Saturday, 29 December 2018

December 29, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Christine Gotaas!

1,110 years ago

Died on this date
Abdallah ibn al-Mu'tazz, 47
. Abbasid poet. Abdallah ibn al-Mu'tazz was a leading Arabic poet and the author of the Kitab al-Badi, an early study of Arabic forms of poetry. He was persuaded to participate in a palace revolt on December 17, 908, and was installed as Caliph, but was overthrown the same day, and went into hiding. Abdallah ibn al-Mu'tazz was found on December 29 and immediately strangled.

810 years ago

Died on this date
Zhangzong, 40
. Emperor of China, 1189-1208. Zhangzong, born Madage, was the sixth Emperor of the Jin dynasty. He succeeded his grandfather Shizong on the throne, and promoted the customs and language of his own Jurchen people. Emperor Zhangzong reportedly spoiled his favourite concubine and appointed her family members to government positions, while the empire declined, although Zhangzong's armies successfully withstood a 2 1/2-year war against Southern Song invading forces. Emperor Zhangzong died without a male heir, and was succeeded by his uncle Wanyan Yongji.

510 years ago

Portuguese forces under the command of Francisco de Almeida attacked Khambhat at the Battle of Dabul in India.

225 years ago

The Second Battle of Wissembourg concluded in France between French forces commanded by General Lazare Hoche and an army of Austrians, Prussians, Bavarians, and Hessians led by General Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser. The French forced their enemies to withdraw to the east bank of the Rhine River.

220 years ago

Upper Canada's Marriage Act recognized marriages not performed by the Anglican Church as legal; this included the Roman Catholic Church, Church of Scotland, Presbyterian Church, Calvinist Church and Lutheran Church.

210 years ago

Born on this date
Andrew Johnson
. 17th President of the United States of America, 1865-1869. Mr. Johnson, a Democrat, represented Tennessee's 1st Congressional District from 1843-1853; was Governor of Tennessee from 1853-1857; represented Tennessee in the United States Senate from 1857-1862; was Military Governor of Tennessee from 1862-1865; and was Vice President of the United States from March 4-April 15, 1865 before replacing the assassinated Abraham Lincoln as President. Lacking political support from Republicans, he became the first U.S. President to be impeached, and came within one vote of conviction. Mr. Johnson served as a United States Senator from Tennessee again from March 5, 1875 until his death from a stroke on July 31, 1875 at the age of 66.

150 years ago

Politics and government
Sir John Young, 2nd Baronet Lisgar was named as Governor General of Canada to succeed Lord Monck; he served from February 2, 1869-June 21, 1872.

75 years ago

South Pacific, a drama written by Howard Rigsby and Dorothy Heyward, directed by Lee Strasberg, and starring Canada Lee and Ruby Dee (in her Broadway debut), opened at the Cort Theatre on Broadway in New York.

U.K. Royal Navy Admiral Bertram Ramsay and Royal Air Force Chief Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory were named to command Allied sea and air forces, respectively, under Supreme Commander for Europe General Dwight D. Eisenhower. The Soviet Red Army captured Korosten, an important rail centre 90 miles northwest of Kiev. U.S. troops broke into San Vittore, Italy, 5 miles east of Cassino. Yugoslavian partisan units penetrated the Yugoslav-Italian border, attacking the German garrisons at Castelnuovo and Gouiza. U.S. Marines advanced to within a half-mile of the Japanese airstrip at Cape Gloucester, New Britain Island.

Cuba and Costa Rica announced that they would withhold recognition of the new Bolivian revolutionary government.

Politics and government
The MacArthur for President Club entered U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur's name in the 1944 Illinois U.S. presidential primary.

Brazilian President Getulio Vargas became the first chief executive to be elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

Leaders of U.S. railway, conductors, firemen's, and switchmen's unions told their members not to on strike on December 30, but they refused to accept President Franklin D. Roosevelt as an arbiter in the wage dispute.

U.S. middle-distance runner Gil Dodds was named the 1943 winner of the John E. Sullivan Memorial Trophy for sportsmanship.

70 years ago

Israeli troops continued their advance along the Mediterranean coast, crossing into Egyptian territory at El Arish.

U.S. Defense Secretary James Forrestal issued his first annual report on the national defense establishment, urging the introduction of universal military training; increased military aid to anti-Communist governments; and greater power for the Defense Secretary over the separate service secretaries. He revealed that Defense Department researchers were studying an "earth satellite vehicle program" for military use. The U.S. Navy reported the successful testing of the heaviest armed single-engine carrier-based aircraft, the Martin M-1 Mauler.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville (3rd week at #1)
2 Gotta Travel On--Billy Grammer
3 To Know Him is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
4 I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley
5 Queen of the Hop--Bobby Darin
6 Problems/Love of My Life--The Everly Brothers
7 I Got a Feeling/Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
8 Bimbombey--Jimmie Rodgers
9 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters
10 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio

Singles entering the chart were The All American Boy by Bill Parsons (#41); May You Always by the McGuire Sisters (#45); You are Beautiful by Johnny Mathis (#50, charting with its other side, Let's Love); The Hawaiian Wedding Song/House of Bamboo by Andy Williams (#52); Teasin' by the Quaker City Boys (#54); Rock-a-Conga by the Applejacks (#55); The Girl on Page 44 by the Four Lads (#56); The One Rose by Teresa Brewer (#57); Tall Paul by Annette (#58); and Lovers Never Say Goodbye by the Flamingos (#59).

Rebel Rif tribal leaders threatened to attack French military garrisons in Morocco if they were not removed immediately.

The U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. signed a cultural agreement in Washington providing for the construction of an American science-cultural exhibit in Moscow and a similar Soviet exhibit in New York.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa opened its first meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

A multilateral $329-million economic aid program for Argentina, the largest ever devised for a Latin American nation, was announced in Washington.

Radio-Canada's 75 producers began a three-month strike; considered "a taste of the quiet revolution", the strike heralded the advent of "French Power" at the network.

50 years ago

Baltimore 34 @ Cleveland 0

Tom Matte rushed 17 times for 88 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Colts routed the Browns before 80,628 fans at Municipal Stadium.

Oakland 23 @ New York 27

62,627 fans were at Shea Stadium to watch the hometown Jets, champions of the Eastern Division, edge the Raiders to win their only American Football League championship. New York quarterback "Broadway Joe" Namath completed just 19 of 49 passes, but 3 of his passes went for touchdowns. Don Maynard caught 2 of Mr. Namath's scoring passes, including a 6-yard play for the winning score in the fourth quarter. Pete Lammons scored the other Jets' touchdown. Pete Banaszak rushed for an Oakland touchdown, and Fred Biletnikoff scored the other on a 29-yard pass from Daryle Lamonica. George Blanda added 3 field goals for the Western Division champions, who went into the game as defending AFL champions.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (11th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Y.M.C.A.--Village People (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Le monde est fou, le monde est beau--Julio Iglesias; Y.M.C.A.--Village People

Politics and government
In a continuing effort to halt the violence and disorder that threatened to topple his regime, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi of Iran named Shahpur Bakhtiar, a member of the opposition, as Prime Minister of a new civilian government, to replace the military government that the Shah had set up in November.

Gator Bowl @ Jacksonville, Florida
Clemson 17 Ohio State 15

Middle guard Charlie Bauman made an interception with less than 2 minutes remaining in the game to preserve the Tigers' victory over the Buckeyes. When Mr. Bauman stepped out of bounds at Ohio State bench, Buckeyes' head coach Woody Hayes punched Mr. Bauman. The incident led to Mr. Hayes' dismissal the next day, after 28 seasons as Ohio State's head coach.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Back to the Stone Age--Stone

The U.S. Defense Secretary's Commission on Base Realignment and Closure issued its recommendation. To save an estimated $5.6 billion over 20 years, it proposed the closing of 54 bases, the partial shutdown of 5, and the "realignment" of 54 others. The Defense Secretary and Congress would have to accept the recommendation on an "all-or-nothing" basis.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)

In a draft proposal, Israel offered the Palestine Liberation Organization joint control of border checkpoints, and proposed to increase the area of Palestinian autonomy around Jericho to 43 square miles. PLO chairman Yasser Arafat rejected this compromise, and the Palestinians continued to insist on a greater sphere of autonomy and sole control of border crossings from Egypt and Jordan.

Canadian forces made their 1,000th relief flight into Sarajevo.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 0.5% in November.

20 years ago

World events
Khmer Rouge leaders apologized for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed one million lives.

Six people died after mountainous seas smashed into yachts taking part in the prestigious Sydney-Hobart race.

10 years ago

Canada's junior hockey team was named Canadian Press Team of the Year for its gold medal win at the World Junior Championship at the beginning of the year.

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