Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Heather Pick!
1,600 years ago
Boniface I was elected Roman Catholic Pope, succeeding Zosimus, who had died two days earlier.
1,125 years ago
An earthquake destroyed the Armenian city of Dvin.
130 years ago
Born on this date
F. W. Murnau. German film director. Mr. Murnau was one of the major directors of the silent era, and was known for such German films as Nosferatu (1922); Der letzte Mann (The Last Laugh) (1924); and Faust (1926). He moved to Hollywood and directed such movies as Sunrise (1927) and 4 Devils (1928). Mr. Murnau died on March 11, 1931 at the age of 42, the day after being seriously injured in a car accident, and a week before the premiere of his last movie, Tabu.
110 years ago
The 7.1 Mw Messina earthquake shook Southern Italy with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme), killing 75,000-200,000 people.
Edmonton Thistles 3 @ Montreal Wanderers 7 (First game of 2-game total goals challenge series)
Harry Smith scored 5 goals for the defending champion Wanderers as they defeated the Thistles, champions of the Alberta Amateur Hockey Association, at Montreal Arena. All but one of the Edmonton players were ringers, joining the team just for the Stanley Cup challenge.
90 years ago
Politics and government
Major General the Honourable Hugh Havelock McLean, of Rothesay, New Brunswick, was installed as Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Florence Lawrence, 52. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss Lawrence, born Florence Bridgwood in Hamilton, Ontario, moved to Buffalo, New York at the age of 12. She appeared in almost 300 movies--mostly from 1906-1915--and became known as the "first movie star." Miss Lawrence was known as "The Biograph Girl" for her work in most of that studio's films in 1908-1909, and became the first actor to be identified by name on screen in 1910. Her career rapidly declined after she suffered serious injuries on a set in 1915, and she suffered financial losses and bad marriages. Miss Lawrence was diagnosed in 1937 with a rare incurable bone disease, and suffered from chronic pain and depression, but attempted to keep working. She was to report to a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer set on December 28, 1938, but phoned in sick, and then committed suicide by poison.
75 years ago
Died on this date
Steve Evans, 58. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Evans played right field with the New York Giants (1908); St. Louis Cardinals (1909-1913); Brooklyn Tip-Tops (1914-1915); and Baltimore Terrapins (1915), batting .287 with 32 home runs and 466 runs batted in in 978 games. His best season was 1914, when he led the Federal League in triples (15) and slugging (.556), while finishing second in batting (.348), doubles (41), homers (12), and RBIs (96). Mr. Evans excelled at being hit by a pitch, leading the National League in that category from 1910-1912; he was hit 31 times in 1910, a major league record that stood for 61 years until Ron Hunt of the Montreal Expos was hit 50 times in 1971. He also set a record by being hit three times in one game. Mr. Evans played at least 4 seasons in the minor leagues (1907-1908, 1916-1917), batting .288 in 466 games.
The New York Film Critics Circle announced their awards for the best achievements of 1943: Picture--Watch on the Rhine; Director--George Stevens (The More the Merrier); Actor--Paul Lukas (Watch on the Rhine); Actress--Ida Lupino (The Hard Way).
After eight days of brutal house-to-house fighting, the Battle of Ortona concluded with the victory of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division over the German 1st Parachute Division and the capture of the Italian town of Ortona. French Moroccan troops made short advances west of Castel San Vincenzo in the Italian mountains in the centre of the trans-peninsular front. U.S.S.R. forces continued their drive west of Kiev, advancing on a 65-mile front and reaching Behji, five miles northeast of Korosten.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 300 strikes in November involving 500,000 workers, costing 2,285,000 man-days of idleness, amounting to one-third of 1% of available working time.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Mahmoud El Nokrashy Pasha, 60. Prime Minister of Egypt, 1945-1946, 1946-1948. Mr. Nokrashy, a member of the Saadist Institutional Party (SIP), was the second Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Egypt. He formally outlawed the Muslim Brotherhood in December 1948 out of concern that the Brotherhood would move against the monarchy. Three weeks later, Mr. Nokrashy was gunned down in the main building of the Ministry of Interior by Abdel Meguid Ahmed Hassan, a veterinary student at the University of King Fouad I and a member of the Brotherhood, who was dressed as a lieutenant. Mr. Nokrashy was succeeded as Prime Minister by Ibrahim Abdel Hady Pasha.
Hooperatings listed the most popular programs in the United States as The Jack Benny Program; Family Theater; and Walter Winchell.
Hooperatings listed Texaco Star Theater, starring Milton Berle, as the most popular program in New York.
Economics and finance
Representatives of the U.S.A., U.K., France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg, meeting in London, agreed on the formation of an international Ruhr Authority (excluding the U.S.S.R.) to supervise much of West Germany's heavy industry. France gained a U.S. and U.K. guarantee that Germany's industrial potential would never be allowed to threaten French security.
Yugoslavia's first post-World War II trade delegation to Italy began discussions in Rome on a commercial treaty.
The U.S. House of Representatives Small Business Committee urged a tightening of anti-trust laws, with provisions for mandatory suspension of business executives convicted of anti-trust violations, and revisions of tax laws advantageous to large companies.
60 years ago
On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Mrs. Herman and Mrs. Fenimore, starring Mary Astor, Russell Collins, and Doro Merande
Politics and government
Cuban guerrilla leader Fidel Castro's radio broadcast announced plans for the establishment of a provisional Cuban government, to be headed by Manuel Urrutia Lleo, who had recently returned to Cuba from exile in the United States.
Economics and finance
French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle announced that taxes would be increased on corporations, people with high incomes, and luxury items, and that the devaluation of the franc and abolition of protective trade controls would "place the nation on a basis of truth and severity."
The Independent Newspaper and Mail Deliverers Union settled a three-week strike which had shut down nine major New York City newspapers and idled 15,000 non-striking newspaper workers.
Fire fanned by high winds destroyed the port of Koniya and part of Setouchi on Amani-O-Shima Island in the Ryukyus.
Baltimore 23 @ New York 17 (OT)
In what many Americans still claim was the greatest professional football game ever played, Alan Ameche rushed 1 yard for a touchdown 8:16 into sudden-death overtime to give the Colts their win over the Giants before 64,185 fans at Yankee Stadium. For the Colts, champions of the NFL's Western Conference, it was their first NFL title. After a first-quarter field goal by Pat Summerall gave the Eastern Conference champion Giants a 3-0 lead, the Colts took a 14-3 halftime lead on a 2-yard rushing touchdown by Mr. Ameche and a 15-yard scoring pass from Johnny Unitas to Raymond Berry. Mel Triplett rushed 1 yard for a touchdown late in the third quarter to cut the lead to 14-10, and then Frank Gifford scored on a 15-yard pass from Chuck Conerly early in the fourth quarter to give the Giants a 17-14 lead. With less than two minutes remaining, Mr. Unitas drove the Colts downfield, and Steve Myhra tied the game with a 20-yard field goal with 7 seconds left in regulation time. The Giants got the ball to start the overtime period, but were unable to move it, and Mr. Unitas drove the Colts from their own 20 for the winning score. This was not only the first NFL championship game to go into overtime, but is considered to be the game that established professional football as a game that could be successfully promoted on television.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (13th week at #1)
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Little Arrows--Leapy Lee (7th week at #1)
#1 single in France: Pauvre Verlaine--Salvatore Adamo
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Zum zum zum--Sylvie Vartan (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Lily the Pink--The Scaffold (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Lily the Pink--The Scaffold (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye (3rd week at #1)
Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Eloise--Barry Ryan (4th week at #1)
3 Battle Hymn of the Republic--Andy Williams with the St. Charles Borromeo Choir
4 Lea--The Cats
5 Jerushala'im Shel Zahav--Rika Zarai
6 Just a Little Bit of Peace in My Heart--Golden Earrings
7 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
8 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
9 Lily the Pink--The Scaffold
10 Ob-La-Di Ob-La-Da--The Marmalade
Singles entering the chart were Ain't Got No--I Got Life by Nina Simone (#25); Build Me Up Buttercup by the Foundations (#30); De Glimlach Van een Kind by Willy Alberti (#32); Blackberry Way by the Move (#34); Nostalgic Toilet by Cuby & Blizzards (#37); and Bluebirds Over the Mountain by the Beach Boys (#40). Ain't Got No--I Got Life was a medley of two songs originally from Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical. The version of Bluebirds Over the Mountain that was released in the Netherlands was different from the version released in North America; because of an error in the mixing instructions, the Dutch version contained acoustic guitar and percussion sounds missing from the North American version.
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye (2nd week at #1)
2 Stormy--Classics IV
3 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
4 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
5 I Love How You Love Me--Bobby Vinton
6 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
7 For Once in My Life--Stevie Wonder
8 Both Sides Now--Judy Collins
9 I'm Gonna Make You Love Me--Diana Ross and the Supremes & the Temptations
10 Cloud Nine--The Temptations
Singles entering the chart were Touch Me by the Doors (#53); California Soul by the 5th Dimension (#56); Tit for Tat (Ain’t No Taking Back) by James Brown (#73); You Showed Me by the Turtles (#78); Does Anybody Know I'm Here by the Dells (#80); Can I Change My Mind by Tyrone Davis (#82); Build Me Up Buttercup by the Foundations (#84); Sweet Cream Ladies, Forward March by the Box Tops (#86); May I by Bill Deal & the Rhondels (#90); Things I'd Like to Say by the New Colony Six (#91); I'm Into Lookin' for Someone to Love Me by Bobby Vee (#92); If it Wasn't for Bad Luck by Ray Charles and Jimmy Lewis (#93); The Thought of Loving You by Crystal Mansion (#94); Rain in My Heart by Frank Sinatra (#95); Goodnight My Love by Paul Anka (#97); Games People Play by Joe South (#99); and Poor Side of Town by Al Wilson (#100).
At the movies
Uptight, directed, co-produced, and co-written by Jules Dassin, and starring Raymond St. Jacques and Ruby Dee, opened in theatres.
Helicopter-born Israeli commandos bombed Beirut International Airport, destroying 13 Lebanese airliners.
All 12 people aboard a DC-3 were killed when it crashed in rugged terrain south of San Diego.
Arthur Ashe, a 25-year-old U.S. Army lieutenant fresh from winning the United States Open, played a key role in the United States Davis Cup team's 4-1 victory over Australia that returned the Cup to the United States for the first time since 1963.
40 years ago
Crows Nest Industries and Crow's Nest Pass Oil and Gas Company amalgamated.
United Airlines Fight 173, a DC-8 jet en route to Portland, Oregon, crashed into a residential area five miles southeast of the airport while attempting an emergency landing; amazingly, only 10 of the 185 people on board were killed.
30 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vingar--Mikael Rickfors
British investigators said that a powerful plastic explosive had destroyed the Boeing 747 that had exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland a week earlier, killing 270 people. "Conclusive evidence" of an explosive device had been found in a metal luggage holder in the wreckage.
25 years ago
Died on this date
William L. Shirer, 89. U.S. journalist. Mr. Shirer was a reporter, first for wire services and then for the Columbia Broadcasting System, who covered events in Germany from 1934-1940. His best-known books were Berlin Diary (1941); Midcentury Journey (1952); and The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (1960).
Howard Caine, 67. U.S. actor. Mr. Caine, born Howard Cohen, played Nazi Major Hochstetter in the television comedy series Hogan's Heroes (1965-1971).
Politics and government
In single-constituency elections in Russia, results showed the Liberal Democrats, led by nationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky, with 64 seats, followed by Russia's Choice--led by President Boris Yeltsin--with 58. Next in order were Communists--48; Agrarian Party--33; Women of Russia--23; and Yabloko ("Apple") bloc--22. Other parties held many seats, and 130 deputies claimed no party affiliation.
Six bombs--four of which exploded--sent by courier or through the mail killed five people and wounded two in western New York state. All the bombs were delivered to relatives of the girlfriend of one of the two suspects who were arrested the next day.
British customs officials seized £70 million of Colombian cocaine which was thought to be directly linked to the Mafia.
The United States Energy Department said that 800 people had been exposed to radiation in government experiments from the 1940s to the 1960s.
10 years ago
Two snow avalanches near Fernie, British Columbia killed eight people and injured three others.
Minnesota Twins' first baseman Justin Morneau was named the Canadian Press male athlete of the year; he hit .300, had 23 home runs and 129 runs batted in; with 97 runs scored, he was directly responsible for 27 per cent of his team's 829 runs in 2008.
The Detroit Lions completed a 0-16 season, the NFL's worst ever, with a 31-21 loss to the Green Bay Packers.
The Visionary World of Maritime New Lights - By David Bell Some years ago a Vermont family kindly allowed access to the Maritime portions of the journal of their ancestor, Ziba Pope. Pope (1779-1852) ...
11 hours ago