Tuesday, 9 February 2016

February 10, 2016

175 years ago
1841


Politics and government
The Act of Union of Upper Canada and Lower Canada, passed at Westminster on July 23, 1840, came into effect, uniting Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada, a legislative union with 84 members divided equally between Canada East and Canada West. Kingston was to be the capital, and Charles Poulett Thomson, Lord Sydenham was appointed the first Governor-General of the United Province of Canada.

170 years ago
1846


War
British East India Company forces defeated Sikhs in the Battle of Sobraon, the final battle of the First Anglo-Sikh War.

Religion
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints – the Mormons – began an exodus west from Illinois.

110 years ago
1906


Died on this date
E. B. Eddy, 78
. U.S.-born Canadian businessman and politician. Ezra Butler Eddy began manufacturing matches in Burlington, Vermont in 1851 before moving to Hull, Quebec three years later. He founded the E.B. Eddy Company in 1886. Mr. Eddy served as mayor of Hull for 13 years and represented Ottawa as a Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1871-1875.

Defense
HMS Dreadnought, the first of a revolutionary new breed of battleships, was christened and launched at Portsmouth, England by King Edward VII.

100 years ago
1916


Protest
An anti-German riot took place in Calgary.

80 years ago
1936


War
Italian troops launched the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian defenders in the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.

75 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Walter Krivitsky, 41
. U.S.S.R. spy. General Krivitsky, born Samuel Ginsburg, spied for the Soviet Union for about 20 years before defecting to the West in 1937 after Soviet dictator Josef Stalin began a purge of the General Staff of the Red Army. Gen. Krivitsky revealed information about Soviet espionage to the British and American governments, and became convinced that he was being targeted for assassination by the Soviet secret police force NKVD. Gen. Krivitsky was found dead in his room at the Bellevue Hotel in Washington, with a bullet in his head, and three suicide notes next to his body. The official verdict was suicide.

Movies
Paramount Pictures purchased the screen rights to the Broadway play Lady in the Dark for the record price of $283,000.

War
British colonial forces crossed the Kenyan border into Italian Somaliland, while Royal Air Force bombers left Singapore for bases in northern Malaya.

The United Kingdom announced that it had broken diplomatic relations with Romania because Romania's territory was being used by Germany as a military base.

Diplomacy
The United States Senate confirmed John G. Winant as U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

Scandal
U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) demanded a Senate probe of irregularities in the awarding of defense contracts.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed by voice vote and sent to the Senate the Public Debt Act of 1941, raising the national debt to $65 billion.

The U.S. Treasury Department revealed that about $4.369 billion worth of foreign assets had been frozen in the United States since April 1940.

70 years ago
1946


Politics and government
The Soviet Communist Party won the first general elections held in Russia since 1937, facing opposition only in the recently annexed Baltic states.

Congressional elections in Costa Rica gave the government 11 seats, with Communists winning 2 and other opposition parties taking 10.

Dutch negotiators offered the right of self-determination within the Netherlands commonwealth to Netherlands East Indies nationalist leaders in Batavia.

Transportation
The British ocean liner Queen Mary docked in New York with 1,666 war brides and 668 children, the largest overwater movement of women and children in history.

Crime
Mafia leader Lucky Luciano was deported to Italy from the United States.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Transport Workers Union called a strike of 9,606 employees of the Philadelphia Transportation Company to gain a $2 daily wage increase.

Golf
Ben Hogan won the Texas Open in San Antonio, finishing ahead of Sam Byrd and Byron Nelson.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Emmanouil Tsouderos, 73
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1941; Prime Minister of the Greek government in exile, 1941-1944. Mr. Tsouderos served as Prime Minister from April 21-29, 1941 after the suicide of Alexandros Koryzis, and fled with King George II to Crete when Nazi forces invaded and occupied the country. Mr. Tsouderos led the government in exile in London and later in Cairo; he served in different capacities after World War II, and died in Italy.

Wilbert Coffin, 40. Canadian criminal. Mr. Coffin, a prospector from the Gaspé region of Quebec, was hanged at Bordeaux Prison in Montreal for the July 1953 murder of American tourist Eugene Lindsey and his son Richard, and Frederick Claar. Charges that Mr. Coffin had not received a fair trial because of concern over loss of American tourism led to a special reference to the Supreme Court of Canada, which upheld the conviction.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Michelle--The Overlanders (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Billy Rose, 66
. U.S. songwriter and impresario. Mr. Rose, born William Rosenberg, was known for writing lyrics to such songs as Me and My Shadow (1927) and It's Only a Paper Moon (1933), and for producing musical shows such as Jumbo (1935) and Carmen Jones (1943).

Bruno Bitkowski, 36. Canadian football player. Mr. Bitkowski was a centre with the Ottawa Rough Riders from 1951-1962. He won the Gruen Trophy as the outstanding Canadian rookie in the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union in 1951, and was a member of the Rough Riders' Grey Cup championship teams in 1951 and 1960. Mr. Bitkowski died of a heart attack while on vacation in Bridgetown, Barbados.

Diplomacy
U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey began a two-week peace mission to nine Asian countries.

40 years ago
1976


Terrorism
Bombs exploded throughout the commercial shopping district of Belfast on the first anniversary of a "cease-fire" between the provisional wing of the Irish Republican Army and the British Army.

Politics and government
W.J. Usery, Jr. was sworn in as United States Secretary of Labor in the administration of President Gerald Ford.

Economics and finance
Backward nations from Asia, Africa, and Latin America ended a two-week meeting in Manila of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. They called for international economic reforms.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): We Built This City--Starship (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Janey, Don't You Lose Heart--Bruce Springsteen

War
Iran launched a new offensive against Iraq.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (9th week at #1)

War
Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein mad his first public broadcast in two weeks, calling on Iraqis to show patience and steadfastness. Iraqis faced severe water shortages, and most were without electricity.

World events
Results from the previous day’s non-binding plebiscite in Lithuania showed a vote of 90% in favour of independence from the Soviet Union. Lithuanian President Vytautas Landsbergis declared the vote "a victory against lying and intimidation," referring to the Kremlin’s attempts to stop the Baltic republics’ drive for independence.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Wonderwall--Oasis

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin'--Double Vision (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (11th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (9th week at #1)
2 Missing--Everything But the Girl
3 One of Us--Joan Osborne
4 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
5 Hey Lover--LL Cool J
6 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
7 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
8 Be My Lover--La Bouche
9 Tonite's Tha Night--Kris Kross
10 Anything--3T

Singles entering the chart were Ain't Nobody by Diana King (#58); Everyday and Everynight by Yvette Michele (#59); Keep Tryin' by Groove Theory (#61); Promises Broken by Soul Asylum (#67); Leflaur Leflah Eshkoshka by Heltah Skeltah & O.G.C. a.k.a. Fab 5 (#77); Celebration/Take Your Chance by Fun Factory (#87); and Take a Look by J'Son (#89).

Diplomacy
The government of Zaire announced plans to encourage one million Rwandan refugees to leave the 42 camps in Zaire and return home.

Chess
The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeated world champion Garry Kasparov for the first time, winning the first game of their six-game match in Philadelphia.

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