Friday, 6 July 2018

July 6, 2018

260 years ago
1758


War
British forces led by General James Abercrombie landed at Howe's Cove at the northern end of Lake George, New York to attack the Marquis de Montcalm's French army at Fort Carillon. The British army of almost 15,000 advanced in four columns; the French, numbering only 3,000 men, built a breastwork of logs and branches that slowed down the British advance. Gen. Abercrombie tried again the following morning, with no success; he had to retreat, leaving 2,000 casualties, including young Lord Howe, brother of the admiral.

175 years ago
1843


Born on this date
John Downer
. Australian politician. Sir John, a member of the National Defence League before joining the Protectionist Party and later the Liberal Union, sat in the South Australia House of Assembly from 1878-1901. He was Premier of South Australia from 1885-1887 and 1892-1893, and Leader of the Opposition in 1885 and from 1887-1889, 1893-1895 and 1897-1899. Sir John moved into federal politics in 1901, and represented South Australia in the Senate from 1901-1903. He died on August 2, 1915 at the age of 72.

160 years ago
1858


Politics and government
Canadian Finance Minister Alexander Tilloch Galt proposed a union of the provinces of British North America.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Princess Victoria
. U.K. Royal Family member. Princess Victoria was the fourth child and second daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, and the younger sister of King George V. She never married or had children, and died on December 3, 1935 at the age of 67.

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
Guy de Maupassant, 42
. French author. Mr. Maupassant was one of the first authors of short stories, of which he wrote about 300, including Boule de Suif (1880) and Le Horla (1887). He contracted syphilis and died in an asylum.

Disasters
The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa was nearly destroyed by a tornado that killed 71 people and injured 200.

110 years ago
1908


Exploration
Robert Peary's expedition sailed from New York City for the North Pole.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Sebastian Cabot
. U.K.-born actor. Mr. Cabot appeared in numerous films and television programs, but was best known for playing "gentleman's gentleman" Giles French in the television comedy series Family Affair (1966-1971). He spent his later years in the Victoria, British Columbia suburb of North Saanich, and died there after a stroke on August 22, 1977 at the age of 59.

Herm Fuetsch. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Fuetsch was a guard with the Cleveland Allmen Transfers of the National Basketball League (1945-46) and the Baltimore Bullets of the Basketball Association of America (1946-48). He scored 109 points in 42 regular season games in his last season, and added 12 points in 9 playoff games as he helped the Bullets win the BAA championship. Mr. Fuetsch died on September 29, 2010 at the age of 92.

Communications
U.S. stunt pilot Katherine Stinson's plane was forced down by engine trouble at Edmonton in the first official airmail flight in Western Canada. She succeeded on July 9.

80 years ago
1938


Baseball
Major League All-Star Game @ Crosley Field, Cincinnati
National League 4 American League 1

4 American League errors led to 3 unearned runs as the National League won before 27,067 fans. Johnny Vander Meer of the hometown Reds, who had recently pitched two consecutive no-hitters, started on the mound for the NL and pitched 3 scoreless innings to get the win over Lefty Gomez of the New York Yankees. National League manager Bill Terry of the New York Giants used just 12 players, including 3 pitchers.



75 years ago
1943


War
Spearheaded by a force of tanks, German troops broke the Soviet lines at two points in the Belgorod sector. Five Japanese destroyers and four lightr cruisers were sunk or beached in the Kula Gulf naval battle off northwest New Georgia.

Labour
Officials of the United Mine Workers of America reported that all but 9,000 coal miners were now at work and all mines were in production.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Eli Burton, 69
. Canadian physicist. Dr. Burton, a native of Green River, Ontario, helped to develop the electron microscope and the colloidal arsenic treatment for cancer, and worked on radar research and training during World War II.

Russell Willson, 64. U.S. military officer. Vice Admiral Willson invented the Nayy Cipher Box, which was issued in 1917. He served in various capacities before being named superintendent of the United States Naval Academy in 1941. Vice Admiral Willson was ruled medically unfit for sea duty during World War II, but served as Deputy Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Fleet. He participated in the Dumbarton Oaks economic conference and the San Francisco conference that produced the United Nations.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A., U.K., and France jointly protested the Soviet blockade of Berlin, reasserting their right to maintain troops in the city.

Defense
The U.S.A., U.K., France, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands began talks in Washington on U.S. military and political support for the Union of Western Europe, which eventually became the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Politics and government
European Communist leaders rejected a Yugoslavian invitation to attend an upcoming party congress in Belgrade.

Protest
Police broke up a crowd of 3,000 anti-Communist demonstrators in Prague.

Scandal
A court in Kansas City dismissed charges against the last five defendants in the 1946 vote fraud case.

Oil
American Independent Oil Company President Ralph Davies announced that his company, a combination of 10 U.S. firms, had won a concession to drill in the oil-rich neutral zone between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.

Labour
4,000 U.S. coal miners struck in mines operated by steel firms, following the owners' refusal to sign a union shop contract with the United Mine Workers of America.

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Luigi Musso, 33
. Italian auto racing driver. Mr. Musso participated in 25 Formula One races from 1953-1958, winning the Argentine Grand Prix in 1956. He was killed during the 1958 French Grand Prix, 22 days before his 34th birthday.

World events
Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda, leader of the Nyasaland African National Congress, returned to Southern Rhodesia from British exile to lead efforts to withdraw Nyasaland from the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

Politics and government
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate Adolfo López Mateos was elected President of Mexico, receiving 90.4 % of the vote; National Action party candidate Luis H. Álvarez was second, with 9.4%. The PRI enjoyed similar success in elections for the Chamber of Deputies, winning 153 of 162 seats, while the National Action Party was second with 6 seats.

Auto racing
Mike Hawthorn of the United Kingdom won the French Grand Prix at Rheims, which was marred by the fatal crash of Luigi Musso.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert

#1 single in France: Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Luglio--Riccardo Del Turco

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Tom Jones (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje (2nd week at #1)
2 Young Girl--The Union Gap
3 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
4 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
5 Camp--Sir Henry and his Butlers
6 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
7 Hello, How are You?--The Easybeats
8 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
9 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
10 You Don't Know What You Mean to Me--Sam & Dave

Singles entering the chart were Lincoln County by Dave Davies (#34); Sunny Girl by the Hep Stars (#35); Honest Papas Love Their Mamas Better by Fats Domino (#38); and Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me by Tiny Tim (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert (3rd week at #1)
2 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
3 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
4 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
5 The Horse--Cliff Nobles & Co.
6 The Look of Love--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
7 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
8 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
9 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
10 Here Comes the Judge--Shorty Long

Singles entering the chart were Stay in My Corner by the Dells (#61); Hitch it to the Horse by Fantastic Johnny C (#66); Dream a Little Dream of Me by Mama Cass (#71); Amen by Otis Redding (#72); (Love is Like A) Baseball Game by the Intruders (#73); Alice Long (You’re Still My Favorite Girlfriend) by Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart (#76); Two-Bit Manchild by Neil Diamond (#81); Life by Sly and the Family Stone (#82); Soul-Limbo by Booker T. & the M.G.'s (#83); Mr. Bojangles by Jerry Jeff Walker (#87); Sealed with a Kiss by the Toys (#93); Sally Had a Party by Flavor (#94); To Love Somebody by the Sweet Inspirations (#95); Hang 'em High by Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (#97); And Suddenly by the Cherry People (#98); Walk On by Roy Orbison (#99); and Yours Until Tomorrow by Vivian Reed (#100). Stay in My Corner had originally been released in 1965. P.O. Box 9847, the B-side of Alice Long (You’re Still My Favorite Girlfriend), was written by Messrs. Boyce and Hart, and had originally been released by the Monkees as a track on their album The Birds, the Bees and the Monkees (1968).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
2 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
3 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
4 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
5 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
6 Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
7 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim
8 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
9 How'd We Ever Get this Way--Andy Kim
10 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap

Singles entering the chart were the versions of Here Comes the Judge by Shorty Long, and Pigmeat Markham (#40, charting with the version by the Magistrates); Autumn of My Life by Bobby Goldsboro (#69); Everybody's Next One by Steppenwolf (#71); Hang 'em High by Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (#74); Classical Gas by Mason Williams (#79, charting with the version by the Midnight String Quartet); Dreams of the Everyday Housewife by Glen Campbell (#85); Love Street by the Doors (#88); Dream a Little Dream of Me by Mama Cass (#90); Break Out by Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich (#93); Love Makes a Woman by Barbara Acklin (#94); You Can Cry if You Want To by the Troggs (#96); When Friends Fall Out by the Guess Who (#98); Stay in Your Corner by the Dells (#99); and To Love Somebody by the Sweet Inspirations (#100). Everybody's Next One was the B-side of Born to Be Wild, which had yet to chart.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express (2nd week at #1)
2 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
3 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
4 Choo Choo Train--The Box Tops
5 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 San Francisco Girls (Return of the Native)--Fever Tree
7 I Love You--People
8 Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan
9 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim
10 Lydia Purple--The Collectors

Singles entering the chart were Classical Gas by Mason Williams (#25); D.W. Washburn by the Monkees (#26); Never Going Back by the Lovin' Spoonful (#28); Hello, I Love You by the Doors (#29); and I'm a Midnight Mover by Wilson Pickett (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)
2 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
3 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
4 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
5 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 Sky Pilot--Eric Burdon and the Animals
7 Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan
8 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
9 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
10 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
Pick hit of the week: Don't Take it So Hard--Paul Revere and the Raiders

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ancamaria!

War
The total number of American combat deaths in Vietnam since January 1, 1961 was reported at 25,752.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson, saying "We in the U.S. want to help," was in San Salvador, El Salvador, where he conferred with the presidents of the five countries--El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Guatemala--gathered for the final session of the Central American Common Market, the Organization of the States of Central America (ODECA). Mr. Johnson announced that he had just approved an additional U.S. contribution of $30 million to the Central American Bank for Economic Integration for development of regional transport and communications systems, as well as loans totalling $35 million for distribution among the five nations in the market.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Sonny Liston (42-3) scored a technical knockout of Henry Clark (15-4-2) at 2:47 of the 7th round at the Cow Palace in Daly City, California.



Oscar Bonavena (36-4) won a 10-round majority decision over Zora Folley (76-10-6) in a heavyweight bout at Estadio Luna Park in Buenos Aires.



40 years ago
1978


War
Five days of attacks by Syrian peacekeeping troops against Christian militiamen in the Beirut area concluded with a truce, after Israeli planes buzzed Beirut and warned Syria to quit shelling Christian neighbourhoods. Israeli officials reaffirmed their commitment "not to let the Christian population be annihilated in Lebanon."

Politics and government
General Fred Akuffo was sworn in as Ghana's head of state, and he ordered the release of about 40 politicians who had been held in custody since April because of their opposition to deposed head of state Gen. Ignatius Acheampong's plan to restore civilian rule.

Environment
The government of Canada banned all new development in a 38,850-square-kilometre area of northern Yukon. The government then set up a wildlife management program for the 110,000-140,000 animal caribou herd.

Disasters
A sleeping car train at Taunton, England caught fire, killing 12 people and causing British Rail to install state-of-the-art fire prevention measures.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Den jeg elsker--Sanne Salomonsen

Politics and government
Presidential and legislative elections took place in Mexico, but the vote count was slow and announced results were rejected by opposition candidates. Carlos Salinas de Cortari, representing the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), was the favourite in the presidential election. He was opposed by Manuel Clouthier of the conservative National Action Party and Cuauhtemoc Cardenas of the leftist National Democratic Front. Mr. Salinas was declared the winner with 50.7% of the vote to 31.1% for National Democratic Front (FDN) candidate Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas and 16.8% for National Action Party (PAN) candidate Manuel Clouthier. In legislative elections, the PRI captured 60 of 64 seats in the Senate and 260 of 500 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, with the PAN next with 101.

Disasters
The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea was destroyed by explosions and fires. 167 oil workers, most of them from Scotland, were killed, making it the world's worst offshore oil disaster in terms of direct loss of life.

25 years ago
1993


Albertana
The former Provincial Courthouse in Blairmore was declared a Provincial Historic Site.

Crime
Karla Homolka, estranged wife of accused murderer Paul Bernardo, aka Paul Teale, was found guilty of two charges of manslaughter and sentenced to two concurrent 12-year prison terms in connection with the deaths of Ontario teenagers Leslie Mahaffy and Kristen French. The courtroom was closed to the public and Justice Francis Kovacs imposed a publication ban on details pending Mr. Bernardo's trial. When his trial did take place, video evidence showed that Ms. Homolka was a willing participant in the crimes and not acting under coercion, as she had claimed in her trial.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-1) 34 @ Calgary (1-0) 54

Doug Flutie rushed for 76 yards and 3 touchdowns and passed for 192 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the defending Grey Cup champion Stampeders over the Blue Bombers before 25,486 fans at McMahon Stadium.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Roy Rogers, 86
. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Rogers, born Leonard Slye, was known as "King of the Cowboys," first as a founding member of the country singing group Sons of the Pioneers in the 1930s and then as a singing cowboy star in his own right from the mid-1930s through the late 1950s in movies and on radio and television. He and his second wife Dale Evans usually appeared together from their marriage in 1947 through the rest of their performing careers. Mr. Rogers was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame twice--as a member of the Sons of the Pioneers in 1980, and on his own in 1988.

Transportation
Hong Kong International Airport opened in Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong, replacing Kai Tak Airport as the city's international airport.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Mando Ramos, 59
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Ramos was a popular boxer in the Los Angeles area from the late 1960s through the early '70s, compiling a professional record of 37-11-1 from 1965-1975. He was undisputed world lightweight champion from 1969-1970, and World Boxing Council world lightweight champion from February-September 1972. A lifestyle of alcohol and drugs took its toll on Mr. Ramos, shortening his career. With the help of his wife, Mr. Ramos abandoned his destructive habits, and lived a normal life until his death from a heart attack.

Tennis
Daniel Nestor became the first Canadian to win an event at Wimbledon when he and partner Nenad Zimonjiæ (of Serbia) defeated Jonas Bjorkman (of Sweden) and Kevin Ullyett (of Zimbabwe) in the men's doubles final.

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