Sunday, 24 April 2016

April 22, 2016

400 years ago
1616


Died on this date
Miguel de Cervantes, 68
. Spanish writer. Mr. Cervantes was best known for his two-volume novel Don Quixote (1605, 1615).

140 years ago
1876


Baseball
The Boston Red Stockings scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to edge the Philadelphia Athletics 6-5 before 3,000 fans at Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia in the first regular season game in the history of the National League. The teams combined to commit 20 errors. The Red Stockings accounted for most of the firsts, with shortstop George Wright grounding out as the first batter; center fielder Jim O'Rourke making the first hit (a single); right fielder John Manning batting in the first run; catcher Tim McGinley scoring the first run; and first baseman Tim Murnane recording the first stolen base. Joe Borden was the winning pitcher. Philadelphia third baseman Ezra Sutton made the first error on a wild throw to first base, while center fielder Dave Eggler caught a fly ball and threw to home plate for the first double play. Philadelphia outfielder-third baseman Levi Meyerle recorded the first double and first base on balls.

125 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Nicola Sacco
. Italian-born U.S. criminal. Mr. Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were anarchists who were convicted of the April 15, 1920 armed robbery and murder of a guard and paymaster with the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in South Braintree, Massachusetts. They were convicted of first-degree murder on July 14, 1921; appeals dragged on for six years, but were denied, despite protests by prominent people in the United States and other countries. Messrs. Sacco and Vanzetti were executed in the electric chair at Charlestown State Prison on August 23, 1927. Mr. Sacco was 36 at the time of his death.

110 years ago
1906


Olympics
The 1906 Summer Olympics, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, opened in Athens.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
Yehudi Menuhin
. U.S.-born musician. Mr. Menuhin was one of the most prominent violinists of the 20th century. He made his first recording at the age of 13 in 1929, and his last in 1999; his 70-year contract with EMI is regarded as the world's longest. Mr. Menuhin died on March 12, 1999 at the age of 82.

80 years ago
1936


Economics and finance
Alberta Premier William Aberhart's Social Credit government introduces its Alberta Prosperity Certificates; they were eventually ruled by the Supreme Court of Canada to be illegal, since only the federal government could issue currency.

75 years ago
1941


Theatre
The New York Drama Critics Circle named Watch on the Rhine by Lillian Hellman as the Best American Play of the 1940-41 season. The Corn is Green by Emlyn Williams was named Best Foreign Play.

War
King George II of Greece abandoned Athens for Crete after the Greek Army of Epirus surrendered, with German troops less than 100 miles from Athens.

Defense
2,000 American soldiers were landed at Manila from the transport ship Republic to augment the Philippine defense forces.

U.K. Secretary of State for India and Burma Leo Amery told the House of Commons that an army of 500,000 was rapidly being formed in India.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. formally protested to Germany over 80 alleged border violations by Nazi planes from March 27-April 18, 1941.

Academia
The New York Board of Higher Education suspended eight instructors and three administrative assistants of City College of New York who were charged with being members of the Communist Party and obstructing the Rapp-Coudert committee's investigation of subversive activities.

Labour
Operators of soft coal mines in the southern United States resumed negotiations in New York with northern operators and the United Mine Workers of America.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Textile Workers Union voted at its convention to bar members of Nazi, Fascist, or Communist organizations from holding union office.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (6th week at #1)
--Frank Sinatra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
2 Personality--Johnny Mercer
--Bing Crosby
3 One-zy, Two-zy (I Love You-zy)--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
4 Shoo Fly Pie (And Apple Pan Dowdy)--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
5 You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart)--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
6 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
7 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
8 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
9 Seems Like Old Times--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
10 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como

Singles entering the chart were Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside), with versions by Dinah Shore and Andy Russell (#13); Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti) by Alvino Rey and his Orchestra (#20); and Josephine Please No Lean on the Bell, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra and Jerry Colonna (#29).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Tankerville Club

Died on this date
Harlan F. Stone, 73
. 12th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1941-1946. Mr. Stone was U.S. Attorney General from 1924-1925 in the administration of President Calvin Coolidge, and was then appointed an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, replacing the retiring Charles Evans Hughes. Chief Justice Stone died in office; he was succeeded by Fred Vinson.

Lionel Atwill, 61. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Atwill had a distinguished career on stage, but is best remembered for his appearances in horror and mystery movies, including Doctor X (1932); Mystery of the Wax Museum (1933); Murders in the Zoo (1933); Son of Frankenstein (1939); The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939); and Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942).

Masataka Kaguragi. Japanese military officer. General Kaguragi and four others were hanged by U.S. authorities in Shanghai for oerdering the deaths of three American airmen captured after the 1942 air raid on Tokyo led by Jimmy Doolittle.

World events
U.S. military headquarters in Frankfurt reported evidence indicating that the recent poisoning of German prisoners of war in an American-operated camp was the result of a plot against 15,000 German SS prisoners held there.

Diplomacy
In an address to Tyrolese refugees in Innsbruck, Austrian Chancellor Leopold Figl urged that the Tyrol be returned to Austria.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Kijuro Shidehara and his cabinet resigned, but he continued his efforts to form a coalition cabinet.

Communists in Chungking announced their refusal to participate in the Chinese government or the proposed constitutional assembly as long as the "civil war" continued.

Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Saltaneh announced a seven-point proposal to Azerbaijan under which the autonomous province could return to central government control.

Defense
The United States Army announced that it had discharged seven million men since the start of demobilization on May 12, 1945.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that an alien seeking U.S. citizenship need not pledge to bear arms in defense of the United States.

Economics and finance
U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) approved of the U.S. loan to the United Kingdom on the basis of "intelligent American self-interest," warning that the refusal of of aid might force the British into "unintended socialization."

Labour
The American Federation of Labor announced plans for an organizational drive in the South with a goal of one million new members.

60 years ago
1956


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Never Again, starring Phyllis Thaxter, Louise Allbritton, Warren Stevens, and Jack Mullaney

Died on this date
Walt Faulkner, 38
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Faulkner became the first rookie driver to win the pole position in the Indianapolis 500, accomplishing the feat in 1950. He finished 7th in the race, and participated in the Indianapolis 500 every year thereafter, combining with Bill Homeier to finish 5th in 1955. Mr. Faulker was killed after a qualifying crash at a United States Auto Club stock car event in Vallejo, California.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Michelle--The Overlanders

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Lovedrops--Barry Allen (4th week at #1)
2 Time Won't Let Me--The Outsiders
3 Leaning on the Lamp Post--Herman's Hermits
4 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
5 Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)--Cher
6 Time--The Pozo-Seco Singers
7 A Sign of the Times--Petula Clark
8 Try Too Hard--The Dave Clark Five
9 Daydream--The Lovin' Spoonful
10 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas
Pick hit of the week: Backstage--Gene Pitney
New this week: Tie Me Down--Dino, Desi and Billy
A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
The Phoenix Love Theme (Senza Fine)--The Brass Ring
Still--The Sunrays
Pin the Tail on the Donkey--Paul Peek

At the movies
Stagecoach, a remake of the 1939 Western, opened in theatres in West Germany, two months prior to its North American release.

Space
The United States launched the satellite OV3-I into polar orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Boston 122 @ Los Angeles 117 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

40 years ago
1976


On television tonight
Bless This House, on ITV
Tonight's episode: Some Enchanted Evening!

This was the 65th and last episode of the series, which was in its sixth season. Series star Sidney James collapsed and died of a heart attack four days after this episode was broadcast.

Boxing
Duane Bobick (35-0) won a unanimous 10-round decision over Scott LeDoux (18-2-1) in a heavyweight bout at Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington, Minnesota.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 5 @ Toronto 8 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Buffalo 2 @ New York Islanders 3 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 3 @ Los Angeles 4 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Toronto centre Darryl Sittler tied Rocket Richard's Stanley Cup single-game record with 5 goals, and added an assist as the Maple Leafs beat the Flyers at Maple Leaf Gardens. Butch Goring scored at 18:28 of the 1st overtime period to give the Kings their win over the Bruins at the Forum in Inglewood, California; it was Mr. Goring's second overtime goal of the series.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Mircea Eliade, 79
. Romanian-born U.S. historian. Dr. Eliade was a historian of religion who believed that hierophanies--manifestations of the sacred--formed the basis of religion, and that religous thought in general rests on a sharp distinction between the sacred and the profane.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
St. Louis 2 @ Toronto 5 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Edmonton 2 @ Calgary 3 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Se mustamies--Hausmylly (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
Hollywood Detective, on A&E
Tonight's episode: Romanoff a Clef

This episode featured Dorothy Parker as a character.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney promised a Royal Commission on Aboriginal Affairs to settle all land claims by the year 2000. Mr. Mulroney named former Prime Minister Joe Clark as Minister of Constitutional Affairs; his task was to coordinate various ongoing negotiations and recommendations.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 1 @ Minnesota 5 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Los Angeles 3 @ Edmonton 4 (2 OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Baseball
San Francisco Giants' second baseman Robby Thompson hit for the cycle, but the Giants lost 7-5 to the San Diego Padres before 12,156 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fastlove--George Michael

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ironic--Alanis Morisette (4th week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--CĂ©line Dion
3 Birmingham--Amanda Marshall
4 Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 1979--Smashing Pumpkins
7 Let Your Soul Be Your Pilot--Sting
8 I Want to Come Over--Melissa Etheridge
9 Wonderwall--Oasis
10 Wonder--Natalie Merchant

Singles entering the chart were Rock and Roll All Nite by Kiss (#87); Chains by Tina Arena (#90); Only Happy When it Rains by Garbage (#95); Give Me One Reason by Tracy Chapman (#96); Brother by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#97); and Burn for You by Junkhouse (#98).

Died on this date
Jug McSpaden, 87. U.S. golfer. Harold Lee McSpaden won 28 tournaments in a professional career that began in 1927 and continued through the 1940s, but was best known for his large number of second-place finishes. He finished second to Byron Nelson in so many tournaments that the two were nicknamed the "Gold Dust Twins." Mr. McSpaden and his wife Betty, 73 or 74, were found dead in their home in Kansas City, Kansas. Their car was running in the garage that was attached to the house, and the deaths were ruled to be the result of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning.

Erma Bombeck, 69. U.S. humourist. Mrs. Bombeck wrote a popular newspaper column about suburban home life. Her column, which ran from 1965 until her death from kidney disease, appeared in as many as 900 newspapers. Mrs. Bombeck wrote 15 books, most of them bestsellers.

Politics and government
John Nunziata, member of the Canadian House of Commons for the metropolitan Toronto riding of York-South Weston, was expelled from the Liberal Party caucus for voting against the recent budget presented by Finance Minister Paul Martin. Mr. Nunziata was upset over the government's reneging on a promise to rescind the Goods and Services Tax, which had been implemented by the previous Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Boston 2 @ Florida 6 (Florida led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Pittsburgh 4 @ Washington 1 (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Colorado 3 @ Vancouver 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Alida Valli, 84
. Italian actress. Miss Valli, born Baroness Alida Maria Laura Altenburger von Marckenstein-Frauenberg, starred in movies such as We the Living (1942); The Paradine Case (1947) and The Third Man (1949) in an international career that lasted for more than 60 years.

D'Iberville Fortier, 80. Canadian diplomat. Mr. Fortier held several ambassadorial positions from 1952-1984, and was Canada's Commissioner of Official Languages from 1984-1991.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Montreal 6 @ Carolina 1 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New York Rangers 1 @ New Jersey 6 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Philadelphia 2 @ Buffalo 3 (2 OT) (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Colorado 5 @ Dallas 2 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Patrik Elias scored 2 goals and 4 assists to lead the Devils over the Rangers at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford. Daniel Briere scored at 7:45 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Sabres their win over the Flyers at HSBC Arena; Philadelphia goalie Robert Esche made 55 saves.

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