Wednesday, 13 April 2016

April 13, 2016

150 years ago
1866


Born on this date
Butch Cassidy
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Cassidy, born Robert Leroy Parker, was a train robber and bank robber and the leader of the Wild Bunch gang in the American West in the 1890s. Mr. Cassidy and his partner Harry Longabaugh--better known as the Sundance Kid--fled to Bolivia. Mr. Cassidy was 42 when the pair were likely killed in a shootout with authorities on November 7, 1908, although rumours of their survival persisted.

125 years ago
1891

Baseball

The Boston Reds blanked the Washington Statesmen 6-0 in an American Association game before a capacity crowd of 4,365 in the first game at Boundary Field in Washington.

80 years ago
1936


Died on this date
Konstantinos Demertzis, 59 or 60
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1935-1936. Mr. Demertzis succeeded Georgios Kondylis as Prime Minister on November 30, 1935, but died in office of a heart attack, just two months after Mr. Kondylis died of a heart attack. Mr. Demertzis was succeeded as Prime Minister by Ioannis Metaxas.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Annie Jump Cannon, 77
. U.S. astronomer. Miss Cannon was the world's foremost female astronomer; she was credited with the creation of the Harvard Classification Scheme, and classified more than 400,000 stars.

War
The German command announced that Belgrade had been occupied by German forces.

Defense
The U.S.S.R., represented by Premier Vyacheslav Molotov, and Japan, represented by Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka, signed a five-year neutrality pact in Moscow. The Soviets pledged to respect the sovereignty of Japanese-controlled Manchukuo (Manchuria).

U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes denounced Col. Charles Lindbergh, General Robert E. Wood, auto magnate Henry Ford, and others opposed to U.S. aid for Britain as "Hitler's unconscious fools."

Transportation
Pan American Airways announced new express schedules effective April 14, linking all 21 American republics by an 8-day, 15,000-mile route between Washington and Buenos Aires.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)

Radio
Bell Telephone Laboratories revealed the wartime development of a metal "lens" that focuses radio waves on the antenna of a distant station, increasing sending power and freedom from static.

War
Prince Morimasa Nashimoto and Mitsubishi Corporation official Kiyoshi Goko were released from prison in Tokyo for lack of evidence of war crimes during World War II.

World events
General Joseph McNary of the U.S. military government in Germany said that there was not enough food in the American zone to sustain life.

Politics and government
Otto Grotewohl and his followers among Berlin's Social Democrats merged with the Communists to form the Socialist Unity Party (SED).

Agriculture
Argentine Foreign Minister Juan Cooke announced that Argentina would turn over most of its 150,000-ton wheat contribution to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration by May 31, 1946.

Economics and finance
U.S. Director of Economic Stabilization Chester Bowles admitted the existence of a national clothing shortage, which he blamed on both government and industry policies.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Poor People of Paris--Winifred Atwell

50 years ago
1966


Died on this date
Abdul Salam Arif, 45
. 2nd President of Iraq, 1963-1966. Colonel Arif, a Sunni Muslim, played a leading role in the 14th July Revolution in 1958 that overthrew the Hasehmite monarchy. He took office as President after the ouster of Abdel Karim Qasim, and and founded the Arab Socialist Union in 1964 after purging most members of the Ba'ath Party from the cabinet. Col. Arif was killed in the crash of an Iraqi Air Force plane, perhaps as a result of sabotage by Ba'athists in the military; he was succeeded as President by his brother Abdul Rahman Arif after a brief power struggle.

Transportation
The Soviet liner Alexandr Pushkin left Leningrad for Montréal as the U.S.S.R launched its North Atlantic passenger service.

40 years ago
1976


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Point of Departure

This was the last episode of the season, and the last in which Elayne Heilveil played Nancy Lawrence Maitland. Meredith Baxter Birney played the role for the remainder of the series.

World events
Three people were killed during a grenade attack on Chadian President F. Malloum Ngakoutou Bey-Ndi, who escaped unharmed.

Economics and finance
The United States Treasury Department reintroduced the two-dollar bill as a Federal Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson's 233rd birthday as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration.

Labour
More than 90,000 schoolteachers in Quebec staged a one-day strike in protest over anti-strike legislation from the provincial government of Premier Robert Bourassa.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Chicago 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Toronto 1 @ Philadelphia 3 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Los Angeles 3 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
New York Islanders 2 @ Buffalo 3 (OT) (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Butch Goring scored 27 seconds into overtime to give the Kings their win over the Bruins at Boston Garden. Danny Gare scored 14:04 into the 1st overtime period to give the Sabres their win over the Islanders at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
U.S. Championship Preliminary
San Diego 4 @ Phoenix 6 (Phoenix led best-of-five series 2-1)

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ohne dich (schlaf ich heut Nacht nicht ein)--Münchener Freiheit (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Stephen Stucker, 38
. U.S. actor. Mr. Stucker was known for playing "outrageous" characters in such films as The Kentucky Fried Movie (1977) and Airplane! (1980). He died of AIDS.

Religion
Pope John Paul II visited the Great Synagogue in Rome in the first recorded papal visit of its kind.

Golf
Jack Nicklaus, 46, won the Masters at August National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia for the sixth time, with a 9-under par score of 279, including a final round of 65. First prize money was $144,000.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 7 @ St. Louis 4 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Joyride--Roxette

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Lady Navegation--B'z

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Joyride--Roxette

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
6 Joyride--Roxette
7 One More Try--Timmy -T-
8 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
9 This House--Tracie Spencer
10 Round and Round--Tevin Campbell

Singles entering the chart were Miracle by Whitney Houston (#80); Come Again by Damn Yankees (#82); Feel the Groove by Cartouche (#87); Don’t Make Me Dream About You by Chris Isaak (#88); It's a Shame (My Sister) by Monie Love (#89); and Written All Over Your Face by Rude Boys (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
5 Joyride--Roxette
6 All This Time--Sting
7 One More Try--Timmy -T-
8 Rescue Me--Madonna
9 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
10 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Round and Round by Tevin Campbell (#74); Neighbourhood by Gregory Hoskins and the Stickpeople (#79); Night and Day by Bette Midler (#88); Heat by the Leslie Spit Treeo (#90); Don't Treat Me Bad by Firehouse (#93); Conspiracy by Paris Black (#94); and Decision or Collision by ZZ Top (#99).

World events
The U.S.A. and other nations began new efforts to assist Kurds by providing food and shelter for as many as 700,000 along the Iraq-Turkey border.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 5 @ Buffalo 1 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 3 @ Hartford 1 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Pittsburgh 4 @ New Jersey 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
New York Rangers 2 @ Washington 4 (Washington won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Baseball
Dave Winfield hit 3 home runs, a double, and a single, driving in 6 runs, to lead the California Angels to a 15-9 win over the Minnesota Twins before 32,782 fans at Hubert H. Humprey Metrodome in Minneapolis. The Angels amassed 21 hits and the Twins 13.

The New York Yankees scored 8 runs in the 5th inning and held on to defeat the Kansas City Royals 9-8 before 25,746 fans at Royals Stadium. Kansas City center fielder and leadoff hitter Jim Eisenreich batted 4 for 4 with 3 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in. Oddly, the last 3 innings were scoreless.

The San Francisco Giants scored 8 runs in the first 6 innings and 8 more in the 7th as they routed the Houston Astros 16-2 before 22,411 fans at the Astrodome. San Francisco left fielder Kevin Mitchell batted 3 for 3 with 2 home runs, 4 runs, and 4 runs batted in.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): How Bizarre--OMC

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Children--Robert Miles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Firestarter--The Prodigy (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Lady--D’Angelo
9 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
10 All the Things (Your Man Won't Do)--Joe

Singles entering the chart were In the Meantime by Spacehog (#40); Esa Nena Linda by Artie the 1 Man Party (#70); Scandalous by the Click (#82); Shadowboxin' by Genius/GZA featuring Method Man (#84); Round We Go by Big Sister (#85); Soul Food by Goodie Mob (#88); and Envy/Firewater by Fat Joe/Fat Joe (featuring Raekwon, Big Punisher & Armageddon) (#89).

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 6 Edmonton 3
Ottawa 5 @ New Jersey 2

The Senators' win over the Devils at Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford eliminated the Devils from playoff competition, marking the first time in 26 years that the defending Stanley Cup champions had missed the playoffs. The Montreal Canadiens won consecutive Stanley Cups in 1968 and 1969, and missed the playoffs in 1970.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Bill Baker, 95
. U.S. baseball player and umpire. Mr. Baker was a catcher with the Cincinnati Reds (1940-1941); Pittsburgh Pirates (1941-1943, 1946); and St. Louis Cardinals (1948-1949), batting .247 with 2 home runs and 68 runs batted in in 263 games. He was with the Reds when the won the World Series in 1940, batting .250 (1 for 4) in 3 World Series games. Mr. Baker coached with the Chicago Cubs in 1950, and was an umpire in the National League in 1957.

Muriel Spark, 88. U.K. authoress. Mrs. Spark wrote poetry and short stories in a career that spanned more than 50 years, but wsa best known for her novels, including The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961).

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