480 years ago
Jacques Cartier landed at rocky Penouille Point on the Gaspé coast of what is now Quebec, and erected a 10-metre-high cross, bearing fleur-de-lys and the motto "Vive le Roy de France." He took possession of the mainland of Canada in the name of King François I.
200 years ago
In the War of 1812, British forces commanded General Phineas Riall advanced by night toward the Niagara River with 1,000 men to hold back Jacob Brown's American invaders. Gen. Riall was greatly outnumbered and waited for reinforcements from Kingston under General Sir Gordon Drummond.
150 years ago
In the U.S. Civil War, Confederate forces under General Jubal Early defeated Union troops led by General George Crook in the Second Battle of Kernstown at Kernstown, Virginia in an effort to keep them out of the Shenandoah Valley.
125 years ago
Joe Dowie of the Baltimore Orioles went 5-for-6 in a 17-3 rout of the Louisville Colonels. Mr. Dowie ended up with only 17 hits in his big-league career.
100 years ago
Born on this dae
Ed Mirvish. U.S.-born Canadian businessman. In 1948 Mr. Mirvish opened the discount store Honest Ed's, which became a landmark on Bloor Street in downtown Toronto. He died on July 11, 2007, 13 days before his 93rd birthday.
90 years ago
Politics and government
Archaeologist Themistoklis Sofoulis took office as Prime Minister of Greece.
80 years ago
Chicago recorded its highest temperature to date, 105 F.
Les Tietje pitched a 6-hitter in the record heat in Chicago to lead the White Sox past the Washington Nationals 4-1 at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Johnny Gill’s home run accounted for the lone Washington run.
The New York Yankees lost centre fielder Earle Combs for the rest of the season with a broken collarbone and fractured skull when he crashed into the center field wall at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis in a game against the St. Louis Browns. The Yankees also lost the game, 4-2. They called up George Selkirk from the Newark Bears of the International League only to learn that Mr. Selkirk had broken his arm that day.
70 years ago
On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Aluminum Crutch
Soviet troops captured Lublin, splitting the German armies in Poland east of the Vistula and San Rivers by cutting their north-south communications. Japanese troops retreated from the Driniumor River valley in the Aitape-Wewak area of Dutch New Guinea.
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that the U.S. stand toward Argentina remained unchanged.
Politics and government
American Democratic Committee Chairman Gleason Archer announced that the group would support Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey for President in the November 1944 election.
Veterans of Foreign Wars Commander Carl Schoeninger said that he had agreements with the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations pledging preferential treatment for war veterans.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wanted--Perry Como
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Disc Jockey--7th week at #1); Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces (Jukebox--1st week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen (6th week at #1)
2 Hernando's Hideaway--Archie Bleyer
3 Three Coins in the Fountain--The Four Aces
4 The Little Shoemaker--The Gaylords
--Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra
5 Sh-Boom--The Crew-Cuts
6 The Happy Wanderer--Frank Weir and his Orchestra
--Henri Rene's Musette
7 I Understand Just How You Feel--The Four Tunes
8 Goodnight, Sweetheart, Goodnight--The McGuire Sisters
9 If You Love Me (Really Love Me)--Kay Starr
10 The High and the Mighty--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
--LeRoy Holmes and his Orchestra
--Victor Young and his Orchestra
Singles entering the chart were the versions of The High and the Mighty by Leroy Holmes and his Orchestra, Victor Young and his Orchestra, and Johnny Desmond; Period by the Four Knights (#35); The Gal that Got Away by Frank Sinatra and The Man that Got Away by Jeri Southern (#40); How Blue? by the Mills Brothers (#41); Take Everything But You by Kitty Kallen (#44); and The Call of the South by Bing and Gary Crosby (#46). The Gal that Got Away and The Man that Got Away were versions of the song originally sung by Judy Garland in the movie A Star is Born (1954).
50 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Won't Forget You--Jim Reeves
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 A Hard Day's Night--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Thank You Girl--The Beatles
3 As Long as I'm Sure of You--Bobby Curtola
4 Lucky Star--Rick Nelson
5 Can't You See that She's Mine--The Dave Clark Five
6 Memphis--Johnny Rivers
7 Such a Night--Elvis Presley
8 Dang Me--Roger Miller
9 C'mon Everybody--Elvis Presley
10 Rag Doll--The 4 Seasons
Pick hit of the week: Ringo's Theme (This Boy)--George Martin and his Orchestra
New this week: Little Latin Lupe Lu--The Kingsmen
Oh What a Kiss--Johnny Rivers
I'll Cry Instead--The Beatles
Silly Old Summertime--The New Christy Minstrels
Let Me Close--Skeeter Davis
It's All Over Now--The Rolling Stones
40 years ago
#1 single in Switzerland: Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes (2nd week at #1)
Died on this date
James Chadwick, 82. U.K. physicist. Dr. Chadwick was awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of the neutron" in 1932.
The United States Supreme Court ruled 8-0 that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed tapes of 64 White House conversations and ordered him to surrender the tapes to Leon Jaworski, the special prosecutor investigating the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and the subsequent cover-up. The House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began hearings on articles of impeachment for President Nixon.
Politics and government
Konstantinos Karamanlis arrived in Greece to become Prime Minister following the collapse of the country's military junta, beginning Greece's metapolitefsi era.
Hamilton (0-1) 12 @ Montreal (1-0) 20
Johnny Rodgers caught 5 passes for 128 yards, including a 70-yard touchdown pass from quarterback Jimmy Jones, as the Alouettes beat the Tiger-Cats before 15,246 fans at Autostade in the CFL's earliest regular season opener to date. Mr. Rodgers ran backward for the last several yards of his touchdown run, which didn't impress the Tiger-Cats. Mr. Jones also threw a 16-yard touchdown pass to Larry Smith.
Southern California (2-1) 22 @ Jacksonville (1-2) 19
Houston (1-2) 3 @ Florida (3-0) 15
Memphis (2-1) 33 @ Birmingham (3-0) 58
Chicago (3-0) 29 @ Portland (1-2) 22
30 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Big in Japan--Alphaville (6th week at #1)
The United States responded privately to the U.S.S.R.’s call for a ban on space weapons with its own draft of a joint statement.
Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister John Turner, Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney, and New Democratic Party leader Ed Broadbent met in a nationally-televised French-language debate, the first time in Canadian history that the party leaders had debated in French.
U.S. President Ronald Reagan said that he had no plans to raise taxes in 1985.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the Consumer Price Index had risen 0.2% in June.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Express Yourself--Madonna
2 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
3 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
4 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
5 Toy Soldiers--Martika
7 So Alive--Love and Rockets
8 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer
9 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
10 Rooms on Fire--Stevie Nicks
Singles entering the chart were Waterline by Paradox (#79); Secret Rendezvous by Karyn White (#82); Little Fighter by White Lion (#87); Runnin' Down a Dream by Tom Petty (#89); Anything Can Happen by Was (Not Was) (#91); If I Could Turn Back Time by Cher (#93); and Breakthru by Queen (#94).
Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Sousuke Uno announced that he took responsibility for his Liberal Democratic Party’s poor showing in the previous day’s upper house election, and that he would resign his office when a replacement was chosen. Mr. Uno had been prime Minister for just seven weeks.
A Delaware Supreme Court panel upheld the July 14 Chancery Court ruling that rejected an attempt by Paramount Communications and some Time, Inc. stockholders to prevent Time's purchase of Warner Communications. Paramount withdrew its offer, and Time immeidately acquired Warner for $14 billion--$70 per share.
20 years ago
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Eins, zwei, polizei--Mo-Do (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: 7 Seconds--Youssou N'Dour and Neneh Cherry (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (9th week at #1)
10 years ago
A Mexican federal judge dismissed the case brought the previous day by a special prosecutor against former President (1970-1976) Luis Echevarria, who had been accused of genocide for odering the massacre of 25 student protesters in 1971.
Saskatchewan (2-4) 40 @ Calgary (1-4) 21
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
6 hours ago