Sunday, 21 February 2016

February 22, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Laura Pereverzoff-Ong!

700 years ago
1316


War
Forces of the infante Ferdinand of Majorca--claimant to the Principality of Achaea--defeated forces loyal to Princess Matilda of Hainau in the Battle of Picotin in southern Greece.

80 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Man with the Twisted Lip

Died on this date
John Allan, 69
. Australian politician. Mr. Allan, a member of the Country Party, represented Rodney in the Victoria Legislative Assembly from 1917-1936, and was Premier of Victoria from 1924-1927.

Figure skating
Sonja Henie of Norway won her tenth consecutive women’s world championship.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Frenesi--Artie Shaw and His Orchestra (10th week at #1)

War
The German ships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau sank five ships in the North Atlantic Ocean. The British Admiralty announced that 150,000 square miles of the mid-Mediterranean Sea had been mined.

Diplomacy
A Vichy report said that France had rejected a Japanese-sponsored proposal whereby Thailand would receive approximately one-third of Laos and Cambodia.

U.S. Minister to Bulgaria George Earle was involved in a cafe fight with a German army major.

Defense
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover asked the House of Representatives for about $970,000 to pay for 700 additional special agents to protect the defense program against spies and saboteurs. R. Medina Ramirez, acting President of the Nationalist Party in Puerto Rico, was indicted in San Juan on a charge of obstructing registration for the draft.

Education
The U.S. National Manufacturers Association-sponsored survey that declared that a "substantial proportion" of social science textbooks were critical of the American form of government and free enterprise was assailed by a committee of 10 social scientists who saw a "csnsorship threat inherent" in the investigation.

Track and field
Greg Rice won the three-mile run at the U.S. Amateur Athletic Union championships in New York, setting a world indoor record of 13 minutes 51 seconds.

70 years ago
1946


At the movies
Little Giant, starring Bud Abbott and Lou Costello, opened in theatres.

War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, the Soviet prosecution introduced evidence that Russian civilians shipped to Germany in 1942 had been sold at $4-$6 per head for slave labour. Norwegian novelist Knut Hamsun, 86, who had been charged with treason for his support of Germany during World War II, was committed to a hospital in Grimstad because of "mental deficiencies" due to old age.

Diplomacy
Argentine presidential candidate Juan Peron issued a 127-page "Blue and White Book" accusing U.S. embassy officials of espionage, and denying charges of Argentine collaboration with Germany during World War II.

Protest
British authorities imposed a 9 P.M. curfew in Bombay as rioting and looting continued for the second day.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Running Scared, with guest stars Joanne Linville, Lin McCarthy, and Jacqueline Scott

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 110; with two dogs aboard, it became the first spacecraft to carry animals into the Van Allen radiation belt.

Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Harold Wilson began three days of talks in Moscow with U.S.S.R. Premier Aleksei Kosygin. The talks concerned the Vietnam War and other issues.

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Angela Baddeley, 71
. U.K. actress. Miss Baddeley was best known for playing household cook Mrs. Bridges in the television series Upstairs, Downstairs (1971-1975).

Florence Ballard, 32. U.S. singer. Miss Ballard founded and named the singing group The Supremes, who joined Motown Records in 1961. She originally shared lead vocals with Diana Ross and Mary Wilson, but was eventually pushed aside in favour of Miss Ross. The group had 10 singles that reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart from 1964-1967, but Miss Ballard was fired during the summer of 1967--ostensibly because of a drinking problem--and replaced by Cindy Birdsong. Miss Ballard had a brief and unsuccessful solo career, and sued for roaylties she claimed she deserved before disappearing from sight. Miss Ballard was reported in 1975 to be applying for welfare; she became the subject of interviews, and briefly returned to performing, but died of a coronoary thrombosis, exacerbated by obesity. It was said tht Miss Ballard had the best voice of any of the Supremes, but she was seldom given the chance to show it off.

Politics and government
Joe Clark, Member of the House of Commons for the Alberta riding of Rocky Mountain, was elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, defeating Claude Wagner of Quebec 1,187-1,122 on the fourth ballot at the party's leadership convention at Ottawa Civic Centre.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Adesso Tu--Eros Ramazzotti

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): How Will I Know--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
2 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
3 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
4 Burning Heart--Survivor
5 Living in America--James Brown
6 I’m Your Man--Wham!
7 Sara--Starship
8 Life in a Northern Town--The Dream Academy
9 The Sweetest Taboo--Sade
10 Silent Running--Mike + the Mechanics

Singles entering the chart were Kiss by Prince and the Revolution (#42); I Can't Wait by Stevie Nicks (#56); I Think it's Love by Jermaine Jackson (#69); Overjoyed by Stevie Wonder (#70); Heart's on Fire by John Cafferty (#84); It's Alright (Baby's Coming Back) by Eurythmics (#86); A Little Bit of Love (Is All it Takes) by New Edition (#87); What Have You Done for Me Lately by Janet Jackson (#88); I Found Someone by Laura Branigan (#89); and Wood Beez (Pray Like Aretha Franklin) by Scritti Politti (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Conga--Miami Sound Machine
2 When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going--Billy Ocean
3 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
4 I Miss You--Klymaxx
5 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
6 How Will I Know--Whitney Houston
7 Life in a Northern Town--The Dream Academy
8 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
9 Kyrie--Mr. Mister
10 Living in America--James Brown

Singles entering the chart were Calling America by Electric Light Orchestra (#81); Addicted to Love by Robert Palmer (#84); Manic Monday by the Bangles (#91); Needles and Pins by Tom Petty and Stevie Nicks (#92); Caravan of Love by Isley Jasper Isley (#93); One Chance by Stan Meissner (#94); I’m Not the One by the Cars (#96); and How to Be a Millionaire by ABC (#97).

World events
Two senior members of the Philippines government took over the defense ministry headquarters and denounced President Ferdinand Marcos.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 6 Edmonton 5 (OT)

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Beinhart--Torfrock (5th week at #1)

War
U.S. President George Bush gave Iraq an ultimatum to withdraw from Kuwait by 12 noon the following day or face a full-scale ground war. Mr. Bush also denounced Iraq for setting fire to Kuwaiti oil installations. Hundreds were aflame, and black smoke covered up to half of Kuwait and parts of neighbouring countries.

World events
Two weeks of crisis talks by the presidents of Yugoslavia’s republics concluded with a failure to reach a consensus on the future of Yugoslavia.

Politics and government
In an attempt to end a wave of pro-democracy protests, Albanian President Ramiz Alia dismissed Premier Adil Carcani and appointed a new government. In a nationally-televised address two days earlier, Mr. Alia explained that he had decided to create a new government and a new presidential council for the sake of "peace and democracy." The new 19-member cabinet, composed entirely of members of the ruling Albanian Workers’ (Communist) Party, was to remain in office until the national elections set for March 31. Fatos Nano, a reform-minded economist, succeeded Mr. Carcani, who had been in office since 1982, as Premier.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Brian Tobin led the Liberal Party to victory in the Newfoundland provincial election, capturing 37 of 48 seats in the House of Assembly, increasing the majority previously enjoyed by Clyde Wells. Glen Clark was sworn in as Premier of British Columbia, replacing the retiring Mike Harcourt. Mr. Clark, the former Employment and Investment Minister, had been elected as leader of B.C.'s New Democratic Party on February 18.

Diplomacy
Turkey recalled her ambassador from Greece in a dispute between the countries over an island in the Aegean Sea. Greece rejected American efforts to mediate the dispute.

Society
Police in South Africa escorted 16 black children to a white school after the Supreme Court had ordered that the school be integrated.

10 years ago
2006


War
Insurgents destroyed the golden dome of the Askariya mosque in Samarra--one of Iraq's holiest Shiite shrines-- setting off a spasm of sectarian violence.

Crime
At least six men staged Britain's biggest robbery, stealing £53 million (about $92.5 million or €78 million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.

Olympics
At the Winter Olympic Games in Turin, Italy, Cindy Klassen of Canada won the gold medal in the women's 1,500-metre speed skating event, with fellow Canadian Kristina Groves winning the silver medal. The team of Alanna Kraus, Anouk Leblanc-Boucher, Kalyna Roberge, and Tania Vicent won a silver for Canada in the women's 3,000-metre relay. Chandra Crawford won Canada's other medal with a silver in the women's sprint event in cross country skiing.

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