225 years ago
Died on this date
Giovanna Bonanno, 76 (?). Italian criminal. Mrs. Bonanno, a beggar in Palermo, Sicily, was hanged after confessing to selling poison to women who wanted to murder their husbands.
150 years ago
In the U.S. Civil War, Union forces attempted to break Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia by exploding a large bomb under their trenches in what became known as the Battle of the Crater.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin. U.K.-born Irish sports executive. Lord Killanin, a hereditary member of the House of Lords, succeeded Avery Brundage as President of the International Olympic Committee, holding the office from 1972-1980. He died on April 25, 1999 at the age of 84.
80 years ago
Joe Louis (3-0) scored a technical knockout of Larry Udell (24-7-2) in the 2nd round of a heavyweight bout at Marigold Gardens Outdoor Arena in Chicago.
70 years ago
U.S. forces in France posted large gains on the western front. Soviet troops pushed 6 1/2 miles into the Suwalki triangle in East Prussia. Yugoslavian partisans reported that their flank attacks against German forces in Serbia were breaking through the enemy's lines in Toplica and Jablanica. U.S. troops made another amphibious leap along the northern coast of New Guinea, seizing the Sansapor coastal area and the nearby islands of Amsterdam and Middelburg. It was reported from Istanbul that the Turkish government had ordered all Turkish ships in Romanian and Bulgarian ports to return home at once "with or without cargo."
The All-India Muslim League authorized Mohammed Ali Jinnah to meet with Mohandas Gandhi on a plan to establish separate Hindu and Muslim states in India.
Economics and finance
The U.S. National Housing Agency said that plans were being shaped for the sale of $1 billion worth of permanent housing projects.
Ann Curtiss broke the world record for the women's 880-metres freestyle event with a mark of 11:08.6.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cara Mia--David Whitfield with Mantovani and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
Former Canadian Governor-General Earl Alexander officially opened the British Empire Games at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Juliet--The Four Pennies
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 36.
3 people were killed and 17 injured in a fire at the Beacon Arms Hotel in Ottawa.
Ottawa (4-0) 25 @ Montreal (1-2) 1
40 years ago
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (9th week at #1)
The foreign minister of Greece, Turkey, and the United Kingdom signed a standstill cease-fire to end fighting in Cyprus that had continued after the United Nations-sponsored cease-fire had gone into effect on July 22. The agreement provided for further negotiations to begin on August 8, and also met Turkey's demand that she retain her forces in Cyprus until an acceptable agreement could be reached. The signatories also agreed that the UN would patrol a buffer zone established between Greek and Turkish Cypriot lines.
The U.S. House of Reperesentatives Judiciary Committee recessed, but not before debating Article III (Contempt of Congress), the third and last of the articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon. Anti-impeachment members of the committee gained support in their argument that Article III constituted "political overkill;" however, pro-impeachment representatives argued that failure to hold President Nixon in contempt would destroy the only safety valve in the Constitution to protect against an irresponsible president, and the pro-impeachment side carried the vote. Two other potential articles were rejected, both by votes of 26-12, before the recess. One charged Mr. Nixon with conducting a secret bombing campaign in Cambodia in 1969; the other charged him with misconduct based on underpayment of federal income taxes and acceptance of government-financed improvements to his personal homes.
James St. Clair, counsel to U.S. President Richard Nixon, agreed to turn over tapes of 20 White House conversations related to the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. to Leon Jaworski, the Special Prosecutor investigating the break-in and subsequent cover-up. The 20 tapes were those of "priority" conversations, and were the first batch of tapes of 64 conversations whose recordings that were due to be turned over to Mr. Jaworski after the U.S. Supreme Court had ruled 8-0 on July 24 that Mr. Nixon had to give Mr. Jaworski the tapes and relevant documents.
Watergate Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski charged Norman Sherman, former press secretary to U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey (Democrat--Minnesota), and Mr. Sherman's aide John Valentine with having helped Associated Milk Producers, Inc. to make illegal contributions to the 1972 election campaigns of Sen. Humphrey and other officials. The charges came the day after the Watergate grand jury had indicted former U.S. Tresury Secretary John Connally on five counts of accepting a bribe, perjury, and conspiracy to obstruct justice in exchange for his 1971 recommendation to raise federal milk price supports.
The Quebec National Assembly passed Bill 22, making French the province's official language, and setting up la Régie de la Langue Française.
6 Royal Canadian Army Cadets were killed and 54 injured in an accidental grenade blast at Canadian Forces Base Valcartier Cadet Camp in Quebec.
Toronto (1-1) 22 @ Hamilton (1-1) 29
Ian Sunter kicked 5 field goals and backup quarterback Bill Etter, who relieved starter Chuck Ealey in the 3rd quarter, handed off to Dave Fleming for a 1-yard touchdown rush in the 4th quarter as the Tiger-Cats defeated the Argonauts before 28,391 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wake Me Up Before You Go Go--Wham! (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lobo-Hombre en París--La Unión (8th week at #1)
25 years ago
#1 single in Switzerland: Batdance--Prince
Died on this date
Lane Frost, 25. U.S. rodeo cowboy. Mr. Frost died after being gored by a bull he had just been riding named "Taking Care of Business" at the Cheyenne Frontier Days Rodeo in Cheyenne, Wyoming. His life and death inspired the movie 8 Seconds (1994).
The Organization of the Oppressed of the World, a Shiite Muslim group that had kidnapped Lt. Col. William Higgins in Lebanon in February 1988, said they would execute Lt. Col. Higgins unless Israel freed Sheik Abdul Karim Obeid, leader of the Shiite Muslim group Party of God, who had been kidnapped by Israeli commandos in Lebanon on July 28.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Give Me Fire--Good Shape
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Swear--All-4-One (11th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)
2 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
3 I Swear--All-4-One
4 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
5 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
6 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
7 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John
8 If You Go--Jon Secada
9 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
10 Shine--Collective Soul
Singles entering the chart were This DJ by Warren G (#79); I'd Give Anything by Gerald Levert (#80); If You Wanna Groove by Lighter Shade of Brown (#84); Sweet Sensual Love by Big Mountain (#85); I'm the Only One by Melissa Etheridge (#87); and When I Give My Love by Keith Sweat (#89).
The countries whose peace plan for Bosnia had been rejected by Bosnian Serb leaders 10 days earlier decided to tighten economic sanctions on the Serb-dominated government in what remained of Yugoslavia. The participating nations were the U.S.A.; U.K.; Germany; France; and Russia.
Edmonton (3-1) 24 @ Shreveport (0-4) 10
Saskatchewan (2-2) 27 @ Sacramento (3-1) 30
Damon Allen rushed for a touchdown and Rickey Foggie threw a touchdown pass to Jim Sandusky as the Eskimos defeated the Pirates before 17,434 fans at Independence Stadium.
David Archer's 18-yard touchdown pass to Rod Harris, converted by Roman Anderson with 1:04 remaining in regulation time, gave the Gold Miners their win over the Roughriders before 14,828 fans at Hornet Field. Mr. Archer also completed a TD pass to Mr. Harris in the 1st quarter and another to Tre Everett in the 3rd quarter. Saskatchewan quarterback Tom Burgess completed touchdown passes to Don Narcisse and Ray Elgaard in the 4th quarter as the Roughriders overcame a 23-13 deficit to take a 27-23 lead.
10 years ago
The United Nations Security Council demanded that the Sudanese government move to disarm militias in Darfur.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Administration of President George W. Bush predicted a deficit of $445 billion, the largest in history, for the current fiscal year.
Winnipeg (2-4) 24 @ Edmonton (3-3) 41
Library and Archives Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission Web Archive collection is now available - Library and Archives Canada (LAC) is pleased to announce the launch of its Truth and Reconciliation Commission Web Archive collection. This collection was ...
2 days ago