Wednesday, 16 July 2014

July 16, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Campbell Milton and Carmen Reyes Zubiaga!!

960 years ago
1054


Religion
In what is frequently described by historians as the start of the East–West Schism, three Roman legates broke relations between Western and Eastern Christian Churches through the act of placing an invalidly-issued Papal bull of Excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Larry Semon
. U.S. movie actor, director, and producer. Mr. Semon was one of the major figures of silent film comedy from 1915-1928. His best-known film was probably The Wizard of Oz (1925). Mr. Semon ran up big budgets on his films, which eventually led to his bankruptcy. He suffered a nervous breakdown and reportedly died in a sanatorium of pneumonia and tuberculosis on October 8, 1928 at the age of 39.

90 years ago
1924


Society
Saskatchewan repealed the prohibition of liquor, which had been in place since 1916, bringing in government control of sales.

70 years ago
1944


War
British troops in France pushed forward in a 6-mile front between the Odon and Orne Rivers. British troops crossed the Arno River in central Italy and established a bridgehead just south of Castiglion Fibocchi. Soviet troops captured Grodno, 45 miles east of the prewar border of East Prussia. U.S. planes and ships completed 13 consecutive days of attacks on Japanese-held Guam.

Diplomacy
The Polish government-in-exile in London published a pamphelt summing up claims to East Prussia, Danzig, and the Polish Corridor, which it said must become part of postwar Poland.

Economics and finance
The United States Chamber of Commerce published its reconversion program which, among other things, called for government aid to industry.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cara Mia--David Whitfield with Mantovani and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Hello, Dolly!--Louis Armstrong (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): It's All Over Now--The Rolling Stones

Politics and government
In accepting the Republican Party's nomination for President of the United States for the November 1964 election, U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater (Arizona) addressed the party's convention in San Francisco and declared Communism as a "principal disturber of the peace in the world today" and said, "I would remind you that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice. And let me remind you also that moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue." Rep. William Miller (New York), who had been chairman of the Republican National Committee since 1961, was nominated unanimously as the party's vice presidential candidate.

Environment
The Canadian Parliament passed a bill extending Canada's fishing limit to 12 miles.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
British Columbia (0-1) 6 @ Ottawa (1-0) 21
Calgary (1-1) 12 @ Toronto (1-0) 15

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The day after the Cypriot National Guard had toppled President Archbishop Makarios in a violent coup, the United Nations Security Council met to discuss the coup, but failed to act. The United States engaged in intensive diplomatic exchanges with Greece and Turkey to keep "a very dangeous situation" under control.

World events
The number of prominent Ethiopian officials arrested since the army had taken virtual control of Addis Ababa on June 28 now numbered 80, including Defense Minister Lieutenant General Abebe Abye.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (2-0-1) 21 @ British Columbia (1-3) 15

Baseball
PCL
All-Star Game @ Tacoma
East 8 West 1 (6 innings)

Charlie Manuel of the Albuquerque Dukes hit a home run and a single and was named the game's most valuable player as the East routed the West before 1,871 fans in a game called by rain after 6 innings.

The Great Falls Giants scored 9 runs in the 1st inning, 11 in the 2nd, and 8 in the 5th as they routed the Ogden Spikers 32-14 in a Pioneer League game in Great Falls that was called after 8 innings because of a curfew. The total of 46 runs was a league record for greatest number of runs in s game by both clubs.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham!

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lobo-Hombre en París--La Unión (6th week at #1)

Politics and government
In San Francisco, the Democratic National Convention opened with New York Governor Mario Cuomo delivering a whining speech about "the family of America" and saying that the nation, often called "a shining city on a hill" by President Ronald Reagan, should instead be seen as "a tale of two cities," rich and poor, with the latter being excluded by Mr. Reagan’s policies.

In Nicaragua, the Social Democratic Party said that its presidential candidate in the election would be its party leader, Adan Fletes.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Herbert von Karajan, 81
. Austrian orchestra conductor. Mr. Karajan was one of the 20th century's most famous conductors, and was music director of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra from 1955 until his death.

Diplomacy
The leaders of the world’s seven largest industrial nations, at their annual summit in Paris, issued a statement that focused far more on the environment than in the past, calling for more effort to eliminate the emission of gases that threatened to alter the world’s climate. They also endorsed debt restructuring as a means of encouraging backward countries to protect their natural resources.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Swear--All-4-One (9th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
2 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
3 I Swear--All-4-One
4 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
5 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
6 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
7 If You Go--Jon Secada
8 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
9 I'll Remember--Madonna
10 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were You Let Your Heart Go Too Fast by Spin Doctors (#73); You Better Wait by Steve Perry (#77); The Right Kinda Lover by Patti LaBelle (#85); Distant Sun by Crowded House (#87); and Happiness by Billy Lawrence (#90).

Died on this date
Julian Schwinger, 76
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Schwinger shared the 1965 Nobel Prize in Physics with Richard Feynman and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles."

Space
Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 collided with Jupiter. Impacts continued until July 22.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-1) 42 @ Baltimore (1-1) 16
Toronto (1-1) 35 @ Shreveport (0-2) 34
Saskatchewan (1-1) 22 @ Las Vegas (2-0) 32 (OT)

Doug Flutie passed for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another, and PeeWee Smith returned a punt 57 yards for a touchdown as the Stampeders beat the Baltimore Football Club before 39,247 fans in the first CFL regular season game to be played at Memorial Stadium.

Mike Kerrigan threw 2 touchdown passes as the Argonauts scored 17 straight points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Pirates before 20,624 fans in the first CFL regular season game to be played at Independence Stadium.

Carlos Huerta kicked a 53-yard field goal and converted Zed Robinson's touchdown rush as the Posse outscored the Roughriders 10-0 in overtime before 12,213 fans in the first CFL regular season game to be played at Sam Boyd Stadium. Las Vegas quarterback Anthony Calvillo threw touchdown passes to Curtis Mayfield and Kalin Hall. The game was played in 105 F.-heat, which took a toll on the Roughriders. This was the game where Dennis K.C. Parks was supposed to sing O Canada, but sang the lyrics of the anthem to the tune of O Tannenbaum.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Charles Sweeney, 84
. U.S. military officer. Mr. Sweeney was a U.S. Army Air Forces pilot in World War II, and flew Bocks Car, the plane that carried the Fat Man atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. He later joined the United States Air Force, rising to the rank of Major General.

George Busbee, 77. U.S. politician. Mr. Busbee, a Democrat, succeeded Jimmy Carter as Governor of Georgia, serving from 1975-1983.

Defense
The director of the Los Alamos nuclear weapons laboratory shut down operations after a series of security and safety lapses, including the disappearance of classified information.

Scandal
Interior decoration magnate Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of house arrest and fined $30,000 after being convicted of four counts of obstruction of justice and lying to federal investigators regarding her sale of stock in ImClone.

Disasters
More than 80 children died when an elementary school caught fire in southern India.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (2-2) 29 @ Ottawa (3-2) 1
Toronto (3-2) 17 @ Saskatchewan (1-4) 12

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