150 years ago
The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded; it lasted until 1956.
90 years ago
Varney Airlines--the root company of United Airlines--made its first commercial flight.
Finals @ Montreal Forum
Victoria Cougars (WHL) 0 @ Montreal Maroons (NHL) 2 (Montreal won best-of-five series 3-1)
Nels Stewart scored both goals--his 5th and 6th of the series--and Clint Benedict posted his third shutout of the series in goal as the Maroons won the Stanley Cup for the first time. It was the last time a representative from a league other than the National Hockey League played for the cup, which was donated for the championship of amateur hockey in Canada, not professional hockey in North America.
80 years ago
The Tupelo–Gainesville outbreak of 12 tornadoes concluded with at least 454 fatalities and at least 2,498 injuries, as the Tupelo tornado hit Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.
Horton Smith won the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia with a 3-under par total of 283, one stroke ahead of Harry Cooper. It was the second Masters win for Mr. Smith, who had won the inaugural Masters in 1934. First prize money was $1,500.
75 years ago
Germany launched Operation 25 (the invasion of Yugoslavia) and Operation Marita (the invasion of Greece). British and South African forces captured Addis Ababa after an 11-week drive. British Army Lieutenant Generals Richard O'Connor and Philip Neame were captured by a German patrol in Libya. The U.K. battleship Malaya arrived in New York for repairs after being torpedoed by a German submarine.
Brazilian President Getulio Vargas signed a decree modifying the immigration ruling of the previous February allowing nationals of American nations to enter Brazil and remain for six months without having to register.
The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board concluded an agreement for the settlement of the 75-day strike at the Allis-Chalmers plant in Milwaukee; the company and the Congress of Industrial Orgainzations United Auto Workers agreed to arbitrate disputes and bar strikes.
Craig Wood won the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia with an 8-under par total of 280, three strokes ahead of Byron Nelson. First prize money was $1,500. Mr. Wood became the first golfer to hold at least a share of the lead in the Masters for its entire duration.
Detroit 2 @ Boston 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
The U.S. Navy revealed that sonar had been the most effective single weapon used against enemy submarines during World War II.
In an Army Day speech in Chicago, U.S. President Harry Truman warned that U.K.-U.S.S.R. rivalry in the Middle East "might erupt into conflict," and pledged that the United States would remain strong to support United Nations peacekeeping efforts and retain its leadership in world affairs.
The United States informed Ecuador that it would evacuate its military bases in the Galapagos Islands by July 1, 1946.
Politics and government
U.S. President Truman told a meeting of student editors that he favoured lowering the voting age to 18, but that repeal of teh poll tax was a state matter.
Arkansas Governor Ben Laney said that Negroes would not be permitted to vote in the state's Democratic primary despite a declaration by U.S. Solicitor General Howard McGrath that he would prosecute any official who kept a person from voting because of race.
A 17-nation emergency food conference in London ended after appealing to Argentina to increase wheat exports, and urging creation of a single international agency to meet the world food crisis.
The International Court of Justice elected Jose Gustavo Guerrero of El Salvador to be its president.
United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis rejected U.S. Steel's offer to operate its mines on a retroactive wage basis while contract negotiations were going on.
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Truman the bill curbing coercive labour practices in radio broadcasting. The bill was an attempt to reduce the power and influence of American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo.
Oklahoma City residents turned out for venereal disease tests, as preachers, teachers, and socialites backed the U.S.A.'s first city-wide, rapid-treatment drive against VD.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers (3rd week at #1)
50 years ago
Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson announced plans to promote bilingualism in the federal public service.
40 years ago
On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Thursday's Child
The Québec Superior Court ruled against 10 Protestant school boards opposed to the Official Languages Act.
Vancouver 3 @ New York Islanders 5 (New York led best-of-three series 1-0)
Pittsburgh 1 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto led best-of-three series 1-0)
Buffalo 2 @ St. Louis 5 (St. Louis led best-of-three series 1-0)
Atlanta 1 @ Los Angeles 2 (Los Angeles led best-of-three series 1-0)
The New York Yankees released designated hitter Tommy Davis; the team had signed him on February 24, 12 days after his release from the Baltimore Orioles. Mr. Davis, 37, led the National League in batting in 1962 and 1963 while with the Los Angeles Dodgers. With the Orioles in 1975, he batted .283 with 6 home runs and 57 runs batted in in 116 games.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Rock Me Amadeus--Falco (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Ohne dich (schlaf ich heut Nacht nicht ein)--Münchener Freiheit (2nd week at #1)
World men’s championship @ CNE Coliseum, Toronto
Canada 4 Scotland 3
Ed Lukowich's rink from the Calgary Winter Club, representing Canada, scored a point in the 10th end to defeat David Smith's Scottish rink. Scotland had scored 2 points in the 9th end to tie the game 3-3. In the bronze medal game, Steve Brown's rink from the United States took a 6-0 lead after 4 ends and coasted to a 7-2 win over Stefan Hasselborg's rink from Sweden.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Falling--Julee Cruise
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Unfinished Sympathy--Massive Attack
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan (2nd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 One More Try--Timmy -T-
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 This House--Tracie Spencer
7 Someday--Mariah Carey
8 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
10 Get Here--Oleta Adams
Singles entering the chart were I Don’t Wanna Cry by Mariah Carey (#51); (If There Was) Any Other Way by Celine Dion (#80); Love at First Sight by Styx (#81); Bitter Tears by INXS (#82); and Walking in Memphis by Marc Cohn (#86).
Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
2 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 All This Time--Sting
5 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
7 Rescue Me--Madonna
8 One More Try--Timmy -T-
9 Waiting for Love--Alias
10 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
Singles entering the chart were Temple of Love by Sisters of Mercy (#68); Red Clay Hills by Mae Moore (#75); Touch Me (All Night Long) by Cathy Dennis (#79); Youth of 1,000 Summers by Van Morrison (#86); Sensible Shoes by David Lee Roth (#87); Auberge by Chris Rea (#91); Here We Go by C + C Music Factory (#92); and You Don't Have to Go Home Tonight by the Triplets (#93).
The government of Iraq formally accepted the terms for a permanent cease-fire that brought a formal end to the Persian Gulf War. The conditions stipulated in United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 included the UN-supervised destruction of Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons and ballistic missiles, and the establishment of a reparations fund through which Iraq would pay war damages to Kuwait and its allies. Iraq’s National Assembly voted in favour of the resolution, a day after the terms had been accepted by Iraq’s Supreme Revolutionary Command Council chaired by President Saddam Hussein.
Politics and government
In an address to the national convention of the Reform Party of Canada, party leader Preston Manning spelled out his vision, denouncing Prime Minister Brian Mulroney’s concept of racial, cultural, and linguistic duality in Canada as "hopelessly doomed."
Minnesota 2 @ Chicago 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Detroit 2 @ St. Louis 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Edmonton 1 @ Calgary 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Vancouver 2 @ Los Angeles 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): La terra dei cachi--Elio e le Storie Tese (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Aon Focal Eile--Richie Kavanagh (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Firestarter--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (3rd week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
9 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
10 All the Things (Your Man Won't Do)--Joe
Singles entering the chart were Amish Paradise by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#60); Ain't Nobody by Faith Evans (#71); and One for the Money by Horace Brown (#72).
Died on this date
Greer Garson, 91. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss Garson was known for co-starring in eight movies with Walter Pidgeon from 1941-1953. She was nominated for seven Academy Awards, winning for Best Actress for Mrs. Miniver (1942).
Factional fighting broke out in the Liberian capital of Monrovia; the United States evacuated hundreds of Americans and foreign nationals.
The Raid on Dieppe, France, August 19, 1942 - By Alex Comber Warning: This article contains graphic images that may be disturbing to the reader; viewer discretion is advised. Seventy-five years ago tod...
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