Sunday, 6 July 2014

July 6, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ancamaria Maria!

825 years ago
1189


Died on this date
Henry II, 56
. King of England, 1154-1189. Henry II, the grandson of Henry I, succeeded to the throne upon the death of King Stephen. Henry II's reign included the regaining of territory that had belonged to England during his grandfather's reign; revision of England's legal system; and the murder of Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket. Henry II died from the effects of a bleeding ulcer. He was succeeded as king by Richard I (Lionheart).

400 years ago
1614


War
Żejtun and the surrounding villages beat back a raid by Ottoman forces in the last unsuccessful attempt by the Ottomans to conquer the island of Malta.

160 years ago
1854


Politics and government
The first convention of the United States Republican Party was held in Jackson, Michigan.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Vincent J. McMahon
. U.S. wrestling promoter. Mr. McMahon founded the professional wrestling enterprise Capitol Wrestling Corporation, later known as World Wide Wrestling Federation, then World Wrestling Federation, and now World Wrestling Entertainment. In 1982 he sold the business to his son Vincent K. McMahon, and died of pancreatic cancer on May 24, 1984 at the age of 69.

90 years ago
1924


Communications
William Stevenson sent the first photograph across the Atlantic Ocean by radio, from New York City to England.

80 years ago
1934


On television tonight
Canadian soprano Sarah Fischer sang in 30 minutes of excerpts from Carmen, the first opera telecast by the British Broadcasting Corporation.

Exploration
The Bédaux Expedition--an automobile safari led by French millionaire Charles Bédaux through the Peace River district to the Alaska Panhandle--enjoyed a champagne breakfast and then paraded down Jasper Avenue before departing Edmonton, using five Citroën half-tracks built especially for the journey.

Baseball
Ernie Lombardi had 5 hits, including a triple and home run, and 6 runs batted in, to lead the Cincinnati Reds to a 16-15 win over the St. Louis Cardinals at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis. The final out of the game came when Leo Durocher of the Cardinals was thrown out at home plate.

The Boston Braves (23) and Philadelphia Phillies (18) combined for 41 hits as the Braves won 16-13 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Hal Lee led the Braves with 4 hits, 3 of them home runs.

The Boston Red Sox had 20 hits, including 3 by winning pitcher Wes Ferrell, as they beat the Philadelphia Athletics 18-6 at Fenway Park in Boston.

75 years ago
1939


Abominations
The last remaining Jewish-owned businesses in Germany were closed.

70 years ago
1944


War
Field Marshal General Karl von Rundstedt resigned as commander-in-chief of German forces in France and was replaced by General Guenther von Kluge. U.S. troops in France advanced southward on both sides of La Haye du Puits, but were forced to leave the town itself. Soviet troops gained 24 miles to reach within 32 miles of Vilnous, Lithuania. U.S. Army and Navy statements disclosed that in 31 months of war, total casualties were 261,541, including 56,772 dead; 55,903 missing; 107,938 wounded; and 40,928 prisoners. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill said that Nazi V-1 bombs had killed 2,752 people and injured nearly 8,000 in London since June 15.

Diplomacy
French military resistance leader Charles de Gaulle arrived in Washington for meetings with U.S. President Franklin D. Rioosevelt, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, and U.S. military leaders.

Protest
Honduran troops machine-gunned demonstrators in Ocotepeque, killing several and wounding many.

Politics and government
Harry Hopkins, special assistant to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, returned to work after a six-month absence due to illness.

Law
Former university football and baseball star Jackie Robinson, currently a soldier in the United States Army, refused to move to the back of a bus, leading to a court martial.

Disasters
Approximately 168 people were killed and over 700 injured in a fire at the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus in Hartford, Connecticut.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Girl in Car Thirty-Two, starring Edie Adams and Gene Barry

Music
Elvis Presley recorded Blue Moon of Kentucky at Sun Studios in Memphis, to be released on Sun Records as the B-side of That's All Right, recorded the previous night.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Mamma--Charles Aznavour (8th week at #1)

At the movies
A Hard Day's Night, starring the Beatles, received a premiere screening in London, while outside the theatre, fans of the group clashed with fans of the Rolling Stones in a dispute over the relative merits of each band.

World events
Malawi declared its independence from the United Kingdom.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: She--Charles Aznavour (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Billy - Don't Be a Hero--Paper Lace
2 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
3 Devil Gate Drive--Suzi Quatro
4 Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks
5 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
6 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
7 Candle in the Wind/Bennie and the Jets--Elton John
8 Evie--Stevie Wright
9 The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies
10 Would You Lay with Me in a Field of Stone?--Judy Stone

Singles entering the chart were Waterloo by ABBA (#35); Remember Me This Way by Gary Glitter (#38); School Love by Barry Blue (#39); and My Girl Bill, with versions by Cash Backman and Jim Stafford (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
2 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
3 Be Thankful for What You Got--William DeVaughn
4 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
5 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot
6 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John
7 Hollywood Swinging--Kool & The Gang
8 Annie's Song--John Denver
9 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
10 Rikki Don't Lose That Number--Steely Dan

Singles entering the chart were Sure as I'm Sittin' Here by Three Dog Night (#67); I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You by Donnie and Marie Osmond (#72); Old Home Filler-Up an' Keep On-a-Truckin' Cafe by C.W. McCall (#75); (You're) Having My Baby by Paul Anka with Odia Coates (#77); Shinin' On by Grand Funk (#78); Wildwood Weed by Jim Stafford (#79); Rub it In by Billy "Crash" Craddock (#91); American Girls by Rick Springfield (#92); Air Disaster by Albert Hammond (#93); What Made America Famous by Harry Chapin (#94); Dance Master by Willie Henderson (#95); Kalimba Story by Earth, Wind & Fire (#96); Song for Anna (Chanson D’Anna) by Ohta-San (#97); Warmin' Up the Band by Don Everly (#98); It Could Have Been Me by Sami Jo (#99); and Between Her Goodbye and My Hello by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Billy, Don't Be a Hero--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
2 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot
3 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
4 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John
5 Be Thankful for What You Got--William DeVaughn
6 The Air that I Breathe--The Hollies
7 Haven't Got Time for the Pain--Carly Simon
8 Save the Last Dance for Me--The DeFranco Family featuring Tony DeFranco
9 You Make Me Feel Brand New--The Stylistics
10 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae

Singles entering the chart were Fish Ain't Biting by Lamont Dozier (#71); Love is the Message by MFSB featuring the Three Degrees (#74); Time for Livin' by Sly and the Family Stone (#77); Kung Fu by Curtis Mayfield (#87); That Song is Driving Me Crazy by Tom T. Hall (#93); I'm Falling in Love with You by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#96); Love May Be the Answer by Cliff Edwards (#97); Too Late by Tavares (#98); I've Had It by Fanny (#99); and What's Your Name by Andy and David Williams (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 Clap for the Wolfman--The Guess Who
2 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
3 Rock and Roll Heaven--The Righteous Brothers
4 Annie's Song--John Denver
5 Rock the Boat--The Hues Corporation
6 Rikki Don't Lose that Number--Steely Dan
7 Band on the Run--Paul McCartney & Wings
8 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
9 King of Nothing--Seals and Crofts
10 Waterloo--ABBA
Pick hit of the week: If You Talk in Your Sleep--Elvis Presley

Diplomacy
The United States recalled its ambassador to Turkey, William Macomber, five days after Turkey had announced a decision to permit again the cultivation and sale of opium poppies. As part of a 1971 agreement between the countries, Turkey had agreed to ban the sale and cultivation of poppies, then the main source of illegal heroin in the United States. In return, the U.S. had pledged to give Turkey $35.7 million over a four-year period. The U.S. State Department had announced on July 2 that it would not give Turkey the remaining $20 million.

Baseball
Tom Bruno of the Jacksonville Suns of the Southern League pitched a 7-inning no-hitter as the Suns blanked the Columbus Astros 5-0 in the second game of a doubleheader in Jacksonville, Florida. Mr. Bruno had pitched a no-hitter for Waterloo of the Midwest League in 1972.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Nelson Mandela--The Special A.K.A.

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Self Control--Laura Branigan (4th week at #1)

World events
Nigerian authorities detained a British airplane in retaliation for the British detention of a plane that was to have flown to Nigeria carrying crates containing former Nigerian cabinet minister Umaru Dikko, who had been kidnapped and drugged the previous day before being found by British police at Stansted Airport, 30 miles north of London.

Abominations
The Church of England consecrated David Jenkins as Bishop of Durham despite his public expression of opinions that denied fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the national unemployment rate had fallen to 7.0% in June, the lowest level since the spring of 1980.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-1) 10 @ British Columbia (1-0) 44

B.C. receiver Jim Sandusky, playing his first CFL game, caught a touchdown pass from Roy Dewalt as the Lions routed the Eskimos at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. The Eskimos’ touchdown came on a pass from Matt Dunigan to Brian Kelly. It was the 5th touchdown in 2 games for Mr. Kelly, all on passes from Mr. Dunigan. Playing their first game with the Eskimos were punter and backup quarterback Johnny Evans and wide receiver Chris Woods. Mr. Woods, a graduate of Auburn University in Alabama, wore #72 in the game instead of his usual #74. After the pre-game warmup, he cut off the bottom of his regular jersey, only to find out that wearing such a jersey wasn’t allowed in the Canadian Football League, in contrast to U.S. college football; the team also billed him for the cost of his cut-up #74 jersey.

25 years ago
1989


Died on this date
János Kádár, 77
. Hungarian politician. Mr. Kádár was General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers (Communist) Party from 1956-1988, in effect leader of that country's Communist dictatorship. He took office in the wake of the U.S.S.R.'s supression of the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, governing until old age an economic difficulties led to his resignation.

Diplomacy
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was in Strasbourg, France to address the Council of Europe, a parliament representing Western European nations. In an apparent assurance that the U.S.S.R. would not intervene in the liberalization movements underway in Poland and Hungary, he said, "Any interference in domestic affairs and any attempt to restrict the sovereignty of states...are inadmissible." Mr. Gorbachev renewed a call for negotiations on reducing or eliminating short-range nuclear missiles in Europe, but U.S. President George Bush replied that a reduction in conventional arms had to come first.

Terrorism
14 bus passengers were killed when an Arab assaulted the driver as the bus was driving by the edge of a cliff west of Jerusalem.

Business
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney sold its remaining 53% interest in Air Canada, completing privatization of the airline.

20 years ago
1994


Diplomacy
Palestinian National Authority leader Yasser Arafat began two days of talks in Paris with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres on the subject of more Palestinian self-government.

U.S. President Bill Clinton bega a tour of Europe with a visit to Latvia, becoming the first American President to visit the country.

Disasters
14 firefighters who were fighting forest fires near Glenwood Springs, Colorado died when a gust of wind caused them to be surrounded by fire.

Track and field
Leroy Burrell of the United States broke Carl Lewis's 100-metre world record of 9.86 seconds by running the distance in a time of 9.85 seconds in an annual meet in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Football
CFL
Shreveport (0-1) 10 @ Ottawa (1-0) 40

Jock Climie caught 3 touchdown passes from Danny Barrett and amassed 153 yards receiving, while Michael Richardson rushed 23 times for 155 yards as the Rough Riders routed the Pirates before 18,134 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Shreveport head coach Forrest Gregg, coaching his first regular season CFL game since leaving the Toronto Argonauts after the 1979 season, kept quarterback Terrence Jones in for the entire game despite completing just 1 of 20 passes, which might be the worst such performance in CFL history. It was the first regular season game for the Pirates, a first-year expansion team.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Thomas Klestil, 71
. 10th President of Austria, 1992-2004. Mr. Klestil, leader of the Austrian People's Party, succeeded Kurt Waldheim as President. Mr. Klestil died the day after suffering a heart attack and just two days before his second term was scheduled to end. He was succeeded as President by Friedrich Hoess.

Syreeta Wright, 57. U.S. singer and songwriter. Miss Wright sang on demonstration recordings for Motown Corporation artists such as Diana Ross, and was briefly married to Stevie Wonder, with whom she wrote and recorded songs. Recording under just her first name, she and Billy Preston sang the romantic ballad With You I'm Born Again, which reached #4 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1980. Miss Wright died of congestive heart failure after a long battle with cancer.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts, the Democratic Party nominee for President of the United States in the November 2004 election, announced that U.S. Senator John Edwards of North Carolina would be his vice-presidential running mate.

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