Wednesday, 11 July 2018

July 11, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lois Morrow and Dominika Szyling!

330 years ago

Died on this date
Narai, 55
. King of Siam, 1656-1688. Narai succeeded Suthamarracha as king. His reign was characterized by contact with foreign nations, especially France under King Louis XIV. Naria died after several months of illness and was succeeded by Phetracha.

220 years ago

The United States Marine Corps was re-established by an act of Congress; the Marines had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.

170 years ago

London Waterloo station, Britain's busiest railway station by passenger usage, was opened by the London and South Western Railway.

125 years ago

World events
A revolution led by the liberal general and politician José Santos Zelaya took power in Nicaragua.

110 years ago

Walter Ewing of Canada won the gold medal in the individual trap shooting competition at the Summer Olympic Games in London.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Venetia Burney
. U.K. accountant and teacher. Miss Burney was an 11-year-old schoolgirl in March 1930 when she read about Clyde Tombaugh's discovery of another planet, and suggested it be named Pluto, the Roman God of the Underworld who was able to make himself invisible. Her suggestion was forwarded to Lowell Observatory, and the name Pluto was adopted on May 1, 1930. Miss Burney died on April 30, 2009 at the age of 90.

90 years ago

Died on this date
M.M. Titterington
. U.S. engineer. Mr. Titterington, an inventor of airplane instruments, and Miss Bernice Andrews were killed when their plane hit the side of a mountain in a storm near Snyders, Pennsylvania.

World events
Former Greek dictator General Theo Pangalos was freed from prison in Athens, where he had been since 1926. He was not tried.

Politics and government
The U.S. Farmer-Labor National Convention nominated U.S. Senator George Norris (Republican--Nebraska) as its 1928 candidate for President of the United States, but Mr. Norris declined the nomination. Will Vereen, a cotton mill owner from Moultrie, Georgia, was nominated as the party's vice presidential candidate.

Economics and finance
Tight money and boosted interest rates on call loans caused a decline on Wall Street in New York of an average of 4.41 in 25 rail and 25 industrial stocks. It was the greatest drop since an average decline of 4.65 on July 30, 1914.

80 years ago

Johnny Paychek (20-3-1) scored a technical knockout of King Levinsky (74-34-7) in the 3rd round of their heavyweight bout at Riverview Park in Des Moines, Iowa.

75 years ago

The New York Herald Tribune list of best-selling fiction books included The Robe by Lloyd C. Douglas; The Valley of Decision by Marcia Davenport; and The Human Comedy by William Saroyan. The best-selling non-fiction book was One World by Wendell Willkie.

U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson arrived in London to confer with British military leaders. U.S. forces captured two airports near Gela, Sicily while U.K. and Canadian troops advanced inland from both sides of Cape Passero, and U.S. planes bombed Catania. Soviet troops counterattacked and recaptured two towns in the Orel sector after repulsing an attack by 400 German tanks.

The Ukrainian Insurgent Army within the Reichskommissariat Ukraine (Volhynia) peaked in their massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Franz Weidenreich, 75
. German anthropologist. Dr. Weidenreich pioneered the polycentric (multiregional) hypothesis, which proposed that human populations have evolved independently in the Old World from Homo erectus to Homo sapiens sapiens, while at the same time there was gene flow between the various populations. He believed that Piltdown Man was a chimera-- a composite between two unrelated species--rather than the hoax it was ultimately revealed to be, and arrived at his polycentric hypothesis after examining the fossils of Peking Man, which has also been the subject of controversy as to its legitimacy.

Politics and government
General Norton de Matos announced his candidacy for President of Portugal against incumbent President Oscar de Fregoso Carmona, a supporter of Prime Minister Antonio de Oliveira Salazar.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (2nd week at #1)

Peking radio announced that six Chinese divisions totalling 100,000 men would be withdrawn from North Korea in the following month, leaving an estimated 170,000 Chinese troops there.

The government of Switzerland announced that it would equip its army with tactical nuclear weapons.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate passed a compromise bill making the Small Business Administration a permanent federal agency.

Economics and finance
Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker told the House of Commons that U.S. Presidnet Dwight D. Eisenhower had agreed not to bar Canadian subsidiaries of American companies from selling to the People's Republic of China.

50 years ago

The U.S. Air Force launched the satellites OV-1-15 and OV-1-16 together. OV-1-15 carried nine experiments to study the density of the atmosphere, as well as radiation and other factors which affect it. OV-1-16 was the densest satellite yet launched, a 23-inch sphere weighing 600 pounds; the density was intended to make it resistant to atmospheric disturbances and currents as it also made density measurements.

40 Canadian university presidents met in Ottawa to discuss campus unrest.

Calgary (1-0-1) 15 @ Ottawa (0-0-1) 15

40 years ago

A truck carrying liquid gas crashed and exploded at the coastal campsite in Alcanar, near Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.

Montreal (0-1) 10 @ Ottawa (1-0) 17
Winnipeg (0-1) 14 @ British Columbia (1-0) 30

The defending Grey Cup champion Alouettes' loss to the Rough Riders at Lansdowne Park marked an unsuccessful debut for Joe Scannella as Montreal head coach, replacing Marv Levy,who had taken the job as head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League.

Larry Key rushed for 184 yards in his first CFL game to lead the Lions over the Blue Bombers at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Dieter Brock started at quarterback for the Blue Bombers, but was eventually replaced by Harry Knight. The game marked an unsuccessful debut for Ray Jauch as Winnipeg's head coach.

Major League All-Star Game @ San Diego Stadium
National League 7 American League 3

Steve Garvey of the Los Angeles Dodgers singled home 2 runs in the 4th inning and tripled to spark a 4-run 8th inning as the NL defeated the AL before 51,549 fans.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Got to Be Certain--Kylie Minogue (2nd week at #1)

The Sandanista government of Nicaragua expelled eight U.S. diplomats, including Ambassador Richard Huntington Melton, accusing them of inciting rebellion against the regime.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat

#1 single in Switzerland: What is Love?--Haddaway (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): What is Love?--Haddaway (3rd week at #1)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Michael DeBakey, 99
. U.S. physician. Dr. DeBakey was one of the world's most famous heart surgeons in a career spanning more than 75 years. Among his many achievements, he helped to develop Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals (MASH) during World War II. Dr. DeBakey died less than two months before his 100th birthday.

British Columbia (1-2) 42 @ Winnipeg (0-3) 24

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