Sunday, 21 February 2016

February 21, 2016

125 years ago

Died on this date
James Timberlake, 44
. U.S. police officer. Mr. Timberlake was a deputy U.S. marshal in Missouri who was known for leading the campaign against the James-Younger Gang in the 1870s and 1880s. He died of an overdose of morphine that he was using to treat his insomnia.

A coal gas explosion in Springhill, Nova Scotia killed 129 miners.

120 years ago

In a bout that was billed as a fight for the world heavyweight title, Bob Fitzsimmons (50-2-3) knocked out Peter Maher (103-5-2) just 1:35 into the 1st round in a specially-constructed ring near Langtry, Texas, but actually near Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico. Defending champion Jim Corbett had recently announced his retirement.

100 years ago

The German Army attacked French positions at Verdun, firing over one million heavy shells and beginning a 10-month battle.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, 72
. Dutch physicist. Dr. Kamerlingh Onnes was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium."

75 years ago

Died on this date
Frederick Banting, 49
. Canadian physician. Sir Frederick, a native of Alliston, Ontario, shared the 1923 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with J.J.R. Macleod for the discovery of insulin. He died of wounds and exposure following the crash near Musgrave Harbour, Newfoundland of the plane he was aboard while en route to England to conduct operational tests on the Franks flying suit developed by his colleague Wilbur Franks.

The Japanese newspaper Chugai asserted that the United States "is preparing to resort to economic blockage operations against Japan."

The United States disclosed that it had backed Brazil's protest to Britain of the U.K.'s seizure of a French ship within the 300-mile safety zone off the Brazilian coast.

Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. announced that Maxim Litvinov, Paulina Semyonoyana Zhemchuzhina, N.M. Antselovich, F.A. Merkulov, and I.A. Likhachev had been dismissed from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Chilean President Pedor Aguirre Cerda vetoed a bill outlawing the Communist Party.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told a press conference that the previous day's reports that U.S. Army General George Marshall had told a secret meeting of a Senate committee that new planes were being rushed to reinforce the air force in the Pacific were inaccurate and injurious to national defense. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) said that Mr. Roosevelt "wants to muzzle the press."

Dr. Ralph West Robey, who had led a National Manufacturers Association-sponsored survey, declared that a "substantial proportion" of social science textbooks were critical of the American form of government and free enterprise.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ordered Ford Motor Company to reinstate 142 employees with back pay from January 3, 1938 at its Richmond, California plant, and to cease discouraging membership in the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers.

Tony Zale (47-15-2) retained his world middleweight title with a knockout of Steve Mamakos (25-8-1) 26 seconds into the 14th round at Chicago Stadium. Mr. Zale had won a 10-round decision over Mr. Mamakos in a non-title bout at Chicago Stadium six weeks earlier.

70 years ago

Died on this date
José Streel, 34
. Belgian journalist. Mr. Streel was a prominent member of the Rexist movement, which collaborated with the Nazis during World War II. He was executed by firing squad at the army barracks in Ixelles.

Eight World War II Finnish leaders were sentenced to prison in Helsinki for leading Finland into the war on Germany's side. The Soviet prosecution at the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals charged that SS leader Heinrich Himmler had decided that only 30 million people should be left alive in Russia after Germany had won World War II.

At least 14 people were killed and 123 wounded as anti-British riots swept Egypt. British troops in Bombay fired on mobs as they looted and set up barricades after a mutiny of Indian sailors.

U.S. President Harry Truman said that plans to outlaw peacetime military training throughout the world were impractical. The U.S. Navy revealed that it would send a task force to the Arctic in March to test the operation of carrier planes in cold weather.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the national school lunch bill and the Lea bill aimed at curbing "coercive" labour practices in the communications industry.

The United States Senate confirmed Federal Communications Commission Chairman Paul A. Porter as head of the Office of Price Administration.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Yesterday--The Beatles

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Lightnin' Strikes--Lou Christie
2 Andrea--The Sunrays
3 My Generation--The Who
4 Attack--The Toys
5 California Dreamin'--The Mamas and the Papas
6 Little Boy (In Grown Up Clothes)--The 4 Seasons
7 Breakin' Up is Breakin' My Heart--Roy Orbison
8 While I'm Away--Bobby Curtola
9 Michelle--David & Jonathan
10 Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind--The Lovin' Spoonful

Singles entering the chart were My World is Empty Without You by the Supremes (#31); Rainbow by Terry Black (#32); Time by the Pozo-Seco Singers (#33); Rose Marie by Ray Hutchinson (#34); Listen People by Herman's Hermits (#35); Keep on Running by the Spencer Davis Group (#36); Spanish Flea by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass (#37); Walking the Dog by Jerry Palmer (#38); You Baby by the Turtles (#39); and This Golden Ring by the Fortunes (#40).

Died on this date
Paul Comtois, 70
. Canadian politician. Mr. Comtois, a Progressive Conservative, represented the Quebec riding of Nicolet—Yamaska and was the Minister of Mines and Technical Surveys in the government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker from 1957-1961. He left federal politics to accept the position of Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec. Mr. Comtois was killed in a fire at his official residence in Quebec City, and was succeeded as Lieutenant-Governor by Hugues Lapointe.

The single Nowhere Man/What Goes On by the Beatles was released in Canada and the United States on Capitol Records.

French President Charles de Gaulle announced that France would take control of all foreign military bases on her territory by April 4, 1969.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sandokan--Oliver Onions (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Love Hurts--Nazareth

#1 single in the U.K.: December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)--The Four Seasons

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon (3rd week at #1)
2 Theme from S.W.A.T.--Rhythm Heritage
3 Love to Love You Baby--Donna Summer
4 All by Myself--Eric Carmen
5 Love Machine (Part 1)--The Miracles
6 You Sexy Thing--Hot Chocolate
7 Take it to the Limit--The Eagles
8 I Write the Songs--Barry Manilow
9 Evil Woman--Electric Light Orchestra
10 Grow Some Funk of Your Own--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do by ABBA (#80); New Orleans by the Staple Singers (#83); Without Your Love (Mr. Jordan) by Charlie Ross (#84); Union Man by the Cate Brothers (#89); We Can't Hide it Anymore by Larry Santos (#91); Texas by the Charlie Daniels Band (#93); If You Only Believe (Jesus for Tonite) by Michael Polnareff (#94); Locomotive Breath by Jethro Tull (#96); (Call Me) The Traveling Man by the Masqueraders (#98); Love Me Tonight by Head East (#99); and The Game is Over (What’s the Matter with You) by Brown Sugar (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Breaking Up is Hard to Do--Neil Sedaka
2 Love Rollercoaster--Ohio Players
3 Love to Love You Baby--Donna Summer
4 Squeeze Box--The Who
5 Love Hurts--Nazareth
6 Evil Woman--Electric Light Orchestra
7 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover--Paul Simon
8 Fanny (Be Tender with My Love)--Bee Gees
9 You Sexy Thing--Hot Chocolate
10 Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection

Singles entering the chart were I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford) by Elton John (#30); Theme from S.W.A.T. (Part 1) by the T.H.P. Orchestra (#88); Tobacco by Fullerton Dam (#89); I'm on My Way by Fludd (#90); Crazy on You by Heart (#92); Can't Catch Me by Bim (#95); One Night Lovers by Tom Middleton (#97); Only a Friend of Mine by Next (#98); and Can't We Somehow by Gail Dahms (#100). I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford) was the B-side of Grow Some Funk of Your Own, which had entered the chart on January 31 and peaked on February 14 at #38; I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford) replaced it as the charted side of the single. The T.H.P. Orchestra's version of Theme from S.W.A.T. (Part 1) was a Canadian recording by a Canadian artist, and thus qualified as Canadian content for radio play; it thus eventually became more popular on Canadian radio stations than the original version by the American artist Rhythm Heritage. One Night Lovers had been released in the fall of 1975, but hadn't charted, probably because RPM hadn't published for two months because of a nationwide postal strike.

Politics and government
The 12 candidates for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada made their speeches at the convention at Ottawa Civic Centre. Paul Hellyer, who had been Canada's Minister of Defence in the 1960s in the Liberal government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson and a candidate for the Liberal Party leadership in 1968, criticized "Red Tories" in his speech, attracting boos from the audience and virtually destroying his hopes of winning.

Buffalo 4 @ Toronto 6

If I'm not mistaken, this national Hockey Night in Canada telecast was the game where Buffalo forward Danny Gare was cut on the cheek and fainted when he looked at his hand after wiping blood from his face, and was helped off the ice by the trainers, making for a funny sight.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Jeanny--Falco (7th week at #1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Do the Bartman--The Simpsons (5th week at #1)

World events
The parliament of Croatia passed legislation asserting a veto power over all Yugoslavian federal laws that applied to that republic. Croatia also passed legislation that barred the federal government of Yugoslavia from declaring a state of emergency in Croatia without the republic’s permission to use federal security forces in Croatia.

The Soviet Union announced that Iraq had agreed to its peace proposal. U.S. President George Bush still had "serious concerns" about several points in the plan. The estimate of the number of Iraqi tanks destroyed in the Gulf War so far was put at 2,100.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa said that his province would not hold a referendum on sovereignty in 1991, despite such a proposal by the co-chairmen of the Belanger-Campeau commission that was studying Quebec’s future. Mr. Bourassa said that federalism must be given another chance, adding that the people weren’t yet ready to make a decision on sovereignty and that a referendum should wait until at least 1992.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Morton Gould, 82
. U.S. composer. Mr. Gould composed scores for radio and television programs, Broadway plays, and movies, as well as numerous works commissioned by orchestras. He served as president of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) from 1986-1994.

Politics and government
Yasser Arafat was sworn in as president of the Palestinian Council's executive.

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