Wednesday, 9 July 2014

July 9, 2014

225 years ago
1789


Politics and government
In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstituted itself as the National Constituent Assembly and began preparations for a French constitution.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Willi Stoph
. Prime Minister of East Germany, 1964-1973; 1976-1989. Mr. Stoph joined the Communist Party in 1931 and was one of the longest-serving members of East Germany's Communist government. He and his 44-member cabinet resigned on November 7, 1989 in response to public pressure. Mr. Stoph died on April 13, 1999 at the age of 84.

70 years ago
1944


War
Canadian and British forces in France captured Caen after massive bombardment by 467 planes from Bomber Command. An urban area north of the Orne River was secured by nightfall by two British Divisions and the 3rd Canadian. The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders and the Sherbrooke Fusilier tanks were the first into the ruined city, although the famous Abbaye-aux-Hommes, 1000 years old, was untouched. There were 1,194 Canadian casualties, 334 fatal. U.S. forces captured Volterra, Italy. Soviet forces reached the Latvian border at Druya. Soviet troops in Finland, however, lost to Finnish forces in the Battle of Tali-Ihantala--the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe--and withdrew from Ihantala and dug into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive.

Archaeology
Egypt reported the discovery of a buried city at nearby Helwan, indicating that it predated the first dynasty.

Politics and government
Mohandas Gandhi submitted to Mohammed Ali Jinnah a plan for the division of India into Hindu and Muslim states.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace arrived in Seattle from his visit to China and predicted a period of prosperity in Asia after the end of World War II.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration began establishing Regional Verification Centers to count ration coupons and check returns for dealers and shortages, counterfeit coupons, and other irregularities.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cara Mia--David Whitfield with Mantovani and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

Golf
Peter Thomson won the British Open at Royal Birkdale Golf Club in Southport, England with a 9-under-par score of 283, 1 stroke ahead of Bobby Locke, Dai Rees, and Syd Scott. First prize money was £750.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Hello, Dolly!--Louis Armstrong (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The House of the Rising Sun--The Animals

Space
The mission of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 34 ended, eight days after launch.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Pot pour rire Mr le Président--Patrick Green & Olivier Lejeune (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Earl Warren, 83
. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1953-1969. Mr. Warren, a Republican, was Governor of California from 1943-1953 until being appointed Chief Justice by President Dwight Eisenhower. During Mr. Warren's years as Chief Justice, the Supreme Court became known for liberal activism, in such decisions as Brown v. Board of Education (1954); Engel v. Vitale (1962) ; Griswold v. Connecticut (1963); and Miranda v. Arizona (1966). Chief Justice Warren chaired the commission appointed by President Lyndon Johnson to investigate the November 22, 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The commission's report, issued in September 1964, concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy. The report and its conclusion remain controversial.

Politics and government
The two-month-old government of Portuguese leader General Antonio da Spinola collapsed when Premier Adelino da Palma Carlos and four other centrist ministers resigned from the cabinet. The resignations came when the military-dominated Council of State refused Mr. Palma Carlos the additional powers he felt he needed to effectively control the cabinet, which was plagued by increasing disputes between leftists and conservatives.

The Ethiopian army, which had taken control of Addis Ababa on June 28, issued a 13-point manifesto for the country's future government. Haile Selassie would remain as Emperor, but with reduced powers, and the military would assume a major role in cabinet decisions.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (0-2) 16 @ Saskatchewan (1-0-1) 19

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It's Just Not Cricket--The Twelfth Man (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lobo-Hombre en París--La Unión (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
After just nine days in office, Canadian Prime Minister John Turner called a federal election for September 4. Mr. Turner’s last act before calling the election was to make a number of patronage appointments to various positions, a task that Mr. Turner claimed to have been forced upon him by outgoing Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

Protest
In Nicaragua,Miguel Obando y Bravo, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Managua, led a church-sponsored march to show support for Rev. Luis Amado Pena, a priest arrested in June and charged with a plot against the Sandanista government. About 27 priests and 300 other people joined the procession. Later, the government ordered 10 foreign priests who had participated in the march to leave Nicaragua.

Disasters
York Minster cathedral in England was badly damaged by fire. Eyewitnesses reported that a strange cloud had hung over the building for hours, before fire fell from heaven in the wee hours--not mere lightning but a spectacular electrical storm. On Friday, July 6, David Jenkins had been consecrated as Bishop of Durham despite publicly expressing heretical beliefs. On Saturday, the General Synod of the Church of England, meeting at York, declined to take any action. In his Sunday morning sermon in the Minster, Archbishop of York John Habgood did not rebuke Mr. Jenkins. That night God decided to make His own comment.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush arrived in Warsaw to begin his first visit to eastern Europe since becoming president.

Horse racing
With Approval, with Don Seymour aboard, won the 130th running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Race Track in Toronto in a time of 2:03.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Swear--All-4-One (8th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box):
1 Don't Turn Around--Ace of Base
2 I Swear--All-4-One
3 Any Time, Any Place/And On and On--Janet Jackson
4 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
5 Anytime You Need a Friend--Mariah Carey
6 If You Go--Jon Secada
7 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
8 I'll Remember--Madonna
9 Back and Forth--Aaliyah
10 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were Always in My Heart by Tevin Campbell (#70); What's Up by DJ Miko (#80); Closer by Nine Inch Nails (#85); and Girls and Boys by Blur (#90).

Died on this date
Billy Mosienko, 72
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Mosienko played right wing with the Chicago Black Hawks for 14 seasons from 1941-55, scoring 540 points on 258 goals and 282 assists in 710 regular season games, with 10 goals and 4 assists in 22 playoff games. He won the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy in 1944-45 as the NHL's most gentlemanly player. Mr. Mosienko is best remembered for scoring 3 goals in 21 seconds against New York Rangers' goalie Lorne Anderson on March 23, 1952, which still stands as the NHL record for the fastest 3 goals by a single player. Mr. Mosienko operated a bowling alley in downtown Winnipeg that was a local landmark.

Soccer
FIFA World Cup
Quarter-finals
Brazil 3 Netherlands 2

All 5 goals were scored within 30 minutes in the second half, with a free kick by Branco in the 81st minute deciding the game at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-1) 11 @ Edmonton (1-0) 26

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Isabel Sanford, 86
. U.S. actress. Miss Sanford was best known for playing Louise Jefferson in the television comedy series All in the Family (1971-1975) and its spinoff, The Jeffersons (1975-1985), winning an Emmy Award in 1981.

Law
In a non-binding decision, the International Court of Justice ruled that Israel's security barrier cutting into occupied Palestinian land in the West Bank was illegal, and advised Israel to remove the barrier. Israel ignored the verdict.

War
The United States Senate Intelligence Committee unanimously reported that the Central Intelligence Agency had provided unfounded assessments of the threat posed by Iraq that the administration of President George W. Bush had relied on to justify going to war in 2003.

Politics and government
Afghanistan's Election Commission announced that the country's presidential election would take place on October 9.

Environment
A U.S. federal appeals court ruled against the U.S. Energy Department's plan for burying nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain in Nevada.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-1) 22 @ Montreal (4-0) 46
Edmonton (1-3) 25 @ British Columbia (1-3) 9

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