Thursday, 7 April 2016

April 7, 2016

125 years ago

Born on this date
Ole Kirk Christiansen
. Danish businessman. Mr. Christiansen founded the Lego Group toy company in 1932; he died of a heart attack on March 11, 1958 at the age of 66.

Died on this date
P. T. Barnum, 80
. U.S. showman. Phineas Taylor Barnum promoted various attractions over several decades, but was best known for co-founding the Barnum & Bailey Circus in 1881, which eventually merged with Ringling Brothers in 1919 to form Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus.

110 years ago

The Algeciras Conference gave France and Spain control over Morocco.

Mount Vesuvius erupted and devastated Naples.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Anthony Caruso
. U.S. actor. Mr. Caruso was a character actor in numerous films and television programs. He died on April 4, 2003, three days before his 87th birthday.

80 years ago

Stanley Cup
Toronto 4 @ Detroit 9 (Detroit led best-of-five series 2-0)

75 years ago

German troops driving from Bulgaria reached the Aegean Sea through eastern Thrace after Greek forces abandoned part of the area. German bombers raided Belgrade for the fifth time.

The United Kingdom severed relations with Hungary, charging that it had become a base of operations for German forces.

Politics and government
The New Jersey Assembly voted 52-2 in favour of a bill probiting Communists or people advocating the violent overthrow of the government from the election ballot.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ordered collective bargaining elections at Ford Motor Company's River Rouge and Lincoln plants near Detroit, as well as the Bethlehem Steel Company plant near Lackawanna, New York.

Dr. George C. Andrews of New York Presbyterian Hospital said that so-called "smoker's cancer" of the lower lip was not due to smoking, but was the result of a chronic inflammation of the lower lip from habitual sunburn.

70 years ago

In an agreement announced in Prague, Hungary promised to pay $300 million in reparations, with two-thirds going to Russia.

Syria's independence from France was officially recognized.

U.S. District Judge Simon Rifkind, adviser on Jewish affairs to the U.S. military government in Germany, concluded a report on the problems of concentration camp survivors, and urged the immediate settlement of 100,000 Jews still in German and Austrian refugee camps.

The schedule for the Soviet evacuation of Manchuria, to be completed by April 16, 1946, was announced in Chungking.

The "Win the Peace" movement ended its three-day conference in Washington after registering opposition to military service, production of atomic bombs, the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco, and the granting of loans which may by used for "oppression of colonial peoples."

Communists led 10,000 demonstrators to the Tokyo residence of Japanese Prime Minister Kijuro Shidehara, demanding his resignation.

Politics and government
Social Democrats in Berlin's western zones voted to expel Otto Grotewohl as party chairman for favouring a merger with the Communists.

A group of liberal farm and labour leaders meeting in Chicago set up a provisional committee headed by union leader A. Philip Randolph to explore possibilities of a third political party in the United States.

U.S. Senator James Mead (Democrat--New York) announced that he would not press charges against his former partner, Edward O'Dea, who was arrested in Buffalo after allegedly assaulting Sen. Mead in a hotel lobby.

Economics and finance
A White House report urged the United States Congress to extend price controls until June 30, 1947, claiming that the danger of inflation would be over by then. The U.S. Federal Housing Administration restored its pre-World War II Title I, Class 3 program to finance construction of homes in the $3,000-$5,000 price range.

The International Labor Orgainzation conference in Mexico City rejected a proposal presented by employer delegates to ban union participation in politics.

Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Salataneh disclosed an agreement between Iran and the U.S.S.R. giving the Soviet Union a 51% share of the Russian-Iranian Oil Company for 25 years, and 50% for the next 25 years after that.

Carnegie Institute physicists H.W. Wells, J.W. Watts, and D.E. George revealed the discovery of clouds of electrically-charged gases that speed from the Sun into the upper layers of the Earth's atmosphere, disrupting radio communications.

A tornado struck Anniston, Alabama, killing four people and causing heavy damage.

Joseph Verdeur of Philadelphia set world records of 2 minutes 19.5 seconds in the men's 200-yard breast stroke and 2 minutes 35.6 seconds in the men's 200-metre breast stroke.

Herman Keiser won the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia, finishing with a 6-under par score of 282, one stroke ahead of Ben Hogan. First prize money was $2,500.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 2 @ Boston 3 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Terry Reardon scored at 15:13 of the 1st overtime period for the Bruins as they averted a sweep by the Canadiens at Boston Garden.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): He--Al Hibbler (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tiritomba--Margot Eskens (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): The Poor People of Paris--Winifred Atwell

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--4th week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1); Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr (Jukebox--6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Poor People of Paris--Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
2 Why Do Fools Fall in Love--The Teenagers
--Gale Storm
--The Diamonds
3 Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra
4 Blue Suede Shoes--Carl Perkins
5 I'll Be Home--Pat Boone
--The Flamingos
6 Hot Diggity (Dog Ziggity Boom)--Perry Como
7 Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley
8 Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr
9 No, Not Much!--The Four Lads
10 Juke Box Baby--Perry Como

Singles entering the chart were Wild Cherry by Don Cherry (#37) and In a Little Spanish Town (’Twas on a Night Like This) by Bing Crosby and the Buddy Cole Trio (#41).

On television tonight
The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Worry Wart

Spain relinquished its protectorate in Morocco.

Fort Wayne 88 @ Philadelphia 99 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Warriors' win over the Pistons at Convention Hall gave them their first National Basketball Association title since 1947, and their last until 1975, by which time the team was based in Oakland and was known as the Golden State Warriors.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore--The Walker Brothers (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Walt Hansgen, 46
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Hansgen was the Sports Car Club of America national champion for four straight years from 1956-1959. He raced on the Formula One circuit in 1961 and 1964, and died four days after being injured in a crash while testing a car for the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

The United States recovered a hydrogen bomb that had been lost off the southeast coast of Spain for 13 weeks.

Stanley Cup
Toronto 3 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Detroit 1 @ Chicago 2 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Bobby Hull and Ken Wharram scored for the Black Hawks as they edged the Red Wings at Chicago Stadium.

40 years ago

Politics and government
Hua Kuo-feng was named Premier of China and first deputy chairman of the Communist Party, while Deputy Premier Teng Hsiao-ping (Deng Xiaoping) was ousted.

Former cabinet minister John Stonehouse resigned from the British Labour Party, leaving Prime Minister James Callaghan's government with a minority of one in the House of Commons. Mr. Stonehouse had made international headlines just over a year earlier by faking his death and being discovered living under a false name in Australia. He was now facing various criminal charges.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Si Tú Eres Mi Hombre y Yo Tu Mujer (The Power of Love)--Jennifer Rush

British home computer magnate Sir Clive Sinclair sold the rights to his machines to Amstrad for £5 million.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Joyride--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Joyride--Roxette

On television tonight
Separate But Equal: Part I, on ABC

This made-for-television movie about the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case before the U.S. Supreme Court starred Sidney Poitier as Thurgood Marshall, Burt Lancaster as John W. Davis, and Richard Kiley as Chief Justice Earl Warren. It was Mr. Lancaster's last performance.

Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 4 @ Buffalo 5 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Boston 6 @ Hartford 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Pittsburgh 4 @ New Jersey 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 2-1)
New York Rangers 6 @ Washington 0 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Get Down On It--Peter Andre

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Macarena--Los Del Rio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Children--Robert Miles (8th week at #1)

On television tonight
To Sir, with Love II, starring Sidney Poitier, on CBS

This made-for-television movie was a sequel to the theatrical film To Sir, with Love (1967), which starred Mr. Poitier as the same character.

Died on this date
Luis Aloma, 72
. Cuban-born U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Aloma played in the farm systems of the Washington Nationals and Detroit Tigers from 1944-1949 before making it to the major leagues with the Chicago White Sox from 1950-1953, compiling a record of 18-3 with an earned run average of 3.44 and 15 saves in 116 games. His best minor league season was 1948, when he was 19-6 with a 1.77 ERA in 28 games with the Havana Cubanos of the Class C Florida International League.

North Korean troops concluded three days of military exercises in the demilitarized zone between North and South Korea.

A week-long uprising by 1,000 inmates in the maximum security prison in Sierra Chica, Argentina ended, while 5,000 inmates in 18 other prisons throughout the country rebelled in sympathy. Complaints focused on overcrowding, unsanitary conditions, and the slowness of the justice system.

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