225 years ago
Born on this date
Charles G. Finney. U.S. clergyman. Mr. Finney was a Presbyterian minister and evangelist who was associated with the Second Great Awakening and has been accurately called "The Father of American Revivalism." Mr. Finney believed in manipulating people's emotions in order to produce conversions, and I have no doubt that if he were around today, he would be a televangelist. Mr. Finney was President of Oberlin College in Ohio from 1851-1966 and died on August 16, 1875, 13 days before his 83rd birthday. Go here and here for more information on Charles G. Finney.
175 years ago
The Treaty of Nanking was signed, ending the First Opium War between Great Britain and China, and ceding the island of Hong Kong to Britain.
120 years ago
The first Zionist Congress, with 208 delegates and 26 press correspondents, opened at the concert hall of the Stadtcasino Basel in Basel, Switzerland. It was convened by Theodor Herzl, founder of the modern Zionist movement.
110 years ago
The south cantilever arm of the Québec Bridge, 11 kilometres north of Québec City, twisted and collapsed during construction, falling 46 metres into the St. Lawrence River; over 75 workers were killed and 11 injured in Canada's worst bridge disaster. The dead included 33 Mohawk steel workers from the Caughnawaga reserve. Faulty design and work by American engineer Theodore Cooper were blamed.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Isabel Sanford. U.S. actress. Miss Sanford was best known for playing Louise Jefferson in the television comedy series All in the Family (1971-1975) and its spinoff, The Jeffersons (1975-1985), winning an Emmy Award in 1981. She died on July 9, 2004 at the age of 86.
Died on this date
George Huntington Hartford, 83. U.S. businessman. Mr. Hartford founded headed The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company from 1878-1917, during which time A&P became the largest retail chain in the United States. Mr. Huntington died a week before his 84th birthday.
The Military Service Act, passed by the Canadian Parliament, received Royal Assent; all male British subjects up to 45 years of age were liable for conscription, with certain exceptions.
A mob of 5,000 residents of Montreal started a two-day riot against the Military Voters Act, which received Royal Assent on this day.
The Canadian Parliament passed the Soldier Settlement Act, empowering the government of Canada to buy land for the settlement of soldiers returning to Canada after serving overseas in the Great War.
75 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jingle Jangle Jingle--Kay Kyser Orchestra (7th week at #1)
70 years ago
Died on this date
Manolete, 30. Spanish bullfighter. Manolete, whose real name was Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez, was regarded as one of the best bullfighters in history. He was fatally gored in Linares, Andalucia as he killed his fifth bull of the day.
World welterweight champion Sugar Ray Robinson (81-1-1) knocked out Flashy Sebastian (42-19-6) just 1:02 into the first round of a non-title bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Edgar Longaker, 75. U.S. inventor. Mr. Longaker invented the automobile ignition battery and the submarine storage battery.
50 years ago
On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Judgment: Part II, with guest stars Richard Anderson, Joseph Campanella, Jacqueline Scott, and Diane Baker
This was the final episode of the series, and drew the highest ratings for an episode of any series to that time.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Go to Rio--Peter Allen (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagisa no Sindbad--Pink Lady (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Speak Up Mambo (Cuéntame)--The Manhattan Transfer (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Jean Hagen, 54. U.S. actress. Miss Hagen, born Jean Verhagen, was nominated for an Academy Award for her supporting performance in Singin' in the Rain (1952) and was nominated three times for Emmy Awards for her portrayal of Margaret Williams in the television comedy series Make Room for Daddy (1953-1956). She died of throat cancer.
Meeting in Lusaka, Zambia, with U.K. Foreign Secretary David Owen and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Andrew Young, South African Prime Minister John Vorster rejected aspects of the plan for transferring the government of Rhodesia to black majority rule.
Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals stole 2 bases against the San Diego Padres, bringing his major league career total to 893 and breaking the mark that Ty Cobb had set 49 years before. Mike Ivie hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to enable the Padres to win 4-3 before 19,656 fans at San Diego Stadium.
Gary Carter hit a single, double, and home run, scoring 2 runs and driving in 2, while Tony Perez hit a single and homer, scoring 2 runs and driving in 3, to help the Montreal Expos beat the Cincinnati Reds 7-2 before 22,476 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.
Dave Johnson drew a base on balls with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 14th inning to score Greg Luzinski and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 3-2 win over the Atlanta Braves before 36,263 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The walk was the fourth in the inning and third straight.
Tommy John allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings to improve his 1977 record to 16-5 as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the Chicago Cubs 4-1 before 34,345 fans at Dodger Stadium. Bill Russell singled and scored in the 1st inning, and scored on the front end of a 2-run home run by Reggie Smith in the 7th.
Pinch hitter Chris Chambliss hit a 3-run home run off Doug Bird with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to enable the New York Yankees to beat the Kansas City Royals 5-3 before 31,269 fans at Yankee Stadium. Kansas City manager Whitey Herzog attempted some gamesmanship with New York manager Billy Martin, with three starting pitchers listed in the starting lineup. Dennis Leonard was listed as playing left field and batting second; Jim Colborn was listed in right field, batting fourth; and Andy Hassler was listed at first base, batting fifth. All three were removed in favour of pinch hitters or defensive replacements in the 1st inning.
Mitchell Page's second home run of the game, a solo blast with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning, broke a 7-7 tie and gave the Oakland Athletics an 8-7 win over the Boston Red Sox before 29,750 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Page also hit a 3-run homer in the 5th. Boston right fielder Jim Rice hit 3 home runs and a single, scoring 3 runs and driving in 4. The Red Sox led 5-1 after 4 1/2 innings.
Duane Kuiper, Andre Thornton, and Bruce Bochte all hit solo home runs in the 1st inning for the Cleveland Indians as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 9-2 before 6,236 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Mr. Kuiper's home run was the only homer of his 12-year, 1,057-game major league career. Mr. Thornton hit an inside-the park home run in the 1st inning, and another solo homer in the 7th.
Bob Gorinski scored Larry Hisle with a sacrifice fly in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Minnesota Twins a 7-6 win over the Toronto Blue Jays in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 10,364 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. The Blue Jays scored 5 runs in the 6th, with pinch hitter Sam Ewing tripling home 2 runs and scoring on a single by Alan Ashby. Mr. Hisle had 3 hits, 2 runs, and a run batted in as the Twins won the second game 6-5.
30 years ago
#1 single in Italy: Who's That Girl--Madonna (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Voyage, voyage--Desireless (9th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Four Track (EP)--Daniel O'Donnell
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson featuring Siedah Garrett (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): La Bamba--Los Lobos
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 La Bamba--Los Lobos
2 Who's That Girl--Madonna
3 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
4 I Just Can't Stop Loving You--Michael Jackson (with Siedah Garrett)
5 Don't Mean Nothing--Richard Marx
6 Only in My Dreams--Debbie Gibson
7 Luka--Suzanne Vega
8 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
9 Can't We Try--Dan Hill (with Vonda Shepard)
10 Rock Steady--Whispers
Singles entering the chart were You are the Girl by the Cars (#73); Little Lies by Fleetwood Mac (#76); Don't Make Me Wait for Love by Kenny G (vocal by Lenny Williams) (#78); I Think We're Alone Now by Tiffany (#82); Dinner with Gershwin by Donna Summer (#83); I Don't Think that Man Should Sleep Alone by Ray Parker, Jr. (#84); Notorious by Loverboy (#87); Rock Me by Great White (#89); and That's What Love is All About by Michael Bolton (#90).
Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Who's That Girl--Madonna
2 Heart and Soul--T'Pau
3 I Want Your Sex--George Michael
4 Funkytown--Pseudo Echo
5 La Bamba--Los Lobos
6 Luka--Suzanne Vega
8 Shakedown--Bob Seger
9 I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For--U2
10 Together (The New Wedding Song)--Joey Gregorash
Singles entering the chart were Notorious by Loverboy (#84); Who Will You Run To by Heart (#89); Lost in Emotion by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam (#91); Carrie by Europe (#92); Who Found Who by Jellybean (#94); Give to Live by Sammy Hagar (#95); Back Where You Started by Tina Turner (#96); and Surfin' Bird by Pee-Wee Herman (#97). Surfin' Bird was from the movie Back to the Beach (1987).
Died on this date
Archie Campbell, 72. U.S. comedian. Mr. Campbell was best known as one of the cast members of the television comedy-variety program Hee Haw. He died of a heart attack.
Lee Marvin, 63. U.S. actor. Usually cast as a tough guy, Mr. Marvin won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his comic performance in Cat Ballou (1965).
The day after rebellious soldiers in the Philippines had seized Cebu City and Camp Aguinaldo military base, government troops recaptured Camp Aguinaldo, and the rebels gave up their control of Cebu City. Colonel Gregorio Honasan, leader of the revolt, disappeared.
Jocelyn Muir finished her 60-day marathon swim around Lake Ontario to raise $250,000 for the Multiple Sclerosis Society, setting a record for the longest international marathon.
Ottawa (2-7) 23 @ Hamilton (6-3) 28
Ken Zachary rushed for 2 touchdowns and Tom Porras completed touchdown passes to Steve Stapler and Tony Champion as the Tiger-Cats took a 28-18 lead at halftime and held on to beat the Rough Riders before 17,447 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Larry Mohr scored the first Ottawa touchdown on a pass from Todd Dillon, while James Hood scored the other on a pass from Joe Paopao. The Rough Riders had chances for a touchdown late in the game, but two drives deep in Hamilton territory ended in interceptions.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Amigos Para Siempre--Jose Carreras and Sarah Brightman (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kiss of Tears--Southern All Stars (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Una Historia de Ellegibo--Ellegibo (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Le Chat--Pow woW (7th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): It's My Life--Dr. Alban (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap! (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (3rd week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 November Rain--Guns N' Roses (2nd week at #1)
2 End of the Road--Boyz II Men
4 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna
5 Baby Got Back--Sir Mix-a-Lot
6 Life is a Highway--Tom Cochrane
7 Giving Him Something He Can Feel--En Vogue
8 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
9 Humpin' Around--Bobby Brown
10 Stay--Shakespears Sister
Singles entering the chart were Not Enough Time by INXS (#76); Real Love by Slaughter (#81); Slow Dance (Hey Mr. DJ) by R. Kelly and Public Announcement (#84); Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad by Def Leppard (#88); All Shook Up by Billy Joel (#92); and Would I Lie to You? by Charles & Eddie (#94); and 1-4-All-4-1 by East Coast Family (#96). All Shook Up was from the movie Honeymoon in Vegas (1992).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 This Used to Be My Playground--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 The One--Elton John
3 Friday I'm in Love--The Cure
4 Even Better than the Real Thing--U2
5 Lost Together--Blue Rodeo
6 Take this Heart--Richard Marx
7 Restless Heart--Peter Cetera
8 November Rain--Guns N' Roses
9 Just Another Day--Jon Secada
10 Too Funky--George Michael
Singles entering the chart were My Destiny by Lionel Richie (#54); Inside Out by Sue Medley (#62); Hunger Strike by Temple of the Dog (#71); Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad by Def Leppard (#72); All Shook Up by Billy Joel (#77); Once in a Lifetime by Love & Sas (#91); and Layla by Eric Clapton (#98). Layla was a slower live version of the song that Mr. Clapton had previously recorded as leader of Derek and the Dominos and had been a minor hit single in 1971 and a bigger hit in 1972.
A march by 15,000 people in Rostock in eastern Germany against right-wing attacks on refugees ended in clashes between demonstrators and police.
Politics and government
Québec Premier Robert Bourassa got a special conference of the Québec Liberal Party to approve the Charlottetown Accord; only the party's youth wing and Jean Allaire opposed the deal.
British Columbia (0-8) 36 @ Saskatchewan (4-4) 47
Kent Austin completed 24 of 33 passes for 492 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Roughriders over the Lions before 19,345 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Jeff Fairholm scored on passes of 48 and 76 yards, while Ray Elgaard caught a 25-yard TD pass from Mr. Austin and Don Narcisse caught a 28-yard TD pass. Saskatchewan scored 25 points in the 2nd quarter as they built a 32-3 halftime lead. Lucius Floyd rushed 13 times for 116 yards for the Roughriders and scored touchdowns of 18 and 38 yards. Jon Volpe of the Lions rushed 16 times for 75 yards and 3 touchdowns, with all of his TDs coming in the 4th quarter. Matt Clark scored a B.C. touchdown in the 3rd quarter on a 13-yard pass from Danny Barrett. Mr. Elgaard led all receivers with 207 yards on 8 receptions.
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (10th week at #1)
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'll Be Missing You--Puff Daddy featuring Faith Evans and 112 (8th week at #1)
The Beach Boys performed at the Resorts Casino Hotel in Atlantic City, New Jersey in what turned out to be the last performance for lead guitarist and singer Carl Wilson. He died of lung cancer on February 6, 1998 at the age of 51.
Members of the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA massacred at least 98 villagers in Rais, Algeria.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Pierre Messmer, 91. Prime Minister of France, 1972-1974. Mr. Messmer, a Gaullist, served as Minister of Armies under President Charles de Gaulle from 1960-1969 and as Prime Minister under President Georges Pompidou.
Banarsi Das Gupta, 89. Indian politician. Mr. Gupta, a member of the Indian National Congress party, was imprisoned many times for protesting British rule of India. He served as Chief Minister of Haryana from 1975-1977.
Richard Jewell, 44. U.S. security guard. Mr. Jewell, born Richard White, was working with American Telephone & Telegraph when he discovered a backpack filled with three pipe bombs in Centennial Park in Atlanta during the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, and alerted police and helped to evacuate the area before the bomb exploded. Initially hailed as a hero, Mr. Jewell soon became a suspect, and underwent "trial by media." He sued various media outlets in an attempt to clear his name, and was ultimately vindicated in 2005 when Eric Rudolph was revealed to be the actual bomber. Mr. Jewell died of heart disease and diabetes.
Images of Automobiles now on Flickr - Henry Seth Taylor built the first automobile in Canada in 1867. At the time, all automobiles, whether produced domestically or imported from the United Sta...
17 hours ago