Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Waneta Cardinal!
130 years ago
American inventor George Eastman, received a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Harry Brecheen. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Brecheen, nicknamed "The Cat," played with the St. Louis Cardinals (1940, 1943-1952) and St. Louis Browns (1953), compiling a record of 133-92 and an earned run average of 2.92 in 318 games. The highlight of his career was probaly the 1946 World Series, when he won 3 games and posted an ERA of 0.45 as the Cardinals defeated the Boston Red Sox 4 games to 3. Mr. Brecheen served as the pitching coach with the Baltimore Orioles from 1954-1967. He died on January 17, 2004 at the age of 89.
Ray Davis. U.S. chemist and physicist. Dr. Davis shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics with Masatoshi Koshiba "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos," and Riccardo Giacconi, who won "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources." Dr. Davis died on May 31, 2006 at the age of 91.
span style="font-weight:bold;">75 years ago
The German submarine U-47 sank the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within the battleship's harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland.
Ottawa (2-0) 35 @ Montreal (0-2) 13
Toronto (2-0) 16 @ Hamilton (0-2) 1
Edmonton (3-7) 1 @ Winnipeg (9-1) 18
Calgary (3-7) 11 @ Regina (5-5) 12
Fritz Hanson scored 3 touchdowns as the Blue Bombers beat the Eskimos at Osborne Stadium.
Howard Cleveland scored a touchdown late in the 3rd quarter and another early in the 4th quarter as the Roughriders edged the Bronks before 3,000 fans at Park de Young. Paul Rowe scored a touchdown and field goal for Calgary, but Bill Wusyk missed a field goal attempt for Calgary in the dying seconds of the game that allowed Regina to escape with the win.
Toronto (0-1-1) 9 @ Montreal (2-0) 10
Peterborough (0-2) 2 @ Sarnia (1-0-1) 32
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Walk Alone--Dinah Shore
Died on this date
Erwin Rommel, 52. German military officer. Field Marshal Rommel was popularly known as "The Desert Fox" because of his leadership of German and Italian forces in the North Africa campaign during World War II. He was linked to the July 20, 1944 assassination attempt to assassinate German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, and elected the least objectionable option of committing suicide by taking a cyanide pill.
British and Greek troops entered and occupied Athens as German Wehrmacht troops pulled out of the city they had occupied since April 1941. Yugoslavian partisans and Soviet troops fought their way into the streets of Belgrade. The largest number of U.S. B-29 bombers ever used in a single raid struck Okayama on Formosa (Taiwan). Less than 17 miles northeast of the city of Kweilin in the province of Kwangsi, Chinese troops turned back a Japanese drive.
Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. announced that the Polish government-in-exile and the Polish Committee of National Liberation had agreed to reopen formal negotiations to form a single government.
60 years ago
Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie arrived in Portsmouth, England aboard the cruiser Gambia and then boarded a special train to London to begin a visit to the United Kingdom as part of his world tour.
50 years ago
Brian Wilson was at United Western Recorders in Hollywood, California to direct session musicians in recording the backing instrumental track for the song Guess I'm Dumb, intended for the album The Beach Boys Today!
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 48.
Politics and government
Leonid Brezhnev became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and thereby--along with his allies such as Alexei Kosygin --the leader of the U.S.S.R., ousting former leader Nikita Khrushchev and sending him into "voluntary" retirement as a "nonperson" in the U.S.S.R. The move was announced the following day.
U.S. Negro civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as the "first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence."
Billy Mills of the United States won the gold medal in the men's 10,000-metre run at the Summer Olympics in Tokyo. The movie Running Brave (1983), which was partially filmed at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton, was based on Mr. Mills' story.
New York Yankees 8 @ St. Louis Cardinals 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle hit home runs on consecutive pitches from St. Louis pitcher Curt Simmons in the 6th inning and Joe Pepitone hit a grand slam off Gordon Richardson in the 8th inning as the Yankees evened the series before 30,805 fans at Busch Stadium.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)--MFSB (3rd week at #1)
The United Nations General Assembly voted in favour of giving the Palestine Liberation Organization a voice at its meetings.
The prosecution in the trial resulting from the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. opened its case, charging that U.S. then-President Richard Nixon had held a "multitude of meetings" in April 1973 and 1974 to revise "scenarios" and "lines" for handling the situation and sacrificing some people to the prosecution to save others. Those on trial were former presidential aides John Ehrlichman and Bob Haldeman; former Attorney General John Mitchell and his assistant Robert Mardian; and former attorney for the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP) Kenneth Parkinson.
The Edmonton Oilers traded centre Jim Harrison to the Cleveland Crusaders for centre Ron Buchanan. Mr. Harrison's best season had come two years earlier, with 397 goals and 47 assists in 66 games with the Alberta Oilers, including a record 10 points (3 goals, 7 assists) in one game. He had yet to play in 1974-75. Mr. Buchanan was also two years past his best season, when he had scored 37 goals and 44 assists in 75 games with the Crusaders. In 4 games with Cleveland in 1974-75, he had 2 goals and no assists.
Winnipeg (7-6) 19 @ Hamilton (6-8) 12
Calgary (4-9) 24 @ Edmonton (7-5-1) 10
The Blue Bombers and Tiger-Cats were tied 12-12 before 27,491 fans on a rainy Thanksgiving afternoon at Ivor Wynne Stadium with time remaining for just one more play. Winnipeg kicker Walt McKee missed a field goal attempt, but Hamilton returner Mike Walker slipped on the wet artificial turf while punting the ball out of his end zone, and Winnipeg running back Jim Washington, downfield on coverage duties, picked the ball up at the Hamilton 5-yard line and walked into the end zone for as easy a touchdown as any punt returner ever had. The play was officially recorded as a 5-yard punt return.
Rookie quarterback Joe Pisarcik, making his first CFL start, led the Stampeders over the Eskimos before a Clarke Stadium record crowd of 24,214. Rookie receiver Bill Lide caught one of Mr. Pisarcik's passes for his only CFL touchdown. Veteran Calgary quarterback Peter Liske was used just to hold for placekicks in what turned out to be his last game as a Stampeder. Tom Wilkinson started at quarterback for the Eskimos but was knocked out early in the game with a concussion; Bruce Lemmerman played the rest of the game, but completed just 13 of 33 passes, and failed to produce a touchdown.
San Francisco (2-3) 13 @ Detroit (1-4) 17
30 years ago
#1 single in France: To France--Mike Oldfield
#1 single in Switzerland: Careless Whisper--George Michael (3rd week at #1)
Died on this date
Martin Ryle, 66. U.K. astronomer. Mr. Ryle shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics with Anthony Hewish "for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars."
A report surfaced concerning the existence of a manual, reported to be the work of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, written in Spanish and distributed among rebels opposing the Sandanista government of Nicaragua. The manual described how some government officials could be "neutralized"--a term that might mean "assassinated." The manual described various techniques for waging guerrilla warfare.
Calgary (6-9) 28 @ Toronto (8-5-1) 24
Hamilton (4-9-1) 31 @ Saskatchewan (6-8-1) 8
An Exhibition Stadium crowd that appeared smaller than the announced 30,406 went home disappointed when Calgary defensive end hit Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway, and his pass was intercepted by defensive lineman Walter Ballard and returned 35 yards for a touchdown to break a 21-21 tie with 3:03 remaining in the game. Mr. Holloway was injured on the play, and reliever Joe Barnes appeared to have brought the Argonauts back with a touchdown pass to Jan Carinci, but Mr. Barnes was ruled to have crossed the line of scrimmage before throwing the ball. Toronto settled for a Hank Ilesic field goal with 1:02 remaining, but that was as close as they got. Greg Vavra went the distance at quarterback for the Stampeders, completing 23 of 48 passes for 359 yards and touchdowns to Tom Scott and Mike McTague. Mr. Scott’s touchdown was just his third of the season, but the 91st of his CFL career and his 88th career touchdown reception; it also turned out to be his last touchdown. Mr. Holloway, who alternated with Mr. Barnes, threw touchdown passes to Terry Greer and Mr. Carinci.
Dieter Brock threw 2 touchdown passes to Rocky DiPietro in the first 5:35 of the game, and the Tiger-Cats coasted to victory before 28,414 disgruntled fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The win kept Hamilton’s playoff hopes alive, while eliminating the Roughriders from contention for the eighth straight year. The loss put the rebuilding Edmonton Eskimos into the playoffs for the 13th straight season. Bernie Ruoff kicked 2 converts, 5 field goals, and 2 singles for the Tiger-Cats. The Roughriders snapped the shutout with just 17 seconds left in the game when Homer Jordan completed a 20-yard touchdown pass to Stewart Fraser and then completed a pass to Mike Washington for a 2-point convert. Hamilton’s win occurred a few days after owner Harold Ballard had blasted his players as "overpaid bums."
San Diego Padres 4 @ Detroit Tigers 8 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Kirk Gibson hit 2 home runs and drove in 5 runs and Lance Parrish also homered before 51,901 fans at Tiger Stadium as Detroit won its first World Series since 1968. Relief pitcher Aurelio Lopez was the winning pitcher, and Guillermo Hernandez picked up his second save of the series. Sparky Anderson, who had managed the Cincinnati Reds to World Series wins in 1975 and 1976, became the first manager to win World Series in both major leagues. The win touched off a night of rioting in Detroit.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher
#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma (12th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lambada--Kaoma (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Lambada--Kaoma (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Ride on Time--Black Box (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Miss You Much--Janet Jackson (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Miss You Much--Janet Jackson
3 Mixed Emotions--Rolling Stones
4 Love Song--The Cure
5 If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher
6 Listen to Your Heart--Roxette
7 Sowing the Seeds of Love--Tears for Fears
9 Dr. Feelgood--Motley Crue
10 Don't Look Back--Fine Young Cannibals
Singles entering the chart were We Didn't Start the Fire by Billy Joel (#53); Blame it on the Rain by Milli Vanilli (#63); Baby Come to Me by Regina Belle (#80); Don't Make Me Over by Sybil (#90); and If You Asked Me To by Patti LaBelle (#93).
British Columbia (6-9) 11 @ Calgary (8-7) 51
Larry Willis caught 2 touchdown passes from Danny Barrett and made an end-zone recovery of a fumble by teammate Kennard Martin on a pass reception for another touchdown to lead the Stampeders. Mr. Martin did succeed in taking a pass into the end zone for Mr. Barrett's fourth touchdown pass of the game. Mr. Barrett, who replaced ineffective starter Terrence Jones in the first quarter, finished with 15 completions in 25 attempts for 309 yards, while B.C. quarterback Matt Dunigan had a terrible game, completing just 7 of 25 passes for 90 yards. Mr. Willis caught 6 passes for 175 yards. The Lions jumped out to a 10-0 lead in the first quarter on a 1-yard touchdown run by Anthony Parker and a convert and field goal by Lui Passaglia, but it was all downhill from there. Tim Petros scored the first Calgary touchdown on a 1-yard rush in the second quarter. Mark McLoughlin added 4 field goals for the Stampeders. Only 16,355 were in attendance at McMahon Stadium.
Acadia 22 St. Francis Xavier 6
St. Mary’s 46 Mount Allison 7
McGill 32 Bishop’s 27
Ottawa 22 Concordia 10
Queen’s 38 Carleton 11
Western Ontario 52 York 1
Windsor 34 McMaster 8
Toronto 18 Guelph 13
Waterloo 7 Wilfrid Laurier 6
Alberta (4-2) 13 @ Manitoba (0-7) 9
Backup quarterback Mike Kolodnicki scored on a 2-yard run late in the game, converted by Steve Kasowski, to give the Golden Bears the win at University Stadium in Winnipeg. The Bisons led 9-0 after the first quarter, but Mr. Kasowski kicked a 42-yard field goal in the second quarter to get Alberta on the scoreboard, and kicked a 23-yard field goal in the third quarter to reduce Manitoba’s lead to 9-6.
San Francisco Giants 0 @ Oakland Athletics 5 (Oakland led best-of-seven series 1-0)
The Athletics scored 3 runs in the 2nd inning and Dave Parker and Walt Weiss added solo home runs as they blanked the Giants before 49,385 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Dave Stewart gave up 5 hits in pitching the shutout.
20 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Saturday Night--Whigfield (4th week at #1)
Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Israeli Foreign Minister of Israel Shimon Peres were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."--i.e., for their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords and the framing of future Palestinian self-government.
Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, visiting the White House in Washington, thanked U.S. President Bill Clinton for his support in ousting the military junta that had removed him from power in 1991.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.2% in September.
10 years ago
Insurgents detonated two bombs in the Green Zone--Baghdad's most heavily-guarded area, home to Iraqi officials and the U.S. embassy.
National League Championship Series
Houston 4 @ St. Louis 6 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Scott Rolen hit 2 home runs and Larry Walker and Albert Pujols each homered as the Cardinals came back from a 3-0 deficit to beat the Astros before 52,347 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium.
Images Celebrating the Outaouais now on Flickr - The Outaouais region is steeped in history. Library and Archives Canada collections reflect this history, and remind us of the enduring importance of the p...
1 day ago