1954-1955, 1956-1959); Kansas City Athletics (1955-1956); and Milwaukee Braves (1959), batting .300 with 169 home runs and 1,304 runs batted in in 2,380 games. He played on World Series championship teams in 1942, 1946, 1956, and 1958. Mr. Slaughter was known for his hustling style of play, and scored the winning run in the seventh game of the 1946 World Series from first base on a hit by Harry Walker, racing to home plate after Boston Red Sox' shortstop Johnny Pesky hesitated in throwing the ball. Mr. Slaughter was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1985 and died on August 12, 2002 at the age of 86.

80 years ago
1936


Labour
The United Auto Workers (UAW) gained its autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.

75 years ago
1941


War
German troops entered Athens at 9:25 A.M. and hoisted the Nazi flag over the Acropolis; the last British Imperial forces defending the city had withdrawn from the Peloponnesus or evacuated to Egypt or Crete. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a broadcast from London, hailed the extension of the U.S. neutrality patrol, declaring that now the "eventual defeat of Hitler and Mussolini is certain." He admitted the seriousness of the Allied defeat in Greece, and predicted a German attack on Russia or another country. U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana), adressing 9,000 people at an America First Committee rallly in Chicago, charged that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was preparing the nation for a declaration of war.

Defense
Former U.S. Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt told a United China Relief rally that the United States should aid China and the United Kingdom even at the cost of war.

Radio
General Electric Company announced that 1941-42 radio models would be virtually frozen and that the company's resources for research and development would be turned over to defense production.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Socialists, the left-wing Slovene Sokols (also known as "National Democrats") and a group of progressive intellectuals established the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation.

Baseball
Stockholders of the Boston Bees agreed to change the team's name back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

The #2 single was Shoo-Fly Pie and Apple Pan Dowdy; #3 was One-zy, Two-zy (I Love You-zy).

Defense
The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France agreed at their conference in Paris on a strict limitation of the Italian fleet, with the U.K., U.S.S.R., U.S., Yugoslavia, and Greece sharing in the division of ships exceeding the limit. Icelandic Prime Minister Olafur Thors rejected an American bid for long-term leases of military bases there.

The U.S. Army Air Forces revealed the XB-35 flying wing bomber, with no fuselage, a wing span of 172 feet, and a range of over 10,000 miles.

Politics and government
Italy's strongest party, the Christian Democrats, voted at their congress in Rome in favour of a republic for Italy instead of a monarchy.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Poor People of Paris--Winifred Atwell (3rd week at #1)

Boxing
World heavyweight champion Rocky Marciano announced his retirement at the age of 31 in order to spend more time with his family. Mr. Marciano began his professional career in 1947 and won the title by knocking out Jersey Joe Walcott in 13 rounds on September 23, 1952; he retired with a record of 49-0.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger delivered a major policy address in Lusaka, Zambia, opposing white minority rule in Rhodesia and apartheid in South Africa.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Islanders 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Boston 4 @ Philadelphia 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

WHA
Avco World Trophy
U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
Indianapolis 5 @ New England 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Houston 2 @ San Diego 3 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Harlem Shuffle--Rolling Stones

#1 single in Switzerland: Adesso tu--Eros Ramazzotti

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
Montreal 0 @ Hartford 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Washington 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wednesday Moon--Hideaki Tokunaga

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Baby Baby--Amy Grant

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Joyride--Roxette
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
7 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
8 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
9 Here We Go--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
10 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#48) and Power of Love/Love Power by Luther Vandross (#75); Does Anybody Really Fall in Love Anymore? by Kane Roberts (#88); and Backyard by Pebbles (with Salt-N-Pepa) (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
5 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
6 Mercy Mercy Me/I Want You--Robert Palmer
7 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
8 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
9 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
10 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#68); Love is a Wonderful Thing by Michael Bolton (#70); Miracle by Whitney Houston (#76); Payin’ the Cost to Be the Boss by Pat Benatar (#81); Unbelievable by EMF (#85); I Touch Myself by Divinyls (#92); and Laying Down the Law by the Law (#94).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): How Bizarre--OMC (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Più bella cosa--Eros Ramazzotti

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Soirée disco--Boris (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Return of the Mack--Mark Morrison (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
5 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
6 Doin' It--LL Cool J
7 Woo-Hah!! (Got You All in Check)--Busta Rhymes
8 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
9 You're the One--SWV
10 Count on Me--Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans

Singles entering the chart were You're the One; Chains by Tina Arena (#47); Kissin' You by Total (#48); and I Don't Wanna Be Alone by Shai (#72).

Died on this date
William Colby, 76
. U.S. intelligence officer. Mr. Colby was Director of Central Intelligence from 1973-1976. He was Director during a perios of relative openness and reform of the Central Intelligence Agency. Mr. Colby was replaced by future President George H.W. Bush on January 30, 1976, and retired to a private law practice. He died while on a solo canoe trip near his Maryland home; his body was found face-down on a sandbar on May 6. The death was ruled accidental, with the coroner ruling that Mr. Colby was a good candidate for a heart attack, but there were suspicions of foul play or suicide.

War
Operation Grapes of Wrath, the campaign by the Israeli Defense Forces in Lebanon against Hezbollah terrorists, ended after 16 days.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 6 @ Tampa Bay 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 3 @ Florida 4 (Florida won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Toronto 1 @ St. Louis 2 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Colorado 3 @ Vancouver 2 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2006


Law
The Supreme Court of Canada, in a 4-3 decision, voted to uphold key provisions of the national DNA databank that stores genetic profiles of sexual and dangerous offenders.

Economics and finance
Canada and the United States reached a seven-year agreement on softwood lumber to protect American jobs; Canada would return US$4 billion of the $5 billion in duties collected from Canadian firms.

Americana
Construction began on the 1,776-foot Freedom Tower (later renamed One World Trade Center) on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Ottawa 5 @ Tampa Bay 2 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Detroit 4 @ Edmonton 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Calgary 2 @ Anaheim 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Nashville 4 @ San Jose 5 (San Jose led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Sean O'Donnell scored 1:36 into the 1st overtime period to give the Mighty Ducks their win over the Flames at Arrowhead Pond; Jarome Inginla scored both Calgary goals early in the 3rd period. Patrick Marleau scored 3 goals for the Sharks as they withstood a late rally by the Predators at HP Pavilion.

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