310 years ago
Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec City when he started building his Habitation at the foot of Cape Diamond on the site of Place Royale. A fortified trading post with trenches, cellars and a palisade on the bank of the St. Lawrence River, sponsored by King Henri IV, it became the first permanent European settlement in New France.
240 years ago
Butler's Rangers, commanded by Colonel John Butler, and Iroquois allied to Britain kicked the butts of American Patriot forces in the Battle of Wyoming in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania.
180 years ago
Francis Hincks founded the Toronto Examiner newspaper.
170 years ago
Governor-General Peter von Scholten emancipated all remaining slaves in the Danish West Indies.
125 years ago
Kamloops, British Columbia was incorporated as a city.
120 years ago
A Spanish squadron led by Pascual Cervera y Topete was defeated by an American squadron under William T. Sampson in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Johnny Palmer. U.S. golfer. Mr. Palmer won 18 professional tournaments in the 1940s and '50s, including the 1952 Canadian Open. He died on September 14, 2006 at the age of 88.
Died on this date
Mehmed V, 73. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1909-1918. Mehmed V, a son of Sultan Abdulmejid I, succeeded his half-brother Hamid II on the throne. Sultan Mehmed V's reign was characterized by the loss of territories and the Ottoman Empire's participation in World War I on the side of the Central Powers. Mehmed V died four months before the end of the war, and was succeeded by his half-brother Mehmed VI, who became the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
90 years ago
Captain Arturo Ferrarin and Major Carlo del Prete left Rome in an airplane bound for Pernambuco, Brazil.
80 years ago
On the 75th anniversary of the conclusion of the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War, President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lit the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
The world speed record for a steam railway locomotive was set in England by the Mallard, which reached a speed of 126 miles per hour (203 kmh).
75 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Comin' in on a Wing and a Prayer--The Song Spinners
On the radio
Saturday-Night Theatre, on BBC Home Service
Tonight's episode: The Boscombe Valley Mystery, starring Arthur Wontner as Sherlock Holmes and Carleton Hobbs as Dr. Watson
This marked the only radio appearance as Sherlock Holmes for Mr. Wontner, who had played the role in five movies from 1931-1937. Mr. Hobbs played Sherlock Holmes in BBC radio adaptations from 1952-1969, with Norman Shelley as Dr. Watson.
Allied troops extended their control in the Nassau Bay-Bitol River area of New Guinea. U.S. warships drove off three Japanese light cruisers and four destroyers attempting to attack U.S. positions on Rendova Island.
Politics and government
The French Committee of National Liberation appointed Henri-Etienne Hoppenot as an envoy to negotiate with French Vice Admiral Georges Robert in Martinique about the proposal to end Vichy authority there.
The Tennessee Supreme Court ruled that a law abolishing the state's poll tax was unconstitutional.
Chop Chop, with Johnny Longden up, won the Empire State Handicap in Jamaica, New York, setting a track record of 1:57.2 for the run of 1 3/16 miles.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Woody Wood-Pecker--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nature Boy--King Cole (5th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
2 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--The Marlin Sisters with Eddie Fisher
3 Little White Lies--Dick Haymes
4 My Happiness--Jon and Sondra Steele
--The Pied Pipers
5 Toolie Oolie Doolie (The Yodel Polka)--The Andrews Sisters
6 Woody Wood-Pecker--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
7 The Dickey-Bird Song--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
8 Love Somebody--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
9 William Tell Overture--Spike Jones and his City Slickers
10 Haunted Heart--Perry Como
Singles entering the chart were the version of You Can't Be True, Dear by Dick James; You Call Everybody Darlin', with versions by Al Trace and the Revelers; and Anne Vincent (#16); Twelfth Street Rag by Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (#25); Wedding Bells are Breaking Up that Old Gang of Mine by Steve Gibson and the Red Caps (#37); and Don't Blame Me by the King Cole Trio (#40).
King Abdullah of Transjordan rejected United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte's peace proposals, insisting that the Arabs would "rely on our arms" in Palestine.
Economics and finance
Albania severed trade relations with Yugoslavia and expelled Yugoslavian military, political, and cultural missions.
Anthracite mine operators in the United States signed a national contract with the United Mine Workers of America, covering 78,000 workers.
Louise Brough of the United States won the women's singles final at Wimbledon.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Charles Bathurst, 90. U.K. politician; Governor-General of New Zealand, 1930-1935. Mr. Bathurst, a Conservative, represented Wilton in the British House of Commons from 1910-1918 before serving as Governor-General of New Zealand. He was made Viscount Bledisloe in 1935.
United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold said that the UN had uncovered no evidence of "mass infiltration" of arms or men from Syria.
U.S. Teamsters union President James Hoffa announced the formation of a Conference on Transportation Unity, intended to include all transport unions.
Boston industrialist Bernard Goldfine told the U.S. House of Representatives Legislative Oversight subcommittee that he had sent Christmas cheques in the amounts of $25 and $50 to 33 past and present White House employees, adding that he had deducted the cheques for tax purposes.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Baby, Come Back--The Equals
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers (4th week at #1)
2 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
3 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
4 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
5 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces
6 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
7 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
8 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
9 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
10 Love Machine--Pastoral Symphony
Singles entering the chart were Lady Willpower by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#29); Softly Whispering I Love You by David and Jonathan (#32); The Good, the Bad and the Ugly by Leroy Holmes (#34); Brigette by Masters Apprentices (#39); and Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade) by the Lemon Pipers (#40).
General William Westmoreland succeeded Gen. Harold K. Johnson as U.S. Army Chief of Staff.
Economics and finance
France increased its interest rate from 3.5% to 5% in a move to combat an inflationary trend set off by higher wages demanded by striking workers in May and June.
The Ontario Provincial Parliament legalized Sunday horse racing in Ontario, with the responsibility given to the municipalities.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Mr. Summertime--Circus
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cara de Gitana--Daniel Magal
Died on this date
James Daly, 59. U.S. actor. Mr. Daly appeared in plays and films, but was best known for his work in television, especially as the star of the series Foreign Intrigue (1953-1955) and in the co-starring role of Dr. Paul Lochner in Medical Center (1969-1976). He won an Emmy in 1966 for his supporting performance in the Hallmark Hall of Fame episode Eagle in a Cage. Mr. Daly died of heart failure.
Economics and finance
The Chinese news agency Hsinhua announced the end of all Chinese aid to Vietnam, citing Vietnam's reported mistreatment of its ethnic Chinese population.
Andy Bean won the Western Open in a playoff in Oak Brook, Illinois after posting a 4-round total score of 282. First prize money was $50,000.
The Calgary Cardinals scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 4th inning on their way to a 12-5 win over the Lethbridge Dodgers in the first of two Pioneer League games at Foothills Park in Calgary. Calgary shortstop Jose Perez batted 4 for 4 with a double, base on balls, 3 runs, and a run batted in. Lethbridge first baseman Mike Marshall was 3 for 4, and shortstop Steve Sax was 3 for 5 with an RBI. This blogger was among the 882 in attendance.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Blue Monday ‘88--New Order (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Im Nin'Alu--Ofra Haza (2nd week at #1)
The U.S. Navy warship USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655, apparently mistaking it for an F-14 fighter plane. All those on board--almost 300 people--were killed.
The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul was completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus.
Jose Canseco hit 3 home runs and drove in 6 runs, but it was Mark McGwire's solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 16th inning that broke an 8-8 tie and gave the Oakland Athletics a 9-8 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 32,329 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Mr. Canseco's third homer of the game gave the Athletics an 8-6 lead in the top of ther 12th, but Tony Fernandez responded with a 2-run homer in the bottom of the 12th. Gene Nelson, normally a pitcher, entered the game as a pinch runner for Oakland in the 12th and stole second base just before Mr. Canseco's homer, becoming the first American League pitcher to steal a base since the introduction of the designated hitter in 1973. The game took 5 hours 2 minutes to play.
Chili Davis drove in 4 runs with a home run and a double, and Johnny Ran and Wally Joyner each had 3 hits to help the California Angels defeat the Detroit Tigers 10-4 before 32,176 fans at Tiger Stadium.
Dan Pasqua's 2-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning gave the Chicago White Sox a 4-3 win over the New York Yankees before 20,509 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The Yankees had taken a 3-2 lead in the top of the 10th when Dave Winfield singled home Claudell Washington to break a 2-2 tie.
Jeff Reardon intentionally walked Billy Jo Robidoux to load the bases with 2 out and then walked Dale Sveum to force in the eventual winning run as the Milwaukee Brewers scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and defeated the Minnesota Twins 4-3 before 42,645 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.
Willie Wilson singled home pinch runner Bill Pecota with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Kansas City Royals edged the Boston Red Sox 3-2 before 36,220 fans at Royals Stadium. The Red Sox had the potential tying run on second base with 2 out in the 9th, but Rich Gedman flied out to end the game.
Mario Diaz drove in 3 runs with a single, double, and sacrifice fly to help the Seattle Mariners edge the Cleveland Indians 7-6 before 19,397 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Ron Kittle hit a 2-run home run for the Indians, and Joe Carter doubled and tripled, scoring 2 runs and driving in 1.
The Texas Rangers scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and 6 in the 7th as they routed the Baltimore Orioles 13-1 before 17,722 fans at Arlington Stadium. Texas left fielder Bob Brower hit a grand slam in the 7th and drove in 6 runs for the game.
The Montreal Expos scored 6 runs in the 3rd inning as they beat the Atlanta Braves 9-2 before 25,753 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Montreal left fielder Otis Nixon hit a single, double, and triple, with a stolen base and 2 runs.
Sid Fernandez pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 12 batters to win the pitchers' duel over Nolan Ryan as the New York Mets shut out the Houston Astros 5-0 before 40,973 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Fernandez also hit 2 singles, scored the winning run, and drove in a run.
Danny Jackson pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Kevin Gross as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Philadelphia Phillies 3-2 before 41,899 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.
Kelly Downs pitched a 3-hitter for the San Francisco Giants as they shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-0 before 25,463 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
Rick Sutcliffe allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Shawn Hillegas as the Chicago Cubs edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 before 43,209 fans at Dodger Stadium in a game that took 2 hours 44 minutes to play despite a combined total of only 13 baserunners.
Tom Brunansky's 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning enabled the St. Louis Cardinals to defeat the San Diego Padres 5-4 before 15,467 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. The Padres had taken a 4-3 lead in the bottom of the 8th on a 2-run homer by Garry Templeton off Todd Worrell, who ended up as the winning pitcher despite failing in a save opportunity.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Informer--Snow (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy: What is Love?--Haddaway (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Encores--Dire Straits (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Cose della vita--Eros Ramazotti (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Your Latest Trick--Dire Straits (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love With You--UB40 (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Dreams--Gabrielle (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (8th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (7th week at #1)
2 Have I Told You Lately--Rod Stewart
4 Come Undone--Duran Duran
5 Knockin' Da Boots--H-Town
6 Show Me Love--Robin S
7 Freak Me--Silk
8 Dre Day--Dr. Dre
9 I'll Never Get Over You (Getting Over Me)--Exposé
10 Whoomp! (There it Is)--Tag Team
Singles entering the chart were A Bad Goodbye by Clint Black (with Wynonna) (#54); Back Seat (Of My Jeep)/Pink Cookies in a Plastic Bag by LL Cool J (#67); It's On by Naughty by Nature (#79); and I'm Free by Jon Secada (#83).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (5th week at #1)
2 Have I Told You Lately--Rod Stewart
3 Come Undone--Duran Duran
4 Fields of Gold--Sting
5 I Don't Wanna Fight--Tina Turner
6 Regret--New Order
7 Hero--David Crosby and Phil Collins
8 Love Don't Live Here Anymore--Sven Gali
9 In These Arms--Bon Jovi
10 Can't Do a Thing (To Stop Me)--Chris Isaak
Singles entering the chart were I'm Free by Jon Secada (#60); Wide River by the Steve Miller Band (#63); It's All Right by Huey Lewis and the News (#64); Gloria by Van Morrison (#66); I Can See Clearly Now by the Holly Cole Trio (#75); Big Gun by AC/DC (#78); Long May You Run by Neil Young (#81); I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles) by the Proclaimers (#83); Shock to the System by Billy Idol (#84); English Boy by Pete Townshend (#89); Killer/Papa was a Rolling Stone by George Michael (#95); and Step it Up by Stereo MC's (#96). Gloria had originally been a hit in 1965 by Them, with Mr. Morrison as lead singer. Long May You Run was originally a hit in 1976 by the Stills-Young Band. I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles) had originally been released as a single in Canada in the fall of 1989, but had failed to chart; it charted in 1993 after being included on the soundtrack of the movie Benny & Joon (1993). Killer/Papa was a Rolling Stone were from the EP Five Live by George Michael and Queen with Lisa Stansfield.
Died on this date
Joe DeRita, 83. U.S. actor and comedian. Mr. DeRita, born Joseph Wardell, was best known as "Curly Joe," who joined the Three Stooges comedy team in 1958 and appeared with them in several feature films through the 1960s. He died 9 days before his 84th birthday.
Don Drysdale, 56. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Drysdale played for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1956-1969, compiling a record of 209 wins and 166 losses. His best season was 1962, when he was 25-9 and won the Cy Young Award as the major leagues' most outstanding pitcher. In 1968 Mr. Drysdale pitched 58 2/3 consecutive scoreless innings, a major league record that stood for 20 years until broken by the Dodgers' Orel Hershiser. The streak included 6 consecutive shutouts, a major league record that still stands. Mr. Drysdale also hit 29 home runs during his career, and was occasionally used as a pinch hitter. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1984. Mr. Drysdale began a career as a baseball broadcaster in 1970, and was active in that capacity at the time of his death, which occurred in Montreal when he died of a heart attack while accompanying the Dodgers on a road trip. This blogger had the privilege of working in the same press box as Don Drysdale for several days in July 1981. While the major leagues were on strike, several major league teams decided to carry broadcasts of the AAA farm teams. The Salt Lake Gulls of the Pacific Coast League affiliate of the California Angels at the time, and for their lone trip to Edmonton, they were accompanied by their own broadcaster--future Angels' broadcaster Rory Markas--and the Angels' crew of Bob Starr and Don Drysdale. I was playing tapes of the national anthems and trumpet blasts for the Edmonton Trappers in their initial season, and Messrs. Starr and Drysdale occupied the space usually reserved for the visiting broadcaster, with Mr. Markas sitting next to me. Mr. Drysdale was a fine gentleman, and kindly autographed a few items for me.
20 years ago
Rape victim Jane Doe was awarded more than $220,000 after 12 years in court; a judge ruled that Toronto police had failed to issue a warning that a serial rapist was stalking her neighbourhood.
Toronto (0-1) 10 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 19
10 years ago
Hamilton (1-1) 32 @ Toronto (1-1) 13
Calgary (1-1) 31 @ Edmonton (1-1) 34
Jason Tucker made a spectacular diving catch of Ricky Ray's pass for a 36-yard touchdown with 55 seconds in regulation time to give the Eskimos their win over the Stampeders before 32,706 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The play came 1 minute 43 seconds after the Stampeders had taken the lead on a 20-yard pass from Henry Burris to Nik Lewis. Mr. Ray completed 27 of 41 passes for 448 yards, with touchdown passes of 32 and 8 yards to Kelly Campbell in the 1st half. Mr. Campbell caught 8 passes for 158 yards. Mr. Burris was 23 for 35 for 330 yards, and also completed TD passes to Jeremaine Copeland and Brett Ralph.
Images of Automobiles now on Flickr - Henry Seth Taylor built the first automobile in Canada in 1867. At the time, all automobiles, whether produced domestically or imported from the United Sta...
16 hours ago