Tuesday, 23 July 2019

July 23, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alla!

700 years ago

A Knights Hospitaller fleet scored a crushing victory over an Aydinid fleet off Chios.

370 years ago

Born on this date
Clement XI
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1700-1721. Clement XI, born Giovanni Francesco Albani, became a cardinal in 1690, and succeeded Innocent XII on the papal throne. Pope Clement was known for his interest in archaeology, and was responsible for saving much of Rome's antiquity. He was also a great benefactor of the Vatican Library. Pope Clement XI died on March 19, 1721 at the age of 71, and was succeeded by Innocent XIII.

190 years ago


William Austin Burt patented the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.

130 years ago

Economics and finance
The Bank of Nova Scotia opened a branch in Kingston, Jamaica; it was the first branch established by a Canadian bank outside the U.S.A or U.K.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Arthur Treacher
. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Treacher was known for playing stereotypical English characters, such as butlers, in movies and television programs in a career that lasted almost 40 years. He died on December 14, 1975 at the age of 81.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Gustav Heinemann
. President of West Germany, 1969-1974. Dr. Heinemann was a law professor whose academic career was thwarted by his opposition to the Nazis. He was a steel company executive during World War II, and aided Jews as a member of the Confessing Church. Dr. Heinemann founded the Gesamtdeutsche Volkspartei (All-German People's Party) in 1952, but dissolved it in 1957 and joined the Social Democratic Party (SPD). He was Minister of the Interior (1949-1950) and Minister of Justice (1966-1969) before serving one term as President, where he was known as a "people's president," inviting ordinary citizens to his New Year's receptions, and encouraging civil liberties. Dr. Heinemann declined to run for a second term as President because of declining health, and died on July 7, 1976, 16 days before his 77th birthday.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Frederick Holder, 59
. Australian politician. Sir Frederick, a Liberal, then Free Trade, then independent politician, was Premier of South Australia (June-October 1892, 1899-1901) before moving into federal politics, representing South Australia (1901-1903) and Wakefield (1903-1909) in the Australian House of Representatives, and serving as Speaker of the House from 1901 until his death, when he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage while in the House.

100 years ago

Died on this date
Spyridon Lambros, 67 or 68
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1916-1917. Professor Lambros, a historian by trade, accepted King Constantine I's request to form a government in September 1916, but he resigned in April 1917 after being blamed for mismanagement of riots in Athens.

80 years ago

In response to the call for marriage and family initiated by Quebec's Young Catholic Workers' Youth (JOC), 106 couples united in front of many celebrants and a crowd gathered at Delorimier Stadium in Montreal.

The St. Louis Cardinals blanked the Brooklyn Dodgers 12-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,499 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn in a game in which yellow baseballs were used. The Cardinals completed the sweep with an 8-2 win in the second game.

75 years ago

Lieutenant General H.G.D. Crerar set up First Canadian Army headquarters in France. The Canadian army went into action for the first time as a separate unit, taking over the front south of Caen, composed of General Guy Simonds' 2nd Corps, including the 1st Polish Division and the 51st Highland Division, and the 1st British Corps, with its Dutch and Belgian brigades. U.S. troops in Italy fought their way into Pisa, taking the part of the city south of the Arno River. Soviet units in Poland entered Lublin, 85 miles southeast of Warsaw. U.S. Marines landed on Tinian Island, 2 1/2 miles southwest of Saipan, against light opposition. U.S. forces crossed the base of Orote Peninsula on Guam's west coast, cutting off the island's largest airfield.

Indictments against 26 Japanese-American internees in California on charges of draft evasion were dismissed under a ruling that they "are in custody and not free agents."

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Planning Association in Washington published a tax program prepared by Beardsley Rumi and H. Christian Sonne which recommended a balanced budget and abolition of income tax on corporations. The plan argued that corporate taxes were passed on to the public and that relief would result in lower prices and increased production and employment.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Pussy Cat Song (Nyow! Nyot Nyow!)--Patty Andrews and Bob Crosby (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (11th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)
2 Some Enchanted Evening--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
3 Again--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Mel Torme
--Vic Damone
--Doris Day and the Mellomen
4 Baby, it's Cold Outside--Margaret Whiting and Johnny Mercer
--Dinah Shore and Buddy Clark
--Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
--Don Cornell and Laura Leslie
5 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
6 Bali Ha'i--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
7 I Don't See Me in Your Eyes Anymore--The Stardusters with Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
8 Careless Hands--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
--Mel Torme
9 "A" - You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
10 A Wonderful Guy--Margaret Whiting

Singles entering the chart were Weddin' Day, with versions by Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters; and the Starlighters (#36); (Just One Way to Say) I Love You by Perry Como (#37); and Maybe it's Because by Dick Haymes (#40).

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Memory of Murder

Died on this date
Fritz Hansgirg, 58
. Austrian-born metallurgist. Dr. Hansgirg invented a commercially viable method of processing magnesium. He worked in Japan in the 1930s, and moved to the United States in 1940, where he worked with industrialist Henry Kaiser before being interned on December 16, 1941, nine days after the Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, as "potentially dangerous to the public peace and safety of the United States." Dr. Hansgirg was eventually paroled, and went to work at Black Mountain College in North Carolina. He died "unexpectedly," but it was suspected that Dr. Hansgirg's death was the from hypermagnesemia, resulting from decades of exposure to magnesium.

Yugoslavian Foreign Minister Eduard Kardelj announced his country's withdrawal of "moral and political" support from Greek Communist guerrillas, whom he accused of following the Cominform's anti-Tito line.

U.S. Defense Secretary Louis Johnson signed the final transfer order making the Air Force fully independent of the Army.

Politics and government
Indonesian nationalist leaders conferring in Jakarta agreed on the formation of a United States of Indonesia, to assume sovereignty from the Dutch government after a transitional period.

A typhoon struck Okinawa, causing 38 deaths, 252 injuries, and extensive property damage.

Albert Sandrin of Chicago won the U.S. national open in Omaha.

60 years ago

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Four the Hard Way

World events
A British commission of inquiry issued a White Paper rejecting charges by Colonial Secretary Alan Lennox-Boyd that African nationalist leaders had plotted a massacre of Nyasaland officials and white settlers.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower submitted to Congress the report of his Commission on the U.S. Military Assistance Program, urging the continuation of economic foreign aid with improvements in efficiency.

Wheat farmers in 39 American states voted to continue marketing quotas for the seventh consecutive year, assuring them of government price supports at $1.77 per bushel.

Cuban workers observed a one-hour work stoppage called by the General Confederation of Labour to demonstrate support of Prime Minister Fidel Castro.

Saskatchewan (0-1) 14 @ British Columbia (1-0) 30

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones

Apollo 11 passed the halfway point of its return journey to Earth. U.S. President Richard Nixon flew to the Pacific Ocean to be on hand for the arrival of the astronauts.

To follow the Apollo 11 mission in real time, go to Apollo 11 in Real Time.

For other news on this date, see The Days of Apollo 11.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Pop Muzik--M (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Omoide-zake--Sachiko Kobayashi

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Súper, Superman--Miguel Bosé

The U.S.A. criticized Israel for the previous day’s attacks on three coastal villages in Lebanon.

The U.S.A. and Vietnam reached an accord on aiding refugees, allowing American consular officials into Ho Chi Minh City to process those seeking to enter the United States.

Ted Bundy, suspected of murdering several dozen young women, was convicted of the murders of two sorority sisters in Tallahassee, Florida. The women, students at Florida State University in Tallahassee, were also severely beaten, as wee three others who survived. Among the prosecution witnesses were a member of the sorority, who testified that she saw Mr. Bundy leaving the house carrying a wooden club; and a dentist who testified that bite marks found on the body of one of the victims matched impressions of Mr. Bundy’s teeth.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss

#1 single in Switzerland: Express Yourself--Madonna

Politics and government
Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party trailed the Socialist Party in elections for half the seats in the Japanese House of Councillors. The LDP, under the leadership of Prime Minister Sousuke Uno, held only 109 seats to 143 seats for all opposition parties.

The Israeli cabinet endorsed Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir's original peace plan, which called for elections in the occupied territories to choose Palestinians who could discuss autonomy measures and a peace settlement with Israel.

Economics and finance
Mexican President Carlos Salinas announced that negotiations between Mexico and a committee representing 500 creditor banks had resulted in an agreement that would reduce the nation’s $54 billion commercial bank debt. The agreement marked the first success for the strategy of the U.S. administration of President George Bush to head off the debt crisis in backward countries, and the first time that commercial bank creditors had agreed to significant reduction of debt during the crisis. Under the plan, creditors could choose one of three broad options: reduce the principal; reduce interest; or extend more credit.

Greg LeMond of the United States won the Tour de France for the second time. His winning margin over runner-up Laurent Fignon of France was just 8 seconds, the closest finish ever.

Mark Calcavecchia shot a 2-under-par 13 in a 4-hole playoff to finish 3 strokes ahead of Greg Norman and Wayne Grady an win the British Open at Royal Troon Golf Club in Troon, Scotland. The fourth round had finished with the three tied with 13-under-par total scores of 275. First prize money was £80,000 ($128,000).

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Sweet Dreams--La Bouche (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Dame Mas--Alex de la Nuez

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): I Like to Move It--Reel 2 Real & the Mad Stuntman (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Dreams (Will Come Alive)--2 Brothers on the 4th Floor (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (8th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Swear--All-4-One (10th week at #1)
2 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories
3 Regulate--Warren G & Nate Dogg
4 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
5 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
6 Fantastic Voyage--Coolio
7 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
8 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
9 Funkdafied--Da Brat
10 If You Go--Jon Sedaca

Singles entering the chart were This DJ by Warren G (#51); None of Your Business by Salt-N-Pepa (#73); Action by Terror Fabulous featuring Nadine Sutherland (#93); and Weekend Love by Queen Latifah (#94).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
2 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
3 I Swear--All-4-One
4 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories
5 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
6 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
7 If You Go--Jon Secada
8 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
9 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
10 Shine--Collective Soul

Singles entering the chart were Do You Wanna Get Funky by C&C Music Factory (#81); You Gotta Be by Des'ree (#88); Long View by Green Day (#89); and Love is All Around by Wet Wet Wet (#90).

Shreveport (0-3) 24 @ Baltimore (2-1) 40
Winnipeg (1-2) 19 @ Calgary (2-1) 58
Sacramento (2-1) 22 @ Las Vegas (2-1) 20

Tracy Ham passed for 3 touchdowns and rushed for another as the Baltimore Football Club defeated the Pirates before 31,172 fans at Memorial Stadium.

Doug Flutie passed for 6 touchdowns and rushed for 2 more as the Stampeders routed the Blue Bombers before 26,243 fans at McMahon Stadium. Calgary led 28-14 after the 1st quarter.

David Archer completed a 32-yard touchdown pass to Rod Harris on the last play of the game to give the Gold Miners their win over the Posse before 10,740 fans at Sam Boyd Stadium.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Hassan II, 70
. King of Morocco. King Hassan II, who had reigned since 1961, supported Palestinian independence but also maintained diplomatic ties with Israel, and was on good terms with both his fellow Arabs and the West. He was succeeded by his son Mohammed VI, who continued his father’s policies, including friendliness toward Jews and Israel.

The U.S. space shuttle Columbia launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-93, with a five-member crew commanded by Air Force Colonel Eileen Collins, who became the first woman to command a shuttle flight. Col. Collins had previously piloted two shuttle flights. The crew launched into orbit the Chandra X-ray Observatory, which was intended to detect radiation from black holes, quasars, exploding stars, and gas clouds.

All Nippon Airways Flight 61, a Boeing 747 en route from Tokyo to Chitose, Japan with 503 passenger and 14 crew members aboard, was hijacked 25 minutes after takeoff by Yuji Nishizawa, who stabbed captain Nagashima Naoyuki to death. The crew subdued Mr. Nishizawa, and the plane made an emergency landing at Tokyo's Haneda Airport, where Mr. Nishizawa was charged with murder.

Chinese authorities began detaining thousands of members of the sect Falun Gong and seizing its publications. 1,200 government officials who were members were among those detained.

Politics and government
In the United States, the Reform Party convention opened in Dearborn, Michigan. Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura, the party's highest elected official, addressed the convention, and announced that he would not be a candidate for President of the United States in 2000.

The Pan-American Games opened in Winnipeg, with over 5,000 athletes from 42 countries participating until August 8; Winnipeg had previously hosted the games in 1967.

Hamilton (1-2) 21 @ Toronto (1-2) 24
British Columbia (3-0) 32 @ Saskatchewan (0-3) 21

10 years ago

Died on this date
Charlie Shepard, 76
. U.S.-born football player. Mr. Shepard was a fullback and punter at North Texas State University before playing with the Pittsburgh Steelers (1956) and Winnipeg Blue Bombers (1957-1962). He helped the Blue Bombers win four Grey Cups and five Western championships. His best season was 1959, when he rushed for 1,076 yards and made the Western Interprovincial Football Union All-Star team. He became the first man to win an award as the Most Valuable Player in the Grey Cup for his performance in that year's game, when he punted for 4 singles in the 4th quarter as the Blue Bombers beat the Hamilton Tiger-Cats 21-7. Mr. Shepard died 12 days after his 76th birthday.

Politics and government
Shawn Atleo from British Columbia was elected national chief at the Assembly of First Nations leadership convention in Ottawa.

Mohammad Shafia, wife Tooba Yahya, and son Hamed were arrested in Kingston, Ontario on charges of four counts of first degree murder and conspiracy to commit murder, under the guise of honour killing, in the murder of Shafia sisters Zainab, 19, Sahar, 17, and Geeti, 13, along with first wife Rona Amir Mohammed, found dead inside a car that discovered underwater in front of the northernmost Kingston Mills lock of the Rideau Canal, on June 30. On January 29, 2012 they were found guilty of all four counts by the jury at the Frontenac County Court House, and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Hamilton (2-2) 8 @ Montreal (4-0) 21

Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox pitched the 18th perfect game in major league history, a 5-0 win over the Tampa Bay Rays before 28,036 fans at U.S. Cellular Field in Chicago. Center fielder DeWayne Wise saved the perfect game when Gabe Kapler led off the 9th inning with a deep drive, and Mr. Wise made a leaping catch, grabbing the ball in his bare hand after it came out of his glove before hitting the ground. Mr. Buehrle had previously pitched a no-hitter against the Texas Rangers in 2007.

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