Tuesday, 22 July 2014

July 22, 2014

Born on this date
Happy birthday, Eileen Sasakamoose!

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate General John Bell Hood led an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill, outside Atlanta.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
James Whale
. U.K.-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Whale was best known for the films Journey's End (1930); Waterloo Bridge (1931); Frankenstein (1931); The Old Dark House (1932); The Invisible Man (1933); and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). He committed suicide by drowning himself in his swimming pool on May 29, 1957 at the age of 67.

120 years ago
1894


Auto racing
The world's first motor race was held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the "official" victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître, driving his 3 horsepower petrol-engined Peugeot.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
John Dillinger, 31
. U.S. criminal. After a string of bank robberies and the murders of several policemen, Mr. Dillinger was gunned down in an ambush led by Federal Bureau of Investigation Special Agent Melvin Purvis as he walked out of the Biograph Theater in Chicago after seeing the movie Manhattan Melodrama (1934).

Baseball
43-year-old Dazzy Vance recorded his 2,000th career strikeout and pitched his last major league complete game as the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Boston Braves 4-2 in the second game of a doubleheader at Braves Field in Boston. The Cardinals won the first game 5-4.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Seeing You--Bing Crosby (3rd week at #1)

War
Soviet troops broke into the streets of Pskov, the last pre-World War II city in German hands. Three allied colums in Italy menaced Florence, while patrols on the west coast pirced the German lines less than 4 miles from Pisa. Chindits in northern Burma captured Pungan and Ngusharawng, 17 miles west of Mogaung.

Politics and government
General Kuniaki Koiso took office as Prime Minister and Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai took office as deputy Prime Minister of Japan. They had been named by Emperor Hirohito to form a new cabinet with "joint repsonsibility for government leadership." The new leaders announced that they would "work for thoroughgoing realization of the principles of the Greater East Asia Declaration, thereby carrying the sacred war to complete victory, setting the Imperial mind at rest."

The Polish Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto.

Economics and finance
The 44-nation Bretton Woods conference ended with an agreement to establish an international loan fund of $8.8 billion to stabilize world currencies and a World Bank with $9.1 billion in capitalization to help needy nations with loans.

Law
A U.S. appellate court in Chicago reversed the convictions of five people who had been found guilty of treason for harbouring German spy Herbert Haupt. The reversal was based on a U.S. Supreme Court decision prohibiting use of statements by the defendants before their formal arraignment. The death sentence of Hans Haupt, the spy's father, was changed to life imprisonment.

Journalism
The Argentine government lifted censorship of outgoing news dispatches filed by accredited correspondents.

Horse racing
Count Fleet, the 1943 Triple Crown winner and Horse of the Year, was retired after failing to recover from an injury sustained in the 1943 Belmont Stakes.

50 years ago
1964


At the movies
Marnie, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Tippi Hedren and Sean Connery, opened in theatres.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (0-1) 14 @ Montreal (1-1) 17
Winnipeg (0-2) 7 @ Toronto (2-0) 17
Hamilton (1-1) 7 @ Calgary (2-1) 33

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Love's Theme--The Love Unlimited Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Wayne Morse, 73
. U.S. politician. Mr. Morse, a Republican who became an independent and then a Democrat, represented Oregon in the United States Sente from 1945-1969. He was best known for being one of just two Senators to oppose, on constitutional grounds, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 that authorized an expansion of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.

War
Following intensive negotiations headed by the U.K. and U.S.A., a United Nations-sponsored cease-fire in Cyprus between Greece and Turkey went into effect. Greece and Turkey agreed to meet in Geneva for talks on Cyprus, where the Greek-dominated Cypriot National Guard had deposed President Archbishop Makarios on July 15.

Politics and government
The Ethiopian military ousted Prime Minister Endalkachew, accusing him of responsibility in the government's failure to institute reforms.

Scandal
U.S. District Court Judge Gerhard Gesell dismissed a charge of making false statements to Federal Bureau of Investigation against former White House aide John Ehrlichman, ruling that the charge was irrelevant to Mr. Ehrlichman's case. Mr. Ehrlichman had already been convicted of violating the civil rights of Dr. Lewis Fielding, former psychiatrist to former U.S. Defense Department employee Daniel Ellsberg. Dr. Fielding's office had been broken into in 1971 after Mr. Ellsberg had released the "Pentagon Papers"--documents related to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War--to the press.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Self Control--Laura Branigan (4th week at #1)

Golf
Seve Ballasteros won the British Open at the Old Course at St Andrews in St Andrews, Scotland with a 12-under-par score of 276, 2 strokes ahead of Bernhard Langer and Tom Watson. First prize money was £55,000 ($71, 500).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (2-2) 26 @ Toronto (3-1) 43
British Columbia (2-1) 3 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 25

The Edmonton Eskimos went into the game at Exhibition Stadium without quarterback Matt Dunigan, who had fallen asleep while wearing his contact lenses and was in tremendous pain. Johnny Evans started in his place, and threw 2 touchdown passes to Brian Kelly, giving Mr. Kelly 10 touchdowns in the first 4 games of the season. Backup quarterback Kevin Ingram threw to Marco Cyncar for a touchdown in the fourth quarter, and passed to Larry Cowan for a 2-point convert. The pass to Mr. Cyncar was Mr. Ingram’s only CFL touchdown pass. For the Argonauts, Joe Barnes relieved Condredge Holloway at quarterback in the second quarter and proceeded to throw 6 touchdown passes, including one to linebacker William Miller.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Look--Roxette (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Johnny, Johnny Come Home--Avalanche (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: You'll Never Stop Me Loving You--Sonia

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Toy Soldiers--Martika

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Express Yourself--Madonna
2 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
3 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
4 Batdance--Prince
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
6 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
7 I Drove All Night--Cyndi Lauper
8 What You Don't Know--Expose
9 Satisfied--Richard Marx
10 Lay Your Hands on Me--Bon Jovi

Singles entering the chart were Hangin' Tough by New Kids on the Block (#70); Kisses on the Wind by Neneh Cherry (#77); Tell Me I'm Not Dreaming by Robert Palmer (#80); Jackie Brown by John Cougar Mellencamp (#87); and Don't Say You Love Me by Billy Squier (#90).

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): När vi gräver guld i USA--GES

Space
Comet Shoemaker-Levy finished six days of impacts on Jupiter. 21 fragments of the comet, impacting at 130,000 miles per hour, produced huge plumes of dust and gas and dark discolourations on the planet's surface. One fragment hit with a force of 250 million megatons of TNT.

World events
The United Nations urged refugees in Rwanda to return home, as dysentery and cholera were taking a heavy toll. U.S. President Bill Clinton ordered the U.S. Defense Department to mount a major relief effort.

Defense
U.S. District Court Judge C. Weldon Hauck ordered the Citadel, a state-financed military college in Charleston, South Carolina, to admit Shannon Faulkner, whose admittance had been withdrawn in 1993 after the college had found out that she was a woman. Judge Hauck ruled the Citadel to be in violation of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution's provision for equal protection under the law. The school said it would appeal.

Crime
Former U.S. football star O.J. Simpson was arraigned in Los Angeles for the June 12 murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. Mr. Simpson pled not guilty to the charges.

Died on this date
George Kidd, 87
. U.K.-born Canadian diplomat. Mr. Kidd was named Canada's first Ambassador to Israel in 1954, and was Ambassador to Cuba at the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

Illinois Jacquet, 81. U.S. musician. Mr. Jacquet was a jazz tenor saxophonist whose solo on the 1942 Lionel Hampton Orchestra recording of Flying Home has been recognized as the first rhythm and blues saxophone solo.

Sacha Distel, 71. French musician. Mr. Distel, a guitarist and singer, was known for his recordings of the songs La Belle Vie (The Good Life) and Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head, as well as French-language versions of various songs originally recorded by English-speaking artists.

Defense
A bipartisan committee of the United States Congress completed a 19-month investigation with the release of a report calling for sweeping changes in the country's intelligence agencies and the creation of a cabinet-level intelligence director.

War
A United States Army report on abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq blamed rogue soldiers for the scandal. The Army Inspector General contradicted other reports when he concluded that the prison abuse was not a systemic problem.

Crime
Police in Brampton, Ontario arrested Min Chen, 21, a visa student from China, for the murder of Cecilia Zhang, who had been abducted from her Toronto home in October 2003.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (2-3) 48 @ Winnipeg (2-3) 17

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