Wednesday, 23 June 2021

June 23, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

210 years ago
1811


Died on this date
Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida, 70
. Portuguese poet. Mr. Tolentino de Almeida was Portugal's foremost satirical poet of the 18th century.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Prince Alfred continued his royal tour, arriving at Niagara Falls by rail; he travelled on to Hamilton and Toronto.

140 years ago
1881


Died on this date
Matthias Jakob Schleiden, 77
. German botanist. Professor Schleiden, with Theodor Schwann and Rudolf Virchow, co-founded cell theory.

130 years ago
1891


Died on this date
Wilhelm Eduard Weber, 86
. German physicist. Dr. Weber and Carl Friedrich Gauss invented the electromagnetic telegraph in 1833.

Samuel Newitt Wood, 65. U.S. politician. Mr. Wood, a member of the Liberty Party, and later the Republican Party, held various offices in state politics in Kansas. He advocated that his hometown of Woodsdale be made the seat of Stevens County instead of rival Hugoton, and the dispute led to his assassination by James Brennen outside the courthouse in Hugoton. Mr. Brennen was never prosecuted.

125 years ago
1896


Politics and government
18 years of Conservative Party government ended as the Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, captured 117 of 213 seats in the House of Commons in the Canadian federal election. The Conservatives, led by Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper, won 71 seats, bolstered by 15 Liberal-Conservatives. 4 independent Conservatives were elected, as well as 2 Patrons of Industry candidates, 1 indepedent Liberal, and 1 independent. Dalton McCarthyite, leader of the McCarthyite Party, was elected in both the Ontario riding of Simcoe North and the Manitoba riding of Brandon; he resigned the Brandon seat. The Liberal total was an increase of 27 seats from the 1891 election, while the Conservative and Liberal-Conservative total was down 31 from 1891. The Liberals captured 41.4% of the popular vote, while the Conservatives and Liberal-Conservatives combined for 48.2%. Mr. Tupper initially refused to cede power and attempted to make appointments as Prime Minister, but Governor General Lord Aberdeen intervened and asked Mr. Laurier to form a government.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Paul Findley
. U.S. politician. Mr. Findley, a Republican, represented Illinois' 20th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1961-1983). He supported Negro civil rights, and was an opponent of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Mr. Findley was perhaps best known for his opposition to the Israeli political lobby, which he blamed for the loss of his seat in the 1982 election. He supported the Islamic lobby in the United States as well as opening up communication with the Palestine Liberation Organization. Mr. Findley died on August 9, 2019 at the age of 98.

90 years ago
1931


Aviation
Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island, New York in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.

80 years ago
1941


War
German forces captured Brest-Litovsk as well as the towns of Kovno and Lomza in Soviet-annexed Poland. U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) urged the United States to help whichever side seemed to be losing in the war between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and thus "let them kill as many as possible." U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) predicted that the U.S.S.R. would be defeated within 30 days.

World events
The Lithuanian Activist Front declared independence from the U.S.S.R. and formed the Provisional Government of Lithuania.

Diplomacy
Polish Prime Minister Wladyslaw Sikorski, in a broadcast from London, offered to resume friendly relations with the U.S.S.R. if the Soviets reinstated the Treaty of Riga boundary.

Defense
The U.S. War Department modified the property seizure bill, limiting the President's requisitioning authority to military or naval equipment and material and machinery needed for their manufacture.

Labour
In an effort to end the San Francisco shipyards strike, the United States navy ordered striking Congress of Industrial Organizations and American Federation of Labor machinists to be signed on civil service rolls.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
William S. Hart, 81
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hart had a successful career on stage, but achieved fame as the foremost star of Western movies from 1914--when he starred in The Bargain--through 1925, when he starred in his last film, Tumbleweeds.

War
Allied Supreme Commander in Europe General Dwight Eisenhower released his official report on Allied operations in Europe from D-Day (June 6, 1944) to V-E Day (May 8, 1945), stating that the war had been won due to material superiority and the spirit of the fighting men.

World events
U.S. Army authorities reported that 10,000 Eastern European Jews were entering the American zone in Germany every month.

Diplomacy
India appealed to the United Nations to place her dispute with the United Nations on the General Assembly's agenda, charging South Africa with discrimination against the 250,000 Indians there.

Protest
100,000 demonstrators carrying anti-American signs greeted a U.S. truce inspection team in Shanghai.

Disasters
A magnitude 7.3 earthquake hit the Forbidden Plateau area of central Vancouver Island, British Columbia just to the west of Courtenay and Campbell River, causing major damage and two deaths.

Tennis
Don Budge defeated Bobby Riggs to win the world professional clay championship in Richmond, Virginia.

70 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (Best Seller--1st week at #1); How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford (Disc Jockey--9th week at #1; Jukebox--8th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford (2nd week at #1)
2 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
3 Too Young--Nat "King" Cole
4 Jezebel--Frankie Laine
5 Sound Off (The Duckworth Chant)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
6 Mister and Mississippi—Patti Page
–Dennis Day
7 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford
8 Rose, Rose, I Love You--Frankie Laine
9 My Truly, Truly Fair—Guy Mitchell
--Vic Damone
10 Unless--Eddie Fisher
--Guy Mitchell

Singles entering the chart were Tom’s Tune by Georgia Gibbs (#30) and Gone Fishin’ by Bing Crosby and Louis Armstrong (#40).

Space
Astronomers at an American Astronomical Society meeting in Washington reported that outbursts of radiation from the edge of the Sun may be the cause of ionospheric disturbances in Earth's atmosphere.

Adventure
Clyde Deal of Red Bank, New Jersey docked his Norwegian-built sloop in New York harbor after completing a 4,400-mile trip from the Canary Islands in 54 days.

Transportation
SS United States, the biggest and fastest ocean liner constructed entirely in the U.S.A., was christened and launched at Newport News, Virginia.

Education
A three-judge U.S. federal court in Charleston, South Carolina upheld racial segregation in the state's public schools, but ordered equal facilities for Negroes.

Business
The U.S. Senate Small Business Committee charged that 10 large companies led by General Motors received 27% of the government's defense business during the first nine months of fighting in Korea.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Louy K: Part 4 The Disintegration

Diplomacy
The Antarctic Treaty System, which set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and limits military activity on the continent, its islands and ice shelves, came into force, agreed to by 12 participating states. The treaty originated in a conference in Washington in 1959.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies, trailing the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-0 after 5 innings, scored 2 runs in the 6th inning, 4 in the 8th, and 6 in the 9th as they came back to win 12-11 before 16,170 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Jim Woods singled as a pinch hitter for the Phillies in the 5th inning in the 36th and last game of his 3-year major league career.

Gene Freese led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a double and scored on a bases-loaded single by Eddie Kasko with 1 out to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 27,868 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Stan Musial drove in 7 runs with a 3-run home run in the 3rd inning and a grand slam in the 7th to help the St. Louis Cardinals defeat the San Francisco Giants 10-5 before 15,444 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Craig Anderson (1-0), the third and last St. Louis pitcher, allowed 3 hits in 3.2 scoreless innings to get the win, striking out 1 and walking none in his major league debut.

The Detroit Tigers and Cleveland Indians combined for 9 home runs in a 15-7 win for the Tigers before 24,037 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Detroit center fielder Bill Bruton and Cleveland left fielder Chuck Essegian each hit a pair of homers.

Jim Gentile batted 2 for 2 with a home run, 3 bases on balls, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Los Angeles Angels 8-6 before 6,554 fans at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles. Steve Barber (8-6) allowed 7 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 6.2 innings, but got the win, and helped his own cause by hitting his first major league home run in the 4th inning.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road

Politics and government
Allan Blakeney led his New Democratic Party to victory in the Saskatchewan provincial election, ending seven years of Liberal Party government. The NDP took 45 of 60 seats in the Legislative Assembly, with the remaining 15 seats going to Premier Ross Thatcher's Liberals.

Québec Premier Robert Bourassa rejected the proposed constitutional charter drafted a week earlier at the first ministers conference in Victoria; he wanted provincial legislative primacy in income security.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and the European Economic Community reached a final settlement of major obstacles that had obstructed British membership in the EEC.

Baseball
Catcher Frank Fernandez, who had been traded by the Oakland Athletics to the Washington Senators in a five-player deal on May 8, was sold by the Senators back to the Athletics. He was batting .100 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in in 18 games with Washington.

Rick Wise (8-4) had one of the greatest games a pitcher has ever had, hitting 2 home runs while pitching a no-hitter for the Philadelphia Phillies as they blanked the Cincinnati Reds 4-0 before 13,329 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Mr. Wise’s home runs were his 3rd and 4th of the season. For the defending National League champion Reds, it was the second time in three weeks that they had gone hitless in a game, both at home.







Ken Henderson led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie and Juan Marichal hit a 2-run homer with 2 out as the San Francisco Giants beat the Chicago Cubs 5-2 before 12,418 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Marichal (10-4) pitched a 10-hitter to outduel Milt Pappas (7-7), who pitched an 8-hit complete game. Mr. Marichal's home run was his second of the season, and the fourth and last of his major league career.

Boots Day, Stan Swanson, and Rusty Staub--the top third of the order--batted a combined 7 for 14 with 4 doubles, 4 runs, and 3 runs batted in to help the Montreal Expos defeat the Atlanta Braves 6-3 before 5,262 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Mr. Swanson, playing his first major league game, played left field, doubling and scoring in his first plate appearance, and finishing the game 2 for 5 with 2 doubles and a run, with 1 putout. Tom House, the second of three Atlanta pitchers, also made his major league debut, pitching the 7th inning and allowing 2 hits and 1 run--earned--in 1 inning, striking out 2 batters and walking none.

Lou Brock and Joe Torre hit run-scoring singles in the top of the 10th inning for the St. Louis Cardinals as they broke a 1-1 tie and defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 3-1 before 19,910 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Enzo Hernandez singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Norm Miller, and scored on a single by Tommy Dean to give the San Diego Padres a 3-2 win over the Houston Astros in the first game of a doubleheader before 5,936 fans at San Diego Stadium. Pinch hitter Larry Stahl singled home Nate Colbert from second base in the 8th inning to tie the score, and pinch hitter Angel Bravo doubled home Dave Campbell from first base with 2 out in the 9th inning to give the Padres a 4-3 win in the second game to complete the sweep. Mr. Campbell had forced Bob Barton out at second base after Mr. Barton had reached first on an error by Houston third baseman Doug Rader, making the winning run unearned. Relief pitcher Bob Miller won both games, improving his 1971 record to 5-2.

The Chicago White Sox scored all their runs from the 2nd through 6th innings as they routed the Kansas City Royals 12-3 before 5,910 fans at White Sox Park. Wilbur Wood (6-3) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory.

Gene Michael hit a solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the New York Yankees a 6-5 win over the Detroit Tigers before 11,949 fans at Yankee Stadium. New York starting pitcher Fritz Peterson took a 5-0 lead into the 9th, but the Tigers rallied for 5 runs, with pinch hitter Gates Brown's 3-run home run tying the score.

Boog Powell drove in 3 runs with a pair of home runs to help the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Washington Senators 7-5 before 7,867 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Jim Palmer (10-3) took a 7-1 lead into the 9th inning, but the Senators rallied for 4 runs, with Frank Howard hitting a 2-run home run and three consecutive pinch hitters reaching base and producing 2 more runs. Washington had the potential tying run at bat when relief pitcher Pete Richert retired Del Unser on a popup to second base to end the game.

40 years ago
1981


Baseball
In the International League, Dave Koza singled in Marty Barrett with the bases loaded in the bottom of the 33rd inning to give the Pawtucket Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Rochester Red Wings at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket to end the longest game in professional baseball history. The game had been suspended on April 19 with the score tied 2-2 after 32 innings and 8 hours 7 minutes of play. The 33rd inning took 18 minutes. Bob Ojeda pitched the top of the 33rd and picked up the win for the Red Sox.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Do 4 U--Father MC featuring Mary J. Blige (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wind of Change--Scorpions (3rd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher (2nd week at #1)
2 Bobby Brown--Frank Zappa
3 The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes
4 Wind of Change--Scorpions
5 Jesus Loves You--Bow Down Mister
6 Last Train to Trancentral--The KLF
7 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
8 Secret Love--Bee Gees
9 Blue System--Lucifer
10 How to Dance--Bingoboys featuring Princessa

Singles entering the chart were Sailing on the Seven Seas by OMD (Orchestral Manoeuvres In The Dark) (#23); Baby Baby by Amy Grant (#25); Illusion (Ilusion) by Luisa Fernandez & Peter Kent (#29); and Strike it Up by Black Box (#30).

Died on this date
Lea Padovani, 70
. Italian actress. Miss Padovani appeared in 60 movies, including Black Dossier (1955) and The Intruder (1956).

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Andreas Papandreou, 77
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1983-1989, 1993-1996. Dr. Papandreou began his education in Greece, but left for the United States in the 1930s after being accused of Trotskyism by the fascist regime of Ioannis Metaxas. Dr. Papandreou was an economist at various universities in North America before returning to Greece in 1959. He was imprisoned when a military dictatorship took power in 1967, but was allowed to move to Sweden, where he formed the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (PAK). When the military junta fell in 1974, Dr. Papandreou returned to Greece, dissolved the PAK, and founded the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), which he led until his death. As Prime Minister, he led governments that initiated leftist domestic policies, while charting an independent foreign policy. Dr. Papandreou resigned as Prime Minister because of ill health five months before his death from heart and kidney failure.

Diplomacy
A three-day Arab summit in Cairo concluded with a call for complete Israeli withdrawal from all Palestinian territory, including the Arab area of Jerusalem, to allow for an independent Palestinian state.

Religion
Most Reverend Desmond Tutu, 64, retired as Archbishop of Cape Town and head of the Anglican Church of South Africa. He remained head of the country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-0) 33 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 13



10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Fred Steiner, 88
. U.S. composer and conductor. Dr. Steiner was a piano prodigy who worked in radio and film, but was best known for his work in television. He was best known for writing the theme music for the series Perry Mason (1957-1966) and The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show (1959-1964). Dr. Steiner wrote music for 29 episodes of the original Star Trek series (1966-1969). He earned a doctorate in musicology from the University of California in 1981, and was a pioneer in the scholarly study of film music. Dr. Steiner died after suffering a stroke.

Peter Falk, 83. Mr. Falk was nominated for Academy Awards for his supporting performances in Murder, Inc. (1960) and Pocketful of Miracles (1961), and co-starred in movies such as Husbands (1970) and The In-Laws (1979). He began working in television in 1958, and was nominated for Emmy Awards in 1961, and 1962, winning in 1962 for his starring performance in an episode of The Dick Powell Show. Mr. Falk was best known for playing police Lieutenant Columbo on television (1968-2003), earning 20 more Emmy nominations and winning 4 more. He died of pneumonia complicated by Alzheimer's disease.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-0) 30 @ Winnipeg (0-2) 23

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