Saturday, 20 January 2018

January 20, 2018

230 years ago

The third and main part of the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay.

175 years ago

Politics and government
Honório Hermeto Carneiro Leão, Marquis of Paraná became President of the Council of Ministers of Brazil. By selecting his own cabinet, he became the de facto first Prime Minister of Brazil.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Juan García Esquivel
. Mexican musician. Mr. Esquivel was a pianist, bandleader, and composer, and a leading figure in the genre known as exotica. He was nicknamed "The King of Space Age Pop," composing scores for television programs, and releasing numerous albums in the 1950s and '60s, including pioneering efforts in stereo recording. Mr. Esquivel died on January 3, 2002, 17 days before his 84th birthday.

75 years ago

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rick Evans!
Mr. Evans and Denny Zager comprised the musical duo Zager and Evans, whose single In the Year 2525 was one of the biggest hits of 1969.

Germany's daytime bombardment of the Sandhurst Road School killed 41 schoolchildren, ranging in age from 6 to 14 years old, along with six teachers. The school was located in the London suburb of Catford, and the German Luftwaffe bombers arrived with little warning. U.K. troops took Homs and Tarhuna in the Battle off Zuwarah in their drive on Tripoli, while the German Afrika Korps was evacuating Tripoli by sea and land.

Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a pact pledging economic, financial, and technical cooperation. Chilean President Juan Antonio Rios signed a decree breaking diplomatic relations with Germany, Italy, and Japan, the day after the Chilean Senate voted 30-10 to approve President Rios's decision to sever relations, leaving Argentina as the only Western Hemisphere nation maintaining relations with the Axis. Philippine President Manuel Quezon announced his government's adherence to the United Nations declaration invalidating property seizures by the Axis in occupied countries.

Politics and government
Marcel Peyrouton assumed the office of Governor General of Algeria, and maintained that anti-Jewish laws and liberation of political prisoners were matters for the high commissariat.

Supporters of Venezuelan President Isaias Medina Angarita won a majority in congressional elections.

Edward J. Flynn, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's nominee as Minister to Australia, denied charges made by Senator Styles Bridges (Republican--New Hampshire) at an open hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, saying that he had appointed gangster Dutch Schultz as a special deputy sheriff under the name of Arthur Flegenheimer before knowing of Mr. Schultz's criminal record.

Economics and finance
Prentiss Brown replaced Leon Henderson as U.S. Price Administrator and said that a slow price rise was inevitable.

The Journal of the American Medical Association reported that Drs. Robert Hingson and Waldo Edwards of the Marine Hospital, Staten Island, New York had evolved a new painless childbirth technique called "continuous caudal analgesia."

70 years ago

World events
17 Romanian Peasant Party officials were convicted in Bucharest of sedition and were sentenced to prison terms of up to 10 years.

The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 39, establishing a three-member commission to mediate the Indian-Pakistani conflict in Kashmir.

Politics and government
Mackenzie King announced his upcoming retirement as Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Liberal Party.

Delegates to an Anti-Saloon League convention in Pittsburgh voted to change the organization's name to Temperance League of America.

A severe cold wave began to lift after gripping the United States for five days and causing 21 reported deaths.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1); April Love--Pat Boone (Disc Jockey--6th week at #1)

Japan and Indonesia signed treaties in Jakarta ending their 16-year state of war and providing for $233 million worth of Japanese reparations over a 12-year period.

The U.S.S.R. Foreign Ministry informed West Germany that 21 German scientists and technicians had been released from Soviet laboratories in Sukhumi and would be permitted to leave for West Germany with 33 dependents.

World events
3,000 Dutch evacuees from Indonesia arrived in Holland by ship.

Economics and finance
Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Pakistan signed a convention in Ankara providing for coordination of Baghdad Pact members' customs services to combat smuggling and contraband trade in the area.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower submitted his annual Economic Report to Congress, noting in an accomanying letter that 1957 was a "prosperous" year "despite a decline in the closing months."

A U.S. Federal Court of Appeals in San Francisco ordered the dismissal of charges against seven Hawaiian and four Seattle Communists convicted in 1953 of conspiracy under the Smith Act.

Reports from Algiers said that flooding in eastern Algeria had caused 42 deaths.

World middleweight boxing champion Carmen Basilio was in Rochester, New York to receive the Hitchcock award as the "Professional Athlete of the Year" in the United States for 1957.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham

#1 single in France: La Dernière Valse--Mireille Mathieu (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'ora dell'amore--I Camaleonti (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der letzte Walzer--Peter Alexander

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 World--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)
2 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
3 2000 Light Years from Home/She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones
4 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
5 Magical Mystery Tour (EP)--The Beatles
6 A Walk in the Sky--Flower Pot Men
7 Little Bird--Tielman Brothers
8 Dear Eloise--The Hollies
9 Nights in White Satin--The Moody Blues
10 Susannah's Still Alive--Dave Davies

Singles entering the chart were Mien Waar Is M'n Feestneus? by Toon (#26); Judy In Disguise (With Glasses) by John Fred and his Playboy Band (#30); 'k Hoop Dat Jij Eens Wacht Op Mij! by De Heikrekels (#35); and Am I that Easy to Forget by Engelbert Humperdinck (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Chain of Fools--Aretha Franklin
2 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
3 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
4 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Gladys Knight & the Pips
5 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
6 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
7 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
8 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
9 Susan--The Buckinghams
10 Summer Rain--Johnny Rivers

Singles entering the chart were Words by the Bee Gees (#67); Strawberry Shortcake by Jay and the Techniques (#68); Do Unto Me by James & Bobby Purify (#72); Malayisha by Miriam Makeba (#73); (Theme From) Valley of the Dolls by Dionne Warwick (#81); There was a Time by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#85); I was Made to Love Her by King Curtis and the Kingpins (#87); There Is by the Dells (#88); Hey Little One by Glen Campbell (#89); It's Not Easy by the Will-O-Bees (#94); Do What You Gotta Do by Al Wilson (#95); Never Ever by Peter and Gordon (#96); Without Love (There is Nothing) by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#97); It's a Gas by the Hombres (#98); Cold Feet by Albert King (#99); and Let the Heartaches Begin by Long John Baldry (#100). (Theme From) Valley of the Dolls was from the movie.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
2 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 Chain of Fools--Aretha Franklin
5 Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations
6 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
7 It's Wonderful--The Young Rascals
8 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
9 Who Will Answer?--Ed Ames
10 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed

Singles entering the chart were I Can Take or Leave Your Loving by Herman's Hermits (#59); Sunshine of Your Love by Cream (#61); Words by the Bee Gees (#74); Strawberry Shortcake by Jay and the Techniques (#79); The Good, the Bad and the Ugly by Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (#83); Do Unto Me by James & Bobby Purify (#86); Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In) by the First Edition (#87); If the Whole World Stopped Lovin' by Val Doonican (#89); Born Free by the Hesitations (#91); To Each his Own by Frankie Laine (#95); Quicksand by the Youngbloods (#97); Cross My Heart by Billy Stewart (#98); Without Love (There is Nothing) by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#99); and A Working Man's Prayer by Arthur Prysock (#100). The Good, the Bad and the Ugly was a version of the title theme of the movie.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
2 Home from the Forest--Ronnie Hawkins
3 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
4 Love Me Two Times--The Doors
5 She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones
6 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
7 Tomorrow--Strawberry Alarm Clock
8 Money--The Lovin' Spoonful
9 Who Will Answer?--Ed Ames
10 Spooky--The Classics IV

Singles entering the chart were I Wish it Would Rain by the Temptations (#23); Nobody But Me by the Human Beinz (#24); We Can Fly by the Cowsills (#25); 1941 by Tom Northcott (#27); And Get Away by the Esquires (#28); Darlin' by the Beach Boys (#29); and Skinny Legs and All by Joe Tex (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Love of the Common People--Wayne Newton
2 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
3 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
4 (Alone) In My Room--Willie & the Walkers
5 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
6 She Says--The 49th Parallel
7 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
8 Monterey--Eric Burdon & the Animals
9 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
10 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
Pick hit of the week: Different Drum--Stone Poneys

Died on this date
Robert Shankland, 80
. U.K.-born Canadian military officer. Lieutenant Shankland, a native of Scotland who moved to Canada in 1910, won the Victoria Cross at the World War I Battle of Passchendaele in 1917, and was one of three VC winners who lived on Pine Street in Winnipeg--which was renamed Valour Road in their honour. Mr. Shankland was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel during World War II; after the war, he became the secretary of a securities firm in Vancouver.

California at Los Angeles 69 @ Houston 71

Elvin Hayes--to shouts of "E! E! E!"--scored 39 points to lead the second-ranked Cougars over Lew Alcindor and the #1-ranked Bruins in the nationally-televised "Game of the Century" before 52,693 fans at the Astrodome.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Remember Elvis Presley--Danny Mirror (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Belfast--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

On the radio
CBS Radio Mystery Theater
Tonight's episode: The Enchanted Child, starring Teri Keane and Ralph Bell

A boy influences events around him in an increasingly terrifying way. I remember this as a very scary show; the plot has similarities to the Twilight Zone episode It's a Good Life.

David Marston, a U.S. attorney in Philadelphia, was fired by Attorney General Griffin Bell. Mr. Marston, a Republican who had been investigating Pennsylvania Democratic Representatives Daniel Flood and Joshua Eilberg--who had been charged with corruption--called his ouster "purely political."

Blizzards struck the eastern United States from Washington, D.C. to New England, burying the New York region under 13 inches of snow and up to 20 inches in some suburbs, forcing businesses to close and stranding hundreds of motorists on highways. At least 13 people died from heart attacks as a result of the storm. The National Weather Service had predicted a 3-inch snowfall.

Birmingham 5 Edmonton 3

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Audrey Hepburn, 63
. Belgian-born U.K. actress. One of the most popular stars of the 1950s and '60s, Miss Hepburn won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Roman Holiday (1953). Her other movies included Sabrina (1954); Funny Face (1957); Love in the Afternoon (1957); The Nun's Story (1959); Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961); Charade (1963); My Fair Lady (1964); How to Steal a Million (1966); Wait Until Dark (1967); and Robin and Marian (1976).

Politics and government
Bill Clinton was inaugurated into his first term as the 42nd President of the United States of America.

10 years ago

Figure Skating
The 2008 Canadian Championhsips concluded at Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver.

AFC Championship
San Diego 12 @ New England 21

NFC Championship
New York Giants 23 @ Green Bay 20 (OT)

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