Friday, 13 July 2018

July 13, 2018

460 years ago
1558


War
Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes in the Battle of Gravelines near Calais, France.

375 years ago
1643


War
Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding English Royalist forces, heavily defeated the Parliamentarian forces led by Sir William Waller in the Battle of Roundway Down in the English Civil War.

225 years ago
1793


Died on this date
Jean-Paul Marat, 50
. French physician, scientist, and journalist. Dr. Marat was a court physician to the aristocracy who became a scientist and later a journalist who wrote in support of the French Revolution. Dr. Marat was a Jacobin who supported the more radical aspects of the revolution, as opposed to the Girondins, who opposed the revolution's excesses. He was stabbed to death in his bathtub by Charlotte Corday, a Girondin sympathizer to whom he had granted an interview because she claimed to have information on the activities of Girnodins who had escaped to Normandy.

140 years ago
1878


Diplomacy
At the conclusion of the Congress of Berlin, the major powers in Europe signed the Treaty of Berlin, redrawing the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania became completely independent of the Ottoman Empire.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Alberto Ascari
. Italian auto racing driver. Mr. Ascari, the son of a race driver, raced motorcycles before driving in the Formula One circuit from 1950-1955, winning 13 races and the overall championship in 1952 and 1953. He was killed in a crash while test-driving a car at Monza on May 26, 1955 at the age of 36, the same age at which his father had been killed in a crash 30 years earlier.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Joseph Faul
. U.S. labour union officer. Mr. Faul was assassinated in Chicago.

J.W. Hair. U.S. Secret Service agent. Mr. Hair was shot to death in Morrison, California.

Irving Washburn. U.S. prohibition agent. Mr. Washburn was shot to death in a raid on a speakeasy in Albany, New York.

Four white and three Negro murderers were executed by electrocution at Kentucky State Penitentiary in Eddyville.

Diplomacy
At the invitation of U.S.Secretary of State Frank Kellogg, Chile and Peru agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations, healing a breach that had existed since 1911.

World events
A Macedonian in Belgrade wounded Yugoslavian Political Police Chief J. Lazic and then killed himself.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.K. troops in Sicily took the port of Augusta and pushed north toward Catania, while U.S. troops on the southern Sicilian coast took the Axis airfields at Comiso and Ponte Olivo. In the heaviest Allied air attack on any Italian town, a strong force of U.K. Royal Air Force bombers made a concentrated attack on the manufacturing centre of Turin. U.S. warships sank a Japanese light cruiser and three destroyers in the Kula Gulf, north of New Georgia Island.

Politics and government
The U.S. State Department announced that Admiral Georges Robert had terminated his regime in Martinique and that Henri-Etienne Hoppenot, representing the French Committee of National Liberation, had been recognized as Governor General.

The Argentine Interior Ministry ordered German culture and welfare organizations closed within 48 hours, and also banned Communist groups.

Medicine
The U.S. Navy announced that a "mist-like" inhalable serum had been developed at the University of California that was 90% effective in preventing influenza.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Shibe Park, Philadelphia
American League 5 National League 3

Bobby Doerr of the Boston Red Sox hit a 3-run home run off Mort Cooper of the St. Louis Cardinals in the bottom of the 2nd inning to give the AL a 3-1 lead, and that proved to be the big blow. Mr. Doerr also added a single. Vince DiMaggio of the Pittsburgh Pirates entered the game as a pinch hitter in the 4th inning and singled. He later tripled and scored, and hit a solo home run for the NL. Dutch Leonard of the Washington Nationals started on the mound for the AL and pitched the first 3 innings to get credit for the win. 31,938 attended the first All-Star Game to be played at night.



70 years ago
1948


Politics and government
At Convention Hall in Philadelphia, the U.S. Democratic National Convention nominated President Harry Truman as its 1948 U.S. presidential candidate and U.S. Senator Alben Barkley (Kentucky) as its vice presidential candidate.

Scandal
Judge P. James Pellecchia, chief police court magistrate in Newark, New Jersey, confessed to embezzling $657,000 from his family's Columbus Trust Company and losing it gambling during the past three years.

Agriculture
Polish Communists approved a program of "voluntary" socialization of agriculture, urging peasants to join farm cooperatives.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America ended a seven-day strike against coal mines owned by steel firms after accepting a contract providing for a wage increase and an employers' contribution to the miners' welfare fund.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Sportsman's Park, St. Louis
American League 5 National League 2

Winning pitcher Vic Raschi of the New York Yankees singled home 2 runs and pinch hitter and fellow Yankee Joe DiMaggio followed with a run-scoring outfield fly as the AL scored 3 runs in the 4th and defeated the NL before 34,009 fans.



60 years ago
1958


World events
58 Japanese Communists were arrested in Maizuru when they tried to smuggle themselves into Japan from exile in the People's Republic of China.

Politics and government
In a Bastille Day message to French overseas territories, French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle indicated that Algeria would be offered a leading role in the new federal system linking France with its dependencies.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Luglio--Riccardo Del Turco (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Peter Alexander

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Blue Eyes--Don Partridge

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Baby, Come Back--The Equals

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje (3rd week at #1)
2 Young Girl--The Union Gap
3 Camp--Sir Henry and his Butlers
4 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
5 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
6 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
7 You Don't Know What You Mean to Me--Sam & Dave
8 Times were When--The Cats
9 The Muffin Man--World of Oz
10 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel

Singles entering the chart were People Sure Act Funny by Arthur Conley (#33); Anyone for Tennis by Cream (#37); and Angel of the Morning by Merrilee Rush (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (4th week at #1)
2 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
3 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
4 The Horse--Cliff Nobles & Co.
5 The Look of Love--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
6 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
7 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
8 Grazing in the Grass--Hugh Masakela
9 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
10 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees

Singles entering the chart were Halfway to Paradise by Bobby Vinton (#70); You Met Your Match by Stevie Wonder (#73); Somebody Cares by Tommy James and the Shondells (#75); 1,2,3, Red Light by the 1910 Fruitgum Company (#77); Never Going Back by the Lovin' Spoonful (#84); My Name is Jack by Manfred Mann (#88); Mister Bo Jangles by Bobby Cole (#89); Breaking Up is Hard to Do by the Happenings (#90); I Get the Sweetest Feeling by Jackie Wilson (#93); I Loved and Lost by the Impressions (#98); and Born to Be Wild by Steppenwolf (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
2 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
3 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
4 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
5 The Look of Love--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
6 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
7 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
8 Stoned Soul Picnic--The 5th Dimension
9 The Horse--Cliff Nobles & Co.
10 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim

Singles entering the chart were Hello, I Love You by the Doors (#53); Born to Be Wild by Steppenwolf (#64); My Name is Jack by Manfred Mann (#71); Two-Bit Manchild by Neil Diamond (#72); Sunshine of Your Love by Cream (#75); Hitch it to the Horse by Fantastic Johnny C (#81); Just a Little Bit by Blue Cheer (#82); Amen by Otis Redding (#85); Alice Long (You’re Still My Favorite Girlfriend) by Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart (#86); Mr. Bojangles by Jerry Jeff Walker (#88); (Love is Like A) Baseball Game by the Intruders (#89); Life by Sly and the Family Stone (#90); Soul-Limbo by Booker T. & the M.G.'s (#92); Walk On by Roy Orbison (#93); Journey to the Center of the Mind by the Amboy Dukes (#94); Mrs. Bluebird by Eternity's Children (#95); He Gives Me Love (La La La) by Lesley Gore (#96); The Real World of Mary Ann by the Eternals (#97); Turn on Your Love Light by Bill Black's Combo (#98); Yours Until Tomorrow by Vivian Reed (#99); and The Snake by Al Wilson (#100). Hello, I Love You was the A-side of Love Street, which had entered the chart the previous week at #88; Born to Be Wild was the A-side of Everybody's Next One, which had entered the chart the previous week at #71. The two singles now charted only under the titles of their respective A-sides.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan
2 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
3 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
4 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
5 San Francisco Girls (Return of the Native)--Fever Tree
6 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim
7 I Love You--People
8 She's a Heartbreaker--Gene Pitney
9 Lydia Purple--The Collectors
10 Here Comes the Judge--Shorty Long

Singles entering the chart were Light My Fire by Jose Feliciano (#25); Listen! Listen! by the Merry-Go-Round (#27); (The Puppet Song) Whiskey on a Sunday by the Irish Rovers (#29); and Born to Be Wild by Steppenwolf (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
2 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
3 Don't Take it So Hard--Paul Revere and the Raiders
4 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
5 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
6 Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan
7 Sky Pilot--Eric Burdon and the Animals
8 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
9 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
10 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
Pick hit of the week: Sonny--Gainsborough Gallery

Sonny, as it was spelled on the label, was actually Sunny, the song that had been a major hit for Bobby Hebb in 1966.

War
U.S. officials announced that 47,411 South Vietnamese civilians had been treated in hospitals during the first five months of 1968, as compared to 49,037 for all of 1967.

Golf
Gary Player shot a 1-over-par 73 in the final round to win the British Open at Carnoustie Golf Links in Angus Scotland with a 1-over-par total of 289, 2 strokes ahead of Bob Charles and Jack Nicklaus. First prize money was £3,000 ($7,200).

40 years ago
1978


Diplomacy
Two days of talks in Geneva between U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko concluded without a new treaty on strategic arms limitations. Mr. Vance was criticized by U.S. Senators Pat Moynihan (Democrat--New York) and Henry Jackson (Democrat--Washington) for going ahead with the talks while the U.S.S.R. was in the process of trying dissidents Aleksandr Ginzburg and Anatoly Shcharansky.

Abominations
Soviet dissident Aleksandr Ginzburg, who had managed a fund for families of political prisoners, was sentenced to eight years in a forced labour camp for "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda."

Scandal
U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Tip O'Neill (Democrat--Massachusetts) was cleared of all but one charge in the House Ethics Committee investigation of the South Korean influence-buying scandal. Mr. O'Neill was criticized for having accepted two parties in his honour from South Korean businessman Park Tong Sun.

Labour
Police in Cleveland went on strike because of the city's dismissal of 13 policemen who had refused to patrol what they considered to be dangerous housing projects alone during the daytime. Mayor Dennis Kucinich, facing a recall election in August, obtained an injunction against the striking policemen.

Football
CFL
Calgary (0-1) 17 @ Edmonton (1-0) 33

Tom Scott, in his first regular season game in an Edmonton uniform, caught 7 passes for 113 yards and a touchdown to help the Eskimos defeat the Stampedrs before 25,277 fans in the last Canadian Football League season opener to be played at Clarke Stadium. Jim Germany rushed 17 times for 69 yards and 2 Edmonton touchdowns, while catching 6 passes for 37 yards. Edmonton starting quarterback Tom Wilkinson completed 15 of 26 passes for 178 yards, a touchdown, and an interception before being relieved by Warren Moon, who played the last 20 minutes in the first game of his 23-year professional career, copmpleting 6 of 10 passes for 59 yards and rushing 3 times for 15 yards while leading the Eskimos to a pair of field goals. Miles Gorrell made his CFL debut as a defensive lineman, playing his first of 321 regular season games in a 19-year career. James Sykes played his first CFL game with the Stampeders, rushing 5 times for 17 yards and catching 3 passes for 24 yards. The Stampeders took a then-record 20 penalties for 131 yards, including one to head coach Jack Gotta for coming onto the field without permission, a rule that league authorities said would be increasingly enforced in 1978. The Eskimos took 7 penalties for 20 yards.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Den jeg elsker--Sanne Salomonsen (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Mexican Federal Election Commission announced that Carlos Salinas de Cortari, presidential candidate of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), had won the July 6 election with 50% of the vote to 31% for Cuauhtemoc Cardenas of the National Democratic Front and 17% for Manuel Clouthier of the National Action Party. Mr. Salinas' share was far below the usual total for PRI presidential candidates. The PRI also lost ground in the national Chamber of Deputies, retaining a bare majority. In the Senate, the PRI lost four seats, an unprecedented result. Opposition parties denounced the election as fraudulent.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox, in fourth place in the American League East Division with a record of 43-42, fired manager John McNamara and replaced him with third base coach Joe Morgan.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
Davey Allison, 32
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Allison was a stock car driver on the NASCAR circuit who won 19 Winston Cup races from 1985-1993, including the 1992 Daytona 500. He was killed when he crashed while attempting to land his helicopter at Talladega Superspeedway in Birmingham, Alabama.

Defense
Germans held a farewell ceremony in Lahr for Canadian troops, who were leaving after 42 years of North Atlantic Treaty Organization service.

Environment
U.S. and Florida officials announced an agreement with agricultural interests on a $465-million plan to clean up the Everglades.

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Oriole Park at Camden Yards, Baltimore
American League 9 National League 3

The AL scored 3 runs in each of the 5th and 6th innings as they beat the NL before 48,147 fans. Kirby Puckett of the Minnesota Twins, who hit a solo home run in the 2nd inning and doubled in a run in the 5th, was voted the game's Most Valuable Player. Mark Langston of the Seattle Mariners was the starting pitcher for the AL, and he gave up a 2-run homer to Gary Sheffield of the San Diego Padres. Jack McDowell of the Chicago White Sox, who pitched the 5th inning, was the winning pitcher. Terry Mulholland of the Philadelphia Phillies started on the mound for the NL. John Burkett of the San Francisco Giants, who started the 5th inning but was unable to get the final out, was the losing pitcher. Roberto Alomar of the Toronto Blue Jays also homered for the AL. The win was the AL's 6th straight.



10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Bronislaw Geremek, 76
. Polish historian and politician. Dr. Geremek worked with the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences from 1955-1985, specializing in medieval history. He was Poland's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1997-2000, and was elected to the European Parliament in 2004. Dr. Geremek was killed in a car accident.

War
Taliban guerrillas in Afghanistan attacked NATO troops in the far eastern province of Nuristan.

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