Sunday, 9 December 2018

December 9, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mary-Ann Murphy and Natalia!

410 years ago

Born on this date
John Milton
. English poet. Mr. Milton was best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667/1674), written in blank verse. He's generally regarded as one of the most important writers in the English language. Mr. Milton went totally blind while still in his 40s, and died on November 8, 1674 at the age of 65.

330 years ago

In the only substantial military action in England during the Glorious Revolution, forces loyal to William of Orange were decisively victorious in the Battle of Reading, forcing the flight of King James II from the country.

225 years ago

New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, was established by Noah Webster.

175 years ago

George Mountain, the Anglican Bishop of Montreal, founded Bishop's College as a liberal arts college in Lennoxville, Quebec. It became Bishop's University in 1853.

160 years ago

Died on this date
Robert Baldwin, 54
. Canadian politician. Mr. Baldwin, a native of York, Upper Canada, was a reform politician who served as Premier of Canada West from 1842-1843 and 1848-1851 and as Deputy Premier of the Province of Canada during those periods, while Canada East Premier Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine served as Premier of Canada, playing a major role in the evolution of responsible government in Canada.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Fritz Haber
. German chemist. Dr. Haber won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development for synthesizing ammonia, important for fertilizers and explosives. While Dr. Haber's work in the production of fertilizer has helped in the feeding of much of the world's population, he's also been criticized as the "father of chemical warfare" for his work in the development of chlorine and other poisonous gases in World War I. Although Dr. Haber was Jewish, the Nazis offered him funding to continue his research in weapons, but he left the country, and died of heart failure at the age of 75 on December 9, 1934 in Basel, Switzerland, while on his way to live in what is now Israel.

140 years ago

The first St. Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba Railway train arrived at Winnipeg late this evening after a 30-hour trip from St. Paul, Minnesota; the arrival of the railway marked the end of Kitson's Red River Transportation Company sternwheel ships.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Emmett Kelly
. U.S. clown. Mr. Kelly was known for creating the hobo character "Weary Willie." He began performing as a clown full-time in 1931, and was with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus from 1942-1956. Mr. Kelly died on March 28, 1979 at the age of 80.

110 years ago

Economics and finance
The Standard Stock and Mining Exchange set up a clearing house in Toronto; it was later absorbed by the Toronto Stock Exchange.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Joyce Redman
. U.K. actress. Miss Redman primarily appeared in plays and made-for-television movies, but was nominated for Academy Awards for her supporting performances in Tom Jones (1963) and Othello (1965). She died on May 9, 2012 at the age of 96.

75 years ago

Canadian troops crossed the Moro River and pushed through San Leonardo towards Ortona, opening a bloody new campaign in Italy. U.S.S.R. forces, after giving ground for two days to German counterattacks, finally held west of Kiev near Chernyakhov. Chinese troops recaptured Changteh from Japanese forces at dawn. Australian troops mopped up on the Huon Peninsula of New Guinea and took Bazuluo, 1 1/2 miles west of Wareo.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Ellison Smith (Democrat--South Carolina) "nominated" Sen. Harry F. Byrd (Democrat--Virginia) as a U.S. presidential candidate, and advised the South to organize a Democratic Party of its own.

The Canadian government ordered a ban on wage increases for the war's duration except in cases of "gross inequality or gross injustice." The U.S. Senate passed a resolution approving a wage increase of 8c per hour for 1.1 million non-operating railroad employees.

70 years ago

At the movies
Words and Music, a Hollywoodized biography of the songwriting team of Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart, received its premiere screening in New York City. It was directed by Norman Taurog, with Tom Drake playing Mr. Rodgers, Mickey Rooney as Mr. Hart, and numerous talented musical performers, including Judy Garland and Gene Kelly.

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Genocide Convention, which defines genocide in legal terms and advises its signatories to prevent and punish such actions.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities rejected a Justice Department request to drop its investigation of Communist spy activities in the State Department.

John Belcher, parliamentary secretary to the British Board of Trade, announced his intention to resign after admitting that he had solicited gifts from businessmen dealing with his agency.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Transport Workers Union ended a four-day convention in Chicago by re-electing anti-Communist President Michael Quill and ousting several leftist officials. A measure was also adopted barring Communists and their supporters from office.

60 years ago

Politics and government
The French National Assembly elected Jacques Chaban-Delmas, former Defense Minister and member of the Gaullist Union for the New Republic, as its permanent speaker.

Venezuelan President-elect Romulo Betancourt said that no Communists would serve in his government.

The anti-Communist John Birch Society was founded in Indianapolis by Robert Welch.

A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington indicted industrialist Bernard Goldfine on 18 counts of contempt of Congress for refusing to answer questions during an inquiry into his friendship with former presidential aide Sherman Adams.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes (2nd week at #1)
2 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
3 Stormy--Classics IV
4 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
5 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
6 Both Sides Now--Judy Collins
7 Who's Making Love--Johnnie Taylor
8 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
9 For Once in My Life--Stevie Wonder
10 I Love How You Love Me--Bobby Vinton

Singles entering the chart were I'm Gonna Make You Love Me by Diana Ross and the Supremes & the Temptations (#73); Season of the Witch (Part 1) by the Vanilla Fudge (#80); Worst that Could Happen by Brooklyn Bridge (#89); Everyday People by Sly & the Family Stone (#91); The Dance at St. Francis by Barracuda (#92); Isn't it Lonely Together by O.C. Smith (#93); California Dreamin' by Bobby Womack (#95); I've Gotta Be Me by Sammy Davis, Jr. (#96); Ready or Not Here I Come (Can’t Hide from Love) by the Delfonics (#97); Keep on Dancing by Alvin Cash (#99); and I Walk Alone by Marty Robbins (#100).

On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Solitary Cyclist

A 19-day U.S.-S.V. operation against 1,000 North Vietnamese and 150 Viet Cong political agents in the Danang area ended with 1,019 of the enemy reported killed and 71 Viet Cong agents captured. An unarmed reconnaissance plane shot down was the fifth U.S. aircraft lost over North Vietnam since November 1.

Despite strong protests in the Soviet press, the destroyers USS Dyess and USS Turner from the 6th Fleet began a scheduled 5-day cruise described as a "routine voyage" in the Black Sea.

Douglas Engelbart gave what became known as "The Mother of All Demos," at the Association for Computing Machinery/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (ACM/IEEE)—Computer Society's Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco, publicly debuting the computer mouse; hypertext; and the bit-mapped graphical user interface using the oN-Line System (NLS).

Commissioners André Laurendeau and Davidson Dunton issued their second Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism Report, urged that English and French should be made compulsory second language subjects for all Canadian students. The "Bi and Bi" Commission made the recommendation in a report calling for reforms in the school system to permit all students to study their own language and to learn the other official language, whether French or English. Meanwhile, Quebec Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand established The Commission of Inquiry on the Situation of the French Language and Linguistic Rights in Quebec, to respond to conflicts within Montreal's Catholic school board in Saint-Léonard. Francophone parents had founded Le Mouvement pour l’intégration scolaire (MIS), to promote mandatory French language education for allophones (immigrants and non-immigrants); parents of Italian origin, supported by anglophones, created the Saint Leonard English Catholic Association of Parents to defend being able to choose either English or French schools. The Commission was chaired by linguist Jean-Denis Gendron, with a mandate to propose measures "to ensure 1) the respect of the linguistic rights of the majority as well as the protection of the rights of minorities and 2) the free blooming and diffusion of the French language in all activity sectors at the educational, cultural, social and economic levels." The Gendron Report was published on February 13, 1973.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Una donna per amico--Lucio Battisti (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord--Boney M.

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Le Freak--Chic

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Get Off--Foxy (2nd week at #1)
2 Trojan Horse--Luv'
3 Dreadlock Holiday--10 cc
4 Paradise by the Dashboard Light--Meat Loaf
5 Kiss You All Over--Exile
6 Sandy--John Travolta
7 Bicycle Race--Queen
8 Guust Flater En De Marsupilami--Wij Zijn Twee Vrienden
9 MacArthur Park--Donna Summer
10 Dear John--Teach In

Singles entering the chart were Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord by Boney M. (#16); Who Pays the Ferryman/Wie Betaalt de Veerman by Yannis Markopoulos (#22); You Don't Bring Me Flowers by Barbra & Neil (#24); Y.M.C.A. by the Village People (#26); You Make Me Feel (Mighty Real) by Sylvester (#30); A Little More Love by Olivia (#31); and You Needed Me by Anne Murray (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Don't Bring Me Flowers--Barbra & Neil (3rd week at #1)
2 I Just Wanna Stop--Gino Vannelli
3 Le Freak--Chic
4 Sharing the Night Together--Dr. Hook
5 MacArthur Park--Donna Summer
6 I Love the Night Life (Disco 'round)--Alicia Bridges
7 Too Much Heaven--Bee Gees
8 (Our Love) Don't Throw it All Away--Andy Gibb
9 Time Passages--Al Stewart
10 My Life--Billy Joel

Singles entering the chart were Please Come Home for Christmas by the Eagles (#75); Soul Man by the Blues Brothers (#84); Dancin' Shoes by Nigel Olsson (#87); Easy Driver by Kenny Loggins (#88); Dancing in the City by Marshall Hain (#93); Tranquillo (Melt My Heart) by Carly Simon (#94); Get Down by Gene Chandler (#97); and Shake Your Groove Thing by Peaches & Herb (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Don't Bring Me Flowers--Barbra & Neil
2 How Much I Feel--Ambrosia
3 MacArthur Park--Donna Summer
4 Ready to Take a Chance Again--Barry Manilow
5 I Just Wanna Stop--Gino Vannelli
6 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
7 Double Vision--Foreigner
8 Sharing the Night Together--Dr. Hook
9 Blue Collar Man (Long Nights)--Styx
10 You Needed Me--Anne Murray

Singles entering the chart included Home and Dry by Gerry Rafferty (#83); A Little More Love by Olivia Newton-John (#84); What You're Doing to Me by David McCluskey (#87); Forever Autumn by Justin Hayward (#90); Run for Home by Lindisfarne (#93); Cuz it's You by the James Walsh Gypsy Band (#94); Don't Hold Back by Chanson (#96); Your Sweetness is My Weakness by Barry White (#97); Take Me to the River by the Talking Heads (#98); One Last Kiss by the J. Geils Band (#99); and Miles Away by Fotomaker (#100).

15 mentally retarded women died in a fire at the Ellisville State School in Ellisville, Mississippi.

New York Islanders 3 @ Toronto 2

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin (6th week at #1)

A raid by Israeli forces on a Palestine Liberation Organization guerrilla base in Beirut concluded with reports of one Israeli officer and 20 Palestinian guerrillas killed.

The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland was officially opened.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Maximum Overdrive--2 Unlimited

U.S. space shuttle astronauts Story Musgrave and Jeff Hofman completed repairs on the Hubble Space Telescope.

The U.S. Air Force destroyed the first of 500 Minuteman II missile silos marked for elimination under an arms control treaty.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices charged by producers for finished goods had remained level in November.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Archie Moore, 81
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Moore, born Archibald Wright and nicknamed "The Mongoose," had one of the longest professional careers on record, compiling a record of 185-23-10-1 from 1935-1963. He was world light heavyweight champion from 1952-1962, but fought mostly as a heavyweight in later years. Mr. Moore was regarded as one of the best fighters and hardest punchers in history, and was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990. He also acted in several films and television programs, and worked with underprivileged youth after his boxing career. Mr. Moore died of heart failure, four days before his 82nd birthday.

Shaughnessy Cohen, 50. Canadian politician. Mrs. Cohen, born Elizabeth Shaughnessy Murray, was a Liberal who represented the Ontario riding of Windsor-St. Clair in the Canadian House of Commons from 1993 until her death from a cerebral hemorrhage, which occurred seconds after she'd stood to address the House. She became the first MP to suffer a fatal incident in either house of Parliament.

Quebecor Inc. acquired Sun Media for $983 million, topping Torstar's bid by $80 million.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Yury Glazkov, 69
. U.S.S.R. cosmonaut. Major General Glazkov was a flight engineer in the Soviet Air Force before joining the cosmonaut corps in 1965. His only space flight was Soyuz 24, a 17-day mission aboard the space station Salyut in 1977.

Ibrahim Dossey, 36. Ghanaian-born soccer goaltender. Mr. Dossey played with the Ghanaian team that won the bronze medal at the Summer Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1992. He played professionally in Romania, appearing in 129 games with five teams from 2000-2008. Two days after signing with FCM Târgovişte, Mr. Dossey was critically injured in a car accident, and was in a coma until his death, 15 days after his 36th birthday.

Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich was arrested on suspicion of scheming to sell President Barack Obama's vacant Senate seat for cash or a job for himself in Mr. Obama's administration.

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada cut its key interest rate by .75% to 1.5%, the biggest drop since October 2001, and the lowest rate since 1958. The bank declared that Canada had entered a recession.

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