Saturday, 7 July 2018

July 7, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ringo Starr!

475 years ago

French troops invaded Luxembourg.

300 years ago

Died on this date
Alexei Petrovich, 28
. Czarevich of Russia. Alexei was the son of Peter I "the Great," but didn't get along with his father. Alexei died in the Peter and Paul fortress in Saint Petersburg, two days after the senate had condemned him to death for conspiring rebellion against his father, and after being tortured.

225 years ago

Politics and government
The first meeting of the Assembly of St. John's Island (later Prince Edward Island) took place in Charlottetown.

220 years ago

As a result of the XYZ Affair, the U.S. Congress rescinded the 1778
Treaty of Alliance with France, sparking the "Quasi-War," which began two days later when Congress authorized U.S. attacks on French warships.

175 years ago

Born on this date
Camillo Golgi
. Italian biologist and pathologist. Dr. Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal shared the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system." Dr. Golgi died on January 21, 1926 at the age of 82.

170 years ago

Born on this date
Rodrigues Alves
. 5th President of Brazil, 1902-1906; President-elect of Brazil, 1918-1919. Mr. Alves, a member of the Conservative Party before 1889 and the Republican Party of São Paulo thereafter, was President of the province of São Paulo from 1887-1888 and 1900-1902, and held various cabinet posts before his presidency, which was characterized by his modernization of Rio de Janeiro. Mr. Alves was elected President again on March 1, 1918, taking 99.1% of the vote, but fell victim to the influenza epidemic and died at the age of 70 on January 16, 1919, before he could take office. Vice President-elect Delfim Moreira became acting President until new elections could be held on April 13, 1919.

160 years ago

Frederick Gisbourne started laying underwater telegraph cable from Ireland to Newfoundland.

120 years ago

President William McKinley signed the Newlands Resolution, annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Bob Vanatta
. U.S. basketball coach. Mr. Vanatta coached at seven different colleges from 1947-1973, compiling a record of 333-200. He led the Missouri State Bears to consecutive NAIA championships in 1951-52 and 1952-53. Mr. Vanatta had a lengthy career as an administrator at six colleges from 1973-1999. He died on October 22, 2016 at the age of 98.

90 years ago

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Pat Hitchcock!

Died on this date
General Protogeroff
. Macedonian revolutionist. Gen. Protogeroff and another revolutionist were assassinated in Sofia.

Kallie Saleeby; Carrie Erd. U.S. crime victims. Mr. Saleeby, an artist, and Miss Erd, his wife, who was employed at the U.S. consulate in Beirut, were murdered in Beirut by assassins.

Sliced bread was sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri, on the 48th birthday of Otto Frederick Rohwedder, who had invented the bread slicing machine.

The Chilean government steamship Angamos, bound for Talcahuano, hit rocks at night in a storm in the Bay of Arauco, with the loss of 262 of 269 people aboard. Most of the passengers were railroad labourers.

80 years ago

Politics and government
The Conservative Party of Canada leadership convention at Ottawa Coliseum concluded with R. J. Manion, who had represented the Ontario riding of Fort William from 1917-1935, defeating four other candidates to win the party's leadership on the second ballot, replacing retiring former Prime Minister R.B. Bennett. Mr. Manion had served as minister of railways and canals in Mr. Bennett's government from 1930-1935.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Harry Oakes, 68
. U.S.-born U.K. magnate. Sir Harry, a native of Maine, made a fortune in gold mining in northern Ontario and was once regarded as the richest man in Canada. He became a British subject and moved to the Bahamas in 1935 for tax reasons. On July 8, 1943, Sir Harry was found murdered in his mansion in Nassau, with his corpse partially burned and strewn with feathers; he had apparently been dead since the previous night. His murder was never officially solved.

Divorced on this date
Former world heavyweight boxing champion Jack Dempsey was granted a divorce from former actress Hannah Williams Dempsey in White Plains, New York.

French General H.H. Giraud arrived in Washington to confer with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.S. military leaders. The French Committee of National Liberation apointed Brigadier General Henri-Paul Jacomy military commander of French Guiana and the Antilles, including Martinique. The German offensive on the Belgorod-Orel front continued as thousands of fresh troops were hurled into action.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Jan Smuts led his United Party to another majority government in the South African general election. The UP captured 89 of 153 seats, but their total was a decline of 22 from the most recent election in 1938. The Reunited National Party, led by D.F. Malan, finished second with 43 seats, an increase of 16 from 1938.

The British Commonwealth Party issued a manifesto demanding common ownership of land; independence for India; self-government for colonies; and a postwar world economic council.

U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission Chairman Monsignor Francis Haas reported that a"inadequate housing, recreation and public transportation" were responsible for the recent race riot in Detroit.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America asked the National War Labor Board for a 9% wage increase.

70 years ago

British and Ghurka forces began operations in Malaya against Communist-led insurgents attempting to take control of rubber plantations and urban centres.

Politics and government
The Catholic Party remained the largest party in the House of Representatives, capturing 32 of 100 seats in the Dutch general election. The election resulted in a four-party coalition government of the Catholic Party; Labour Party; Christian Historical Union; and People's Party for Freedom and Democracy.

Chilean President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla reorganized his cabinet to include Radical, Liberal, and Conservative members.

The U.S. State and Interior Departments urged Congress to transfer U.S. Pacific possessions and trusteeships from military to civilian control.

World events
Peruvian Colonel Alfonzo Liosa Gonzalez fled to Bolivia after failing in an attempted military coup.

Six women, the first to enlist under the Women's Armed Services Integration Act, were inducted into the U.S. Navy.

A U.S. House of Representatives Labor subcommittee opened hearings in New York on alleged Communist infiltration of the city's labour unions.

On his 42nd birthday, legendary Negro League pitcher Satchel Paige signed with the Cleveland Indians.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1)

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Alaska Statehood Act, making Alaska the 49th state; he also urged Congress to grant statehood to Hawaii.

Representatives of India and Pakistan resumed talks in London on implementation of plans for the development of the Indus River Basin.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and East Germany signed an agreement in Moscow linking the two countries' heavy industries.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Jo Schlesser, 40
. French auto racing driver. Mr. Schlesser was a sports car and Formula Two driver who competed in three Formula One events. After John Surtees refused to drive a Honda in the French Grand Prix, claiming it was a potential deathtrap, Mr. Schlesser was hired to drive the car, and was killed in a crash on lap 3.

U.S. President Lyndon Johnson toured the Salvadoran capital of San Salvador.

France resumed her nuclear testing program with the explosion of an atomic bomb one-third of a mile above Mururoa Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. It was the 13th French nuclear test, and the first since July 2, 1967. Japan, Peru, New Zealand, and the Polynesian Territorial Assembly lodged protests against the test, fearing radioactive pollution of the atmosphere.

Tom Weiskopf won the Buick Open in Grand Blanc, Michigan with a total score of 280. First prize money was $25,000.

Edmonton (0-1) 3 @ Calgary (1-0) 28

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan):

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (12th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Francisco Mendes, 39
. Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau, 1973-1978. Mr. Mendes, a member of the Marxist-Leninist Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde), became Prime Minister upon Guinea-Bissau's declaration of independence from Portuguese rule in 1973. He was killed in a car accident; conspiracy theories abound, but PAIGC was suspected of involvement. Mr. Mendes was succeeded as Prime Minister by Constantino Teixeira.

The Solomon Islands gained their independence from the United Kingdom after 80 years of British rule.

A U.S. federal judge ruled that former Central Intelligence Agency agent Frank Snepp had to forfeit profits on Decent Interval, an unathorized book he had written about the agency, dealing with the CIA's evacuation of Saigon at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. The judge ruled that although the book contained no classified information, Mr. Snepp had violated a contractual agreement not to publish unauthorized material relating to CIA activity, and the book had "caused the United States irreparable harm and loss." The president of Random House, the book's publisher, commented that the "supreme irony" of the case was that former CIA Director Richard Helms had been fined $2,000 recently "for lying to a Congressional committee and that Frank Snepp has suffered the impoundment of at least $60,000 for telling the truth."

U.S. Attorney General Griffin Bell won a stay in a U.S. federal court of the previous day's ruling that he was in contempt of court for refusing to turn over files on 18 informants who had spied on the Socialist Workers Party for the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The SWP had long been seeking the files in its $40-million suit against the FBI. Evidence had already been introduced thatt the FBI had used about 1,300 informants in its investigation of the small Trotskyite party.

The Calgary Cardinals scored 10 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning and withstood a 5-run 4th as they beat the Great Falls Giants 17-8 in a Pioneer League game before 463 fans at Foothills Park in Calgary. Calgary catcher Dennis Delany batted 4 for 5 with 2 runs and 3 runs batted in.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Afrikka, sarvikuonojen maa--Eppu Normaali (4th week at #1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

The leaders of the world's seven leading industrialized nations began their annual summit in Tokyo.

The Ontario Provincial Parliament passed the Social Contract Act, to save the province $2 billion annually in public-sector compensation.

Sacramento (0-1) 23 @ Ottawa (1-0) 32

The Gold Miners' loss to the Rough Riders before 23,916 fans at Frank Clair Stadium was the first regular season game played by an American-based franchise in the Canadian Football League. Tom Burgess passed for 373 yards and touchdowns to Stephen Jones, Jock Climie, and Wayne Walker to lead the Rough Riders. Sacramento's first touchdown came on an 8-yard pass from David Archer to Mike Oliphant in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Oliphant rushed 8 yards for another Sacramento major in the 3rd quarter.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Moshood Abiola, 60
. President-elect of Nigeria, 1993. Mr. Abiola, a Yoruba Muslim from southern Nigeria, was a financier and philanthropist who, as the candidate of the Social Democratic Party, was elected President on June 12, 1993, easily defeating National Republican Convention candidate Bashir Tofa. The election was regarded as fair by national and international observers, but was annulled by General Ibrahim Babangida, the military ruler whom Mr. Abiola was to replace. General Sani Abacha seized power later in 1993, and Mr. Abiola was imprisoned in solitary confinement in 1994. His health deteriorated, and on the day he was to be released, he suddenly collapsed and died in the presence of an American delegation that had gone to secure his release. An international autopsy reportedly confirmed that Mr. Abiola had died of a heart attack, but there was a widespread suspicion that he had been murdered.

News of the death of Moshood Abiola prompted an outbreak of four days of rioting in Lagos, resulting in at least 19 deaths.

Canadian Senator Michel Cogger, convicted of influence peddling, was fined $3,000, put on 12-months probation, and ordered to do 120 hours of community service.

Former National Hockey League Players' Association President Alan Eagleson was paroled after serving one-third of an 18-month term for defrauding Hockey Canada, the NHLPA and Labatt Breweries.

Major League All-Star Game @ Coors Field, Denver
American League 13 National League 8

Alex Rodriguez and Roberto Alomar each hit a home run and 2 singles to help the AL defeat the NL before 51,267 fans.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Dorian Leigh, 91
. U.S. model. Miss Leigh, born Dorian Elizabeth Leigh Parker, was one of the first supermodels, appearing on dozens of magazine covers in the 1940s and '50s. She led an immoral lifestyle for most of her life, but became a Christian in 1972 and lived a quieter, albeit tragedy-filled life as a pastry cook. Miss Leigh was the older sister of Suzy Parker, who became a more famous model than her older sister.

Bruce Conner, 74. U.S. artist. Mr. Conner worked in various media, and was best known for assembling found objects, film footage, etc. and passing off the results as art. Having seen several of his short films, such as A Movie (1958), this blogger believes that Mr. Conner was appropriately named; he was, indeed, a "conner," and a poster boy for the fraudulence of modern "art."

The government of Ontario announced that it would pay Steven Truscott $6.5 million for suffering a "miscarriage of justice" and living 48 years with the stigma of being wrongfully convicted of a rape and murder he did not commit. Mr. Truscott was convicted at the age of 14 in 1959 for the murder of 12-year-old Lynne Harper; he was originally sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted, and Mr. Truscott was paroled in 1969. His account of the incident made no sense, but he was able to manipulate the sympathies of influential people.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated Nova Scotia's Joggins fossil cliffs as a World Heritage Site, as the best record of life in the Carboniferous Age 300 million years ago.

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