Friday, 3 October 2014

October 3, 2014

275 years ago

The Treaty of Niš was signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia, ending the Russo–Turkish War.

225 years ago


President George Washington issued the U.S.A.'s first Thanksgiving Proclamation:

Whereas it is the duty of all Nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey his will, to be grateful for his benefits, and humbly to implore his protection and favor . . .
Now therefore I do recommend and assign Thursday the 26th day of November next to be devoted by the People of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being, who is the beneficent Author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be--That we may then all unite in rendering unto him our sincere and humble thanks--for his kind care and protection of the People of this Country previous to their becoming a Nation--for the signal and manifold mercies, and the favorable interpositions of his Providence which we experienced in the course and conclusion of the late war--for the great degree of tranquility, union, and plenty, which we have since enjoyed--for the peaceable and rational manner, in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national One now lately instituted--for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed; and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and in general for all the great and various favors which he hath been pleased to confer upon us.
And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations and beseech him to pardon our national and other transgressions--to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually--to render our national government a blessing to all the people, by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed--to protect and guide all Sovereigns and Nations (especially such as have shewn kindness unto us) and to bless them with good government, peace, and concord--To promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the increase of science among them and us--and generally to grant unto all Mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as he alone knows to be best.
125 years ago

Born on this date
Carl von Ossietzky, German activist
. Mr. Ossietzky, a pacifist, was awarded the 1935 Nobel Peace Prize for exposing Germany's clandestine re-armament i violation of the Treaty of Versailles. He was convicted of high treason and espionage in 1931, and died on May 4, 1938 at the age of 48--while still officaly in custody--of tuberculosis and the effects of mistreatment in concentration camps.

100 years ago

The First Canadian Division sailed from Gaspé, Quebec for England with 33,000 volunteers, 7,000 horses and 144 pieces of artillery, travelling in a 32 ship convoy escorted by 10 British warships. It was the largest armed convoy ever to cross the Atlantic by that date, arriving in England October 14.

IRFU-ORFU (Exhibition)
Toronto Rugby & Athletic Association (ORFU) 2 @ Hamilton Tigers (IRFU) 22

Winnipeg Rowing Club (1-1) 8 Winnipeg Tigers (1-1) 3

Regina (2-0) 17 @ Moose Jaw (0-2) 11

80 years ago

World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 8 @ Detroit Tigers 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Joe Medwick had 4 hits and the Tigers made 5 errors as the Cardinals won before 42,505 fans at Navin Field. Dizzy Dean pitched a complete game for the victory.

70 years ago

U.S. troops continued a slow advance through the Siegfried Line inside Germany. Soviet troops entered Yugoslavia at two new points, outflanking Belgrade 38 miles to the north and at a point within 27 miles of the last railroad escape route for the Germans. Japanese troops invading the Chinese province of Fukien were reportedly 6 miles east of Foochow.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the industrial reconversion and surplus war property disposal bills into law.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Should Have Known Better/If I Fell--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Vous Permettez Monsieur?--Salvatore Adamo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): In ginocchio da te--Gianni Morandi (12th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das kommt vom Rudern, das kommt vom Segeln--Peter Lauch & Die Regenpfeifer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I'm Into Something Good--Herman's Hermits (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)
2 Do Wah Diddy Diddy--Manfred Mann
3 Bread and Butter--The Newbeats
4 The House of the Rising Sun--The Animals
5 Remember (Walking in the Sand)--The Shangri-Las
6 G.T.O.--Ronny and the Daytonas
7 Dancing in the Street--Martha and the Vandellas
8 We'll Sing in the Sunshine--Gale Garnett
9 Save it for Me--The 4 Seasons
10 It Hurts to Be in Love--Gene Pitney

Singles entering the chart were The Door is Still Open (To My Heart) by Dean Martin (#62); Everybody Knows (I Still Love You) by the Dave Clark Five (#68); Baby Love by the Supremes (#69); I'm Crying by the Animals (#74); Smack Dab in the Middle by Ray Charles (#78); I Had a Talk with My Man by Mitty Collier (#83); She's Not There by the Zombies (#84); I Don't Want to See You Again by Peter and Gordon (#85); Baby Baby All the Time by the Superbs (#87); Bless Our Love by Gene Chandler (#89); Try Me by Jimmy Hughes (#90); I See You by Cathy and Joe (#94); Jump Back by Rufus Thomas (#96); You Really Got Me by the Kinks (#97); Who Can I Turn To (When Nobody Needs Me) by Tony Bennett (#98); Runnin' Out of Fools by Aretha Franklin (#99); and Beach Girl by Pat Boone (#100).

On television tonight
The Outer Limits, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Behold Eck!, starring Peter Lind Hayes, Joan Freeman, Parley Baer, and Douglas Henderson

Popular culture
The first buffalo chicken wings were made at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York.

British Columbia (7-0-3) 20 @ Toronto (3-7) 15

B.C. quarterback Joe Kapp scored the winning touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Lions defeated the Argonauts before 27,249 fans at CNE Stadium. Mr. Kapp also passed to Willie Fleming for a touchdown and handed off to Bob Swift for a TD. The game was tied 14-14 at halftime; Dave Mann's punt single gave the Argonauts a 15-14 lead after 3 quarters. Mr. Kapp's touchdown pass was the 104th of his career, tying the Western Football Conference record held by former Winnipeg Blue Bombers' quarterback Jack Jacobs.

Canadian university
Alberta at Edmonton (1-0) 34 @ Manitoba (0-1) 13

Clarence Kachman scored 2 touchdowns as the Golden Bears beat the Bisons before 1,800 fans in Winnipeg.

The Chicago Cubs scored 5 runs in the 4th inning, 2 in the 5th, and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the San Francisco Giants 10-7 before 10,417 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. It was the final major league game for San Francisco pitcher Billy Pierce, who pitched the final 3 innings, giving up 3 runs--all earned--on 4 hits, including Billy Williams' 33rd home run of the season. It was also the final major league appearance in the Hall of Fame career of Duke Snider, who came to bat as a pinch hitter for Mr. Pierce to lead off the bottom of the 9th, singled, and scored on a 2-out home run by Willie Mays. The homer was Mr. Mays' second of the game and 46th of the season.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas

Canada (WHA)-U.S.S.R. (Exhibition)
Canada 2 U.S.S.R. 5 @ Moscow (U.S.S.R. led eight-game series 3-1-2)

Boris Mikhailov and Valery Vasiliev scored in the 1st period, Vyacheslav Anisin and Vladimir Shatalov scored in the 2nd period, and Valery Kharlamov scored in the 3rd period for the U.S.S.R. as they defeated the World Hockey Association's representatives of Canada at Luzhniki Ice Palace. Rejean Houle scored for Canada in the 1st period and Gordie Howe in the 2nd period. Crooked officiating by Russian referee Victor Dombrowski made a siginficant contribution to the Soviet victory.

Charlotte (9-5) 41 @ Chicago (7-7) 30

Frank Robinson, 39, was named by the Cleveland Indians as major league baseball's first Negro manager. Mr. Robinson replaced Ken Aspromonte as manager, and was still an active player. U.S. President Gerald Ford described Mr. Robinson's appointment as "welcome news for baseball fans across the nation."

30 years ago

U.S. Vice-President George Bush revealed that in June he had paid the Internal Revenue Service $198,000 in back taxes and interest after the IRS held that he had failed to report $500,000 in income from the sale of a house on his 1981 returns, and had improperly used $29,000 in leftover campaign funds. Mr. Bush’s attorneys said that Mr. Bush believed tht he did not have to report the income from the sale of the house.

Richard Miller, a 20-year veteran of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation who had been assigned to the bureau’s counterintelligence squad in Los Angeles, became the first FBI agent to be charged with espionage. Two Russian immigrants, Svetlana Ogorodnikova and her estranged husband Nikolay, were also arrested. It was alleged that Mr. Miller, who was reportedly in financial need, had offered to sell FBI documents to the couple for $65,000. Reportedly, one document that had gone to the Russians was a classified manual describing U.S. intelligence activities. The FBI said that Mr. Miller had had a "personal relationship" with Mrss. Ogorodnikova.

The U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Intelligence reported that the officials responsible for security at the U.S. embassy near East Beirut had paid insufficient attention to warnings of potential terrorist attacks prior to the September 20 bombing of the embassy.

Officials in Quebec reported that more than 7,000 migrating caribou had drowned in northern Quebec while crossing two rivers, and there were fears that the toll might be higher. The caribou were overwhelmed by high water or swept over waterfalls. Inuit leaders charged that a public utility had caused the disaster by letting too much water spill over a dam. Quebec officials chartered aircraft to create a "wall of sound" and began constructing a fence to discourage more caribou from crossing the rivers at dangerous spots.

National League Championship Series
San Diego 2 @ Chicago 4 (Chicago led best-of-five series 2-0)

American League Championship Series
Detroit 5 @ Kansas City 3 (11 innings) (Detroit led best-of-five series 2-0)

Steve Trout pitched 8 1/3 innings and Lee Smith picked up the save as the Cubs beat the Padres before 36,282 fans at Wrigley Field.

Kirk Gibson drove in 2 runs with a double in the top of the 11th inning to give the Tigers their win over the Royals before 42,019 fans at Royals Stadium.

25 years ago

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Summer Song

The opening episode of the series’ third season, in which Kevin Arnold spends much of the last weekend of summer with an older girl he met on the beach, is this blogger’s favourite.

World events
Rebel officers in the Panama Defense Forces led an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow dictator General Manuel Noriega. The U.S. administration of President George Bush knew of the coup attempt in advance. The rebels, led by Major Moises Giroldi, attacked the Panamanian military headquarters, and for a time, Gen. Noriega was under the control of the rebels. U.S. troops blocked two roads leading to the scene of the fighting, but a third road was left open, and soldiers loyal to Gen. Noriega travelled along this road and came to his rescue. By early afternoon the coup had collapsed, and it was reported that Gen. Noriega had shot Maj. Giroldi. It was believed that about 240 rebels had launched the attack. The death toll wsa relatively low, and some of those killed may have been executed after surrendering.

More than 8,000 people fleeing East Germany were inside West German embassy in Prague, or milling around outside. East Germany agreed to let them depart for West Germany, but then said that it was suspending passport- and visa-free travel to Czechoslovakia.


Art Shell was named head coach of the Los Angeles Raiders, becoming the National Football League’s first Negro head coach since Fritz Pollard of the Hammond Pros from 1923-1925.

American League Championship Series
Toronto 3 @ Oakland 7 (Oakland led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Dave Henderson and Mark McGwire hit home runs as the Athletics defeated the Blue Jays before 49,435 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

20 years ago

Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (2nd week at #1)
2 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow
3 Jane--Barenaked Ladies
4 Could I Be Your Girl--Jann Arden
5 You Better Wait--Steve Perry
6 Lucky One--Amy Grant
7 Circle of Life--Elton John
8 Love is Strong--Rolling Stones
9 Healing Hands--Alan Frew
10 The Way She Loves Me--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were Grace, Too by the Tragically Hip (#78); Only Waiting for You by Crosby, Stills & Nash (#84); The Simple Things by Joe Cocker (#89); Secret by Madonna (#91); Who's Running My World by Thundermug (#96); Back Where it All Begins by the Allman Brothers Band (#97); Something's Always Wrong by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#98); and Picture Postcards from L.A. by Joshua Kadison (#99).

Politics and government
Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who had been ousted by a military coup three years earlier, returned to Haiti and resumed his office as President. U.S. troops raided the Port-au-Prince headquarters of a paramilitary group that had been linked to the killings of hundreds of Mr. Aristide's supporters over the previous three years. 40 people were detained, as were 75 in a similar raid in Cap-Haitien.

Fernando Enrique Cardoso, the finance minister who had received much of the credit for curbing his country's runaway inflation, was elected President of Brazil.

U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy announced his resignation effective the end of the year, amidst investigations of gifts that he had received from Tyson Foods, Inc., the nation's largest supplier of poultry. Mr. Espy denied violating any laws or ethics rules, but admitted he had been careless.

South African President Nelson Mandela addressed the United Nations General Assembly.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Janet Leigh, 77
. U.S. actress. Miss Leigh, born Jeanette Morrison, was known for her roles in movies such as The Naked Spur (1953); Touch of Evil (1958); Psycho (1960); and The Manchurian Candidate (1962).

John Cerutti, 44. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Cerutti played for the Toronto Blue Jays (1985-1990) and Detroit Tigers (1991), compiling a record of 49-43. He recorded the Blue Jays' first win at SkyDome in Toronto on June 7, 1989. Mr. Cerutti later served as a colour commentator on telecasts of Blue Jays' games, and was found dead of natural causes in his Toronto hotel room the day he was to serve on the telecast of the last game of the season.

U.S. and Iraqi troops took control of Samarra.

The Montreal Expos played their last game under that name, losing 8-1 to the New York Mets before 33,569 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Four days earlier, it had been announced that the team would be moving to Washington as the Nationals, ending 36 years of major league baseball in Montreal.

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