Tuesday, 16 February 2016

February 16, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Veronica Jones and Anna!

625 years ago

Died on this date
John V, 58
. Byzantine Emperor, 1341-1376; 1379-1390; 1390-1391. John V, of the house of Palaiologos, succeeded his father Andronikos III at the age of 8. He was deposed by his son Andronikos in 1376, but regained the throne. John V's grandson John VII briefly deposed him in 1390, but John V regained power again before dying, and being succeeded by his son Manuel.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Billy Hamilton
. U.S. baseball player. "Sliding Billy" was an outfielder with the Kansas City Cowboys (1888-1889); Philadelphia Phillies (1890-1895); and Boston Beaneaters (1896-1901), batting .344 with 40 home runs and 742 runs batted in in 1,594 games. He led the National League in batting percentage in 1891 and 1893; in runs four times; in stolen bases five times; in bases and balls five times; and in on base percentage five times. Mr. Hamilton has been credited with 912-915 stolen bases--third on the career list--although stolen bases were calculated differently in his time. Mr. Hamilton died on December 16, 1940 at the age of 74; he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1961.

Politics and government
Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington became Secretary of State for War in the Liberal cabinet of British Prime Minister Earl Russell.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Bill Doggett
. U.S. musician. Mr. Doggett was a jazz and rhythm and blues pianist and organist who was best known for the single Honky Tonk (Parts 1 and 2), which reached #1 on the Billboard rhythm and blues chart and #2 on the pop chart in 1956. He died on November 13, 1996 at the age of 80.

A mob of 500 men, mostly soldiers, wrecked a Calgary restaurant for dismissing an ex-soldier.

Suzanne Lenglen of France retained her world women's championship with a 6-3, 8-6 win over Helen Wills of the United States in Cannes.

80 years ago

Politics and government
Elections brought the Popular Front to power in Spain.

The 4th Winter Olympic Games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. The Port Arthur Bearcats won Canada's only medal, the silver in hockey; the United Kingdom, whose team was composed mainly of Canadians, won the gold medal.

75 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 6

The United Kingdom announced that a sea area of 50 x 80 miles north of Singapore had been mined as a precautionary measure.

Harry Hopkins, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal envoy to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, returned to New York from the U.K. and declared that Britain needed American help "desperately," but "they don't need our men." The U.S. National Economy League, led by Ernest Angell, urged a 10% defense tax on all personal income.

Politics and government
It was announced in the French press that Admiral François Darlan now held the offices of Vice Premier; Foreign Minister; Interior Minister; Commander of the Fleet; and head of the Department of Information in the Vichy regime.

Economics and finance
Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover revealed that a plan to feed three million Belgians had been submitted to the British and German governments.

Printing unions in the United States urged Congress to limit commercial radio time to 25% of programs, charging that the switch from newspapers to radio by advertisers had resulted in the loss of 25,000 jobs in printing trades.

U.S. Indian Service physicians reported that the sight-destroying disease trachoma was a virus and could be successfully treated with sulfanilamide within three weeks.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ernst Berl, 68
. Austro-Hungarian born U.S. chemist. Mr. Berl developed a process for converting vegetation into coal and oil.

World events
The White House announced that U.S. President Harry Truman had been informed of the Soviet spy ring in Canada several months earlier.

The U.S.S.R. used its United Nations Security Council veto for the first time, rejecting a U.S. motion that the United Kingdom and France negotiate withdrawal from the Levant states.

The Argentine Foreign Office affirmed the government's loyalty to the American republics, calling U.S. accusations of collaboration with Germany during World War II "unjustified and inexact."

Politics and government
40 left-wing Korean parties formed the Korean Democratic People's Front in Seoul.

The United States Veterans Administration announced a two-year plan to build 183 hospitals with 151,500 beds in 39 states.

Economics and finance
In an anti-inflation move, the Japanese government limited incomes to 500 yen per month; cut bank withdrawals to 300 yen for heads of families; restricted food distribution; and called for conversion of currency into new bank notes.

U.K. Viceroy of India Viscout Archibald Wavell reduced the basic cereal ration from 16 to 12 ounces daily after declaring a 3-million ton food shortage.

Strikes of 67,000 Republic Steel and 75,000 Bethlehem Steel workers in the United States were settled by an agreement providing for an 18 1/2-c hourly wage increase.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): L'Homme et l'Enfant--Eddie & Tania Constantine (11th week at #1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Jump in My Car--Ted Mulry Gang (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oyoge! Taiyaki-kun--Masato Shimon (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Para Que No Me Olvides--Lorenzo Santamaría

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Moviestar--Harpo

U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger began an eight-day visit to Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Guatemala to discuss trade and other matters.

In Barcelona, representatives of 12 nations signed a Mediterranean pollution-control pact.

30 years ago

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I'm Your Man--Wham!

#1 single in Switzerland: Jeanny--Falco (5th week at #1)

World events
France booked seats for deposed Haitian dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier and his family on a flight to the United States, which said that Mr. Duvalier was undesirable and would not be admitted.

Politics and government
Corazon Aquino declared that she had defeated President Ferdinand Marcos in the February 7 Philippine election, and announced the beginning of a non-violent campaign to topple the government. She called for a one-day nationwide strike.

Socialist Mario Soares won a runoff election to become Portugal’s first civilian president in 60 years. In the first round of voting, Mr. Soares had trailed rightist candidate Diego Freitas do Amoral, but voters on the left side of the spectrum, including communists, closed ranks behind him, and he obtained 51% of the vote. Mr. Soares succeeded General Antonio Ramalho Eanes as President.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oh Yeah!--Kazumasa Oda

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Knockin' Boots--Candyman (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Wiliams (2nd week at #1)
2 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
3 The First Time--Surface
4 Sensitivity--Ralph Tresvant
5 Where Does My Heart Beat Now--Celine Dion
6 Someday--Mariah Carey
7 Disappear--INXS
8 One More Try--Timmy -T-
9 Play That Funky Music--Vanilla Ice
10 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were State of the World by Janet Jackson (#53); Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)/I Want You by Robert Palmer (#58); Rico Suave by Gerardo (#85); Sadeness (Part 1) by Enigma (#86); How to Dance by Bingoboys featuring Princessa (#87); Funk Boutique by Cover Girls (#88); I'll Do 4 U by Father MC (#89); and Cry for Help by Rick Astley (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Disappear--INXS
2 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
3 Til I am Myself Again--Blue Rodeo
4 Wicked Game--Chris Isaak
5 All the Man that I Need--Whitney Houston
6 All This Time--Sting
7 After the Rain--Nelson
8 I’m Not in Love--Will to Power
9 Show Me the Way--Styx
10 Waiting for Love--Alias

Singles entering the chart were Sadeness (Part 1) by Enigma (#72); I'll Be Your Baby Tonight by Robert Palmer (#78); River of Love by David Foster (#85); Easy Come Easy Go by Winger (#86); Always Come Back to You by Natasha's Brother (#88); Silent Lucidity by Queensryche (#90); Ride the Wind by Poison (#92); Power of Love by Deee-Lite (#93); Friends Forever by Candi and the Backbeat (#95); Never Say Die by Jon Bon Jovi (#98); and Deeper Shade of Soul by Urban Dance Squad (#99). Always Come Back to You was from the movie The Nutcracker Prince (1990).

Died on this date
Enrique Bermúdez, 58
. Nicaraguan guerrilla leader. Lieutenant Colonel Bermúdez founded and led the Contras, the guerrilla force opposing the Marxist Sandanista government that ruled the country from 1979-1990. He was assassinated by persons unknown in the parking lot of the InterContinental Hotel in Managua after people he was secheduled to meet in the hotel failed to show up.

Toronto 3 Edmonton 2

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Spaceman--Babylon Zoo (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Pat Brown, 90
. U.S. politician. Mr. Brown, a Democrat, was Attorney General of California fro 1951-1959 and Governor of California from 1959-1967. He defeated U.S. Senator William Knowland (Republican) to win the 1958 gubernatorial election, and defeated former U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in the 1962 election before losing to former movie actor Ronald Reagan in 1966. Mr. Brown's time as Governor was characterized by huge public works projects and a modernized educational system. Mr. Brown was the father of future California Governor Jerry Brown.

Brownie McGhee, 80. U.S. musician. Walter Brown McGhee was a blues singer and guitarist, and was best known for his collaborations with harmonicist Sonny Terry in a partnership that ran from the early 1940s to the 1980s.

Roger Bowen, 63. U.S. author and actor. Mr. Bowen wrote 11 novels, but was perhaps best known for playing Lieutenant Colonel Henry Blake in the movie MASH (1970); oddly, Mr. Bowen died of a heart attack the day after the death of McLean Stevenson, who played Col. Blake in the television series M*A*S*H (1972-1975).

Politics and government
The Italian parliament was dissolved after months of stalemate and a failed attempt at constitutional and electoral reform.

The Japanese government apologized to the 200 recipients of donated blood who had contracted HIV, opening the way to compensation.

Energy shortages forced thousands of coal miners in Ukraine to end their 15-day strike over wage arrears.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Ernie Stautner, 80
. German-born U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Stautner, who moved to the United States with his family at the age of 3, was a defensive tackle with the Pittsburgh Steelers from 1950-1963. He was named an All-Pro nine times, and was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1969. Mr. Stautner had a long career as an assistant coach in the NFL from 1965-1994 before becoming head coach of the Frankfurt Galaxy of NFL Europe from 1995-1997, leading the team to World Bowl championships in his first two seasons. He died of Alzheimer's disease.

The last Mobile army surgical hospital (MASH) was decommissioned by the United States Army.

Canada won four medals at the Winter Olympic Games in Turin, Italy: Mellisa Hollingsworth-Richards won a bronze in women's skeleton; Jeff Buttle won a bronze in men's figure skating; and the men's and women's speed skating teams both won silver medals in their respective team pursuit events.

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