150 years ago
Born on this date
Ernest Dowson. U.K. writer. Mr. Dowson wrote poetry and literary reviews, and translated French fiction, while collaborating with Arthur Moore on two novels. Mr. Dowson was often associated with the Decadent movement, and died after years of declining health on February 23, 1900 at the age of 32.
Died on this date
William T. Coggeshall, 42. U.S. journalist and diplomat. Mr. Coggeshall published and edited various newspapers from the 1840s through the 1860s, and was state librarian of Ohio from 1856-1862. He accompanied President Abraham Lincoln as his bodyguard from 1861-1865, and served as U.S. Ambassador to Ecuador from September 20, 1866 until his death from tuberculosis.
U.S. forces defeated Indians in a "sharp fight" near Fort Phil at Kearney, Nebraska.
Kaiser Wilhelm I of Prussia issued a proclamation assuming the duties of sovereign of the North German States.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Jack L. Warner. Canadian-born U.S. film producer. Mr. Warner, born Jakob Warner in London, Ontario, moved to the United States with his family at the age of 2. He co-founded Warner Brothers Studios with his brothers Harry and Sam, and ran the studio from the 1910s until his retirement in 1969. Mr. Warner died on September 9, 1978 at the age of 86.
An anti-Chinese riot broke out in Calgary.
120 years ago
The Siege of Malakand ended when a relief column was able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states.
100 years ago
British Royal Naval Air Service Squadron Commander Edwin Harris Dunning landed his Sopwith Pup on HMS Furious in Scapa Flow, Orkney, becoming the first pilot to land an aircraft on a moving ship.
80 years ago
The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed in the United States, the effect of which was to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
75 years ago
German forces, aided by strong tank and air support, continued to attack at Kietskaya, Tsimlyansk, Kushchevka, and Salsk on the Don River front.
The U.S. Army revealed the first public information about the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt fighter plane, which could reach over 400 miles per hour and and an altitude of 40,000 feet.
U.S. Senator John Bankhead asked Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall not to permit Negro soldiers to train in the South to prevent possible race conflicts.
The Roosevelt Memorial Association announced its annual awards for public service to War Secretary Henry Stimson; author Booth Tarkington; and Rufus Jones of the American Friends Service Committee.
Congress of Industrial Organizations proposed in a letter to American Federation of Labor President William Green that negotiations for unity be reopened.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Peg o' My Heart--The Harmonicats (4th week at #1)
Politics and government
Chilean President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla formed a new "non-political" cabinet.
Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco issued an amnesty decree to celebrate the recent popular approval of the Law of Succession, but barred the release of political prisoners.
The U.S. Federal Works Agency approved a 37,681-mile national highway system, to be built by the states with federal aid in a $3-billion program. The completed system would connect 182 of the 199 American cities with more than 50,000 residents.
Iraqi archaeologists uncovered ruins of a temple indicating that the Babylonians of 4000 B.C. had devised a system of architecture and religious ritual.
Soviet authorities in Austria seized the Lobau refinery near Vienna, owned by Socony Vacuum Oil Company and Shell Petroleum Company.
The New York section of the American Chemical Society awarded its William H. Nichols Medal to Glenn T. Seaborg, co-discoverer of plutonium.
A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian airliner crashed into a mountain during a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina to Santiago, Chile, killing all six passengers and five crew members. The wreckage was not found until 1998.
60 years ago
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bambino--Dalida (18th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
On television tonight
The Big Beat, hosted by Alan Freed, on ABC
The fourth broadcast of a scheduled 13-week series showcasing rock and roll artists and others from 10:30-11:00 P.M. on Friday nights featured as guests Mickey and Sylvia; the Four Coins; Gogi Grant; the Tyrones; and Jerry Lee Lewis. This turned out to be the final broadcast of the series, as it was summarily cancelled by the network. Reasons for the show's cancellation varied from outrage in southern states over the sight of Frankie Lymon, a Negro, dancing with a white girl at the end of the July 26 broadcast, to general social disapproval of rock and roll.
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles offered the Soviet Union a new Western plan for aerial disarmament inspection, submitting the entire North American continent and part of Western Europe to surveillance in return for similar inspection of all of the U.S.S.R. and part of Eastern Europe.
Morocco recognized the new Republic of Tunisia.
Politics and government
The U.S. Senate adopted a controversial jury-trial amendment to the civil rights bill of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. President Eisenhower charged that the measure frustrated "the basic purpose of the bill--that of protecting promptly and effectively every American in his right to vote."
The U.S. Bureau of Public Roads allotted $2 billion for construction of the 41,000-mile network of limited-access superhighways.
Calgary (1-2) 14 @ Ottawa (1-0) 23
Hal Ledyard, Bob Simpson, and Tom Adams scored touchdowns for the Rough Riders as they beat the Stampeders at Lansdowne Park.
Edmonton (1-0) 29 British Columbia (0-2) 8 @ Portland, Oregon
Rollie Miles passed to Jackie Parker for a touchdown and rushed 95 yards for another to lead the Eskimos over the Lions before 10,261 fans at Multnomah Stadium. Mike Lashuk scored the other Edmonton TD, while Tommy Pearson kicked 2 converts and a single on a missed field goal. Joe Mobra added a convert for the Eskimos, who held the Lions without a touchdown. B.C. defensive tackle Emery Barnes, who had joined the Lions that year after a year with the Packers, suffered a knee injury that put him out for the year, and he didn't play again for five years. In those days it took five years to become a Canadian citizen, and an American player could be classified as a Canadian upon getting his citizenship. Barnes stayed in Vancouver, and when he obtained his Canadian citizenship in the fall of 1962, he was activated by the Lions, finally playing his first Canadian Football League regular season game at the age of 32.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): All You Need is Love--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 All You Need is Love/Baby, You're a Rich Man--The Beatles
2 A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum
3 San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie
4 Waterloo Sunset--The Kinks
5 Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes
6 This is My Song--Petula Clark
7 Theme for a New Love--Davy Jones
8 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
9 Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead--The Fifth Estate
10 Carrie-Anne--The Hollies
Singles entering the chart were In the Chapel in the Moonlight by Dean Martin (#24) and The Wind Cries Mary by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#29).
Lovell Coleman, star fullback with the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League, was acquitted in Calgary of "using an instrument with intent to procure a miscarriage," i.e., a then-illegal abortion, upon a 19-year-old girl on the night of May 13-14. The unnamed complainant claimed that he took her to his house, and that a surgical clasp, carbolic acid, and match stick suddenly appeared, but she wasn't sure if anything had been inserted into her. She said she was still pregnant after the operation, and that she had had an abortion later in Vancouver. She also admitted to a history of mental illness, including a suicide attempt two years earlier. The judge acquitted Coleman on the grounds that he couldn't convict without any evidence other than the girl's allegations, but that her statement of facts, if believed, would be enough for a conviction.
Winnipeg (1-0) 20 @ Edmonton (0-1) 0
The Eskimos' loss to the Blue Bombers at Clarke Stadium was such a debacle that it marked the last CFL game for Edmonton defensive tackle Gus Kasapis and flanker Gerry McDougall. It was the first regular season game for Joe Zaleski as head coach of the Blue Bombers. Rookie Winnipeg offensive end Bob Howard caught a pass for a 20-yard gain on the first play from scrimmage, injured his knee when tackled, and missed the rest of the season.
40 years ago
Montreal (4-0) 21 @ Hamilton (1-2) 11
Saskatchewan (1-3) 9 @ Edmonton (2-1) 34
Pete Lavorato returned a fumble 74 yards for a touchdown, Dan Kepley and Larry Highbaugh returned interceptions for touchdowns, and Jim Germany rushed 33 yards for another TD to help the Eskimos rout the Roughriders at Clarke Stadium. Mr. Germany and Larry Washington eached rushed for over 100 yards.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Respectable--Mel and Kim (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France: Joe le taxi--Vanessa Paradis
A severe and frightening thunderstorm struck London, Ontario in the afternoon.
Toronto (3-2-1) 32 @ Calgary (1-6) 13
The Argonauts jumped out to a 20-0 lead early in the 2nd quarter as they handed the Stampeders their sixth straight loss before 21,125 fans at McMahon Stadium. Darrell K. Smith caught 6 passes for 95 yards and 2 touchdowns for the Argonauts, while Gill Fenerty rushed for 84 yards and a touchdown and added 74 yards on pass receptions. Mr. Smith’s first touchdown came on a 12-yard pass from Gilbert Renfroe in the 2nd quarter, and his other score came on a 16-yard pass from John Congemi with 1 minute remaining in the game. Calgary quarterback Rick Johnson scored both his team’s touchdowns on 1-yard rushes in the 4th quarter, including one on the last play of the game.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Be There--Mariah Carey featuring Trey Lorenz (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): ABBA-esque--Erasure (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (6th week at #1)
Jackie Joyner-Kersee of the United States won the gold medal in the heptathlon in Barcelona.
Scott Goodyear, who had missed winning the 1992 Indianapolis 500 by less than 1/25 of a second, won the Michigan 500, with fellow Canadian Paul Tracy finishing second.
20 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): D'You Know What I Mean?--Oasis
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Everybody (Backstreet's Back)--Backstreet Boys (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): MMMBop--Hanson (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Alane--Wes (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy and Faith Evans featuring 112 (8th week at #1)
Died on this date
William S. Burroughs, 83. U.S. author. Mr. Burroughs, a prominent figure of the Beat Generation, was a drug addict and sexual degenerate who was known for novels such as Junkie (1953) and Naked Lunch (1959).
British Columbia (4-2) 42 @ Hamilton (1-5) 24
10 years ago
Mattel recalled nearly a million Chinese-made toys from its Fisher-Price division that were found to have excessive amounts of lead.
Toronto (2-4) 27 @ Montreal (3-3) 29
Saskatchewan (4-2) 21 @ British Columbia (5-1) 9
Sergeant Frederick Hobson and Major Okill Massey Learmonth, VCs - By Emily Monks-Leeson Two Canadian soldiers who fought at the Battle for Hill 70 in France are the subject of today’s blog series, First World War Centenar...
32 minutes ago