Tuesday, 1 June 2021

June 1, 2021

1,125 years ago
896


Died on this date
Theodosius Romanus
. Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, 887-896. Dr. Romanus was a physician and monk who was elected Patriarch to fill an office that had been vacant for three years since the death of Ignatius II. Theodosius Romanus was succeeded as Patriarch of Antioch by Dionysius II.

450 years ago
1571


Died on this date
John Story, 66 or 67
. English politician and Roman Catholic martyr. Mr. Story was a law professor and Member of the House of Commons representing various ridings who spent time in prison and then in exile during the reign of King Edward VI (a Protestant), but returned under Queen Mary I (a Roman Catholic). In 1563, five years into the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (a Protestant), Mr. Story was arrested for his opposition to Anglicanism, but fled to Flanders and worked as a pensioner for King Philip II. Mr. Story was lured onto a trading ship at Antwerp in 1570 and was transported to England, where he was tried for treason for his support of the 1569 Northern Rebellion, an attempt to depose Queen Elizabeth. He was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn. Mr. Story was beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1886.

225 years ago
1796


Born on this date
Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
. French physicist and engineer. Sous-lieutenant Carnot was a mechanical engineer in the French Army whose book Réflexions sur la puissance motrice du feu et sur les machines propres à développer cette puissance (Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire and on Machines Fitted to Develop that Power) (1824) earned him recognition as the "Father of thermodynamics." He died during a cholera epidemic on August 24, 1832 at the age of 36, which resulted in many of his books and belongings being buried with him.

Americana
Tennessee entered the Union as the 16th state.

220 years ago
1801


Born on this date
Brigham Young
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Young worked at various jobs before joining the Reformed Methodist Church in 1824. He eventually became disenchanted with Methodism, and converted to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints--popularly known as the Mormon Church--in 1832. Mr. Young became a member of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles in 1835, and became its president in 1840. He became President of the Church in December 1847 after reorganizing the presidency, and remained in that office for the rest of his life. Mr. Young led the Mormons from Illinois to Utah, and was appointed by U.S. President Millard Fillmore as the territory's first Governor, holding the office from 1851-1858. Mr. Young was an outstanding example of Latter-day Saints doctrine and practices: he was a polygamist with 55 wives and 56 children; prohibited Negroes from the Mormon priesthood; and led the church during the Utah War against the United States. Mr. Young died on August 29, 1877 at the age of 76, reportedly of peritonitis from a ruptured appendix.

200 years ago
1821


Business
The North West Company merged with the Hudson's Bay Company, to operate for the next 21 years under the name of the Hudson's Bay Company.

190 years ago
1831


Canadiana
The Census of Lower Canada began, running through October 1, 1831.

Exploration
Sir James Ross first discovered the position of the North Magnetic Pole on the west coast of Boothia Peninsula in what is now Nunavut. He took possession of the North Magnetic Pole and adjoining territory in the name of King William IV, and erected a cairn.

175 years ago
1846


Died on this date
Gregory XVI, 80
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1831-1846. Gregory XVI, born Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari, joined the Camaldolese Order of monks, and was ordained a priest in 1787. He became vicar general of the Camaldolese Order, and was appointed to various other offices before being created a cardinal in 1825 and succeeding Pius VIII as Pope. Pope Gregory XVI is the most recent Pope to assume the papacy while not yet a bishop. He was a strong traditionalist, opposing democratic and modernizing reforms in the Papal States and throughout Europe, and attempting to strengthen the authority of the papacy. Pope Gregory condemned the slave trade in his apostolic letter In supremo apostolatus (1839). He died after an attack of facial erysipelas, and was succeeded by Leo XII.

160 years ago
1861


Died on this date
John Quincy Marr, 36
. C.S. military officer. Captain Marr served with the Warrenton Rifles in Virginia, and was killed in the Battle of Fairfax Court House five days after his 36th birthday, becoming the first Confederate soldier killed by a Union soldier in the American Civil War.

War
The Battle of Fairfax Court House, an early battle in the American Civil War, was fought in Fairfax County, Virginia, with inconclusive results.

150 years ago
1871


Politics and government
Canada's Library of Parliament was founded in Ottawa.

Communications
The Canadian Post Office issued a pre-stamped, pictureless "postal stationery card," sold for one cent at any post office. The cost included both the postcard and the delivery to any address within the Dominion. The cards were mainly used for business purposes to make appointments, confirm orders and arrange deliveries.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
John Van Druten
. U.K.-born playwright and director. Mr. Van Druten was one of the most successful British playwrights of the late 1920s and early 1930s, and continued to be successful after moving to the United States in the late '30s. His plays included The Voice of the Turtle (1943) and I am a Camera (1951). Mr. Van Druten died on December 19, 1957 at the age of 56.

Hap Day. Canadian hockey player and coach. Clarence Henry Day was a left wing, and later, a defenceman with the Toronto St. Patricks and Maple Leafs (1924-37) and New York Americans (1937-38), scoring 86 goals and 116 assists in 586 regular season games, and 4 goals and 7 assists in 51 playoff games. He played with the 1931-32 Stanley Cup championship team, and coached the Maple Leafs from 1940-50, winning Stanley Cups in 1942; 1945; and three straight from 1947-49. Mr. Day was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1961, and died on February 17, 1990 at the age of 88.

110 years ago
1911


Canadiana
Canada's population was reported as 7,206,643 on official Census day. 13% of Canada's population made their home in the Maritime Provinces.

Crime
Red Deer, Alberta Police Chief George Bell was shot by transient Arthur Kelly while trying to prevent Mr. Kelly from carrying out a robbery. Local boy scouts, shooed away from the crime scene by adults, found Mr. Kelly hiding in bushes nearby and formed a circle around him until he surrendered to the fire chief. Mr. Bell survived.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Nelson Riddle
. U.S. composer, arranger, and bandleader. Mr. Riddle was known for his arrangements for recordings for singers such as Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole in the 1950s and '60s, and Linda Ronstadt in the 1980s. As a bandleader, his single Lisbon Antigua spent four weeks at #1 on the Billboard Top 100 best seller chart and two weeks at #1 on the disc jockey chart in 1956. Mr. Riddle died on October 6, 1985 at the age of 64 from cardiac and kidney failure resulting from cirrhosis of the liver.

Canadiana
Canada's population was reported as 8,788,483 on official Census day. The Maritime Provinces accounted for 11% of the total.

90 years ago
1931


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Golden Pince-Nez

Canadiana
Canada's population was reported as 10,376,786 on official Census day. The Maritime Provinces accounted for 10% of the total.

80 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Hugh Walpole, 57
. N.Z.-born U.K. author. Sir Hugh wrote 36 novels, five volumes of short stories, two original plays, and three volumes of memoirs from 1909 until his death from a heart attack. His best-know works may have been the tetralogy of novels collectively known as The Herries Chronicle.

War
The Battle of Crete ended as Crete capitulated to Germany.

Abominations
The Farhud, a pogrom of Iraqi Jews, began in Baghdad. The event occurred in the aftermath of Iraq's defeat in the Anglo-Iraqi War, and the collapse of the pro-Nazi Iraqi government of Prime Minister Rashid Ali.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Unemployment Insurance Act went into effect.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Juke Box--1st week at #1 ); Prisoner of Love--Perry Como with Russ Case and His Orchestra (Airplay--1st week at #1); The Gypsy--The Ink Spots; Dinah Shore (Honor Roll of Hits--2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ion Antonescu, 63
. Prime Minister and Conducător (Leader) of Romania, 1940-1944. Mr. Antonescu presided over a dictatorial regime that was allied with the Axis during World War II, and was responsible for the deaths of 400,000 people. He was overthrown in a coup in August 1944, and was executed by a military firing squad after being convicted by a People's Tribunal of war crimes, two weeks before his 64th birthday.

Horse racing
Assault, with Warren Mehrtens up, won the 78th running of the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park, New York in a time of 2:30 4/5 to complete the third Triple Crown in six years, following Whirlaway's achievement in 1941 and Count Fleet's in 1943. Natchez placed second.

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Television
General Electric announced the development of the "composite system," a new rival to CBS colour television. Like the RCA method, it was "compatible" with black-and-white receivers, but it differed in sending colours simultaneously instead of in sequence.

Canadiana
Canada's population was reported as 14,009,429 on official Census day; the census also showed that 70% of the population of Québec was now urban. The Maritime Provinces accounted for 9% of the total.

Britannica
Queen Elizabeth and Princess Margaret visited Belfast despite recent bomb attacks on British property and assassination threats by Irish revolutionaries.



Crime
A U.S. Appeals Court in Washington, D.C. upheld the espionage conviction of former U.S. State Department employee Judith Coplon, but ordered a hearing of her charge that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had tapped her telephone before and during her trial.

Politics and government
Vincent Massey tabled the report of his Massey Commission on Canadian culture; it recommended greater government support for the arts.

Transportation
The International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal issued a new code of standards for the design of international airports.

Business
Titanium Metals Corporation opened the first complete titanium processing plant in Henderson, Nevada.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Blue Moon--The Marcels (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Surrender--Elvis Presley

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Nick Acropolis Story



Radio
FM multiplex stereo broadcasting was enjoyed by FM listeners in Schenectady, Los Angeles, and Chicago, on the first day it was authorized by the Federal Communications Commission.

Canadiana
Canada's population was reported as 18,238,247 on official Census day. The Maritime Provinces accounted for 8% of the total.

Business
The Canadian Bank of Commerce and Imperial Bank of Canada merged to form the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce in the largest bank merger in Canadian history.

Boxing
Von Clay (14-4-2) knocked out Kirk Barrow (22-5-1) at 1:06 of the 6th round of a heavyweight bout at Spokane Coliseum.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Goin' Back to Indiana--The Jackson 5

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones

Died on this date
Reinhold Niebuhr, 78
. U.S. theologian. Mr. Niebuhr, one of the most influential American theologians of the 20th century, taught at the liberal Union Theological Seminary for more than 30 years. He denied fundamental Christian doctrines and originally was just as liberal in his political views, but eventually, as a "Christian realist," opposed Communism and pacifism, and supported U.S. involvement in World War II and the development of nuclear weapons. Mr. Niebuhr's books included Moral Man and Immoral Society (1932); The Nature and Destiny of Man (1943); and The Irony of American History (1952). Mr. Niebuhr died 20 days before his 79th birthday.

Defense
Brazil announced that its warships and planes would patrol the 200-mile territorial water limit that replaced the former 12-mile limit.

Crime
Police charged 13 prisoners with murder in several deaths during rioting that April at the Kingston Penitentiary in Ontario.

Society
U.S. President Richard Nixon told a press conference that his administration was readying a large "national offensive" against drug addiction, with emphasis on servicemen hooked on hard drugs.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Jealous Guy--Roxy Music (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Te Quiero--José Luis Perales

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Medley--Stars on 45 (2nd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz (3rd week at #1)
2 Stars on 45--Stars on 45
3 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
4 Fade to Grey--Visage
5 Video Life--Bilgeri
6 Jealous Guy--Roxy Music
7 Per Elisa--Alice
8 Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre
9 Vienna--Ultravox
10 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton

Singles entering the chart were Video Life; Angel of the Morning; and Don't Stop the Music by Yarbrough & Peoples (#15).

Died on this date
Carl Vinson, 97
. U.S. politician. Mr. Vinson, a Democrat, represented Georgia's 6th (1914-1933) and 10th (1933-1965) Districts in the U.S. House of Representatives. He was co-sponsor of the Two-Ocean Navy Act (1940), which increased the size of the United States Navy by 70%. Rep. Vinson was Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee (1949-1953, 1955-1965).

Canadiana
Canada's population was reported as 24,343,181 on official Census day.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Don't Go Now--Ratcat

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Losing My Religion--R.E.M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher (5th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Wind of Change--Scorpions
2 Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey)--De La Soul
3 One More Try--Timmy T
4 Just a Groove--Nomad
5 Last Train To Trancentral (Live from the Lost Continent)--The KLF
6 Future Love Paradise--Seal
7 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
8 Going to the Run--Golden Earring
9 Strike it Up--Black Box
10 How to Dance--Bingoboys featuring Princessa

Singles entering the chart were Anasthasia by T99 (#21); No Coke by Dr. Alban (#29); Call it What You Want by NKOTB (#31); From Da Soul by Tony Scott (#32); Love is a Wonderful Thing by Michael Bolton (#36); White Men by the Pilgrims (#37); and Special Girl by New Jack Style (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Don't Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 More than Words--Extreme
3 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
4 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
5 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul
6 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--Hi-Five
7 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
8 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
9 Silent Lucidity--Queensryche
10 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were The Dream is Still Alive by Wilson Phillips (#71); P.A.S.S.I.O.N. by Rythm Syndicate (#73); Higher than Hope by Daryl Braithwaite (#78); Elevate My Mind by Stereo MC's (#88); Love Desire by Sandee (#89); Lift Me Up by Yes (#90); Wind of Change by the Scorpions (#91); and Dirty Love by Thunder (#95).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
2 More than Words--Extreme
3 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
4 Here We Go--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
5 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
6 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
7 I Touch Myself--Divinyls
8 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--High-Five
9 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
10 Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul

Singles entering the chart were The Dream is Still Alive by Wilson Phillips (#76); P.A.S.S.I.O.N. by Rythm Syndicate (#81); Wind of Change by the Scorpions (#87); It Ain’t Over ‘Til it’s Over by Lenny Kravitz (#88); This Time Make it Funky by Tracie Spencer (#89); and Whenever You Close Your Eyes by Tommy Page (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart (2nd week at #1)
2 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
3 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
4 More than Words--Extreme
5 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
6 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
7 Joyride--Roxette
8 Silent Lucidity--Queensryche
9 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
10 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were I Wanna Sex You Up by Color Me Badd (#83); Nothing Hurts by Barney Bentall (#84); True Believers by Keven Jordan (#87); How Can I Ease the Pain by Lisa Fischer (#88); Circle of One by Oleta Adams (#91); Step On by Happy Mondays (#93); Saving All the Love by Candi & the Backbeat (#95); You Can’t Resist It by Lyle Lovett (#96); and When He’s Gone by the Bee Gees (#97).

Died on this date
David Ruffin, 50
. U.S. singer. Mr. Ruffin shared lead singing duties with the soul group the Temptations from 1964-1968, his deep voice complementing Eddie Kendricks' high voice. Mr. Ruffin sang lead on hit singles such as My Girl (1965) ; (Loneliness Made Me Realize) It's You that I Need (1967); and I Wish it Would Rain (1968). A cocaine addiction and other issues led to his being fired from the group, and he then embarked on a solo career, with moderate success. Mr. Ruffin, the younger brother of singer Jimmy Ruffin, died of an accidental cocaine overdose after a successful month-long tour with Mr. Kendricks and another former Temptations' lead singer, Dennis Edwards.

Defense
At a meeting in Lisbon, U.S. Secretary of State James Baker and U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Aleksandr Bessmertnykh reached an agreement on a Conventional Forces in Europe treaty, but terms were not disclosed.

Labour
Louis Laberge retired as president of the Fédération des travailleurs et travailleuses du Québec (Federation of Quebec Workers) (FTQ) after seven years in office, and was succeeded by secretary-general Fernand Daoust. Mr. Daoust was succeeded in his position by Clément Godbout.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Until it Sleeps--Metallica

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Lift U up--2 Fabiola (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Soirée disco--Boris (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Children--Robert Miles (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Drill Instructor--Captain Jack (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Three Lions--Baddiel, Skinner & the Lightning Seeds

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (3rd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
4 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
5 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
6 You're the One--SWV
7 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
8 Fastlove--George Michael
9 Count on Me--Whitney Houston & CeCe Winans
10 Keep On, Keepin' On--MC Lyte featuring Xscape

Singles entering the chart were Who Will Save Your Soul by Jewel (#39); Only You by 112 featuring the Notorious B.I.G. (#67); Wrong by Everything But the Girl (#68); It's All the Way Live (Now) by Coolio (#88); One More Try by Kristine W (#96); and House Keeper by Men of Vizion (#97). It's All the Way Live (Now) was from the movie Eddie (1996).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (2nd week at #1)
2 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
3 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
4 Old Man and Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
5 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
6 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
7 You're the One--SWV
8 Keep On, Keepin' On--MC Lyte featuring Xscape
9 Fastlove--George Michael
10 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project

Singles entering the chart were Forever More by Puff Johnson (#61); The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You by Bryan Adams (#85); I'll Never Stop Loving You by J'son (#88); Hay by Crucial Conflict (#89); Let's Lay Together by the Isley Brothers (#92); Hoop in Yo Face by 69 Boyz featuring Quad City DJ’s (#93); and One More Try by Kristine W (#94).

Died on this date
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, 83
. 6th President of India, 1977-1982. Mr. Reddy, a member of the India National Congress Party, was Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh from 1962-1964 and Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 1967-1969 and March-July 1977 before becoming the youngest person to hold the Presidency.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Florida 3 @ Pittsburgh 1 (Florida won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Tom Fitzgerald scored on a 58-foot slapshot with 13:42 remaining in regulation time and Johan Garpenlov scored with 2:37 remaining as the Panthers broke a 1-1 tie and eliminated the Penguins at Civic Arena to advance to the finals for the first time in their history. Florida goalie John Vanbiesbrouck made 39 saves.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Hank Ketcham, 81
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Ketcham worked as an animator for Walter Lantz and Walt Disney before creating the comic strip Dennis the Menace, named after his young son. Mr. Ketcham wrote and drew the strip until 1994, and won the Reuben Award in 1953 as the outstanding cartoonist in the United States. He died of prostate cancer.

Birendra, 55. King of Nepal, 1972-2001; Aishwarya, 51. Queen of Nepal; Shruti, 24. Princess of Nepal; Nirajan, 22; Dhirendra, 21. Princes of Nepal. Birendra acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Mahendra. King Birendra was internationally educated and well-travelled, and pursued positive relations with India and China. He was an absolute monarch who believed that his country needed firm, decisive government. The king, queen, pricess, and princes were killed, and four others wounded, when Crown Prince Dipendra, 29, who had allegedly argued with his mother over his choice of a bride, went on a rampage with a semi-automatic weapon before turning the gun on himself. He was proclaimed King, but remained in critical condition before dying on June 4.





Terrorism
Saeed Hotari, 22, a Hamas-affiliated Islamist terrorist, blew himself up outside a nightclub in Tel Aviv, Israel, killing 21 people, most of whom were teenage girls.

10 years ago
2011


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Endeavour concluded its 25th and last mission as STS-134, with a six-man crew commanded by Mark Kelly, landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida.



Literature
Dionne Brand won the $65,000 Griffin Poetry Prize for Ossuaries, a novel-length narrative told through poetry.

Disasters
A rare tornado outbreak occurred in New England; a strong EF3 tornado struck Springfield, Massachusetts during the event, killing four people.



Canadian military aircraft evacuated nearly all 1,200 residents of Wollaston Lake and Hatchet Lake as wildfire threatened the northern Saskatchewan First Nations; firefighters stopped the flames at the edge of Wollaston Lake. Residents were allowed to return on June 7.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 0 @ Vancouver 1 (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Raffi Torres scored with 18.5 seconds remaining in regulation time to give the Canucks their win over the Bruins at Rogers Arena. Roberto Luongo made 36 saves to post the shutout in goal, while Boston goalie Tim Thomas made 33 saves.

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