Tuesday, 16 February 2016

February 17, 2016

75 years ago

Died on this date
Juvenal Viegas Silva
. Brazilian politician. Mr. Viegas, the leader of the Brazilian Communist Party, was killed by police in Porto Alegre while resisting arrest.

Bulgaria and Turkey signed a declaration of friendship and non-aggression.

U.S. Senator Alben Barkley (Democrat--Kentucky) began debate in the Senate on the Lend-Lease bill by saying that the only way to stop German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler was to defeat him.

Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court rejected Communist Party USA General Secretary Earl Browder's appeal of his four-year prison sentence and $2,000 fine for using a falsely-obtained passport.

Economics and finance
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles rejected former U.S. President Herbert Hoover's multinational plan to feed three million people in Belgium, saying that it was Germany's obligation to feed the population she had conquered.

The American Federation of Teachers executive council urged that charters of teachers' locals in New York City and Philadelphia be revoked because of Communist influence.

Joe Louis (46-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Gus Dorazio (51-10-1) at 1:30 of the 2nd round at Convention Hall in Philadelphia.

70 years ago

The Chinese government in Chungking reported the resumption of fighting between Nationalists and Communists in Manchuria.

Polish emigre army commander Wladyslaw Anders denied Soviet and Yugoslav charges that his troops were menacing the peace.

Adrian Pelt of the Netherlands was appointed assistant secretary of the United Nations in charge of conferences and services, while Arkady Sobolev of the U.S.S.R. was named to head the department of Security Council affairs.

Politics and government
Ismail Sidky Pasha formed a new Egyptian cabinet, composed of five liberals and seven independents.

Belgian parliamentary elections gave Socialists and Communists a majority in the Chamber of Deputies, and right-wing parties a majority in the Senate.

The 1945 Fawcett Award for "the greatest scientific contribution to the progress of aviation" was given to Fred E. Weick, designer of the Ercoupe "spinproof" plane.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra

France launched the technical research satellite Diapason from its Sahara Desert base in Algeria.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Janey, Don't You Lose Heart--Bruce Springsteen (2nd week at #1)

U.S. envoy Philip Habib met separately in Manila with incumbent Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and challenger Corazon Aquino in an attempt to resolve the dispute over the result of the February 7 presidential election.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (10th week at #1)

This blogger attended a performance of William Shakespeare's Richard III at Thrust Theatre in the University of Alberta's fine arts building. I enjoyed the play, but found the Thrust Theatre to be a most uncomfortable place to sit.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Boombastic--Shaggy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Children--Robert Miles

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Don't Look Back in Anger--Oasis

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (12th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (10th week at #1)
2 Missing--Everything But the Girl
3 One of Us--Joan Osborne
4 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
5 Exhale (Shoop Shoop)--Whitney Houston
6 Be My Lover--La Bouche
7 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
8 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
9 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
10 Tonite's Tha Night--Kris Kross

Singles entering the chart were Follow You Down; Jesus to a Child by George Michael (#47); Get Money by Junior M.A.F.I.A. (#49); All the Things (Your Man Won’t Do) by Joe (#58); I Want to Come Over by Melissa Etheridge (#68); Oh Virginia by Blessid Union Of Souls (#85); and I Will Survive by Chantay Savage (#86).

NASA's Discovery Program began as the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lifted off on the first mission ever to orbit and land on an asteroid, 433 Eros.

Two days of negotiations began in Rome among the parties in the Bosnian peace agreement.

Politics and government
Michel Gauthier was elected interim leader of the Bloc Québecois, replacing BQ founder Lucien Bouchard, who had moved to provincial politics to become leader of the Parti Québecois and Premier of Quebec. Meanwhile, Glen Clark won the leadership of the British Columbia New Democratic Party; the former Employment and Investment Minister was sworn in as B.C. Premier on February 22, replacing Mike Harcourt.

The 8.2-Mw Biak earthquake shook the Papua province of eastern Indonesia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). A large tsunami followed, leaving 166 people dead or missing and 423 injured.

World champion Garry Kasparov won the sixth and final game of his match in Philadelphia against the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue, winning 4-2--3 wins to 1, with 2 draws.

10 years ago

A massive mudslide occurred in Southern Leyte, Philippines resulting in an official death toll of 1,126.

Canada won three more medals at the Winter Olympic Games in Turin, Italy: Duff Gibson won the gold medal and Jeff Pain the silver in men's skeleton, while Dominique Maltais won a bronze medal in women's snowboard cross.

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