225 years ago
King Louis XVI of France was formally arrested by the National Tribunal, and declared an enemy of the people.
110 years ago
Politics and government
Henri Bourassa addressed a crowd of 15,000 as he began a tour through Quebec to announce the creation of a third provincial party: le Parti nationaliste (Nationalist Party).
100 years ago
Born on this date
Sid Gordon. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gordon was a left fielder and third baseman with the New York Giants (1941-1943, 1946-1949, 1955); Boston/Milwaukee Braves (1950-1953); and Pittsburgh Pirates (1954-1955), batting .283 with 202 home runs and 805 runs batted in in 1,475 games. His best season was probably 1948, when he batted .299 with 30 home runs and 107 RBIs. Mr. Gordon struck out just 356 times in his career, while drawing 731 bases on balls. He died at the age of 57 on June 17, 1975, several hours after suffering a heart attack while playing softball in Central Park in New York City.
Died on this date
Eduard Buchner, 57. German biochemist. Dr. Buchner was awarded the 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his biochemical researches and his discovery of cell-free fermentation." He was a major in the Imperial German Army during World War I, and died 10 days after being wounded while serving in a front-line field hospital at Focşani, Romania.
80 years ago
The Battle of Shanghai began between forces of the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China.
The Chicago Cubs amassed 22 hits and the Cincinnati Reds made 8 errors as the Cubs routed the Reds 22-6 before 10,732 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
The Boston Bees allowed 2 runs in the top of the 1st inning but came back with 2 runs in the 3rd and 3 in the 8th to beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-2 before 1,982 fans at National League Park in Boston. Brooklyn second baseman Cookie Lavagetto made 2 errors that led to the first 2 Boston runs in the 8th, and Vince DiMaggio followed with a solo home run to close the scoring.
Carl Hubbell pitched a 6-hitter, striking out 9 batters, walking none, and hitting a single and a double to lead the New York Giants over the Philadelphia Phillies 5-0 before 10,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. New York catcher Harry Danning drove in 3 runs with a home run and an outfield fly.
Pete Appleton pitched a 6-hitter, striking out 4 batters, walking none, and hitting a single and scoring a run as the Washington Nationals shut out the Boston Red Sox 3-0 before 4,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington in a game that was played in 1 hour 45 minutes.
Hank Greenberg hit a 3-run home run in the 1st inning and added a single and double and 2 more runs to help the Detroit Tigers defeat the St. Louis Browns 7-6 at Navin Field in Detroit.
Pinch hitter Jack Rothrock singled home 2 runs and Wally Berger followed with a run-scoring single as the Philadelphia Athletics scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning to overcome a 3-1 deficit and defeat the New York Yankees 4-3 before 7,500 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics' 7th-inning runs scored after New York starting and losing pitcher Lefty Gomez walked the bases loaded with 1 out.
75 years ago
A German column drove 50 miles along the Rostov-Baku rail line to Mineralnye Vody, 140 miles from the Gromy oil centre. German authorities in Yugoslavia announced that Serbia would be annihilated if they were compelled to use one additional soldier above the present occupying force to suppress disorders. U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin drafted a memorandum to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill opposing their decision not to invade western Europe at that time. Major General Eugene Reybold of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorized the construction of facilities that would house the "Development of Substitute Materials" project, better known as the Manhattan Project.
U.S. Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall denied Senator John Bankhead's (Democrat--Alabama) request to keep Negro troops out of Southern states.
Economics and finance
Mexico barred importation of all U.S. currency except $2 bills and coins in order to prevent Axis agents from dumping dollars seized in Europe.
With only 28 members present, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Rankin bill authorizing the payment of allowances to dependents of enlisted men in the armed forces.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered Navy Secretary Frank Knox to seize and operate the Bayonne, New Jersey plant of General Cable Corporation, idled by a three-day wildcat strike of American Federation of Labor electrical workers. The U.S. National Labor Relations Board directed Standard Oil Company to disestablish three company-dominated employee associations in Linden, Bayonne, and Jersey City, New Jersey.
70 years ago
Died on this date
George Godfrey, 50. U.S. boxer. Mr. Godfrey, born Feab Williams, was the world "colored" heavyweight champion from 1926-1928 and 1931-1933. He was recognized as International Boxing Union world heavyweight champion from 1935-1937; Max Baer was stripped of IBU recognition for refusing to defend his title against current European champion Pierre Charles, and Mr. Godfrey then defeated Mr. Charles. Mr. Godfrey compiled a record of 99-21-2 in a professional career spanning 1919-1937.
British authorities in Palestine imposed curfews on settlements between Tel Aviv and Jaffa in an effort to curb mounting Jewish-Arab violence.
Politics and government
In a letter to Soviet Foreign Ministe Vyacheslav Molotov, U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall threatened to act without the U.S.S.R. in establishing a united Korean government, and called for a report by August 21 on deadlocked U.S.-U.S.S.R. Joint Committee talks in Seoul.
U.S. Representative Fred Hartley (Republican--New Jersey) disclosed plans to conduct a congressional investigation of alleged labour racketeers in Detroit.
B.F. Goodrich averted a strike by 21,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations Rubber Workers union members when it agreed to negotiate its first company-wide contract.
60 years ago
U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev concluded a state visit to East Germany by signing a joint declaration with East German leaders calling for the limitation of Big Four (U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., France) forces in Germany; East German cooperation in any disarmament or inspection plan; and increased Soviet-East German trade.
Meeting in Damascus with Syrian President Sabri al-Assali, Soviet Ambassador to Syria Sergei Nemtchine pledged the U.S.S.R.'s readiness to support Syria "in the face of all foreign imperialistic intrigue."
U.S. Customs agents in Miami seized a cache of carbines, anti-tank, and machine guns believed destined for Cuban guerrilla leader Fidel Castro.
U.S. Defense Secretary Charles Wilson appointed a special committee to choose between the Army's Jupiter and the Air Force's Thor as the chief U.S. intermediate range (1,500-mile) ballistic missile.
Hamilton (2-0-1) 15 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (0-1-1) 15
Bob Celeri punted for 2 singles in the 4th quarter to give the Dutchmen their tie with the Tiger-Cats at Waterloo Stadium.
The Detroit Lions promoted George Wilson from assistant coach to head coach to replace Buddy Parker, who had surprised the club the previous night by announcing his resignation, saying that the current team was "the worst team I've ever seen in training camp."
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Cokane in My Brain--Dillinger
#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): I Feel Love--Donna Summer (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (3rd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (3rd week at #1)
2 Best of My Love--Emotions
3 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
4 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
5 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
7 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
8 You Made Me Believe in Magic--Bay City Rollers
9 You and Me--Alice Cooper
10 Just a Song Before I Go--Crosby, Stills & Nash
Singles entering the chart were Heaven on the 7th Floor by Paul Nicholas (#83); I Wouldn't Want to Be Like You by Alan Parsons (#84); Good Morning Judge by 10 C.C. (#91); Just Remember I Love You by Firefall (#92); Make it with You by the Whispers (#93); Love Me One Time (Just For Old Times Sake) by Karen Nelson and Billy T (#98); O-H-I-O by Ohio Players (#99); and Heaven on the Seventh Floor by the Mighty Pope (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (2nd week at #1)
2 Da Doo Ron Ron--Shaun Cassidy
3 My Heart Belongs to Me--Barbra Streisand
4 I'm in You--Peter Frampton
5 Whatcha Gonna Do?--Pablo Cruise
6 Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA
7 (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher--Rita Coolidge
8 You and Me--Alice Cooper
9 Jet Airliner--Steve Miller Band
10 Undercover Angel--Alan O'Day
Singles entering the chart were Talk About Money by Billy Workman (#80); Cherry Pie by Kelly Jay (#92); I Feel Love by Donna Summer (#93); Daytime Friends by Kenny Rogers (#94); For a While by Mary MacGregor (#95); Everybody Ought to Be in Love by Paul Anka (#96); Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue by Crystal Gayle (#97); I Believe in Sunshine by the Great Rufus Road Machine (#98); Making Believe by Emmylou Harris (#99); and We Never Danced to a Love Song by the Manhattans (#100).
Politics and government
The U.S.A. and U.K. agreed on a plan for the peaceful transition of the government of Rhodesia to Negro majority rule, but failed to gain approval from most of the leading figures in the dispute. The plan provided for universal suffrage; a United Nations-controlled international security force; disbanding of Rhodesian government and guerrilla forces; and a development fund.
More than 200 protesters were arrested, and 110 people--including 55 police officers--were injured after demonstrations in Lewisham, England against a National Front march.
30 years ago
This blogger concluded his first term at the University of Western Ontario's School of Library and Information Science and spent the evening celebrating with classmates at the Society of Graduate Students centre.
As U.S. President Ronald Reagan was travelling in his helicopter and approaching his ranch in Santa Barbara, California to begin a vacation, a small private plane flew within 200 feet of the helicopter. Mr. Reagan’s pilot took evasive action, and security guards in a second helicopter pursued the plane, which landed at Orange County Airport. The pilot, U.S. Army Private Ralph Myers, was questioned and then held when it was learned that he was absent without leave from a base in Washington state.
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega concluded two days of talks with Cuban dictator Fidel Castro in Havana.
Toronto (5-2-1) 23 @ British Columbia (5-2) 30
With the score tied 17-17 early in the 3rd quarter, Toronto punter Hank Ilesic fumbled a high snap, and B.C. defensive back Keith Gooch returned the ball 3 yards for a touchdown to put the Lions ahead to stay before 37,843 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Ray Crouse rushed 14 times for 57 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Lions, and caught 7 passes for 41 yards. Toronto quarterback Gilbert Renfroe completed a 12-yard touchdown pass to Ken Joiner to open the scoring in the 1st quarter and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission head Gérard Veilleux announced his approval to begin Northstar satellite service to U.S. cable subscribers; it was a joint venture between the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Power Broadcasting.
The United Nations Security Council voted 12-0 with 3 abstentions to authorize the use of military force to insure that humanitarian aid got to Bosnia-Herzegovina. In a second resolution, the Security Council unanimously condemned the Serbian policy of ethnic cleansing, which involved forced evacuations.
The Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench ruled unconstitutional a section of the Manitoba Public Schools Act that made Christian prayer in schools mandatory.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.1% in July.
Nova Scotia Premier Donald Cameron announced that Nova Scotia Power was now fully privatized with an $850-million share offering; $232 million was bought by Nova Scotians on an installment plan.
Calgary (4-2) 11 @ Ottawa (3-3) 32
Toronto (2-4) 17 @ Winnipeg (4-2) 32
Saskatchewan (3-3) 46 @ British Columbia (0-6) 43 (OT)
Tom Burgess completed 17 of 26 passes for 230 yards and 2 touchdowns to James Ellingson and another to Jock Climie as the Rough Riders beat the Stampeders in front of a Lansdowne Park crowd of 24,752. Backup quarterback Terrence Jones rushed 9 yards for the Ottawa touchdown, while Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie rushed 2 yards for the Stampeders’ only touchdown with 4:19 remaining in the game.
Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to Larry Willis and Rob Crifo in the 3rd quarter and Bobby Evans returned an interception 40 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter as the Blue Bombers defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Argonauts before 27,714 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. John Congemi, who relieved starter Rickey Foggie at quarterback for the Argonauts, rushed 1 yard for the first Toronto touchdown in the 4th quarter and completed a pass to Paul Masotti for a 2-point convert on the second Toronto touchdown, scored by defensive back Don Wilson on a 68-yard return of a blocked field goal with 3:06 remaining in the game.
Dave Ridgway’s sixth field goal of the game, a 20-yard kick with 7 seconds remaining in the second half of overtime gave the Roughriders their win over the Lions before 25,653 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Mr. Ridgway had tied the game with a 43-yard field goal on the last play of regulation time, 1 minute and 26 seconds after the Lions had taken the lead on a 10-yard touchdown rush by Jon Volpe, converted by Lui Passaglia. The Roughriders dominated the statistical battle, tying a CFL record for first downs in a game with 44 (set by the Edmonton Eskimos in a 60-minute game on September 11, 1983), amassing 707 yards in net offense, and keeping the ball for 45 minutes and 22 seconds of the game’s 70 minutes. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin completed 38 of 59 passes for 536 yards and a touchdown to Ray Elgaard. Mr. Austin and Lucius Floyd also rushed for touchdowns. Saskatchewan running back Milson Jones rushed 19 times for 121 yards and caught 9 passes for 73. Mr. Volpe rushed 16 times for 108 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Lions, and also caught a touchdown pass from starting quarterback Tony Kimbrough. Lorne King carried once for the Lions, and went 57 yards for a touchdown. Backup quarterback Mike Johnson completed a 76-yard touchdown pass to Darren Flutie, and defensive back Ron Francis returned a fumble 85 yards for another B.C. touchdown. Each team fumbled 4 times, and lost all 4.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Phil Rizzuto, 89. U.S. baseball player and broadcaster. Mr. Rizzuto, nicknamed "Scooter," was a shortstop with the New York Yankees (1941-1942, 1943-1956), batting .273 with 38 home runs and 563 runs batted in in 1,661 games. He was named the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1950, when he batted .324 with 7 homers, 66 RBIs, 92 bases on balls, and 125 runs. Mr. Rizzuto played in nine World Series, and was on the winning side seven times. He was known as an outstanding defensive player, ranking near the top among shortstops in fielding average and double plays. Mr. Rizzuto broadcast Yankees' games on radio and television from 1957-1996, where he was known for his malapropisms and catch phrase, "Holy Cow!" He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1994, and died about six weeks before his 90th birthday.
Politics and government
The governments of Canada and Quebec reached an agreement with Quebec's 10,000 Inuit to create self-government. The Regional Government of Nunavik, covering one-third of Quebec, was to have its own elected assembly representing Quebec’s 14 remote Inuit communities and a public service responsible for services normally delivered by provinces, such as education and health.
Sergeant Frederick Hobson and Major Okill Massey Learmonth, VCs - By Emily Monks-Leeson Two Canadian soldiers who fought at the Battle for Hill 70 in France are the subject of today’s blog series, First World War Centenar...
32 minutes ago