Saturday, 30 April 2016

April 30, 2016

130 years ago

The National League baseball game between the Chicago White Stockings and Kansas City Cowboys in Kansas City was recreated for fans in Chicago at Central Music Hall using a picture of the field and transparencies with the players’ names on them.

The Chicago White Stockings edged the Kansas City Cowboys 6-5 in 13 innings at League Park in the first National League game played in Kansas City.

110 years ago

U.S. steel magnate Andrew Carnegie attended the official opening of the first Ottawa Public Library building. The building cost approximately $200,000, and had been made possible by the $100,000 endowment from the Andrew Carnegie Foundation.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Claude Shannon
. U.S. mathematician and inventor. Mr. Shannon was known as the "father of information theory" because of his paper A Mathematical Theory of Communication (1948). He founded both digital computer and digital circuit design theory, and was thus responsible for much of the technology that exists today. Mr. Shannon died on February 24, 2001 at the age of 84.

80 years ago

Died on this date
A. E. Housman, 77
. U.K. poet and classicist. Mr. Housman was best known for his 63-poem cycle A Shropshire Lad (1896). Mr. Housman also produced authoritative editions of classical authors such as Juvenal, Manilius, and Lucan.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ferryboat Serenade--The Tic-Toc Rhythm Orchestra; Dick Robertson (1st month at #1)

A German U-boat torpedoed the Canadian passenger ship Nerissa off Ireland, resulting in the loss of 73 Canadian Army personnel. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler fixed the date for the German invasion of Russia. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill reported that 45,000 of the 60,000 men of the British expeditionar force had successfully evacuated Greece.

The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee defeated, by votes of 13-10, two measures opposed to the U.S. Navy's convoying supply ships to Britain. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Rear Admiral Amory Land, chairman of the Maritime Commission, to procure two million tons of shipping, domestic and foreign, to carry supplies to Britain.

Operators of soft coal mines in the northern United States reopened their mines following a settlement of their 29-day strike, and southern operators ordered their mines reopened on May 1 after signing a temporary agreement with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall--The Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald (1st month at #1)

At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former Reichsbank head Hjalmar Schacht claimed that he aided the Nazis because he thought their sole motive was national defense.

The Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry issued its report, recommending the termination of the British mandate in Palestine and its transfer to a United Nations trusteeship. It also called for the admission of 110,000 European Jews to Palestine and creation of a binational state. Both Jews and Arabs rejected the plan.

The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France, at their conference in Paris, agreed to Italy's retention of the southern Tyrol, claimed by Austria.

The United Kingdom and France completed their evacuation from Syria 15 days ahead of schedule.

Allied headquarters in Tokyo announced the discovery of a plot, led by former Kamikaze pilot Hideo Tokayama, to assassinate Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur.

The Florida Supreme Court ruled against Dade County zoning laws barring Negroes from certain areas of Miami.

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill providing $523 million for aid in the development of muicipal airports.

University of California physicist Ernest Lawrence revealed the development of the synchrotron, a new atom smasher which could accelerate electrons to energies of 300 million volts.

Bob Feller pitched his second career major league no-hitter, winning the pitchers' duel over Bill Bevens as the Cleveland Indians edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 38,112 fans at Yankee Stadium. Catcher Frankie Hayes broke the tie with a solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning. Mr. Feller struck out 11 batters and walked 5, while Mr. Bevens allowed 7 hits, with 5 strikeouts and 5 bases on balls.

The Philadelphia Athletics took an 8-0 lead after 4 innings and held on to defeat the St. Louis Browns 12-8 before 5,192 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

60 years ago

At the movies
On the Threshold of Space, starring Guy Madison, Virginia Leith, and John Hodiak, opened in theatres. It was the final film for Mr. Hodiak, who had died of a heart attack at the age of 41 on October 19, 1955, before filming had been completed.

Died on this date
Alben W. Barkley, 78
. 35th Vice President of the United States, 1949-1953. Mr. Barkley, a Democrat, represented Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives from 1913-1927 and in the Senate from 1927-1949 and 1955 until his death. He was Senate Majority Leader from 1937-1947 and Minority Leader from 1947-1949. Mr. Barkley took a break from the Senate to serve as Vice President under President Harry Truman, becoming the oldest man to hold the office. He was in the midst of delivering a speech at the Washington and Lee Mock Convention on the campus of Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia, and spoke of his willingness to sit with freshman Senators. He alluded to Psalm 84:10, saying, "I'm glad to sit on the back row, for I would rather be a servant in the House of the Lord than to sit in the seats of the mighty." Mr. Barkley then collapsed and died of a heart attack.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nowhere Man/Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)--The Beatles

#1 single in France: Le Cinéma--Sheila (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Michelle--The Beatles

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dedicated Follower of Fashion--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Good Lovin'--The Young Rascals
2 Monday, Monday--The Mamas and the Papas
3 (You’re My) Soul and Inspiration--The Righteous Brothers
4 Secret Agent Man--Johnny Rivers
5 Kicks--Paul Revere and the Raiders
6 Sloop John B--The Beach Boys
7 Time Won't Let Me--The Outsiders
8 Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)--Cher
9 Leaning on the Lamp Post--Herman's Hermits
10 Gloria--Shadows of Knight

Singles entering the chart were It's a Man's Man's Man's World by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#61); Double Shot (Of My Baby's Love) by the Swingin' Medallions (#81); Marble Breaks and Iron Bends by Drafi (#83); I Love You Drops by Vic Dana (#87); I Am a Rock by Simon and Garfunkel (#89); Dirty Water by the Standells (#94); My Little Red Book by Love (#95); Twinkle Toes by Roy Orbison (#97); You're Ready Now by Frankie Valli (#98); Oh How Happy by the Shades of Blue (#99); All These Things by the Uniques (#100); Mame by Bobby Darin (also #100); and The Teaser by Bob Kuban and the In-Men (also #100).

Died on this date
Richard Fariña, 29
. U.S. author and singer. Mr. Fariña and his wife Mimi, the younger sister of folksinger Joan Baez, were a folksinging duo in their own right, first achieving popularity in 1964, with Mr. Fariña writing the songs, many of them being protest songs. He also achieved success with the comic novel Been Down So Long it Looks Like Up to Me (1966). Mr. Fariña was killed in a motorcycle accident on his wife's 21st birthday.

On the radio
The final broadcast of the Doyle News aired on CBN in St. John's, Newfoundland. Gerald S. Doyle read his first news bulletin over the station--then known as VONF--on November 14, 1932, the inaugural day of broadcasting for the Dominion Broadcasting Company.

The Church of Satan was established by High Priest Anton LaVey at the Black House in San Francisco.

Politics and government
Chinese Premier Chou En-lai called for a struggle to wipe out bourgeois ideology.

The National Capital Commission started building a marina-recreation complex in Gatineau, on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River across from Rideau Falls.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Mississippi--Pussycat (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fernando--ABBA

#1 single in Switzerland: Fernando--ABBA (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro and his cabinet resigned; Mr. Moro agreed to remain as Prime Minister until elections were held.

Economics and finance
The Royal Canadian Mint opened its new branch in Winnipeg; it used nickel from Thompson and other northern Manitoba mines to produce all general currency, while the Ottawa mint concentrated solely on collector coins and ceremonial currency. Designed by architect Étienne Gaboury, the Winnipeg mint featured two large walls of bronze tinted glass, and operated the first fully automated currency-making system in North America.

Muhammad Ali (51-2) retained his world heavyweight title with a unanimous 15-round decision over Jimmy Young (17-5-2) at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland.

Avco World Trophy
O'Keefe Cup Finals
Winnipeg 3 @ Calgary 7 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 3-1)

U.S. Championship Quarter-Finals
Houston 3 @ San Diego 2 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-2)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Dover-Calais--Style (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert Stevenson, 81
. U.K.-born U.S. movie and television director. Mr. Stevenson directed films such as Jane Eyre (1944) and I Married a Communist (1949), but was better known for directing films for the Walt Disney Company, including Old Yeller (1957); The Shaggy Dog (1959); The Absent-Minded Professor (1961); and Mary Poppins (1964). His television work included seven episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955-1959) and six episodes of Gunsmoke (1955).

Stanley Cup Playoffs
Division Finals
Toronto 1 @ St. Louis 2 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Calgary 3 @ Edmonton 2 (Calgary won best-of-seven series 4-3)

With the score tied 2-2 with about 15 minutes remaining in the 3rd period, Edmonton defenseman Steve Smith, attempting to pass the puck, banked it into his own net off the pad of goaltender Grant Fuhr. The goal, credited to Perry Berezan, held up as the winner as the Flames completed the upset of their hated provincial rivals before a stunned crowd at Northlands Coliseum.

25 years ago

A cyclone struck Bangladesh, killing over 131,000 and leaving nine million homeless.

20 years ago

Died on this date
David Opatoshu, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Opatoshu, born David Opatovsky, was a character actor in films and television for more than 50 years. His movies included The Naked City (1948); Exodus (1960); and Torn Curtain (1966).

Politics and government
Alberta Premier Ralph Klein announced the restoration of some funding to some of the province's hospitals, admitting that the cuts had caused too much discontent.

IIHF World Men's Championship
Canada 3 Finland 1

10 years ago

Died on this date
Jean-François Revel, 82
. French author. Mr. Revel, born Jean-François Ricard, was a socialist who later became a champion of classical liberalism. His books included Without Marx or Jesus (1972); The Totalitarian Temptation (1976); How Democracies Perish (1983); and The Flight from Truth: The Reign of Deceit in the Age of Information (1992).

Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Montreal 1 @ Carolina 2 (Carolina led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Philadelphia 0 @ Buffalo 3 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 3-2)
San Jose 2 @ Nashville 1 (San Jose won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Colorado 3 @ Dallas 2 (OT) (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Ryan Miller stopped 24 saves to earn his first career playoff shutout as the Sabres blanked the Flyers at HSBC Arena. Andrew Brunette scored at 13:55 of the 1st overime period to give the Avalanche their win over the Stars at American Airlines Center; Colorado goalie Jose Theodore made 50 saves. Vesa Toskala made 34 saves for the Sharks as they eliminated the Predators at Gaylord Entertainment Center.

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