Sunday, 27 June 2021

June 27, 2021

450 years ago
1571


Academia
Queen Elizabeth I issued a royal charter establishing Jesus College, the first Protestant college at the University of Oxford.

175 years ago
1846


Born on this date
Charles Stewart Parnell
. U.K. politician. Mr. Parnell was an Irish nationalist who transformed the Home Rule League into the Irish Parliamentary Party, which he led from 1882 until his death. He represented Meath in the House of Commons from 1875-1880 and Cork City from 1880 until his death. Mr. Parnell was regarded as one of the most brilliant politicians of his time, but revelations of a lengthy adulterous affair created in a major scandal, resulting in a splintering of the Irish Parliamentary Party into several factions. Mr. Parnell's health broke, and he died of pneumonia on October 6, 1891 at the age of 45.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Prince Alfred continued his tour, returning to Montreal after a visit to Niagara Falls, Hamilton, and Toronto.

125 years ago
1896


At the movies
Motion pictures were shown in Canada for the first time at the Palace Theatre at 972 St-Laurent at Viger in Montréal, where viewers saw films from the Lumière Brothers Cinematograph.

Died on this date
John Berryman, 70
. U.K. military officer. Troop Sergeant-Major Berryman was serving with the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) during the Crimean War, and earned the Victoria Cross for his actions during the Charge of the Light Brigade on October 25, 1854, when he stopped on the field with a wounded officer amidst a storm of shot and shell, and with the assistance of two sergeants, carried the wounded officer out of the range of guns. Troop Sergeant-Major Berryman died three weeks before his 71st birthday.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Muriel Pavlow
. U.K. actress. Miss Pavlow appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 65 years; her movies included Doctor in the House (1954) and Reach for the Sky (1956). She died after a short illness on January 19, 2019 at the age of 97.

Politics and government
Members of the Slavey, Dogrib, Hare, Loucheux, and other Indian bands in the Mackenzie River region signed Treaty Eleven at Fort Providence, Northwest Territories. According to historian Rene Fumoleau, they agreed to enter treaty "only after complete freedom to hunt, to trap, and to fish had been promised."

80 years ago
1941


War
An act was passed creating the Canadian Women’s Army Corps; the CWAC was officially established on August 13, 1941. German troops captured the Polish city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa. The U.S.S.R. admitted major defeats in White Russia. U.K. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in Moscow with a British military mission. Hungarian Prime Minister Ladislaus de Bardossy announced that a state of war existed between Hungary and the U.S.S.R.

Law
The United States Senate confirmed the appointment of Harlan Fiske Stone as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Politics and government
U.S. federal agents raided the offices of the Trotskyite Socialist Workers Party in Minneapolis and St. Paul, seizing records and other materials. Acting U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle accused party leaders of seditious conspiracy, and said they had gained control of a Teamsters Union local "to use it for illegitimate purposes."

Economics and finance
The Japanese trade mission headed by Kenkichi Yoshizawa, which failed to reach a trade agreement with the Netherlands East Indies, sailed from Batavia to Japan.

Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruled that Weirton Steel Company had violated the Wagner Act by discouraging membership in the Congress of Industrial Organizations Steel Workers Organizing Committee through intimidation, beatings, and labour espionage.

The American Newspaper Guild convention gave executive vice president Milton Kaufman a vote of confidence by a narrow majority after he denied being a Communist.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
William Stone, 79
. U.S. physician. Dr. Stone was a pioneer in the use of radium to treat cancer.

Yosuke Matsuoka, 66. Japanese diplomat and politician. Mr. Matsuoka held various positions, but was probably best known for his brief period as Foreign Minister from 1940-1941, when he supported friendly relations with Germany and Italy, while exhibiting hostility toward the United States. He was arrested by the Allies at the end of World War II, but died of natural causes in Sugamo Prison in Tokyo while awaiting trial on war crimes charges.

Juan Antonio Rios, 57. President of Chile, 1942-1946. Mr. Rios, a member of the conservative wing of the Radical Party, was first elected to Congress in 1924. He was elected President in 1942 following the death in office of President Aguirre Cerda. Mr. Rios opposed some of the policies of his own party as well as those of some other parties, leaving him with little political support. He died of cancer five months after transferring his presidential powers to Vice President Alfredo Duhalde.

War
At the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, Ken Inukai, son of murdered Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inukai, testified that Emperor Hirohito opposed, but could not halt, the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

Diplomacy
Supreme Court of Canada Justices Robert Taschereau and R.L. Kellock concluded a five-month study of espionage in Canada, charging that several parallel spy networks had been operating under members of the Soviet embassy.

At the Paris conference of Foreign Ministers, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov agreed to the awarding of the Dodecanese Islands to Greece and the cession of Mont Cenis and the Tenda and Briga regions of northern Italy to France.

Law
The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946, recognized the definition of a Canadian citizen, received royal assent. It came into effect on January 1, 1947.

Terrorism
30 members of the Zionist organization Irgun Zvai Leumi were sentenced by a British court in Jerusalem to 15 years in prison for unlawfully carrying firearms.

Science
Russian Professor Aleksandr Zhdanov received the 100,000-ruble Stalin Praize for discovering "new ways of splitting atomic nuclei with cosmic rays."

Economics and finance
U.K. Food Minister John Strachey announced that bread, flour, and cake would be rationed for the first time in British history, starting July 21, 1946.

The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee voted to increase federal aid to the needy, aged, and blind to $60 per month, and to increase old age and survivors' insurance by 50%. U.S. President Harry Truman signed a $7-million bill to make up teacher salary deficits in "war-impacted" communities.

70 years ago
1951


War
North Korean radio dropped its "drive the enemy into the sea" slogan, and adopted a new one: "Drive the enemy to the 38th Parallel."

Politics and government
The U.S. State Department announced the suspension of high-ranking China experts Oliver Edmund Clubb and John Paton Davies, Jr. pending hearings on security charges.

Crime
The U.S. Senate Crime Investigating Committee heard testimony that racketeers Charles "Lucky" Luciano and Nicolo Gentile largely controlled the American illegal narcotics trade despite their deportation to Italy.

Economics and finance
The U.S. auto industry began laying off workers preparatory to cutting output on July 1 as ordered by the National Production Authority.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Greenfields--The Brothers Four (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Nightmare, starring Peter Wyngarde and Mary Peach



Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Make My Death Bed, starring Diana Van der Vlis, James Best, Jocelyn Brando, and Biff Elliot

Boxing
World flyweight champion Pone Kingpetch (23-3) retained his title with a 15-round split decision over Mitsunori Seki (21-3-1) at Kokugikan in Tokyo. The one official who voted in favour of the challenger was (surprise!) Japanese judge Hiroyuki Tezaki.





40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amoureux Solitaires--Lio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I've Seen That Face Before (Libertango)--Grace Jones

#1 single in Ireland: You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): One Day In Your Life--Michael Jackson

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): One Day In Your Life--Michael Jackson

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 How 'bout Us--Champaign (5th week at #1)
2 I've Seen That Face Before--Grace Jones
3 Ma Quale Idea--Pino D'Angiò
4 Rain in May--Max Werner
5 Klap Maar In Je Handen (Live)--Peter Koelewijn en Zijn Rockets
6 Dance On--Doris D and the Pins
7 Kids in America--Kim Wilde
8 Attention to Me--The Nolans
9 Don't Stop--K.i.D.
10 Only Crying--Keith Marshall

Singles entering the chart were You Drive Me Crazy by Shakin' Stevens (#24); Shanah by Jack Jersey (#31); Achterhoek Boogie by Normaal (#32); and Hit 'n Run Lover by Carol Jiani (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (6th week at #1)
2 Medley--Stars on 45
3 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
4 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
5 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
6 The One that You Love--Air Supply
7 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 America--Neil Diamond
9 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
10 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys

Singles entering the chart were (There's) No Gettin' Over Me by Ronnie Milsap (#75); Everlasting Love by Rex Smith/Rachel Sweet (#80); The Real Thing by the Brothers Johnson (#81); Walk Right Now by the Jacksons (#83); It Hurts to Be in Love by Dan Hartman (#84); Don't Let Go the Coat by the Who (#87); Nicole by Point Blank (#88); Someday, Someway by Robert Gordon (#90); and On and on and On by ABBA (#92).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (2nd week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
4 The One That You Love—Air Supply
5 A Woman Needs Love--Ray Parker, Jr. and Raydio
6 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
7 This Little Girl—Gary U.S. Bonds
8 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
9 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
10 America—Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Everlasting Love by Rex Smith/Rachel Sweet (#78); Tom Sawyer by Rush (#83); Don't Let Go the Coat by the Who (#84); Nicole by Point Blank (#85); Walk Higher Now by the Jacksons (#86); Someday, Someway by Robert Gordon (#87); It Hurts to Be in Love by Dan Hartman (#88); Nightwalker by Gino Vannelli (#89); and Fly Away by Blackfoot (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (4th week at #1)
2 Medley--Stars on 45
3 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
4 The One that You Love--Air Supply
5 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
6 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
7 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
8 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
10 I Love You--Climax Blues Band

Singles entering the chart were (There's) No Gettin' Over Me by Ronnie Milsap (#57); Lady (You Bring Me Up) by the Commodores (#60); Everlasting Love by Rex Smith/Rachel Sweet (#79); Don't Want to Wait Anymore by the Tubes (#86); Nightwalker by Gino Vannelli (#88); Feels So Right by Alabama (#89); It Hurts to Be in Love by Dan Hartman (#93); Nicole by Point Blank (#96); Fly Away by Blackfoot (#97); and Running Away by Maze featuring Frankie Beverly (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (4th week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
4 Sukiyaki—A Taste of Honey
5 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
6 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
7 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
8 A Woman Needs Love--Ray Parker, Jr. and Raydio
9 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
10 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers

Singles entering the chart were Don't Let Him Go by REO Speedwagon (#41); Coldest Night of the Year by Bruce Cockburn (#44); Theme from "Greatest American Hero" by Joey Scarbury (#48); Boy from New York City by the Manhattan Transfer (#49); and Modern Girl by Sheena Easton (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
2 Beatles Medley--Stars on 45
3 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 This Little Girl--Gary U.S. Bonds
6 Sukiyaki—A Taste of Honey
7 America--Neil Diamond
8 Nobody Wins--Elton John
9 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
10 Winning--Santana

Singles entering the chart were Slow Hand by the Pointer Sisters (#26); Hearts by Marty Balin (#27); You're Not the Same Girl by Blue Northern (#28); and Boy from New York City by the Manhattan Transfer (#30).

Politics and government
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued its Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party Since the Founding of the People's Republic of China, laying the blame for the Cultural Revolution on Mao Zedong.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (2-2) 38 @ Hamilton (2-2) 24

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Any Dream Will Do--Jason Donovan

Died on this date
Milton Subotsky, 69
. U.S.-born movie producer. Mr. Subotsky worked in television in the 1950s before moving to England, where he and fellow American expatriate Max Rosenberg formed Amicus Productions in 1964, producing movies such as Dr. Who & the Daleks (1965); Tales from the Crypt (1972); and Asylum (1972). Mr. Subotsky died of heart disease.

War
Yugoslav troops moved into Slovenia 48 hours after Slovenia had declared is independence.

Politics and government
Keith Spicer released his final report of the Citizens' Forum on Canada's Future, then returned to his post as Chairman of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). The Spicer Commission Report said that Canadians were frustrated with politicians; called for rethinking of Canada's structures and a national referendum on constitutional change; recommended that Québec be recognized as a unique province; that there be a prompt settlement of Native land claims; and that the Senate be reformed or abolished.

Robert Nixon resigned as interim Leader of the Liberal Party of Ontario, and replaced Tom Wells as Ontario Agent-General in London, England.

Long-time Progressive Conservative Party hack Hugh Segal was appointed as senior adviser to Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

In Oka, Québec, Jerry Peltier, former head of the Kahnesatake Mohawk Coalition, was elected interim Grand Chief of Kahnesatake, urging the end of traditional selection by the democratic system.

Protest
Manitoba and Ontario natives supported Great Whale Crees in fighting new hydro projects in Québec.

Labour
The Supreme Court of Canada unanimously ruled that unions could collect dues from non-union members in a bargaining unit and use the money for political contributions and other purposes not related to collective bargaining.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-1) 14 @ Ottawa (1-0) 40
British Columbia (0-1) 10 @ Edmonton (1-0) 31

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Macarena--Los Del Rio

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Macarena--Los Del Rio (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Albert R. Broccoli, 87
. U.S. film producer. "Cubby" Broccoli was best known for producing or co-producing most of the James Bond movies from 1962-1989.

Space
Canadian Space Agency astronaut and NASA Payload Specialist Dr. Robert Thirsk, on U.S. space shuttle Columbia mission STS-78, took part in the Astronaut Lung Function Experiment, to get a better understanding of how gravity affects the pulmonary system during rest and heavy exercise. He also continued to enter responses to a battery of problem-solving tasks on the laptop computer Performance Assessment Work Station. Information from tests of the crew's mental function abilities was used to create future crew schedules, taking advantage of peak mental performance periods.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-0) 27 @ Montreal (0-1) 24
Edmonton (1-0) 28 @ British Columbia (0-1) 14

Doug Flutie's 6-yard touchdown pass to Paul Masotti with 14 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Argonauts their win over the Alouettes before 24,653 fans at Olympic Stadium in the first Canadian Football League game in Montreal since November 9, 1986. Tracy Ham started at quarterback for Montreal, but suffered a back injury early in the game, and was replaced by Jimmy Kemp for the rest of the game. It was the first game for Bob Price as Montreal's head coach; he replaced Don Matthews, who was returning as head coach of the Argonauts.



Danny McManus, playing his first regular season game in an Edmonton uniform, handed off to Tony Burse for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another himself as the Eskimos defeated the Lions at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to win their season opener for the 19th straight season. Frank Jagas kicked 3 converts and 2 field goals for the Eskimos in his first CFL game, while it was the last CFL game for Edmonton receiver C.J. Davis. It was the first game as a CFL head coach for B.C.'s Joe Paopao.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Tove Jansson, 86
. Finnish authoress and artist. Miss Jansson was a painter and illustrator, but was best known for writing the Moomin series of books and a comic strip for children (1945-1993), for which she was awarded the Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1966. Miss Jansson died of cancer.

Jack Lemmon, 76. U.S. actor. Mr. Lemmon won Academy Awards for his supporting performance in Mister Roberts (1955) and his starring performance in Save the Tiger (1973), and was nominated for his starring performances in Some Like it Hot (1959); The Apartment (1960); Days of Wine and Roses (1962); The China Syndrome (1979); Tribute (1980); and Missing (1982). He was nominated for six Emmy Awards, winning in the category of Outstanding Single Program – Variety or Musical for 'S Wonderful, 'S Marvelous, 'S Gershwin (1972) and for his starring performance in the made-for-television movie Tuesdays with Morrie (1999). Mr. Lemmon and Walter Matthau appeared together in nine movies from 1966-1998, including The Fortune Cookie (1966) and The Odd Couple (1968). Mr. Lemmon died after a two-year battle with bladder cancer.

Joan Sims, 71. U.K. actress. Miss Sims appeared in more than 50 movies in a career spanning more than 40 years, including 23 Carry On films (1957-1978). She died from a number of health conditions.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (0-2) 10 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 38
Saskatchewan (2-0) 24 @ Edmonton (0-2) 9

10 years ago
2011


Scandal
Former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich (Democrat) was convicted by a federal jury in Chicago of corruption. He was later sentenced to 14 years in prison.

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