Saturday, 5 August 2017

August 5, 2017

1,100 years ago
917


Died on this date
Euthymius I, 83 (?)
. Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, 907-912. Euthymius I was the spiritual father of future Emperor Leo VI, and was appointed to replace Ecumenical Patriarch Nicholas I. Euthymius I fell out of favour with Leo, and was deposed, with Nicholas I being restored.

225 years ago
1792


Died on this date
Frederick North, 60
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1770-1782. Lord North, a Tory, represented Banbury in the House of Commons from 1754-1790. He became Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1767, and continued in that office after succeeding the Duke of Grafton as Prime Minister. Lord North was Prime Minister during the War of American Independence, and is remembered as the Prime Minister who "lost America." He was forced out of office by a non-confidence motion, but returned briefly to the cabinet as Home Secretary from April-December 1783.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
U.S. President Andrew Johnson asked for the resignation of War Secretary Edwin Stanton, but Mr. Stanton refused.

Democrats won state elections in Kentucky.

125 years ago
1892


Economics and finance
The United States Congress appropriated $2.5 million to be coined into commemorative half-dollars in aid of the World’s Columbian Fair in Chicago in 1893.

75 years ago
1942


War
In a new breakthrough on the southern end of the Don River, German forces crossed the river and reached Kotelnikov, 95 miles southwest of Stalingrad. After a four-day battle in northeastern Bosnia, General Draja Mikhailovich's forces drove back Bulgarian and Croatian troops.

Diplomacy
The U.K. government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued a White Paper denouncing the 1938 Munich Pact and saying that it would not be guided by it at war's end in adjusting Czech borders.

Politics and government
A Working Committee of the All-Indian Congress Party adopted a resolution calling for British withdrawal from India so that India could take its place among the United Nations. U.K. envoy Sir Stafford Cripps said in London that if Britain were to withdraw from India now, there would be complete anarchy.

Crime
William Dudley Pelley, leader of the now-disbanded anti-Semitic fascist Silver Shirts, was convicted of 11 counts of sedition by a U.S. federal jury in Indianapolis.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department estimated that wage, salary, dividend, and other income payments reached a total of $52.071 billion in the first half of 1942.

70 years ago
1947


Diplomacy
Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmoud Fahmy Nokrashy Pasha appeared before the United Nations Security Council to request assistance in evicting British troops from Egypt and Sudan.

Terrorism
British authorities in Palestine arrested 35 leading Zionists, including Tel Aviv Mayor Israel Rokach, and sent them to the Latrun detention camp in an attempt to wipe out the Irgun Zvai Leumi leadership.

Politics and government
The Romanian parliament voted to expel 33 conservative Peasant Party deputies due to the banning of their party.

U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill providing for the popular election of the Governor of Puerto Rico, beginning in 1948.

Economics and finance
Australia formally joined the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, becoming the 45th member.

The U.S.S.R. signed a one-year trade agreement with Poland.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor International Ladies Garment Workers Union broke with AFL policy by refusing to boycott the National Labor Relations Board and renounce no-strike clauses in future contracts as a result of the Taft-Hartley Act.

Crime
A county jury in Jackson, North Carolina acquitted seven white men accused of attempting to lynch Godwin Bush, a Negro. N.C. Governor R. Gregg Cherry ordered the state supreme court to investigate.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear/Loving You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1); (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1)

On television today
American Bandstand, hosted by Dick Clark, on ABC

This marked the debut of the program, which had been a local show on WFIL in Philadelphia, as a network program.

Died on this date
Heinrich Wieland, 80
. German chemist. Dr. Wieland was awarded the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his investigations of the constitution of the bile acids and related substances." He protected Jewish students from Nazi oppression by retaining them as chemists or as "Gäste des Geheimrats" (guests of the privy councillor).

Diplomacy
Sheikh Mohammed el Harithy, Egyptian representative of the Imam of Oman, delivered notes to the U.S. and U.S.S.R. embassies in Cairo, asking for action by the two countries to halt British intervention in Oman and bring about a cease-fire between forces of the Imam and Sultan.

Politics and government
U.K. High Commissioner Sir Donald MacGillivray and rulers of the nine Malay states signed an agreement in Kuala Lumpur providing for cessation of British rule over Malaya at the end of August 1957.

Defense
The U.S. Navy announced plans to deactivate the battleship USS Iowa and 59 other vessels of the Atlantic and Pacific fleets in an economy move.

Economics and finance
French Finance Minister Felix Gaillard warned that unless the budget was cut by 10%, further reforms would be "useless," and he would resign.

Football
WIFU
Pre-season
Edmonton (2-0) 14 @ British Columbia (0-3) 11

Don Flynn and Normie Kwong scored touchdowns, both converted by Tommy Pearson, as the Eskimos edged the Lions before 15,000 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Adios Amor--Sheila (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La coppia più bella del mondo--Adriano Celentano (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Light My Fire--The Doors (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Light My Fire--The Doors
2 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
3 All You Need is Love--The Beatles
4 Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
5 Windy--The Association
6 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
7 Come on Down to My Boat--Every Mother's Son
8 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
9 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
10 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were Heroes and Villains by the Beach Boys (#41); The World We Knew (Over and Over) by Frank Sinatra (#50); San Franciscan Nights by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#69); Jill by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#70); A Little Bit Now by the Dave Clark Five (#74); A Woman's Hands by Joe Tex (#75); Reflections by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#76); Penny Arcade by the Cyrkle (#79); The Windows of the World by Dionne Warwick (#80); Groovin' by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#84); Ode to Billie Joe by Bobbie Gentry (#87); You've Got to Pay the Price by Al Kent (#88); (Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher by Jackie Wilson (#89); I Want to Love You for What You Are by Ronnie Dove (#92); Funky Broadway by Wilson Pickett (#94); Pearl Time by Andre Williams (#97); That Did It by Bobby Bland (#99); and Along Comes Mary by the Baja Marimba Band (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane (2nd week at #1)
2 Light My Fire--The Doors
3 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
4 Mercy, Mercy, Mercy--The Buckinghams
5 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
6 I Take it Back--Sandy Posey
7 Up-Up and Away--The 5th Dimension
8 More Love--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
9 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
10 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie

Singles entering the chart were Darling Be Home Soon by Bobby Darin (#62); The River is Wide by the Forum (#79); San Franciscan Nights by Eric Burdon & the Animals (#84); Runnin' Round in Circles by Five (#86); Fakin' It by Simon and Garfunkel (#88); The Windows of the World by Dionne Warwick (#89); You're My Everything by the Temptations (#90); Blue's Theme by the Arrows (#91); Jackrabbit by BTB4 (#92); Slim Jenkins' Place by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#93); Funky Broadway by Wilson Pickett (#94); My Elusive Dreams by David Houston and Tammy Wynette (#96); Devil's Angels by Davie Allen (#98); Jill by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#99); and Things I Should Have Said by the Grass Roots (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
3 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
4 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
5 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
6 Pleasant Valley Sunday/Words--The Monkees
7 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
8 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
9 Don't Go Out Into the Rain (You're Going to Melt)--Herman's Hermits
10 Pictures of Lily--The Who

Singles entering the chart were Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine by Country Joe and the Fish (#28); Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#45); Don't Let the Rain Fall on Me by the Critters (#46); Bluebird by Buffalo Springfield (#47); A Thousand Shadows by the Seeds (#48); Reflections by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#49); and Your Unchanging Love by Marvin Gaye (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
2 White Rabbit--Jefferson Airplane
3 Sunny Goodge Street--Tom Northcott
4 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
5 I was Made to Love Her--Stevie Wonder
6 Light My Fire--The Doors
7 Pictures of Lily--The Who
8 Words/Pleasant Valley Sunday--The Monkees
9 Brown Eyed Girl--Van Morrison
10 (I Wanna) Testify--The Parliaments

Singles entering the chart were Silence is Golden by the Tremeloes (#24); Let the Good Times Roll & Feel So Good by Bunny Sigler (#28); Heroes and Villains by the Beach Boys (#29); and Zip Code by the Five Americans (#30).

Space
The U.S. probe Lunar Orbiter 5 went into lunar orbit, four days after launch.

Crime
Victor Hoffman, a schizophrenic, killed nine people near Shell Lake, Alberta.

Protest
150 Negroes participated in a race riot in Wichita, Kansas.

Boxing
Several months after Muhammad Ali had been stripped of his World Boxing Association heavyweight title for refusing induction into the United States Army, the WBA tournament to produce a new champion began with two fights at the Astrodome in Houston. Thad Spencer (32-5) won a 12-round unanimous decision over former WBA world champion Ernie Terrell (39-6), and Jimmy Ellis (24-5) scored a technical knockout over Leotis Martin (25-2) at 1:43 of the 9th round. For Mr. Spencer, the win proved to be the last of his professional career.





40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ma Baker--Boney M. (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Andrew Young began a 12-day tour of Caribbean nations.

Economics and finance
The five member nations of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)--Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand--signed a series of economic accords as a step toward a more "viable and cohesive regional organization." The agreed to set aside a $100-million joint fund "to help members bridge temporary international liquidity problems;" to give preference to each other in exports of oil and rice; and to reduce tariffs on 71 items by the end of 1977.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter ordered a study of the ailing American steel industry's overall economic position.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the unemployment rate in July was 6.9%, down from 7.1% in June., but Bureau commissioner Julius Shiskin said that labour markets had shown "lackluster performance" in recent months, especially for Negro job-seekers.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Abba-esque--Erasure (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert Muldoon, 71
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1975-1984. Sir Robert, a member of the National Party, represented Tamaki in the N.Z. Parliament from 1960-1991. He was Minister of Finance from 1967-1972, and became Leader of the Opposition upon winning the National Party leadership in 1974. Sir Robert led the National Party to victory in the 1975 general election, and returned as Finance Minister as well as taking office as Prime Minister. As Prime Minister, Mr. Muldoon supported the welfare state, but opposed Communism and the legalization of homosexual acts. He led the National Party to re-election in 1978 and 1981, but they lost to the Labour Party in 1984, and Sir Robert resigned as party leader. He was, and remains, a polarizing figure in New Zealand.

Olympics
Mark McKoy won the men's 110-metre hurdles in Barcelona Olympics; it was Canada's first Olympic gold medal in track since 1928.

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