Friday, 25 June 2021

June 24, 2021

975 years ago
1046


Died on this date
Jeongjong II, 27
. King of Goryeo (Korea), 1034-1046. Jeongjong II, the second son of Hyeonjong, succeeded his elder brother Deokjong on the throne. Jeongjong II completed the Cheolli Jangseong, an enormous wall across northern Korea, in 1044. King Jeongjong II was succeeded by his younger brother Munjong.

450 years ago
1571


Asiatica
Miguel López de Legazpi founded the city of Manila.

430 years ago
1591


Born on this date
Mustafa I
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1617-1618, 1622-1623. Sultan Mustafa I, a son of Sultan Mehmed III, acceded to the throne upon the death of his older brother Ahmed I in November 1617, but was deposed after just three months in favour of Ahmed I's son Osman II. Mustafa I was restored to the throne in May 1622 upon the deposition and assassination of his nephew, but was mentally unstable, and was deposed in September 1623 in favour of Ahmed I's 11-year-old son Murad IV. He died on January 20, 1639 at the age of 47, either executed on the orders of his nephew, or dying from epilepsy caused by spending most of his life in confinement.

250 years ago
1771


Born on this date
Éleuthère Irénée du Pont
. French-born chemist. Mr. du Pont and his father Pierre supported the Jacobins in the French Revolution, but aided in the escape of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette when the Tuileries Palace was stormed in August 1792. They emigrated to Rhode Island in 1800, eventually settling in Wilmington, Delaware, where Éleuthère Irénée du Pont founded the gunpowder firm E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company in 1802. He died of unspecified causes on October 31, 1834 at the age of 63.

200 years ago
1821


War
Independence fighters led by General Simón Bolívar defeated Royalist forces led by Spanish Field Marshal Miguel de la Torre in the Battle of Carabobo; it is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Prince Alfred continued his tour, arriving at Hamilton from Niagara; he reached Toronto that night on the steamer Niagara.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Portia White
. Canadian singer. Miss White, a native of Truro, Nova Scotia, was an operatic contralto who performed nationally and internationally from 1941-1952. She retired because of vocal and health problems, and died in Toronto on February 13, 1968 at the age of 56 after a long battle with cancer.

Juan Manuel Fangio. Argentine auto racing driver. Mr. Fangio drove in the Formula One circuit from 1950-1958, winning the World Drivers' Championship five times (1951, 1954-1957). He won 24 of 52 Formula One races in which he competed, and his victory percentage of 46.15 remains the record. Mr. Fangio died on July 17, 1995, 24 days after his 84th birthday.

90 years ago
1931


Died on this date
Xiang Zhongfa, 51-52
. Chinese politician. Mr. Xiang was a labour union leader before joining the Communist Party of China in 1921. He became the party's General Secretary in 1928, but his influence declined, and when he realized he was a puppet, his interest in Communism declined, and he devoted himself to a life of luxury. Mr. Xiang was soon arrested by the ruling Kuomintang, and was executed on the order of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.

80 years ago
1941


War
German troops captured the Lithuanian capital of Kaunas, and Vilna and Shavli in northern Lithuania, while other German forces drove into Soviet-occupied western Ukraine and White Russia. U.S.S.R. bombers hit Romanian cities.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced at a press conference that the United States would give all possible aid to the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Ignoring the Communists, Chilean leftist parties signed an agreement to strengthen the groups behind President Pedro Aguirre Cerda and speed up his reform program.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America ordered 150,000 southern soft-coal miners to strike unless the Harlan County Coal Operators Association agreed to sign the union contract accepted by 12 other operators' groups in the southern United States.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (6th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
3 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
5 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti)--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra
7 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
8 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
9 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
10 In Love in Vain--Margaret Whiting
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest

Singles entering the chart were There's No One But You, with versions by Tommy Dorsey and his Clambake Seven; and Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#22); Do You Love Me by Harry James and his Orchestra (#23); (Get Your Kicks On) Route 66, with versions by the King Cole Trio; and Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (#28); Put the Blame on Mame by the Milt Herth Trio and the Jesters (#31); More than You Know by Perry Como (#34); The Good Earth by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#36); Cindy by Jo Stafford (#40); and I Got Lost in His Arms by Dinah Shore (#43). Put the Blame on Mame was originally from the movie Gilda (1946).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Art Gilmore, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Beeswax Candle

War
Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung charged that U.S. military aid to China's governing Kuomintang party had intensified the country's civil war.

Defense
A Superfortress dropped a dummy flash-bomb on the U.S. Navy battleship Nevada off Bikini Atoll in a full dress rehearsal of the atomic bomb test.

Americana
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill providing that the body of an unknown American serviceman of World War II be placed beside the first Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.

Diplomacy
The foreign ministers' conference in Paris adopted a Soviet resolution rejecting Austria's claim to a portion of South Tyrol.

A Polish resolution urging the United Nations Security Council to recommend a worldwide diplomatic break with the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco was defeated.

Argentine President Juan Peron said that his government would try Nazis who took refuge in Argentina.

Politics and government
Georges Bidault took office as President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic, with members of his Popular Republican party getting nine posts in his cabinet. Communists received seven cabinet posts, and Socialists six.

Journalism
U.S. President Harry Truman charged that the U.S.S.R. was censoring U.S. war correspondents covering United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration operations in Ukraine and White Russia.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and Poland signed an agreement settling most of the Polish war debts in Britain and transferring the former Polish government-in-exile's assets to the current Polish provisional government.

Labour
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King took over inland freighters idled by a one-month strike of the Canadian Seamen's Union.

Scandal
Former American Federation of Labor leaders Martin Parkinson and William McGeory were sentenced in New York to prison terms of 3-6 years for extortion.

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Victim

Defense
South Korean President Syngman Rhee named General Kim Il Whan as Deputy Defense Minister and Gen. Lee Chong Chan as commander-in-chief to succeed Gen. Chung Il Kwon.

Religion
Pope Pius XII proclaimed two new Roman Catholic saints: Sister Emilie de Vialar of France and Marie Domenica Mazzarello of Italy.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations American Radio Association signed a contract with East Coast and Gulf Coast shippers, providing the same terms for its members as those gained by the National Maritime Union.

Auto racing
British drivers Peter Walker and Peter Whitehead won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in a Jaguar sports car, averaging a record 93.112 miles per hour over the 8.4-mile course.



60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Scottish Soldier--Andy Stewart

#1 single in Italy: Legata a un granello di sabbia--Nico Fidenco

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wheels (Vier Schimmel, ein Wagen)--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Surrender--Elvis Presley (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson (3rd week at #1)
2 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
3 Moody River--Pat Boone
4 Raindrops--Dee Clark--
5 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
6 Runnin' Scared--Roy Orbison
7 Stand By Me--Ben E. King
8 I Feel So Bad--Elvis Presley
9 Those Oldies But Goodies--Little Caesar and the Romans
--[Nino and the Ebb Tides]
10 Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson

Singles entering the chart were Dum Dum (#76)/Eventually (#87) by Brenda Lee; Let's Twist Again by Chubby Checker (#78); The Switch-A-Roo by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#80); Never on Sunday by the Chordettes (#89); Bobby by Neil Scott (#92); Missing You by Ray Peterson (#94); Daydreams by Johnny Crawford (#96); Sea of Heartbreak by Don Gibson (#97); Quite a Party by the Fireballs (#98); Jimmy Love by Cathy Carroll (#99); The Graduation Song...Pomp and Circumstance by Adrian Kimberly (#100); Michael by the Highwaymen (also #100); and Theme from the Motion Picture "Goodbye Again" by Ferrante & Teicher (also #100). Adrian Kimberly was a pseudonym for Don Everly of the Everly Brothers.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
2 Fallen Idol--Ken Lyon
3 I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door--Eddie Hodges
4 Heart and Soul--Jan and Dean
5 Dance On Little Girl--Paul Anka
6 Daydreams--Johnny Crawford
7 Barbara-Ann--The Regents
8 Sea of Heartbreak--Don Gibson
9 Temptation--The Everly Brothers
10 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds

Singles entering the chart were Don't Be Cruel by Elvis Presley (#25); Starlight, Starbright by Linda Scott (37); Missing You by Ray Peterson (#39); Wooden Heart by Joe Dowell (#40); Right or Wrong by Wanda Jackson (#43); The Piano Boy by Joanie Sommers (#45); Windy and Warm by Chet Atkins (#46); Yellow Bird by the Arthur Lyman Group (#48); and San Antonio Rose by Floyd Cramer (#50). Don't Be Cruel was a major hit for Mr. Presley in 1956, but there was no CFUN chart then.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
2 I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door--Eddie Hodges
3 Fallen Idol--Ken Lyon
4 Sea of Heartbreak--Don Gibson
5 Barbara-Ann--The Regents
6 Temptation--The Everly Brothers
7 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
8 Ring of Fire--Duane Eddy
9 Daydreams--Johnny Crawford
10 Never on Sunday--The Chordettes

Singles entering the chart were Classmate by the Beau-Marks (#29); I Love My Baby by Tommy Sands (#31); Cupid by Sam Cooke (#32); Windy and Warm by Chet Atkins (#34); Stand by Me by Ben E. King (#35); Bobby by Neil Scott (#36); Starlight, Starbright by Linda Scott (38); San Antonio Rose/I Can Just Imagine by Floyd Cramer (#39); and I Dreamed of a Hill-Billy Heaven by Tex Ritter (#40).

Space
The American public learned of President John F. Kennedy's letter assigning Vice President Lyndon Johnson the priority of unifying U.S. satellite programs.

Canadiana
Upper Canada Village, a living museum containing significant buildings from villages permanently submerged by the St. Lawrence Power Project and St. Lawrence Seaway between Iroquois and Cornwall, opened near the site of the Battle of Crysler's Farm at Morrisburg, Ontario.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Here's to You--Joan Baez (3rd week at #1)

Environment
The government of Canada brought in a $1.5-million compensation program for losses due to mercury contamination.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (4th week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
4 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
5 Nobody Wins--Elton John
6 This Little Girl--Gary U.S. Bonds
7 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
8 I Love You--Climax Blues Band
9 Winning--Santana
10 The One that You Love--Air Supply

Singles entering the chart were Hearts by Marty Balin (#19); and Elvira by the Oak Ridge Boys (#20).

On the radio
Don Percy, who was leaving Winnipeg for Edmonton after 6 years as morning man on CKY, did a farewell program on CKY's rival station CFRW. The Master of the Morning had earned ablout 90% of the listening audience at CKY, but that station had refused to let him do a farewell program after he had decided to accept an offer from CFRN in Edmonton. He assumed his duties in Edmonton on August 4.

Transportation
The Humber Bridge opened to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, England. It remained the world's longest bridge span for 17 years.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata ni aete yokatta (あなたに会えてよかった)--Kyōko Koizumi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Pienestä pitäen--Juice Leskinen

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

Scandal
Senator Michel Cogger (Progressive Conservative--Lauzon) was to be reimbursed for legal fees from a court inquiry into the Royal Canadian Mounted Police investigation of his business.

Labour
Statistics Canada reported government payrolls up by 1.6%, while payrolls in the entire Canadian workforce were down 2.2% in the first quarter of 1991.

Hockey
NHL
National Hockey League governors adopted the instant replay and the tenth of a second clock in the final minute of play.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mueve, mueve--Sandy & Papo

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
2 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
3 Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
4 You Learn--Alanis Morissette
5 Fastlove--George Michael
6 Everything Falls Apart--Dog's Eye View
7 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
8 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
9 You Still Touch Me--Sting
10 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

Singles entering the chart were Angel Mine by Cowboy Junkies (#93); Where Do We Go from Here by Vanessa Williams (#94); Twisted by Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham (#96); You're the One by SWV (#97); Until it Sleeps by Metallica (#98); and Banditos by the Refreshments (#99).

Canadiana
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Bonavista, Newfoundland for the arrival of the Matthew, a replica of the ship used by European John Cabot to travel to the New World 500 years earlier.

Protest
About 2,000 people in Quebec City rioted after a rock concert. Rioters looted shops and threw rocks at the National Assembly building, and caused $1 million in damage; "agitators from Toronto" were blamed. 81 people were arrested.

Scandal
State media in Nepal confirmed reports that 175 businesses and commercial banks had issued fake letters of credit that took U.S.$36 million out of the country to pay for non-existent imports. 100 arrests were made in connection with the case.

10 years ago
2011


Abominations
New York passed a law to allow same-sex "marriage," becoming the largest American state that allows sodomite and lesbian couples to "marry."

Crime
A U.S. judge ordered Canadian-born media magnate Conrad Black to return to prison at a resentencing hearing and serve another 13 months of a 42-month term on fraud convictions; he had already served 29 months, but was free on bail.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada unanimously ruled that the Crown could renege on a plea bargain; it was first time the Supreme Court had ruled on the discretion allowed prosecutors in plea agreements.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League announced that the Winnipeg franchise, formerly the Atlanta Thrashers, would again be named the Jets. The original Jets became the Phoenix Coyotes after the 1995-96 season.

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