Saturday, 5 July 2014

July 5, 2014

200 years ago

In the War of 1812, U.S. forces commanded by Major General Jacob Brown defeated General Phineas Riall's 1,800 British troops at Street's Creek (Chippewa), Upper Canada in the Battle of Chippewa.

130 years ago

World events
Germany took possession of Cameroon.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Jean Cocteau
. French author and film director. Mr. Cocteau was known for novels such as Les Enfants Terribles (1929) and films such as Blood of a Poet (1930); Beauty and the Beast (1946); and Orpheus (1949). He died on October 11, 1963 at the age of 74.

80 years ago

On what became known as "Bloody Thursday," police opened fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco, killing Howard Sperry and Nick Bordoise.

Lou Gehrig hit an inside-the-park grand slam to help the New York Yankees to an 8-3 win over the Washington Nationals at Yankee Stadium. It was Mr. Gehrig’s 17th career major league grand slam, breaking Babe Ruth’s record. Mr. Gehrig added another home run and two singles, driving in 7 runs.

70 years ago

About 200 U.S. planes returned to England after bombing Germany, with refuelling stops in Russia and Italy. In a move to shorten their lines, German forces abandoned Kovel, 175 miles southeast of Warsaw. U.S. troops on Numfor Island in Indonesia occupied Manim Islet, 3 miles off the west coast. U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal claimed that since U.S. entry into World War II in December 1941, U.S. submarines had sunk 640 Japanese ships. He put the total number of Japanese merchant ships sunk by all means at 985.

Politics and government
The Greek cabinet rejected terms of the left-wing guerrilla organization EAM for its collaboration with the government-in-exile.

U.S. Federal Judge Edward Eicher dismissed James Laughlin, the attorney for 2 of the 29 defendants in a District of Columbia sedition trial, after Mr. Laughlin filed a petition of impeachment against Judge Eicher in the U.S. House of Representatives.

60 years ago

On television today
The British Broadcasting Corporation broadcast its first daily television news program.

Elvis Presley recorded That's All Right, his first commercial record, for Sun Records at Sun Studios in Memphis.

The Andhra Pradesh High Court was established in India.

50 years ago

Former world heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson (40-4) won a 12-round decision over Eddie Machen (47-5-2) at Rasunda in Solna, Sweden.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Streak--Ray Stevens (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Waterloo--ABBA (4th week at #1)

Ottawa (3-0) 26 @ Edmonton (0-2) 25

30 years ago

Umaru Dikko, a former transport and aviation minister in the Nigerian government who had fled to England after a military coup in December 1983 and was wanted in Nigeria on charges of corruption, was kidnapped in London. British police broke into a crate at Stansted Airport, 30 miles north of London, and found Mr. Dikko, who had been drugged. A man with drugs and syringes also occupied the crate; two more men were found I another crate. The crates had been marked "diplomatic baggage." The British authorities held the aricraft that was to have flown the crates to Nigeria.

World events
Lebanese troops began to dismantle the "green line," a barricade of rubble and burned-out cars that had separated the Christian and Muslim halves of Beirut. An army brigade composed of both Christians and Muslims was to be deployed between the halves of the city.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Eternal Flame--Bangles (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Seinfeld Chronicles, on NBC

This was the pilot for the comedy series Seinfeld (1990-1999).

Politics and government
South African President Pieter Botha met secretly in his office with Negro nationalist leader Nelson Mandela, who had been in prison since 1962. After the meeting became publicly known, the government gave no indication that it planned to free Mr. Mandela.

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir agreed to demands by hard-liners in his own Likud party as follows: elections in the occupied territories would not take place until the Palestinian uprising ended; Arabs in East Jerusalem could not run for office or vote; Jewish settlement of the territories would continue; and no Palestinian state would ever be established. Labour Party leader Shimon Peres, a partner of Mr. Shamir in the coalition government, said that Mr. Shamir’s concessions had jeopardized the peace process. The Palestine Liberation Organization denounced Mr. Shamir’s concessions.

Former White House aide Oliver North received a three-year suspended prison sentence, two years’ probation, 1,200 hours of community service, and a $150,000 fine after being convicted on 3 of 12 charges in connection with the Iran-Contra scandal (the sale of arms to Iran, resulting in money going to support the opposition Contras in Nicaragua), which broke in 1986. Mr. North was convicted of aiding and abetting an obstruction of Congress (somebody else’s obstruction, not his own); shredding documents; and accepting an illegal gratuity (an electric fence around his house to protect him from terrorist Abu Nidal). Contrary to popular belief, Mr. North was found not guilty on the charge of lying to Congress. The sentence was handed down by Judge Gerhard Gesell in U.S. District Court in Washington. The guilty verdicts were later overturned on appeal.

Politics and government
Florida Governor Bob Martinez said that he would call a special session of the state legislature to consider controls on abortion.

Two days of talks in France between Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and French President Francois Mitterand concluded with the nations signing 21 accords. The leaders also issued a declaration calling for an immediate cease-fire in Lebanon and an end to the arming of the various factions there. Mr. Gorbachev told reporters that he was prepared to develop normal relations with Solidarity leaders in Poland, but he also called U.S. President George Bush’s appeal for a Soviet troop withdrawal from Poland "propaganda."

Hamilton (2-0) 23 @ Winnipeg (0-3) 16
Calgary (0-2) 10 @ Edmonton (1-1) 41

Rookie receivers Keith Wright and Tony Hunter each returned a punt for a touchdown, and Cornelius Redick also contributed some fine returns in an entertaining game before 37,000 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. A fight broke out in the fourth quarter when Calgary head coach Lary Kuharich sent his team across the field to mix things up; Stampeders’ rookie defensive lineman Joe March was ejected.

20 years ago

The Rwandan Patriotic Front, which had seized the capital of Kigali and the nation's second-largest city, agreed to respect the security zone to which 600,000 refugees had fled.

Politics and government
In a ceremony in Jericho on the West Bank, Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat took the oath as head of the new Palestinian National Authority.

The report of a Quebec provincial inquiry said that the Montreal police force was poorly supervised, badly trained, and racist.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Rodger Ward, 83
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Ward won the Indianapolis 500 in 1959 and 1962 and won the national championship for the season in both years. He was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1992.

Hugh Shearer, 81. Prime Minister of Jamaica, 1967-1972. Mr. Shearer led the Jamaica Labour Party from 1967-1974, becoming Prime Minister after the death in office of Sir Donald Sangster. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of Prime Minister Edward Seaga from 1980-1989.

Politics and government
The first round of Indonesia's first direct presidential election was held. Democratic Party candidate Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was leading with 33.57% of the vote.

The United States Senate Intelligence Commitee reported that information on Iraq's weapons program that was used to justify the U.S. war in Iraq was flawed.

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