190 years ago
Politics and government
The Democratic Party of the United States was founded; it developed from a faction of the Democratic-Republican Party led by Martin Van Buren.
100 years ago
Died on this date
Ellis Roberts, 90. U.S. politician. Mr. Roberts, a Republican, was editor and proprietor of the Utica Morning Herald from 1851-1889. He represented New York's 21st District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1871-1873 and New York's 22nd District from 1873-1875. Mr. Roberts served as U.S. Treasurer in the administrations of Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt from 1897-1905, supporting a protectionist policy.
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announced his "Fourteen Points" for the aftermath of World War I.
90 years ago
King Amanullah I of Afghanistan, arrived at Naples and Rome to begin a visit to Europe. He was accompanied by his wife, Queen Soraya Tarzi, and daughters, the crown prince, and 25 attendants. The royal couple met with King Victor-Emanuel III of Italy along with his Prime Minister, Benito Mussolini, and met with Pope Pius XI in Vatican City.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Andres Larka, 63. Estonian politician. Mr. Larka was Minister of War in 1918, and served as aide to the Minister of War from 1919-1925. He became the leader of the League of Liberators in 1930 and was their candidate in the Estonian presidential election in 1934, but a coup d'etat prevented what seemed a likely victory. Mr. Larka was imprisoned from 1934-1935 and 1935-1937. When Soviet forces invaded and occupied Estonia in 1940, Mr. Larka was arrested again, and he died in prison.
Richard Hillary, 23. U.K. military aviator. Flight Lieutenant Hillary served in the Royal Air Force during World War II. He was severely burned during the Battle of Britain in 1940, and survived months of plastic surgery and rehabilitation, which he wrote about in his book The Last Enemy (1942). Flight Lieutenant Hillary returned to duty, but he and radio operator observer Sergeant Wilfred Fison were killed in a crash during a night training flight in Scotland.
A German U-boat wolf pack attacked the first oil tanker convoy from Trinidad to North America, sinking seven of the nine tankers. Russian forces recaptured 24 more towns and villages from German forces in the Don, Stalingrad, and Caucasus sectors. Allied bombers sank a third Japanese transport and destroyed 24 enemy planes in their attacks on the Japanese convoy at Lae. Allied forces claimed that the Japanese force of about 15,000 men which tried to seize Southeastern New Guinea from Buna had been annihilated except for a remnant surrounded at Sanananda Point. Chinese forces recaptured the provisional Anhwei Province capital of Lihuang.
The Bermuda Assembly repealed the ban on general use of automobiles on the island which had been in effect since cars had made their first appearance.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Richard Tauber, 56. Austro-Hungarian born singer. Mr. Tauber was an operatic tenor who performed on stage and recordings from 1912-1947. He moved to Germany as a youth and began his career there, but fled to Austria after the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933, and fled his native land several years later, eventually settling in England. Mr. Tauber continued to sing, record, and make radio broadcasts until shortly before his death from lung cancer.
Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King set a record as the longest-serving Prime Minister in the Commonwealth, with 7,825 days in office.
U.S., U.K., and German officials concluded a two-day meeting in Frankfurt with an agreement providing for creation of a German government in the Anglo-American occupation zone. The government, consisting of executive, legislative, and judicial branches, was denied the right to raise armed services and conduct its own foreign relations. Soviet authorities immiediately objected to the agreement, but the U.S. military government announced plans to shift its operations from Berlin to Frankfurt.
Rio de Janeiro police forcibly closed the Communist newspaper Imprensa Popular as part of the current Brazilian anti-Communist drive.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank granted Canada a $300-million loan for purchase of U.S. cotton, coal, and other raw materials.
The U.S. Agriculture Department announced sugar quotas of 7.8 million tons, with 3 million tons to come from Cuba.
Harry Ferguson, former business partner of U.S. automobile magnate Henry Ford, field a $251-million suit in a U.S. federal court in New York against Ford Motor Company and Henry Ford II, charging patent infringement and violation of antitrust laws.
The U.S. National Foundation of Infantile Paralysis announced an allocation of $1.18 million to U.S. and Canadian universities for polio research and training.
60 years ago
Died on this date
John Duff, 62. Chinese-born Canadian auto racing driver. Mr. Duff, the son of parents who had a commercial outpost in China, grew up in Hamilton, Ontario. He served in the British Army during World War I and then settled in England, where he learned to drive at the age of 24. Mr. Duff was the first man to enter the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1923, and he and co-driver Frank Clement won the race in 1924. Mr. Duff finished ninth in the 1926 Indianapolis 500, and finished third in a 250-mile race at Altoona, Pennsylvania two weeks later. He was injured in a crash in the next race, and retired from competitive driving. Mr. Duff then settled in Santa Monica, California and opened a fencing academy, before returning to China and eventually to England. He became a successful steeplechaser and show jumper, but was killed in an equestrian accident nine days before his 63rd birthday. Mr. Duff was inducted into the Canadian Motorsport Hall of Fame in 2006.
Serge Gluhareff, 54. Russian-born U.S. engineer. Mr. Gluhareff was related to Michael Gluhareff of the Sikorsky Company and Eugene Gluhareff, and all were aircraft engineers. Serge designed amphibious planes and helicopters.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Permanent Council adopted a committee report backing the United Kingdom's demand that the West German government help meet the cost of maintaining troops in West Germany.
Following the failure of a last-minute effort to persuade General James Gavin to reconsider his resignation, U.S. Army Secretary Wilber Brucker "reluctantly" approved the Army research chief's retirement request.
Politics and government
Acting at the request of Cambodian Prime Minister Sim Var, King Norodom Suramarit dissolved the National Assembly.
A United Nations Trusteeship Council mission reported that U.K.-administered Tanganyika and Belgian-administered Ruandi-Urundi were making rapid advances toward self-government.
Cherokee Judicial Circuit Superior Court Justice Erwin Mitchell, the Democratic Party candidate, won a special election for Georgia's 7th District in the U.S. House of Representatives to replace Henderson Lanham, who had been killed in a car accident on November 10, 1957.
50 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cállate Niña--Pic-Nic (2nd week at #1)
Pianist Jose Iturbi performed at the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Calgary.
Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and U.S. President Lyndon Johnson concluded two days of talks at the LBJ Ranch in Texas, where Mr. Eshkol renewed his country's request that the United States sell weapons to Israel. In a joint statement, President Johnson agreed to consider the request in light of Soviet military aid given to Arab countries since the Six-Day War in 1967.
U.K. Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Goronwy Roberts began a three-day visit to the Trucial States.
40 years ago
Tracy Caulkins, a 14-year-old high school breaststroker from Nashville, Tennessee, set three individual United States swim records in a women's international meet at Brown University. She established marks in the 200-yard breaststroke and the 200- and 400-yard individual medleys.
Tom Watson won the Tucson Open with a score of 276; first prize money was $40,000.
Washington 99 New Jersey 98
Philadelphia 94 Boston 91
Denver 109 Chicago 104
Indiana 104 Los Angeles 103
Seattle 99 Golden State 91
Milwaukee 133 Kansas City 123
Super Series '78
Spartak (3-2) 2 @ Atlanta 1
Vladimir Rasko scored with 5:02 remaining in the game to give the Soviet club their win over the Flames before 5,837 fans at the Omni in the final game of the exhibition series.
Birmingham 5 New England 4
Indianapolis 2 @ Winnipeg 4
Edmonton 4 Houston 2
Dale Hoganson's first goal of the season, with 27 seconds remaining in the 2nd period, proved to be the winner as the Bulls edged the Whalers. Kent Nilsson, Bobby Hull, and Ulf Nilsson scored for the Jets in the 2nd period as they beat the Racers at Winnipeg Arena. Blair MacDonald scored the winning goal in the 2nd period as the Oilers beat the Aeros.
U.S.S.R. 9 @ Cincinnati 2
Boris Mikhailov scored 46 seconds into the 2nd period to break a 1-1 tie as the Soviet national team scored 4 goals in 5 1/2 minutes and added 4 more in the 3rd to rout the Stingers before just 2,571 fans at Riverfront Coliseum. It was the smallest home crowd in Stingers' history, due in no small part to a savage ice storm. Nine different players scored for the U.S.S.R., and Valery Kharlamov had 3 assists. Robbie Ftorek opened the scoring for Cincinnati less than 3 minutes into the game, and Sergei Kapustin tied the score 2 minutes later.
Can-Am Bowl @ Tampa Stadium
U.S.A. 22 Canada 7
On a rainy day before 11,328 fans at Tampa Stadium, the U.S. defeated Canada in the first Can-Am Bowl, a game played mainly under Canadian rules. A 23-yard field goal by Bruce Allen and 2 singles by Mike Deutsch gave the U.S. a 5-0 halftime lead, but scored 10 quick points in the 3rd quarter on a 25-yard field goal by Mr. Allen and a 44-yard interception return by Brenard Wilson, converted by Mr. Allen. Late in the 3rd quarter, Canadian quarterback Jamie Bone had trouble throwing the slippery Canadian ball, and linebacker Ben Zambiasi returned it 10 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Allen, to make the score 22-0. Bob Cameron, who shared the Canadian quarterbacking duties with Mr. Bone, switched to the American football for the 4th quarter, and had success moving his team, handing off to Bruce Wilkins for a 1-yard touchdown with 3:06 remaining in the game. Joe Poplawski of the University of Alberta Golden Bears, playing his final university game, converted. The Americans dominated the passing game, as Mark Miller and Bruce Threadgill combined for 342 yards 151 for the Canadians. The Canadians outrushed the Americans 121-97. Mr. Miller, from Bowling Green University, completed 20 of 28 passes for 222 yards and was named the game's most valuable player. Western Ontario linebacker John Priestner was named the most valuable Canadian player, leading a defense that didn't allow a touchdown. The American team was composed of players from smaller schools, while the Canadian team was composed of players from the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union. The U.S. lineup included future Canadian Football League players such as Larry Key, Bruce Threadgill, and Ben Zambiasi. Future University of Alberta Golden Bears head coach Jerry Friesen was among the Canadian university players. Others included future Hall of Famer Joe Poplawski (Alberta), and punting great Bob Cameron, then the quarterback for Acadia University. Former Hamilton Tiger-Cats' assistant coach Jack Zilly was head coach of the American squad, and former CFL all-star quarterback Don Jonas was one of his assistants. The CIAU coaching staff was headed by Western Ontario's Darwin Semotiuk, who had just won his second straight Vanier Cup. His assistants were Bob Vespaziani (Acadia); Frank Smith (British Columbia); and Bruce Coulter (Bishop's). Only about 1,000-1,500 fans were in the stands by the time the game ended. The game was televised in Canada by CBC, while the Meeker Network carried it in the United States, with Jack Brickhouse calling the play-by-play and Mel Profit providing colour commentary.
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys
20 years ago
Died on this date
Michael Tippett, 93. U.K. composer. Mr. Tippett was best known for his early lyrical works from the mid-1930s to the late 1950s. He then composed more experimental works for about 20 years before returning to lyrical compositions. Mr. Tippett's compositions included the oratorio A Child of Our Time (1944); Fantasia Concertante on a Theme of Corelli (1953); and the opera The Midsummer Marriage (1955). He died six days after his 93rd birthday.
Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center, was sentenced in New York to life in prison.
The Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski, pleaded guilty in Sacramento Federal Court to all U.S. charges against him in connection with killing and maiming people with bombs sent through the mail. He accepted an unconditional sentence of life in prison with no parole and gave up his right to appeal.
10 years ago
Died on this date
George Moore, 84. Australian jockey. Mr. Moore won 2,278 races in a career spanning 1939-1985. He competed internationally, winning the San Diego Handicap in 1950 and the Epsom Derby in 1967. Mr. Moore was inducted in the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 1986 and the Australian Racing Hall of Fame in 2001.
Marker Monday: Mother Mathilda Beasley, O.S.F.: Georgia’s First Black Nun - During the month of August, cultural institutions throughout Savannah, including the Georgia Historical Society, are highlighting African-American history ...
19 hours ago