Thursday, 4 February 2016

February 4, 2016

140 years ago
1876


Politics and government
Manitoba abolished its upper house, the Legislative Council.

80 years ago
1936


Science
Radium became the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.

75 years ago
1941


War
Japanese troops made a surprise landing in the Chinese province of Kwantung in an effort to cut supply lines into free China.

Defense
U.S. Army General Robert E. Wood, acting chairman of the America First Committee, claimed the the United Kingdom had enough assets in the United States to finance war orders for another 12-18 months.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franlin D. Roosevelt announced the extension of the export licensing system to the U.S.S.R. in an effort to prevent shipments from reaching Germany through Russia.

Popular culture
The United Service Organizations (USO) was incorporated in New York to provide recreational opportunities for U.S. armed forces personnel on leave.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)
--Bing Crosby
--Jo Stafford
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
2 Let it Snow! Let it Snow! Let it Snow!--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
3 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Andy Russell
4 It Might as Well Be Spring--Dick Haymes
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Margaret Whiting
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
6 Dig You Later (A Hubba-Hubba-Hubba)--Perry Como and the Satisfyers
7 Chickery Chick--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Evelyn Knight and the Jesters
8 Personality--Johnny Mercer
9 Waitin' for the Train to Come In--Peggy Lee
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Johnny Long and his Orchestra and Dick Robertson
10 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were the version of Let it Snow! Let it Snow! Let it Snow! by Woody Herman and his Orchestra; Slowly, with versions by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra and Dick Haymes (#14); Money is the Root of All Evil (Take it Away, Take it Away, Take it Away) by the Andrews Sisters and Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#17); One More Dream (And She's Mine) by Johnnie Johnston (#32); Just A-Sittin' and A-Rockin', with versions by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra, and the Delta Rhythm Boys (#33); Everyone Knew But Me, with versions by Helen Forrest with Les Paul and his Trio, and Louis Prima and his Orchestra (#37); All I Owe Ioway by Dick Haymes (#38); 9:20 Special by Harry James and his Orchestra (#39); and Warsaw Concerto by Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra (#42). One More Dream (And She's Mine) was the other side of As Long as I Live, charting at #28 with the version by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra. The version of Just A-Sittin' and A-Rockin' by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra was the other side of Artistry Jumps, charting at #25.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Indiscretion of Mr. Edwards

Theatre
Born Yesterday, starring Judy Holliday, Paul Douglas, and Gary Merrill, opened at the Lyceum Theatre on Broadway in New York.

War
Testimony at the trial in Nuremberg of accused Nazi war criminals revealed that German counter-intelligence chief Admiral Wilhelm Canaris had refused to carry out General Keitel's orders to seize and immobilize the French fleet six months before the Allied landing in north Africa. In other testimony, Belgian professor Dr. Leon van der Essen claimed that two German batteries had destroyed the famous University of Louvain library in May 1940, an incident the Nazis had later tried to blame on Britain. The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the legality of the U.S. military tribunal which had sentenced Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita to death.

Diplomacy
The Argentine Foreign Office informed the United States that it had no evidence to substantiate Argentine presidential candidate Juan Peron's claim that the U.S. embassy had engaged in arms smuggling.

Defense
The U.S. War, Navy, and State Departments announced the organization of a college for high-ranking officials in Washington to emphasize problems of national security.

Economics and finance
Argentina reported its ratification of the Bretton Woods agreement.

Labour
About 3,500 tugboat workers of the American Federation of Labor International Longshoremen's Association went on strike in New York for a 40-hour work week.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller, his Orchestra and Chorus (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Mond hält seine Wacht--Peter Alexander (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (4th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Great Pretender--The Platters
2 Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin
3 Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr
4 Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford
5 Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra
6 Band of Gold--Don Cherry
7 See You Later, Alligator--Bill Haley and his Comets
8 Dungaree Doll--Eddie Fisher
9 It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers
--Jo Stafford
10 Angels in the Sky--The Crew-Cuts

Singles entering the chart were 11th Hour Melody by Al Hibbler (#35); I'll Be Home, with versions by Pat Boone and the Flamingos (#37); Why Do Fools Fall in Love by the Teenagers (#41); The Poor People of Paris by Les Baxter, his Chorus and Orchestra (#44); and That's Your Mistake by Otis Williams and the Charms (#45). Pat Boone's version of I'll Be Home was the other side of Tutti Frutti, charting at #22 with the version by Little Richard.

On television tonight
Stage Show, hosted by Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, on CBS

Elvis Presley was the guest on this night's program, making his second appearance on the show in as many weeks. The program was produced by Jackie Gleason, and aired immediately prior to The Honeymooners.

The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Ralph Kramden, Inc.



50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 My Love--Petula Clark
2 Day Tripper/We Can Work it Out--The Beatles
3 The Sounds of Silence--Simon & Garfunkel
4 A Well Respected Man--The Kinks
5 It's Good News Week--Hedgehoppers Anonymous
6 Tijuana Taxi/Zorba the Greek--Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass
7 Barbara Ann--The Beach Boys
8 A Must to Avoid--Herman's Hermits
9 Spanish Eyes--Al Martino
10 Lies--The Knickerbockers
Pick hit of the week: Homeward Bound--Simon & Garfunkel
New this week: Batman Theme--The Marketts
This Golden Ring--The Fortunes
Where am I Going?--Barbra Streisand
Five Card Stud--Lorne Greene

Music
Bob Dylan began his 1966 world tour with a concert at the Convention Center in Louisville, Kentucky.

Disasters
All Nippon Airways Flight 60, a Boeing 727-81 jetliner flying from Sapporo to Tokyo, plunged into Tokyo Bay, killing all 133 people aboard.

40 years ago
1976


Movies
The Nova Scotia Supreme Court ruled that the province did not have right to censor motion pictures.

Transportation
U.S. Transportation Secretary William Coleman approved limited service by the British-French supersonic Concorde jet to Washington, D.C. and New York City for 16 months.

Disasters
An earthquake struck Guatemala and Honduras, killing more than 22,000 people.

Olympics
The 1976 Winter Olympic Games opened in Innsbruck, Austria, with 37 nations and 1,128 athletes participating. The games closed on February 15.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Bring Your Daughter... to the Slaughter--Iron Maiden

War
Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani made a surprise offer to hold peace talks directly with Iraq and the United States.

Economics and finance
U.S. President George Bush presented a $1.446-trillion budget to Congress for the 1992 fiscal year. The deficit was forecast at $280.9 billion, the second-highest ever. The figures reflected neither the full cost of the Gulf War nor of the savings and loan bailout.

Football
CFL
The Edmonton Eskimos named Ron Lancaster as their head coach, replacing the departed Joe Faragalli. "The Little General" had a 19-year Hall of Fame career as a quarterback with the Ottawa Rough Riders (1960-1962) and the Saskatchewan Rough Riders (1963-1978) before serving as the Roughriders' head coach in 1979-1980. After compiling a record of just 4 wins and 28 losses, Mr. Lancaster was let go by the Roughriders, but joined the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, where he was an outstanding colour commentator on telecasts of CFL games from 1981-1990.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): How Bizarre--OMC (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (9th week at #1)

Weather
A major snowstorm paralyzed the midwestern United States. Milwaukee tied its record low temperature at −26° F (−32.2° C).

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Aloha Stadium, Honolulu
NFC 20 AFC 13

The National Football Conference scored 3 points in the 1st quarter and 17 in the 2nd as they held on to defeat the American Football Conference before 50,034 fans. Jerry Rice of the San Francisco 49ers caught 6 passes for 82 yards and was named the game's most valuable player.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Betty Friedan, 85
. U.S. author and feminist activist. Mrs. Friedan, born Betty Goldstein, was the author of The Feminine Mystique (1963); co-founded in 1966 and served as the first president of the National Orgnization for Women (NOW); and was responsible more than anyone else for creating the modern feminist movement and its associated evils. She provided ample evidence for Rush Limbaugh's statement that the feminist movement was created to give unattractive women easier access to the mainstream of society. Mrs. Friedan died on her 85th birthday.

Disasters
A stampede occurred in PhilSports Stadium near Manila, killing 71 people.

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