Sunday, 7 July 2019

July 7, 2019

900 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of Japan, 1123-1142. Sutoku ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne at the age of 4 upon the abdication of his father Toba. Emperor Sutoku also abdicated and was succeeded by his younger brother Emperor Konoe. Sutoku died on September 14, 1164 at the age of 45.

120 years ago

Born on this date
George Cukor
. U.S. film director. Mr. Cukor won the Academy Award for Best Director for My Fair Lady (1964). His other movies included Dinner at Eight (1933); David Copperfield (1935); Romeo and Juliet (1936); Camille (1936); The Women (1939); The Philadelphia Story (1940); A Woman's Face (1941); Gaslight (1944); A Double Life (1947); Adam's Rib (1949); and A Star is Born (1954). Mr. Cukor died on January 24, 1983 at the age of 93.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Gottfried von Cramm
. German tennis player. Baron Cramm won the men's singles competition at the French Championships in 1934 and 1936, men's doubles competition at both the French and U.S. championships in 1937, and mixed doubles at Wimbledon in 1933. He was ranked number one in the world in 1937, when he had his most famous match, a loss to Don Budge of the United States in the Davis Cup Interzonal semi-finals. Baron Cramm was at his peak during the early years of the Nazi regime in Germany, and his homosexuality led to difficulties with the regime. He served time in prison on morals charges, and was conscripted into military service during World War II. Baron Cramm was able to resume his tennis career in West Germany after World War II, and became a successful businessman. He was killed in a car accident near Cairo on November 9, 1976 at the age of 67.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Jon Pertwee
. U.K. actor. Mr. Pertwee began his career as a stage comedian, and appeared in four Carry On movies. He was best known for playing Chief Petty Officer Pertwee (and three other roles) in the radio comedy series The Navy Lark (1959-1974); the Third Doctor in the television series Doctor Who (1970-1974); and the title character in the television series Worzel Gummidge (1979–1981, 1987–1989). Mr. Pertwee died of a heart attack in his sleep on May 20, 1996 at the age of 76.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Deacon White, 91
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. White was a catcher, third baseman, and first baseman with 2 teams in the National Association from 1871-1875 and another 6 teams in the major leagues from 1876-1890. He was one of the game's biggest stars in the early days of major league baseball, batting .303 with 18 home runs and 602 runs batted in in 1,299 major league games. Mr. White's best season was 1877, when he led the NL in batting percentage (.387); slugging percentage (.545); hits (103); triples (11); and runs batted in (49) with the Boston Red Caps. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013.

Dick Burton won the British Open at the Old Course at St. Andrews, Scotland with a 2-under-par score of 290, 2 strokes ahead of Johnny Bulla. First prize money was £100.

The Sacramento Solons defeated the San Francisco Seals 5-4 in a Pacific Coast League exhibition game played inside Folsom Prison.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Georges Mandel, 59
. French politician. Born Louis George Rothschild, Mr. Mandel was France's Minister of Posts from 1934-1936; Minister of Overseas France and her Colonies from 1938-1940; and Minister of the Interior in 1940. He was an opponent of collaboration with the Nazis, and fled to Morocco, where he was captured in 1941. Mr. Mandel was returned to France and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was shot to death in a forest at Fontainebleau on orders of Joseph Darnand, chief of police with the Vichy government.

RCN motor torpedo boat MTB 463 hits a mine and sinks in the English Channel; the crew survive, although 5 men are wounded.

In France, Canadian Highland Light Infantry troops were ordered to attack fortified German positions in Buron, a source of dangerous fire from Germans, while Canadian and British bombers dropped 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen. U.S. forces in France crossed the Vire River north of St. Lo to establish a bridgehead threatening the encirclement of German troops in St. Jean de Daye. U.S. troops captured Rosignano, Italy. Soviet troops captured Losha, Lithuania. Japanese forces launched the largest Banzai charge of the Pacific War at the Battle of Saipan. Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, commander in the central Pacific theatre and leader of the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and Rear Admiral Yano were reported killed on Saipan.

Politics and government
Argentine War Minister Juan Perón was named the country's Vice President, filling a vacancy.

Sreten Vukosavylyevitch and Drago Maresitch, two followers of Marshal Josip Broz Tito, were added to the new Yugoslavian cabinet of Premier Ivan Subasitch.

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director General Herbert Lehman announced the appointment of former Colombian President Dr. Eduardo Santos as deputy director general for liaison with American republics.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau announced that the fifth war loan quota of $16 billion had been oversubscribed by $500 million.

Five officials of the Ringling Brothers Barnum & Bailey Circus were arrested on charges of manslaughter after the previous day's fire in Hartford, Connecticut, which had resulted in the deaths of 167 people and injuries to 200 more. Authorities charged that the circus's management had been negligent in providing fire protection and that the tent had been waterproofed with a paraffin-gasoline mixture.

Track and field
Gunder Haegg set a world record in the men's 1,500-metre run of 3 minutes 43 seconds at a meet in Goteburg, Sweden.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Volume One, hosted by Wyllis Cooper, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Number Four, starring Nancy Sheridan and James Monks

World events
Reinforced by Syrian troops, the Lebanese Army put down an attempted revolt by the right-wing Popular Syrian party.

The Tibetan State Council expelled representatives of the Chinese Nationalist government from the region.

The International Refugee Organization adopted plans in Geneva for winding down operations and going out of existence by mid-1950.

Politics and government
New York Governor Thomas Dewey appointed Republican Party foreign affairs adviser John Foster Dulles to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the resignation of Democrat Robert Wagner.

The U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee approved a rider to the Atomic Energy Commission supply bill calling for Federal Bureau of Investigation of all AEC fellowship applicants.

The New York espionage trial of U.S. Justice Department employee Judith Coplon and Valentin Gubitchev, scheduled for July 11, was postponed to mid-October because of a crowded court calendar.

The International Wheat Council, headed by F. Sheed Anderson of the United Kingdom, was established in Washington to supervise operation of the International Wheat Agreement.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary John Snyder concluded three days of talks with French Finance Minister Maurice Petsche on means of increasing trade among Western nations and between Eastern and Western Europe.

U.K. troops began to unload food on the London waterfront to combat an unauthorized strike of dock workers supporting the striking Canadian Seamen's Union.

60 years ago

Venus occulted the star Regulus; this rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venerian atmosphere.

U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev invited U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower to visit Russia, promising him "unlimited possibility of meeting our peoples and talking with them."

The U.S. State Department, in retaliation for Hungarian restrictions on U.S. envoys, restricted travel by Hungarian diplomats to within 25 miles of New York and Washington.

World events
The Cuban government decreed long prison terms or death penalties for Cubans or foreigners convicted of counter-revolutionary activity.

Uganda Governor Sir Frederick Crawford banished six leaders of the outlawed Uganda National Movement to remote areas for instigating violence in a recent African boycott of Asian shops.

Politics and government
Erich Ollenhauer, Chairman of West Germany's Social Democratic Party, announced that he would not serve as Chancellor if the Socialists won general elections in 1961.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Eisenhower vetoed the omnibus housing bill as inflationary.

First Major All-Star Game @ Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
American League 4 @ National League 5

Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves singled home Ken Boyer of the St. Louis Cardinals with the tying run and Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants followed with a triple to score Mr. Aaron with the deciding run as the NL scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to edge the AL before 35,277 fans. The AL had scored 3 runs with 2 out in the top of the 8th to take a 4-3 lead. In an attempt to increase the amount of money going to the players' pension fund, the major leagues decided to hold two All-Star Games from 1959-1962. Don Drysdale of the Los Angeles Dodgers was the NL’s starting pitcher, and pitched 3 perfect innings.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Minatomachi Blues--Shinichi Mori (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
2 Good Morning Starshine--Oliver
3 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
5 Love Me Tonight--Tom Jones
6 One--Three Dog Night
7 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles
8 Black Pearl--Sonny Charles & the Checkmates, Ltd.
9 Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
10 Crystal Blue Persuasion--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were Laughing by the Guess Who (#59); Clean Up Your Own Back Yard by Elvis Presley (#64); Manhattan Spiritual by Sandy Nelson (#71); Hurry Hurry by the Fireballs (#72); I'd Rather Be an Old Man's Sweetheart (Than a Young Man's Fool) by Candi Staton (#79); Early Morning by the Collectors (#85); Willie and Laura Mae Jones by Dusty Springfield (#86); Muddy River by Johnny Rivers (#87); Soul Deep by the Box Tops (#88); Hey Joe by Wilson Pickett (#90); Pass the Apple Eve by B.J. Thomas (#91); Where Do I Go/Be-in (Hare Krishna) by the Happenings (#92); Abergavenny by Shannon (#93); Abraham, Martin and John by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#95); Never Comes the Day by the Moody Blues (#96); Everything I Do Gonh Be Funky (From Now On) by Lee Dorsey (#96); Gotta Get to Know You by Bobby Bland (#99); and Don't Tell Your Mama (Where You've Been) by Eddie Floyd (#100).

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: 10 Miles to the Moon

Died on this date
. U.S. astromonk. The 14-pound macaque monkey died at midnight, 12 hours after landing in the Pacific Ocean 25 miles off Kauai, Hawaii following 130 orbits of the earth in Biosatellite 3. The spacecraft had been launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida on June 28 on a mission intended for 30 days. However, the decision was made to end the mission when Bonny appeared sluggish and no longer interested in performing his simple space chores. Observers described Bonny as limp but alive when flown by helicopter to Hickam air force base in Hawaii, where he was kept under intensive care in a laboratory trailer. A doctor reported "his heartbeat is 68 per minute and steady." NASA spokesman Brad Evans said, "It was sudden. He had been in fair condition just before."

United Nations Secretary-General U Thant told the UN Security Council that "open warfare has been resumed" throughout the Suez Canal cease-fire area.

Roman Catholic Suffragan Bishop of Munich Matthias Defregger was officially identified as the captain of a wartime anti-partisan German Army unit in Italy who in 1944 passed on an order for the execution of 17 unarmed Italian villagers. A Frankfurt official disclosed that the bishop had been the subject of a 1968 Nazi war crimes investigation. The bishop, he said, had not denied giving the order for the shootings in reprisal for the partisan killing of four German soldiers, but he had declined to execute the order himself.

United States Senator J.W. Fulbright (Democrat--Arkansas) disclosed a "secret agreement," under which U.S. soldiers were stationed in Thailand to support that country’s military forces. The agreement was described as a South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) extension and addition.

The Canadian House of Commons passed Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's Official Languages Act, declaring French and English to be the official languages of Canada, making French equal to English in federal institutions, and easing francophone access to the federal public service.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Zimbabwe Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu Sei l'Unica Donna Per Me--Alan Sorrenti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Do You Want Your Oul Lobby Washed Down--Brendan Shine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Are 'Friends' Electric?--Tubeway Army (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
2 Theme from 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)--The Shadows
3 Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel
4 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
5 Weekend Love--Golden Earring
6 Dance Away--Roxy Music
7 Lavender Blue--Mac Kissoon
8 I was Made for Lovin' You--Kiss
9 Tell it All About Boys--Dolly Dots
10 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook

Singles entering the chart were Rendezvous 6:02 by UK (#27); Good Times by Chic (#30); (No More) Fear of Flying by Gary Brooker (#31); Talk to Me by Third World (#36); and Sunburn by Graham Gouldman (#40). Sunburn was the title song of the movie.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward (2nd week at #1)
2 Bad Girls--Donna Summer
3 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
4 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
5 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
6 The Logical Song--Supertramp
7 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
8 We are Family--Sister Sledge
9 Makin' It--David Naughton
10 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick

Singles entering the chart were After the Love Has Gone by Earth, Wind & Fire (#77); Goodbye Stranger by Supertramp (#78); Girl of My Dreams by Bram Tchaikovsky (#81); Oh Well by the Rockets (#84); Sweets for My Sweet by Tony Orlando (#85); When I Dream by Crystal Gayle (#86); Here I Go (Fallin' in Love Again) by Frannie Golde (#87); Keep on Running Away by Lazy Racer (#88); and Different Worlds by Maureen McGovern (#89).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward (2nd week at #1)
2 Bad Girls--Donna Summer
3 We are Family--Sister Sledge
4 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
5 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
6 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
7 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
8 Shine a Little Love--Electric Light Orchestra
9 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
10 The Logical Song--Supertramp

Singles entering the chart were After the Love Has Gone by Earth, Wind & Fire (#66); Girl of My Dreams by Bram Tchaikovsky (#82); Goodbye Stranger by Supertramp (#84); I Do Love You by GQ (#85); Long Live Rock by the Who (#86); Sweets for My Sweet by Tony Orlando (#88); You've Got Another Thing Coming by Hotel (#89); The Boss by Diana Ross (#90); Oh Well by the Rockets (#94); Keep on Running Away by Lazy Racer (#96); I Know a Heartache When I See One by Jennifer Warnes (#97); and Baby I Want You by Funky Communications Committee (#98).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Logical Song--Supertramp (2nd week at #1)
2 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
3 We are Family--Sister Sledge
4 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
5 You Take My Breath Away--Rex Smith
6 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
7 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
8 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
9 Heart of Glass--Blondie
10 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers

Singles entering the chart were Light My Fire by Amii Stewart (#81); Anybody Wanna Party? by Gloria Gaynor (#83); I'll Know Her When I See Her by the Cooper Brothers (#87); Armageddon by Prism (#89); The Main Event/Fight by Barbra Streisand (#92); Morning Dance by Spyro Gyra (#96); I'll Never Love this Way Again by Dionne Warwick (#98); and Kiss in the Dark by Pink Lady (#100).

In Beijing, China and the United States signed a three-year trade pact that gave China most-favored nation tariff treatment. American officials estimated that trade with China under the pact could double from its 1978 level of $1.1 billion. U.S. law barred the extension of most-favored nation status to countries that did not allow free emigration, such as the U.S.S.R. Critics of the pact, such as Rev. Carl McIntire, were quick to point out that the number of Christians killed by the Communist regime in China was more than the number of Jews killed by the Nazis in Germany.

The Philadelphia Phillies lost 8-6 to the San Francisco Giants before 42,047 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia, despite Mike Schmidt hitting home runs in his first 3 plate appearances. The home runs were the Philadelphia third baseman's second, third, and fourth straight, tying the major league record. Mike Ivie hit 2 homers for the Giants.

The Kansas City Royals scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 4-3 before 31,760 fans at Royals Stadium.

George Medich and Jim Kern combined to pitch a 1-hitter for the Texas Rangers as they shut out the Toronto Blue Jays 2-0 before 23,935 fans at Arlington Stadium. John Mayberry singled with 2 out in the 2nd inning for the only Toronto hit. The Rangers scored both their runs in the 6th inning on a ground out by Buddy Bell and a wild pitch by Dave Lemanczyk, who pitched a 7-hit complete game in taking the loss.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (2nd week at #1)

The Grateful Dead, with Bruce Hornsby and the Range as the opening act, performed at John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia. It turned out to be the last event ever held at the 63-year-old facility; six days later, Philadelphia Mayor Wilson Goode ordered the stadium closed. It was demolished in 1992.

The Louisiana state Senate voted to ask the state to enforce strict anti-abortion laws in effect before the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade decision.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had risen to 5.2% in June, up 0.1% from May.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Everybody--DJ Bobo

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Cameron Mitchell, 75
. U.S. actor. Mr. Mitchell, born Cameron McDowell Mitzell, was a character actor in plays, radio, television, and movies in a career spanning almost 50 years. He starred in the Western television series The High Chaparral (1967-1971).

21.1 inches of rain fell on Americus, Georgia in the wake of tropical storm Alberto.

U.S. President Bill Clinton continued his tour of Europe with a visit to Warsaw, where he addressed the Polish parliament, pledging an increase in international aid.

Baltimore (1-0) 28 @ Toronto (0-1) 20

Tracy Ham completed 2 touchdown passes to Chris Armstrong as the Baltimore Football Club, in their first regular season game ever, defeated the Argonauts before 13,101 fans at SkyDome. Mike "Pinball" Clemons returned a punt 68 yards for a Toronto touchdown. A ceremony was held before the game to remember former Argonauts' co-owner John Candy, who had died on March 4. Baltimore receiver Byron Williams suffered a snapped achilles tendon in the pre-game warmup and was lost for the balance of the season.

20 years ago

The President of Sierra Leone, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, signed a peace pact with Foday Sankoh, head of the Revolutionary United Front. The agreement granted amnesty to the rebels and four cabinet seats in a new government. Whether the agreement would end the eight-year civil war remained to be seen; a previous peace agreement had later collapsed.

Militant leaders in Kashmir vowed to continue fighting to establish an autonomous Islamic state in the area, which had been in dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947.

A 6-member Miami-Dade County jury in Miami held leading tobacco companies liable for various illnesses in smokers. The class-action lawsuit, filed in 1994 against the tobacco companies on behalf of Florida smokers, was the first of its type to come to trial. After eight months of testimony, the jury concluded that cigarettes were addictive and could cause at least 20 diseases, and that the companies had sold a defective product and conspired to mislead the public about the dangers of smoking. The decision was subject to appeal, and represented only the first phase of the trial. Damages and claims of individual Florida residents were to be taken up in a second and third phase, respectively.

A court in Iran banned publication of a leading moderate newspaper.

Saskatchewan (0-1) 18 @ Calgary (1-0) 28

The defending Grey Cup champion Stampeders' win over the Roughriders at McMahon Stadium was the first game for Cal Murphy as head coach of the Roughriders, and the first for veteran middle linebacker Willie Pless in a Saskatchewan uniform.

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