Wednesday, 8 October 2014

October 8, 2014

1,700 years ago
314


War
Roman Emperor Licinius lost his European territories when his forces were defeated by those of his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae in what is now Croatia.

225 years ago
1789


Born on this date
John Ruggles
. U.S. politician. Mr. Ruggles held a number of offices in Maine and represented the state in the United States Senate from 1835-1841. He died on June 20, 1874 at the age of 84.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Collett E. Woolman
. U.S. aviation executive. Mr. Woolman co-founded Delta Air Lines in 1929. He died on September 11, 1966 at the age of 76.

110 years ago
1904


Edmontonia
Edmonton was incorporated as a city.

Canadiana
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan was incorporated as a city.

90 years ago
1924


Politics and government
In the United Kingdom, the Labour government of Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald was defeated in the House of Commons on a non-confidence motion, resulting in the dissolution of Parliament and elections called for October 29.

Baseball
World Series
Washington Nationals 2 @ New York Giants 6 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Fred Lindstrom batted 4 for 5 and drove in 2 runs as the Giants beat the Nationals before 49,211 fans at the Polo Grounds. Winning pitcher Jack Bentley pitched 7 1/3 innings and batted 2 for 3; his 2-run home run in the 5th inning broke a 1-1 tie and put the Giants ahead to stay. Walter Johnson pitched a complete game, allowing 13 hits and 4 earned runs in 8 innings in absorbing his second loss of the Series.

80 years ago
1934


Crime
Bruno Richard Hauptmann was indicted for the 1932 murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr.

Football
ARU
University of Alberta (2-0) 6 @ Calgary 1

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 3 @ Detroit Tigers 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Paul "Daffy" Dean went the distance on the mound and singled in the winning run in the 7th inning as the Cardinals defeated the Tigers before 44,551 fans at Navin Field. Schoolboy Rowe also pitched 9 innings in taking the loss. For Mr. Dean, it was his second win of the series. Leo Durocher had 3 hits for the Cardinals, a total that was matched by Detroit catcher Mickey Cochrane.

75 years ago
1939


World events
Germany annexed western Poland.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 7 @ Cincinnati Reds 3 (10 innings) (New York won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Reds made 3 errors in the 10th inning, leading to 3 runs, as the Yankees completed the sweep before 32,794 fans at Crosley Field to win their fourth straight World Series. The most memorable moment came when Charlie Keller of the Yankees bowled over Cincinnati catcher Ernie Lombardi as he scored in the 10th inning. As Mr. Lombardi laid there stunned, Joe DiMaggio followed Mr. Keller across the plate. The Reds led 4-2 after 8 innings, but an error by Reds’ shortstop Billy Myers on a potential double-play ball allowed one run to score, and led to the tying run. Charlie Keller and Bill Dickey hit home runs for the Yankees; for Mr. Keller, it was his third home run in the last 2 games. Reds’ starting pitcher Paul Derringer retired the first 14 batters he faced.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The comedy series The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuted on CBS.

Died on this date
Wendell Willkie, 52
. U.S. politician. Mr. Willkie, a corporate lawyer, was the Republican party candidate for President of the United States in 1940, winning the nomination as a dark horse candidate. He opposed parts of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal economic program that he regarded as inefficient, but agreed with Mr. Roosevelt's internationalist foreign policy. Mr. Roosevelt won election to an unprecedented third term, capturing 449 electoral votes to 82 for Mr. Willkie, winning the popular vote by a margin of 27.3 million-22.3 million. Mr. Willkie remains the only major party nominee for President to have never held elective office or high military rank. After the election, Mr. Willkie acted as Mr. Roosevelt's personal representative in visits to the U.K., U.S.S.R., and China. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the 1944 Republican presidential nomination, and began working with the Liberal Party of New York to launch a new national party. While travelling on a train from Indianapolis to New York City, Mr. Willkie suffered a major heart attack while the train was in Ohio, but refused to disembark until reaching New York; he made it, but died in hospital two days later.

Literature
The New York Herald Tribune's bestseller list included Strange Fruit by Lillian Smith; The Razor's Edge by W. Somerset Maugham; and A Time for Decision by Sumner Welles.

War
U.S. troops defeated German troops in the Battle of Crucifix Hill, just outside Aachen. In the face of resistance from Soviet and Finnish troops, the Nazis claimed military occupation of northern Finland. After four days of fighting, Soviet forces advanced 62 miles along a 175-mile front in Lithuania, reaching to within 30 miles of the Baltic Sea. As British forces approached the Greek city of Corinth, German forces were reportedly fleeing the city. U.S. ships bombarded the coastal defense barriers on Marcus Island, 1,150 miles from Tokyo.

Diplomacy
A preliminary pan-Arab conference in Alexandria, Egypt ended with representatives of Syria, Transjordan, Iraq, Lebanon, and Egypt signing a protocol providing for creation of an Arab league.

Politics and government
King Farouk of Egypt dismissed the cabinet of Prime Minister Mustafa Nahas Pasha and asked Ahmed Maher Pasha to form a new government.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor reported its membership as of August 31 at 6,806,913, the highest in its history.

Baseball
World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 2 @ St. Louis Browns 0 (Cardinals led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Ray Sanders hit a home run with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning and Danny Litwhiler homered to lead off the 8th as the Cardinals blanked the Browns before 36,568 fans at Sportsman's Park. Mort Cooper pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Denny Galehouse.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hold My Hand--Don Cornell

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Have I the Right?--The Honeycombs (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Pretty Woman--Roy Orbison

Music
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London to record the song She's a Woman.

Baseball
World Series
New York Yankees 8 @ St. Louis Cardinals 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Phil Linz batted 3 for 4 and hit a home run to lead off a 4-run 9th inning as the Yankees beat the Cardinals before 30,805 fans at Busch Stadium. Mel Stottlemyre pitched a 7-hit complete game for the win, while Bob Gibson allowed 8 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in taking the loss.

40 years ago
1974


Scandal
Franklin National Bank, based in Franklin Square in Long Island, New York, collapsed due to fraud and mismanagement. At the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Gerald Ford, urging a "new mobilization" against inflation, proposed a program to deal with the nation's sagging economy. He said that if inflation were not whipped, it would "destroy our country, our homes, our liberties, our property, and finally our natural pride--as surely as any wartime enemy." Mr. Ford's program included a one-year 5% tax surcharge on corporate and individual incomes, exempting families with a gross income less than $15,000. He said that, with Congressional agreement, he would keep federal spending below $300 billion for fiscal 1975.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (7-4-1) 28 @ Montreal (7-4-1) 28

Sonny Wade relieved Jimmy Jones at quarterback and completed touchdown passes to Johnny Rodgers and Peter Dalla Riva in the last 2 minutes--both converted by Don Sweet--as the Alouettes rallied from a 28-14 deficit to tie the Eskimos before 17,505 fans at Autostade. Mr. Wade completed all 7 of the passes he threw. The Alouettes were successful on a short kickoff after Mr. Rodgers' touchdown, enabling them to move in for the tying score in the last minute. It was the only CFL game for Edmonton defensive end Al Phillips.

WFL
The World Football League announced that it was suspending the Jacksonville Sharks franchise, which was suffering from serious financial mismanagement. On the field, the Sharks were fourth and last in the Eastern Division with a record of 4 wins and 10 losses. The Detroit Wheels had become the first WFL team to fold, six days earlier.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Oakland 1 @ Baltimore 0 (Oakland led best-of-five series 2-1)

National League Championship Series
Pittsburgh 7 @ Los Angeles 0 (Los Angeles led best-of-five series 2-1)

Vida Blue pitched a 2-hitter and Sal Bando hit a home run with 1 out in the top of the 4th inning for the game's only run as the Athletics edged the Orioles before 32,060 fans at Memorial Stadium. Losing pitcher Jim Palmer pitched a complete game, allowing just 4 hits.

Willie Stargell hit a 3-run home run and Richie Hebner hit a 2-run homer in the 1st inning as the Pirates coasted to victory over the Dodgers before 55,953 fans at Dodger Stadium. Bruce Kison and Ramon Hernandez combined to pitch a 4-hitter, while losing pitcher Doug Rau lasted just 2/3 inning, allowing 3 hits and 5 runs--3 earned. The Dodgers made 5 errors.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Careless Whisper--George Michael (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): All of You--Julio Iglesias and Diana Ross (2nd week at #1)

Weather
It was a beautiful Thanksgiving Day in Edmonton. This blogger was raking leaves in 81 F. sunshine.

Space
The crew of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger on mission STS-41-G lost much of their communications when cosmic radiation disabled a relay satellite, but an alternative network was activated to permit resumption of human messages and transmittal of scientific data.

Football
CFL
Calgary (5-9) 8 @ Winnipeg (10-3-1) 46

Willard Reaves scored 3 touchdowns, rushing 29 times for 118 yards and catching 4 passes for 41 more in the Blue Bombers’ rout at Winnipeg Stadium before 28,025 fans. Mr. Reaves' total gave him 1,585 yards rushing for the season, eclipsing the old team record of 1,527 by Mack Herron in 1972. Jeff Boyd caught 3 passes for 92 yards and 2 touchdowns, and James Murphy caught 11 for 190 and 1 touchdown. The Blue Bombers, who led 28-7 after the first quarter, rolled up 31 first downs to just 8 for the Stampeders, and 595 yards in net offense to 186 for Calgary. Bernard Quarles, who entered the game for the Stampeders early in the first quarter when starting quarterback Greg Vavra was injured, completed just 8 of 124 passes for 171 yards and 2 interceptions, with one of his completions going for a 72-yard touchdown to Michael Harper. Calgary wide receiver Michael Wade, playing his first CFL game, saw his day come to an early end after just a few plays. According to the designated import rule then in place, when Mr. Vavra, a Canadian, was replaced by Mr. Quarles, an import, another import player had to leave for the balance of the game, and Mr. Wade was the player selected.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Lambada--Kaoma (7th week at #1)

Protest
Protesters calling for more freedom and chanting, "Gorby, Gorby" filled the streets of cities throughout East Germany. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was visiting the country on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the German Democratic Republic.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (7-7) 39 @ Calgary (8-6) 26

Kent Austin completed 29 of 37 passes for a team-record 492 yards and 3 touchdowns as the Roughriders rolled up a 32-6 lead in the third quarter before weathering a Calgary comeback. Rob Bresciani caught 6 passes for 194 yards and a touchdown for Saskatchewan, and Don Narcisse added 4 catches for 122 yards and 2 touchdowns. Milson Jones added to the attack with 19 rushes for 109 yards and 2 touchdowns. The Roughriders amassed 656 yards in net offense to 374 for the Stampeders. Lorenzo Graham rushed for 1 Calgary touchdown and caught a pass from backup quarterback Danny Barret for another. Starting quarterback Terrence Jones scored a Stampeder touchdown on a 1-yard run in the first quarter. Marshall Toner led Calgary receivers with 3 receptions for 111 yards.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Oakland 4 @ Toronto 3 (Oakland won best-of-seven series 4-1)

National League Chapmpionship Series
Chicago 4 @ San Francisco 6 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Blue Jays scored a run in the 8th and 2 in the 9th, but it wasn't enough to prevent the Athletics winning their second straight American League pennant before 50,024 fans at SkyDome. Dave Stewart won his second game of the Series, leaving in favour of Dennis Eckersley after giving up a home run to George Bell to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning.

Matt Williams’ home run in the 5th inning broke a 4-4 tie, and the Giants held on to beat the Cubs before 62,078 fans at Candlestick Park. The Cubs loaded the bases in the 9th inning with 2 out, but in the fashion that so characterized his overrated career, Andre Dawson struck out on 3 pitches against Steve Bedrosian to end the game.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Confide in Me--Kylie Minogue (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Don't Stop--The Outhere Brothers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Make Love to You--Boyz II Men (6th week at #1)
2 All I Wanna Do--Sheryl Crow
3 When Can I See You--Babyface
4 Endless Love--Luther Vandross and Mariah Carey
5 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
6 100% Pure Love--Crystal Waters
7 Shine--Collective Soul
8 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello
9 Another Night--Real McCoy
10 Stroke You Up--Changing Faces

Singles entering the chart were Secret by Madonna (#35); 5-4-3-2 (Yo! Time Is Up) by Jade (#83); Here Comes the Hotstepper by Ini Kamoze (#88); and
Undone - The Sweater Song by Weezer (#90).

Politics and government
Brigadier General Philippe Biamby, chief aide to Haitian armed forces commander-in-chief Lieutenant General Raoul Cedras, resigned his position.

Environment
The California Desert Protection Bill, previously passed by the U.S. House of Representatives, was passed by the Senate on the final day of the regular 1994 session of the 103rd Congress. The bill provided for the upgrading and expansion of Death Valley and Joshua Tree national monuments to national park status, as well as the creation of the Mojave National Preserve and several large wilderness areas in the desert.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (10-4) 38 @ Shreveport (0-14) 22
Saskatchewan (7-7) 22 @ British Columbia (10-3-1) 23
Toronto (5-9) 32 @ Sacramento (7-6-1) 34

Keithen McCant threw 4 touchdown passes to Gerald Alphin to lead the Blue Bombers over the Pirates before 14,088 fans at Independence Stadium.

Lui Passaglia kicked a 31-yard field goal on the last play of the game to give the Lions their win over the Roughriders before 31,955 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Saskatchewan, led by 2 touchdowns by Mike Saunders, held leads of 14-0 and 21-10.

Roman Anderson's 22-yard field goal with 8 seconds remaining in regulation time, his fourth FG of the game, gave the Gold Miners their win over the Argonauts before 13,050 fans at Hornet Field. Sacramento quarterback Kerwin Bell completed touchdown passes to Marcus Dowdell and Rod Harris, anc handed off to Charles Miles for another TD. Toronto quarterback Marvin Graves threw touchdown passes to Robert Gordon and Rob Crifo, handed off to Kevin Smellie for a TD, and rushed for a TD of his own.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Ken Bigley, 62
. U.K. terrorist victim. Mr. Bigley, an engineer, was beheaded in Iraq three weeks after being kidnapped by the Islamist Tawhid and Jihad group.

Edmontonia
This blogger was among thousands of Edmontonians who went downtown to observe ceremonies marking the 100th anniversary of Edmonton's incorporation as a city.

Terrorism
At least 30 people were killed in three bombings that targeted Israeli tourists at three resorts in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

Politics and government
U.S. President George W. Bush and Democratic Party opponent John Kerry fielded questions from undecided voters in a town hall-style debate, several weeks prior to the presidential election.

Scandal
U.S. interior decoration magnate Martha Stewart began serving her five-month prison sentence at Alderson Federal Prison Camp for obstruction of justice, conspiracy and making false statements to authorities.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (7-7-1) 20 @ Winnipeg (6-10) 13

Baseball
American League Division Series
Anaheim 6 @ Boston 8 (10 innings) (Boston won best-of-five series 3-0)

New York 8 @ Minnesota 4 (New York led best-of-five series 2-1)

David Ortiz hit a home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to win the series for the Red Sox before 35,547 fans at Fenway Park. Boston led 6-1 after 6 innings, but the Angels rallied for 5 in the 7th, 4 coming on a grand slam by Vladimir Guerrero.

The Yankees scored 3 runs in the 2nd inning and 4 in the 6th as they beat the Twins before 54,803 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

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