Monday, 20 October 2014

October 19, 2014

1,575 years ago
439


War
Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, took Carthage in North Africa.

225 years ago
1789


Law
John Jay was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.

150 years ago
1864


War
In the U.S. Civil War, the Union Army under General Philip Sheridan destroyed a Confederate Army under Lieutenant General Jubal Early in the Battle of Cedar Creek in Virginia. Confederate raiders commanded by Lieutenant Bennett Young launched araid on St. Albans, Vermont from just inside Canada in an attempt to rob banks in retaliation for the Union Army's burning of southern cities.

125 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Luís I, 50
. King of Portugal and the Algarves, 1861-1889. Luis I, the second son of Queen Maria II and King Ferdinand II, succeeded to the throne upon the death of his brother Pedro V. King Luis, who was known for his passion for oceanography, died 12 days before his 51st birthday and was succeeded by his son Carlos I.

Football
ORFU
Ottawa Rough Riders 1 @ Ottawa College 27

The 1889 Ontario Rugby Football Union season consisted of Ottawa College accepting challenges to their title. This game was the first of the challenge matches.

Baseball
World Series
New York Giants 6 @ Brooklyn Bridegrooms 2 (Best-of-eleven series tied 1-1)

Ed "Cannonball" Crane pitched a 4-hitter as the Giants defeated the Bridegrooms before 16,172 fans at Washington Park. Bob Caruthers took the loss.

100 years ago
1914


War
The First Battle of Ypres began.

70 years ago
1944


Theatre
I Remember Mama by John Van Druten opened at the Music Box Theatre on Broadway in New York. Marlon Brando made his Broadway debut in the supporting role of Nels.

War
U.S. Representative Melvin Maas (Republican--Minnesota) said that he would press for release of the report of the U.S. Navy Court of Inquiry on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Soviet troops invaded East Prussia, capturing Eydtkau, a half-mile inside the border. Indian troops took the important Japanese base of Tiddim in northwestern Burma.

Terrorism
The government of Palestine announced the banishment of 251 people detained as terrorists or for complicity.

Business
The U.S. Civil Aeronautics Board approved the acquisition of control of Trans World Airlines by Hughes Tool Company, owned by Howard Hughes.

Society
Kathleen Winsor's novel Forever Amber was removed from bookstores in Boston because of the protest of the Watch and Ward Society.

Disasters
A hurricane swept Florida, causing an estimated $20 million in damage to the citrus crop.

Football
MASSFL
Supervisory Flight Training School (Gimli) vs. Bombing and Gunnery School (MacDonald) (moved from Osborne Stadium, Winnipeg to Gimli and rescheduled to October 22)

60 years ago
1954


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight's episode: The Red-Headed League

On television tonight
CFRN (Edmonton)
6:00 P.M. Let's Go to the Museum
6:30 P.M. News
6:45 P.M. The British Scene
7:00 P.M. Let's Make Music
7:45 P.M. Concert Miniature
8:00 P.M. The Martha Raye Show
9:00 P.M. Pick the Star
9:30 P.M. General Motors Theatre
10:30 P.M. Press Conference
11:00 P.M. News
11:15 P.M. Sign Off


Exploration
Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition completed the first ascent of Cho Oyu, in Nepal, the world's sixth-highest mountain.

Disasters
The public inquiry into the two recent crashes of U.K.-made Comet jetliners was told that metal fatigue was the likely cause of the crashes, which had killed a total of 56 passengers and crew members.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tú No Tienes Corazón (Anyone Who Had a Heart)--Petula Clark (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Water's Edge, starring Ann Sothern, John Cassavetes, and Rayford Barnes

Died on this date
Maurice Gosfield, 51
. U.S. actor. Mr. Gosfield played Private Duane Doberman in the television comedy series The Phil Silvers Show (1955-1959) and provided the voice of Benny the Ball in the animated series Top Cat (1961-1962). He died two days after suffering a heart attack.

Music
The album Beach Boys Concert was released on Capitol Records.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (4-10) 13 @ Winnipeg (1-13-1) 1

Bill Redell rushed for a touchdown and passed to Tommy-Joe Coffey for another as the Eskimos beat the Blue Bombers before 14,882 fans at Winnipeg Stadium for their first road win against a Western Football Conference team in two years, clinching fourth place for the Eskimos in the WFC. Mr. Coffey set up Mr. Redell's touchdown with 2 big pass receptions.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Kung Fu Fighting--Carl Douglas (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Sad Sweet Dreamer--Sweet Sensation

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 Can't Get Enough--Bad Company
3 Beach Baby--First Class
4 You Haven't Done Nothin'--Stevie Wonder
5 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
6 The Bitch is Back--Elton John
7 Sweet Home Alabama--Lynyrd Skynyrd
8 Jazzman--Carole King
9 Whatever Gets You Thru the Night--John Lennon with the Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
10 Never My Love--Blue Swede

Singles entering the chart were Angie Baby by Helen Reddy (#71); Kung Fu Fighting by Carl Douglas (#78); Whatever You Got, I Want by the Jackson 5 (#80); I Can't Leave You Alone by George McCrae (#81); Promised Land by Elvis Presley (#82); Battle of New Orleans by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#83); Heavy Fallin' Out by the Stylistics (#85); Don't Eat the Yellow Snow by Frank Zappa (#89); She's Gone by Tavares (#93); Laughter in the Rain by Neil Sedaka (#94); La La Peace Song by Al Wilson (#96); Country Side of Life by Wet Willie (#97); La La Peace Song by O.C. Smith (#98); and Evil Boll-Weevil by Grand Canyon (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens (2nd week at #1)
2 Beach Baby--First Class
3 You Haven't Done Nothin'--Stevie Wonder
4 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
5 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
6 Clap for the Wolfman--The Guess Who
7 Sweet Home Alabama--Lynyrd Skynyrd
8 Earache My Eye (Featuring Alice Bowie)--Cheech & Chong
9 Can't Get Enough--Bad Company
10 The Bitch is Back--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were Very Special Places by Randy Bishop (#92); I Feel a Song in My Heart by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#94); California Lady by the Mercey Brothers (#95); Wishing You were Here by Chicago (#96); I'd Go Through it All Again by Carroll Baker (#97); Devotion by Earth, Wind & Fire (#98); Boogie Bands and One Night Stands by Kathy Dalton (#99); and Mostly New Days by Ross Holloway (#100).

#1 single in Calgary: Beach Baby--First Class (2nd week at #1)

World events
Niue became a self-governing colony of New Zealand.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (8-7) 24 @ British Columbia (8-6) 21

Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster guided the Roughriders 73 yards in 32 seconds, handing off to George Reed for the game-winning touchdown with 5 seconds remaining in the game as they edged the Lions before 30,348 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. The touchdown was set up by a questionable pass interference penalty called against the Lions in the B.C. end zone.

CIAU
Saskatchewan 40 @ Alberta (3-1) 38

Several days after having two victories taken away because of the ineligibility of leading scorer Don Kates, the Golden Bears came up short against the Huskies at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. The Golden Bears had won their first 5 games, rolling up huge scores, before the U of A administration discovered that Mr. Kates had lied to the team and had not actually registered as a student. The team's third and fourth victories, which occurred after the registration deadline, were taken away from the team's total, although not credited as wins to the opposing teams.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Grant Notley, 45
. Canadian politician. Mr. Notley won the leadership of the Alberta New Democratic Party in 1969, and was elected to the Legislature in 1971. He represented the riding of Spirit River-Fairview for the rest of his life, and until the election of Ray Martin in 1982, was his party's only member of the Legislative Assembly. Mr. Notley and five other passengers were killed in a plane crash near High Prairie, with Progressive Conservative MLA Larry Shaben the sole survivor.

World events
Four employees of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency were killed when their airplane crashed during a surveillance mission over El Salvador. They were the first CIA employees known to have been killed in the current conflicts in Central America.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the economy had grown at a rate of only 2.7% in the third quarter of 1984, lower than an earlier estimate, and the slowest rate since the beginning of economic recovery in 1982.

25 years ago
1989


Law
The Guildford Four, who had been sentenced in 1975 to life in prison for bombing attacks on pubs in Guildford, England that killed 5 and injured more than 100, had their convictions quashed by the British Court of Appeal following an extensive inquiry into the original police investigation. The case had been regarded as the biggest current miscarriage of justice in the U.K.

The United States Senate voted 51-48 in favour of an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would have outlawed desecration of the American flag. The number in favour was well short of the two-thirds required for the approval of amendments.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.2% in September.

20 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Martha Raye, 78
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Raye, born Margy Reed, sang with big bands and acted in comic roles in numerous movies, but was perhaps best known for entertaining American troops with United Services Overseas in World War II and subsequent wars.

Terrorism
More than 20 people in Tel Aviv were killed when a bomb exploded on a bus. Islamic terrorists took responsibility for the bombing, which was the deadliest terrorist act in Israel since 1978.

10 years ago
2004


Terrorism
British subject and Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan was kidnapped in Iraq.

Baseball
American League Championship Series
Boston 4 @ New York 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Mark Bellhorn's 3-run home run off Jon Lieber was the key hit as the Red Sox scored all their runs in the 4th inning and became the first major league team to lose the first 3 games of a post-season series and force a seventh game, defeating the Yankees before 56,128 fans at Yankee Stadium. Curt Schilling pitched 7 innings to get the win.

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