Wednesday, 10 February 2016

February 11, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maria Nastas!

160 years ago
1856


Britannica
The Kingdom of Awadh (in the present-day Indian state of Uttar Pradesh) was annexed by the British East India Company, and Wajid Ali Shah, the Nawab (king) of Awadh, was imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta.

100 years ago
1916


Born on this date
George Hausmann
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hausmann was a second baseman with the New York Giants (1944-1945, 1949), batting .268 with 3 home runs and 78 runs batted in in 301 games. He jumped to the Mexican League in 1946, playing shortstop with Torreon (1946); Monterrey (1947); and Nuevo Laredo (1949), batting .283 with 2 homers and 100 RBIs in 233 games. Mr. Hausmann died on June 16, 2004 at the age of 88.

Society
U.S. anarchist Emma Goldman was arrested in New York City for violating the Comstock Act, just before she was to deliver a lecture promoting family planning.

75 years ago
1941


Defense
1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie, who had just returned from a visit to the United Kingdom, testified before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee in favour of the Lend-Lease bill, predicting war if Britain fell.

Politics and government
The Vichy French regime published a constitutional act announcing the appointment of Admiral Darlan as next in line of succession to Marshal Philippe Petain as chief of state.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend the Committee on Un-American Activities' probing for 15 months.

The United States Secret Service began fingerprinting and photographing reporters and other people who regularly visited the White House.

Economics and finance
The Paraguayan government took control of the foreign exchange held in the Bank of the Republic.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor executive council denounced all anti-strike legislation now before the United States Congress.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Bing Crosby
--Jo Stafford
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
2 Let it Snow! Let it Snow! Let it Snow!--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
3 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Andy Russell
4 It Might as Well Be Spring--Dick Haymes
--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Margaret Whiting
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
6 Dig You Later (A Hubba-Hubba-Hubba)--Perry Como and the Satisfyers
7 I'm Always Chasing Rainbows--Perry Como
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
8 Personality--Johnny Mercer
9 Waitin' for the Train to Come In--Peggy Lee
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Johnny Long and his Orchestra and Dick Robertson
10 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra

The only single entering the chart was Day by Day by Frank Sinatra (#13); it was the other side of Oh! What it Seemed to Be, charting at #17 with the version by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Guileless Gypsy

Abominations
The New Testament of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the King James Version, was published. The copyright was held by the International Council of Religious Education, which merged with the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America in 1950 to form the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA.

War
Japanese Army Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma was convicted in Manila by a U.S. military tribunal of ordering the "Bataan death march," and was sentenced to death. The United Nations Security Council unanimously defeated Ururguay's proposal that Nazi war criminals convicted at their trial in Nuremberg not be sentenced to death. Testifying at Nuremberg, General Friedrich von Paulus, the German commander at Stalingrad, charged Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering, Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel, and Generaloberst Alfred Jodl with planning the attack on Russia. U.S. combat engineers and intelligence officers recovered the complete records of the German occupation of Czecholslovakia.

Defense
The smallest French military force in recent history, with an army of only 400,000 men, was agreed on by the country's military leaders.

U.S. Navy Captain R.H. Lavender disclosed that the U.S. government had a patent on the atomic bomb filed in a special safe in the U.S. Patent Office.

Diplomacy
At the United Nations Security Council, the U.S. led successful opposition to a Soviet proposal for an international investigation into the issue of British troops in the Netherlands East Indies.

The U.S.A. and U.K. published the secret text of the 1945 Yalta agreement.

The Arab Higher Committee decided to allow Palestinian Arabs to appear before the Palestine inquiry hearings in Jerusalem.

Transportation
An Anglo-American air travel treaty was signed in Bermuda for cooperation in the development of international airlines.

Economics and finance
The Allied Control Council in Berlin enacted a 1946 tax program for Germany designed to raise 15-20 billion marks.

The United States Commerce Department reported that 1945 income payments to individuals had hit an unprecedented high of $160.7 billion.

Labour
Tugboat operators in New York City voted to continue their strike, virtually shutting the city down. With fuel supplies low, Mayor Bill O'Dwyer ordered the closing of most schools and places of business.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that newspapers were engaged in interstate commerce and were thus subject to the Wage-Hour Law.

The American Federation of Labor Building and Construction Trades Council signed a five-year contract in New York, stabilizing wages for at least 1 1/2 years.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Yellow Rose of Texas--Mitch Miller, his Orchestra and Chorus (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Eventuell, eventuell--Peter Alexander & Caterina Valente

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford (5th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--6th week at #1; Jukebox--3rd week at #1; Top 100--5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Great Pretender--The Platters (2nd week at #1)
2 Memories are Made of This--Dean Martin
3 Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr
4 Lisbon Antigua--Nelson Riddle and his Orchestra
5 Sixteen Tons--"Tennessee" Ernie Ford
6 See You Later, Alligator--Bill Haley and his Comets
7 Band of Gold--Don Cherry
8 No, Not Much!--The Four Lads
9 It's Almost Tomorrow--The Dream Weavers
--Jo Stafford
10 Dungaree Doll--Eddie Fisher

Singles entering the chart were Rock Around Mother Goose by Barry Gordon (#31); Little Child, with versions by Eddie Albert and Sondra Lee, Lael and Cab Calloway, and Gisele MacKenzie and Billy Quinn (#33); Ask Me (#38)/Nothing Ever Changes My Love for You (#40) by Nat "King" Cole; April in Paris by Count Basie and his Orchestra (#43); and Lovely Lies by the Manhattan Brothers and Miriam Makeba (#45).

On television tonight
Stage Show, hosted by Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey, on CBS

Elvis Presley was the guest on this night's program, making his third appearance on the show in as many weeks. The program was produced by Jackie Gleason, and aired immediately prior to The Honeymooners.

The Honeymooners, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Young at Heart



World events
British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, who had vanished in mysterious circumstances five years earlier, re-appeared in the U.S.S.R.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 My Love--Petula Clark (2nd week at #1)
2 Barbara Ann--The Beach Boys
3 Day Tripper/We Can Work it Out--The Beatles
4 Just Like Me--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 A Well Respected Man--The Kinks
6 Tijuana Taxi/Zorba the Greek--Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass
7 These Boots are Made for Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra
8 The Sounds of Silence--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Michelle--David & Jonathan
10 Spanish Eyes--Al Martino
Pick hit of the week: This Golden Ring--The Fortunes
New this week: Superman--Dino, Desi and Billy
Batman Theme--Neal Hefti
Promise Her Anything--Tom Jones
Woman--Peter and Gordon
My Darling Hildegarde--The Statler Brothers

40 years ago
1976


Died on this date
Lee J. Cobb, 64
. U.S. actor. Mr. Cobb, born Leo Jacoby, was known for his starring role in the original Broadway production of Death of a Salesman (1949) and his supporting roles in movies such as On the Waterfront (1954); 12 Angry Men (1957); Our Man Flint (1966); and In Like Flint (1967).

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro formed a minority Christian Democratic cabinet--his fifth and Italy's 33rd since World War II.

Olympics
John Curry became the first British figure skater to win a gold medal in the Winter Olympic Games when he won the men's competition in Innsbruck, Austria. It was the United Kingdom's first medal at the Winter Olympics in 12 years.

30 years ago
1986


Died on this date
Frank Herbert, 65
. U.S. author. Mr. Herbert was known for his science fiction novel Dune (1965) and various sequels.

Diplomacy
Anatoli Shcharansky, who had been in prison for eight years after being convicted of espionage, was one of four Soviet dissidents released by the U.S.S.R. and East Germany in exchange for five convicted of espionage who were released by the U.S.A. and West Germany. Mr. Shcharansky flew to Israel to be reunited with is wife Avital, from whom he had been separated for 12 years.

War
Iran captured Fao, once the site of Iraq’s biggest oil export terminal. Although it was no longer being used for this purpose, Fao lay within sight of Kuwait.

Disasters
Former NASA budget analyst Richard Cook, testifying before U.S. President Ronald Reagan’s commission into the January 28 space shuttle Challenger explosion, talked about a memo he had written in July 1985 warning that "the charring of seals" from recent shuttle flights presented "a potentially major problem." Lawrence Mulloy, NASA’s project manager for the booster rockets, testified that in no previous instance had both the primary and the backup seals failed.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Bring Your Daughter... to the Slaughter--Iron Maiden (2nd week at #1)

Defense
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev notified the Warsaw Pact that the military side of the alliance would disband on April 1. Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria had already indicated that they would withdraw from the alliance if it did not disband.

War
Allied officials reported that 39 Iraqi planes had been shot down and that 142 had now flown to Iran.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): How Bizarre--OMC (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Kebby Musokotwane, 49
. Prime Minister of Zambia, 1985-1989. Mr. Musokotwane was a member of the United National Independence Party and a close ally of former President Kenneth Kaunda, and replaced Mr. Kaunda as president of the UNIP in 1992.

Terrorism
17 people were killed and 90 wounded when two car bombs exploded in Algeria.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Peter Benchley, 65
. U.S. author. Mr. Benchley, the grandson of humourist Robert Benchley, was best known for his novel Jaws (1974), which was made into a popular movie in 1975.

Jockey Shabalala, 62. S.A. singer. Mr. Shabalala was a member of the choral group Ladysmith Black Mambazo from 1974-2005, when he retired because of declining health.

Politics and government
Rodney MacDonald elected leader of the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party in Halifax.

Olympics
Jennifer Heil won the women's mogul event at the Winter Olympic Games in Turin, becomin the first Canadian to win a gold medal in freestyle skiing.

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