Saturday, 12 June 2021

June 13, 2021

640 years ago

The Peasants' Revolt in England, led by Wat Tyler, came to a head as rebels set fire to the Savoy Palace.

260 years ago

Born on this date
Antonín Vranický
. Czech musician and composer. Mr. Vranický was a classical violinist whose compositions included at least three symphonies, chamber music, and instrumental works, many for violin. He died on August 6, 1820 at the age of 59.

190 years ago

Born on this date
James Clerk Maxwell
. U.K. physicist. Professor Maxwell was a mathematical physicist whose most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as different manifestations of the same phenomenon. He is regarded as one of the most influential physicists in history, along with Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. Professor Maxwell came to saving faith in Jesus Christ at an early age, and submitted his faith to rigorous intellectual examination; he remained strong in faith and scholarship until his death from abdominal cancer on November 5, 1879 at the age of 48.

160 years ago

Prince Alfred, 17, he second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, arrived at Quebec City aboard the steamer Queen Victoria and was driven to the Governor-General's residence; for the next few days he explored the city, visited Chaudiere Falls and other places of interest, and attended divine service at the Cathedral, before leaving for Montreal on June 17.

150 years ago

A hurricane killed 300 people on the Labrador coast.

125 years ago

Harry Vardon defeated J.H. Taylor in a playoff at Muirfield, Scotland to win his first of six British Open championships. Mr. Vardon, a resident of Jersey, became the first man from anywhere other than England or Scotland to win the tournament. First prize money was £30.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Tage Erlander
. Prime Minister of Sweden, 1946-1969. Mr. Erlander, a Social Democrat, was first elected to Parliament in 1932, and held several cabinet posts until succeeding Per Albin Hansson as party leader and Prime Minister upon Mr. Hansson's death in 1946. Mr. Erlander implemented welfare state policies while managing to keep taxes low. He built a strong armed forces while maintaning a defense policy of neutrality. Mr. Erlander resigned in October 1969, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Olaf Palme. Mr. Erlander died of pneumonia and heart failure on June 21, 1985, eight days after his 84th birthday.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Erwin Wilhelm Müller
. German physicist. Dr. Müller taught at Technical University in Berlin (1950-1951); Free University of Berlin (1951-1952); and the University of Pennsylvania (1952-1977). He invented the Field Emission Electron Microscope (FEEM), the Field Ion Microscope (FIM), and the Atom-Probe Field Ion Microscope. Dr. Müller and his student, Kanwar Bahadur, were the first people to experimentally observe atoms. Dr. Müller died on May 17, 1977, 27 days before his 66th birthday.

Maurice Copeland. U.S. actor. Mr. Copeland appeared in plays and played supporting roles in movies such as Being There (1979); Arthur (1981); and Trading Places (1983). He died on October 3, 1985 at the age of 74.

Luis Walter Alvarez. U.S. physicist. Dr. Alvarez won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968 "for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonant states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chambers and data analysis." He was also involved in a project to X-ray Egyptian pyramids in a search for unknown chambers; analyzed the Abraham Zapruder film of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy; and, with his son Walter and others, developed the Alvarez hypothesis that dinosaurs became extinct as the result of an impact by an asteroid. Dr. Alvarez died on September 1, 1988 at the age of 77.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Larry Zirbel
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Zirbel was a schoolteacher for 37 years who worked 13 American League games in 1979 and one American League Championship Series game in 1984 as a replacement while regular umpires were on strike. He died on May 19, 2008, 25 days before his 87th birthday.

Babe Ruth (1-0) hit 2 home runs and pitched the first 5 innings to pick up the victory as the New York Yankees defeated the Detroit Tigers 13-8 before 12,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Ruth’s second home run travelled 460 feet into the right-center field bleachers, the first ball ever hit there. He gave up 4 runs--3 earned--in his 5 innings on the mound. Losing pitcher Howard Ehmke (5-6) allowed 16 hits and 13 earned runs in a complete game.

90 years ago

At the movies
The first filmed version of The Maltese Falcon, directed by Roy Del Ruth, and starring Ricardo Cortez and Bebe Daniels, opened in theatres.

Soldiers of Lord Strathcona's Horse were brought to Edmonton to reinforce the police and control unemployed protesters.

Dust storms in one week deposited at least 6,000 tons of topsoil blown into Manitoba from drought-stricken Saskatchewan farms.

80 years ago

The Vichy French regime disclosed that at least 12,000 Jews in unoccupied France had been arrested and interned in concentration camps because of the discovery of an alleged "Jewish plot" to hinder Franco-German collaboration.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull denounced the "Darlan-Laval group" in Vichy for seeking to "deliver France politically, economically, socially and militarily to Hitler" and for resisting British forces in Syria. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles charged Germany with violating an international agreement by not assuring the safety of the 35 passengers and crew of the American freighter Robin Moor.

Politics and government
A new coalition cabinet took office in Bolivia.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management disclosed that it would soon begin a nationwide collection of aluminum to avert a threatened shortage.

American Negro leaders met in New York City with U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, who sought, at President Franklin D. Roosevelt's request, to get the Negro march on Washington for fair employment called off. When this was rejected, President Roosevelt agreed to meet with the Negro leaders.

U.S. President Roosevelt issued an appeal asking unions to refrain from jurisdictional disputes. The White House revealed that American Federation of Labor Teamsters President Daniel Tobin had complained to Mr. Roosevelt that "subversive organizations" were trying to damage his union.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Edward "Major" Bowes, 71
. U.S. radio host. Mr. Bowes hosted The Original Amateur Hour--later known as Major Bowes' Amateur Hour--from 1934 until his death, the day before his 72nd birthday. The program, which began on New York station WHN in 1934, moved to NBC in 1935, and then to CBS in 1936, showcased amateur performers who were attempting to break into show business.

At the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, the prosecution charged the defendants with violation of nearly 100 treaties and agreements.

Representatives of Afghanistan signed an agreement with U.S.S.R. officials in Moscow in which Afghanistan obtained water rights on the Kushka River, and in exchange gave up claims to the Kushka district in the Turkmen Soviet Republic.

World events
Five people were killed as the Bolivian government put down an uprising by Army Air Force members who attempted to bomb La Paz.

Politics and government
As Alcide de Gaspari of the Christian Democratic Party took office as Prime Minister of Italy, former King Umberto II left for Barcelona and permanent exile.

The New York Post offered a $5,000 reward for the indictment of Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Hussaini as a war criminal, claiming that he had collaborated with the Germans in the extermination of European Jews during World War II.

70 years ago

On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC (West Coast)
Tonight’s episode: The Kuriloff Papers

Four days later NBC’s east coast stations broadcast the episode as The Bazaloff Papers.

Died on this date
Ben Chifley, 65
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1945-1949. Mr. Chifley, a member of the Labour Party, represented Macquarie in the Australian Parliament (1928-1931, 1940-1951), and held several cabinet posts, including Treasurer (1941-1949), before becoming Prime Minister and Labour Party leader after the death of John Curtin in 1945. He presided over Australia's transition from a wartime to a peacetime economy, and expanded the welfare state. The Labour Party was defeated in the 1949 federal election by the Liberal Party of Robert Menzies, and Mr. Chifley remained as Leader of the Opposition until his death from a heart attack, several weeks after the 1951 federal election. He was succeeded as Labour Party leader by H.V. Evatt.

U.S. forces completed the capture of the "Iron Triangle" in northern Korea by taking Pyongyang. General Douglas MacArthur, addressing the Texas State Legislature, charged that U.S. President Harry Truman's administration policy in Korea was "appeasement," and predicted that the actions that he recommended would ultimately be taken.

Politics and government
The United Kingdom offered to give the African territories of Northern and Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland dominion status if the step was favoured by public opinion in those areas.

Fianna Fáil leader Eamon de Valera was chosen as Prime Minister of Ireland over incumbent John Costello when five independent members of the Dáil Éireann switched their votes from Mr. Costello's four-party coalition.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Joint Congressional Committee on Defense Production began hearings on charges that current beef shortages were caused by a "strike" of cattlemen and processors against the beef price rollbacks.

The University of Oklahoma Sooners edged the University of Tennessee Volunteers 3-2 at Omaha Municipal Stadium to win the College World Series.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Greenfields--The Brothers Four (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Midnight, starring Gloria Saunders and Herbert Patterson

This was actually a rebroadcast of an episode of Stars Over Hollywood that had originally been broadcast under the same title on November 8, 1950.

Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Coming Home, starring Crahan Denton and Jeanette Nolan

Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Grim Reaper, starring William Shatner, Natalie Schaefer, and Elizabeth Allen

This was the last episode of the season.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Bob Neville. Canadian travel agent. Mr. Neville, who had operated Neville World of Travel in Edmonton, was murdered during the early morning hours in his office in the Corona Building on Jasper Avenue near 106 St. Six months later, his business partner, Queen's University law professor Keith Latta, was convicted of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. Go here for more.

The New York Times began publishing a series of articles based on the Pentagon Papers, a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945-1967. The papers were leaked to the Times by former Defense Department employee Daniel Ellsberg.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sarà perché ti amo--Ricchi e Poveri (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): How 'bout Us--Champaign

#1 single in Ireland: You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Being with You--Smokey Robinson

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Being with You--Smokey Robinson

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 How 'bout Us--Champaign (3rd week at #1)
2 Dance On--Doris D and the Pins
3 Rain in May--Max Werner
4 I've Seen That Face Before--Grace Jones
5 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
6 De Verzonken Stad--Frank & Mirella
7 Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz
8 Kids in America--Kim Wilde
9 Double Dutch Bus--Frankie Smith
10 He's Just a Runaway--Sister Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Don't Stop by K.i.D. (#23); Me Kammetje by André Van Duin/Ik Heb 'm Nog Wel... by Jut en Jul (#30); Hopeloos by Will Tura (#32); and Habadabariwikidi - The Love Hopper by Urban Heroes (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (5th week at #1)
2 Medley--Stars on 45
3 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
4 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
5 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
6 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli
7 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
8 America--Neil Diamond
9 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
10 Sweetheart--Franke & the Knockouts

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Need You by Kenny Rogers (#33); Don't Let Him Go by REO Speedwagon (#72); Hard Times by James Taylor (#81); What She Does to Me (The Diana Song) by the Producers (#85); Another Ticket by Eric Clapton (#86); and Some Days are Diamonds (Some Days are Stone) by John Denver (#87).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (3rd week at #1)
2 Medley--Stars on 45
3 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
4 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
5 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
6 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
7 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
8 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
9 I Love You—Climax Blues Band
10 How ‘Bout Us--Champaign

Singles entering the chart were I Don’t Need You by Kenny Rogers (#34); Don’t Let Him Go by REO Speedwagon (#77); Another Ticket by Eric Clapton and his Band (#87); Feels So Right by Alabama (#88); Hard Times by James Taylor (#90); What She Does to Me (The Diana Song) by the Producers (#95); and She Did It by Michael Damian (#97).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Medley--Stars on 45
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
4 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
5 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
6 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
7 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
8 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
9 America--Neil Diamond
10 Being with You--Smokey Robinson

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Need You by Kenny Rogers (#37); Don't Let Him Go by REO Speedwagon (#66); Sign of the Gypsy Queen by April Wine (#83); The Break Up Song (They Don't Write 'em) by the Greg Kihn Band (#84); Night Feel (Feel Like Getting Down) by Billy Ocean (#88); It Don't Take Long by Spider (#89); Arc of a Diver by Steve Winwood (#90); Tom Sawyer by Rush (#92); What She Does to Me (The Diana Song) by the Producers (#97); and Freaky Dancin' by Cameo (#98).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (2nd week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
4 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
5 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
6 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
7 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
8 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
9 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
10 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Arc of a Diver by Steve Winwood (#43); Hearts by Marty Balin (#44); and Sign of the Gypsy Queen by April Wine (#49).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (4th week at #1)
2 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli
3 Beatles Medley--Stars on 45
4 Sweetheart--Franke & the Knockouts
5 Say You'll Be Mine--Christopher Cross
6 Nobody Wins--Elton John
7 This Little Girl--Gary U.S. Bonds
8 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
9 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
10 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison

Singles entering the chart were Modern Girl by Sheena Easton (#24); and Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through by Jim Steinman (#28).

Marcus Simon Serjeant, 17, discharged a blank cartridge pistol at Queen Elizabeth II in London with intent to alarm her as she rode past crowds on horseback. He was charged with discharging a blank cartridge pistol with intent to alarm the queen.

Toronto (1-1) 15 @ Hamilton (1-1) 3
Calgary (0-2) 4 @ British Columbia (2-0) 8

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Light My Fire--The Doors

Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney met German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn and urged financial aid for Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms in the U.S.S.R.

During an interruption of play at the first round of the U.S. Open golf tournament at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota because of a thunderstorm, one person was killed and five others injured when they were struck by lightning near the 11th tee. When the round concluded, Nolan Henke and Payne Stewart were tied for the lead with 5-under-par scores of 67.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

After consulting with various aboriginal groups, Governor General Roméo LeBlanc declared June 21 as National Aboriginal Day.

An 81-day standoff ended as 16 members of the anti-government Montana Freemen group surrendered to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation and left their Montana ranch.

Hamilton (1-0) 37 @ Toronto (0-1) 27 (OT)
Ottawa (0-1) 7 @ Montreal (1-0) 38

The Alouettes' rout of the Rough Riders at Olympic Stadium was the first Canadian Football League game played in Montreal since November 9, 1986.

20 years ago

Los Angeles Lakers 100 @ Philadelphia 86 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Shaquille O'Neal scored 34 points and grabbed 14 rebounds to help the Lakers defeat the 76ers before 20,900 fans at First Union Center. Allen Iverson led Philadelphia scorers with 35 points.

10 years ago

Maple Group Acquisition Corporation--a 13-member consortium made up of several Canadian banks, pension funds, investment firms and a life insurance company--launched a $3.8-billion hostile takeover bid for the TMX Group, owner of the Toronto Stock Exchange, the junior venture market, the Montreal Exchange and other Canadian trading assets.

Stanley Cup
Vancouver 2 @ Boston 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Bruins scored 4 goals in a span of 4:14 in the 1st period and coasted to victory over the Canucks at TD Garden.

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