130 years ago
Died on this date
Louis Henke. U.S. baseball player. The first baseman for Atlanta of the Southern League, Mr. Henke had been injured during a game at home the previous day when he collided with Nashville first baseman Charles Marr. Mr. Henke was taken to a tent by the field and then to a nearby hotel, where it was determined that he had a ruptured liver.
125 years ago
Tommy Burns and Malachi Kittredge of the Chicago Colts each hit a grand slam off Bill Phillips of the Pittsburgh Alleghenys as part of a 13-run 5th inning in the Colts’ 18-5 win at West Side Park in Chicago.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Al Hibbler. U.S. singer. Mr. Hibbler was a vocalist with Duke Ellington's band from 1943-1951. He then embarked on a solo career, with his most notable hits being Unchained Melody (1955); He (1955); and After the Lights Go Down Low (1956). Mr. Hibbler died on April 24, 2001 at the age of 85.
Miles Main pitched a no-hitter as the Kansas City Packers blanked the Buffalo Blues 5-0 in a Federal League game at International Fair Association Grounds in Buffalo. The game was over in 1 hour and 40 minutes.
75 years ago
At the movies
Foreign Correspondent, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Joel McCrea, Laraine Day, Herbert Marshall, George Sanders, Albert Basserman, and Robert Benchley, opened in theatres.
Stranger on the Third Floor, starring Peter Lorre, John McGuire, Margaret Tallichet, Charles Waldron, and Elisha Cook, Jr., opened in theatres.
German planes bombed and machine-gunned London suburbs on both sides of the Thames River.
The French cabinet decided to capitulate to Japanese demands for military transit rights across Indochina. The New York Times reported that the Japanese government would not accept the Shanghai compromise reached two days earlier, when U.S. and Japanese officials had agreed to split jurisdiction over the former British sectors in Shanghai.
U.S. Marines assumed responsibility for the British sector in Shanghai. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told reporters that the United States and United Kingdom were holding conversations about the acquisition of bases for the defense of the Western Hemisphere. Construction of a new tank arsenal in Detroit under a $20-million defense order was announced by Chrysler Corporation.
The International Labor Office announced that it would establish its headquarters for the European war's duration at McGill University in Montreal.
Mary Ryan set a record for Americans in the women's 1-mile freestyle of 23 minutes 15 seconds in Portland, Oregon.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Takijirō Ōnishi, 54. Japanese military officer. Admiral Ōnishi was the Imperial Japanese Navy officer who directed the kamikaze attacks against Allied aircraft carriers during World War II. He committed sepuku--ritual suicide--in his quarters, following Japan's surrender to the Allies.
Japanese Emperor Hirohito ordered all Japanese forces to cease fire at 6 P.M., but the Japanese government estimated that it would take 2-12 days for word to reach all front-line troops. Soviet Field Marshal Aleksandr Vasilevski told the Japanese Kwantung Army to cease operations and surrender by August 20. Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops as he was in an airplane fleeing to Japan, and was taken to the Siberian town of Chita.
The U.S.S.R. and Poland signed a treaty in Moscow fixing the post-World War I Curzon Line as the basis of their new frontier. The Soviet Union also agreed to give Poland 15% of the German reparations she received. Chinese Communist General Chu Teh asked the Allies for Communist participation in the Japanese surrender, and requested a halt in Lend-Lease aid to Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek because of the possibility of civil war. Chinese Premier T.V. Soong arrived in Washington for conferences with U.S. President Harry Truman and Secretary of State James Byrnes.
U.S. President Harry Truman called for the free settlement of Palestine by Jews to a point consistent with civil peace.
Politics and government
Prince Naruhiko Higashi-Kuni, cousin of Emperor Hirohito, completed formation of a new Japanese cabinet with himself as Prime Minister and War Minister. U.S. President Harry Truman said that U.S. authorities alone would be responsible for ruling Japan, although troops of all Allied nations in the Pacific would occupy the country.
U.S. Undersecretary of State Joseph Grew resigned and was replaced by Dean Acheson.
The National Representatives' Congress, the precursor of the current National Assembly of Vietnam, convened in Sơn Dương.
The Argentine government of President Juan Peron reported that several hundred uniformed soldiers committed deliberate violence upon individuals who opposed their cries of "Long live Peron."
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King cancelled the War Measures Act.
The Nicaraguan government of President Anastasio Somoza decreed the end of martial law.
U.S. Defense Tranportation Director J. Monroe Johnson removed controls on taxicab mileage; the operation of trucks; and starting or extending commercial services.
U.S. President Truman said that he would call an industry-labour conference, and ordered continuation of the National War Labor Board to handle disputes until the conference ended.
After investigating the July 28, 1945 crash of a U.S. Army Army B-25 bomber into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building in New York City, which had killed 14 and injured 26, the U.S. War Department found pilot William Franklin Smith, Jr. guilty of "misjudgment," and blamed the accident on "unfavorable flying conditions."
50 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Chica Ye-Yé--Conchita Velasco (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Help!--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Save Your Heart for Me--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
2 I Got You Babe--Sonny and Cher
3 (My Girl) Sloopy--Little Caesar and the Consuls
4 Don't Just Stand There--Patty Duke
5 To Know You is to Love You--Peter and Gordon
6 You've Never Been in Love Like This Before--Unit Four Plus Two
7 Take Me Back--Little Anthony and the Imperials
8 You Tell Me Why--The Beau Brummels
9 My Name is Mud--Eddie Rambeau
10 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
Singles entering the chart were The Tracks of My Tears by the Miracles (#22); Nothing But Heartaches by the Supremes (#34); We Gotta Get Out of This Place by the Animals (#35); You've Got Your Troubles by the Fortunes (#36); He's Got No Love by the Searchers (#37); Annie Fanny by the Kingsmen (#38); I'm Alive by the Hollies (#39); and I Live for the Sun by the Sunrays (#40).
Gene McDaniels recorded the songs Will it Last Forever and Hang On (Just a Little Bit Longer).
The U.S.S.R. released photographs of the far side of the Moon that had been taken on July 20 by the Soviet probe Zond 3.
In his first formal speech at the United Nations, U.S. Permanent Representative Arthur Goldberg said that the United States accepted the fact the majority of UN members were not ready to invoke penalties against the U.S.S.R., France, and 11 other countries who refused to pay for UN peacekeeping operations.
The Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) severed relations with Portugal, and also ended air and port rights, and banned Portuguese imports.
Jockey Johnny Longden won his 6,000th race, at Exhibition Park in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Winnipeg (4-0) 12 @ British Columbia (1-2) 6
Winnipeg defensive back Henry Janzen returned an interception 75 yards for thje game's only touchdown 6 minutes into the game as the Blue Bombers beat the defending Grey Cup champion Lions before 36,457 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. It was Winnipeg's second win over B.C. in 13 days.
Miami was admitted for the 1966 season, becoming the American Football League's ninth franchise. Joe Robbie and Danny Thomas were partners in ownership of the team.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Buonasera dottore--Claudia Mori (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): The Elephant Song--Kamahl (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: Can't Give You Anything (But My Love)--The Stylistics
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Someone Saved My Life Tonight--Elton John
2 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
3 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
4 Rhinestone Cowboy--Glen Campbell
5 Why Can't We Be Friends?--War
6 One of These Nights--The Eagles
7 How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by You)--James Taylor
8 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
9 Fallin' in Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank and Reynolds
10 The Rockford Files--Mike Post
Singles entering the chart were Give it What You Got by B.T. Express (#76); Carolina in the Pines by Michael Murphey (#82); Main Title (Theme from "Jaws") by John Williams (#84); What a Diff'rence a Day Makes by Esther Phillips (#85); Out of Time by the Rolling Stones (#87); Brazil by the Ritchie Family (#88); Like They Say in L.A. by East L.A. Car Pool (#89); To Each his Own by Faith, Hope and Charity (#93); Make Me Feel Like a Woman by Jackie Moore (#94); You are a Song by Batdorf and Rodney (#96); The Agony and the Ecstasy by Smokey Robinson (#98); Keep Yourself Alive by Queen (#99); and SOS by ABBA (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Jive Talkin'--The Bee Gees
2 I'm Not in Love--10 C.C.
3 Someone Saved My Life Tonight--Elton John
5 Midnight Blue--Melissa Manchester
6 The Hustle--Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony
7 How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by You)--James Taylor
8 Please Mr. Please--Olivia Newton-John
9 The Rockford Files--Mike Post
10 (I Believe) There's Nothing Stronger than Our Love--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
Singles entering the chart were Daisy Jane by America (#92); Rosanne by the Guess Who (#93); I'm Running After You by Major Hoople's Boarding House (#94); Let Me Make Love to You by the O'Jays (#95); Solitaire by the Carpenters (#96); It Only Takes a Minute by Tavares (#97); Rocky by Austin Roberts (#98); Can't Give You Anything (But My Love) by the Stylistics (#99); and The Proud One by the Osmonds (#100).
Larry Holmes (15-0) scored a technical knockout of Obie English (15-6) in a heavyweight bout at the Catholic Youth Center in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Atlanta (2-0) 10 Baltimore (1-1) 3 @ Lincoln, Nebraska
Detroit (0-2) 14 @ Miami (2-0) 20
Denver (0-2) 21 @ New Orleans (1-1) 24
Philadelphia (1-1) 6 @ Cleveland (1-1) 14
Chicago (1-1) 9 Green Bay (2-0) 13 @ Milwaukee
New York Jets (2-0) 14 @ St. Louis (1-1) 13
San Francisco (1-1) 6 @ Los Angeles (2-0) 10
New York Giants (2-0) 17 @ San Diego (0-2) 7
Birmingham (2-1) 11 @ Jacksonville (1-1) 22
Philadelphia (1-2) 3 @ Shreveport (2-1) 10
San Antonio (3-1) 20 @ Charlotte (1-2) 27
Portland (0-3) 18 @ Chicago (1-2) 25
Southern California (2-1) 37 @ Hawaii (1-2) 19
Ray Bare pitched a 2-hitter and Bill Freehan batted 4 for 5 with a double, triple, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in as the Detroit Tigers blanked the California Angels 8-0 before 31,569 fans at Anaheim Stadium, ending their 19-game losing streak.
Roger Moret allowed 2 hits over 2 innings before being relieved by Jim Willoughby, who pitched 2 hitless innings as the Boston Red Sox shut out the Chicago White Sox 5-0 before 15,352 fans at White Sox Park.
Pinch runner Tommy Harper scored on a sacrifice fly to left field by Bill North in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Oakland Athletics a 2-1 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 11,104 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Harper was running for Sal Bando, who drew a base on balls to open the inning. Rollie Fingers pitched 1 2/3 scoreless innings to get the win in relief of Ken Holtzman, who allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings. Jim Slaton pitched a 6-hit complete game in taking the loss.
Pinch hitter Ed Goodson singled home Vic Correll and Rowland Office with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Atlanta Braves an 8-7 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 16,255 fans at Atlanta Stadium. The Braves scored 4 unearned runs off St. Louis starting pitcher John Curtis in the 1st inning when Mr. Curtis picked Earl Williams off second base for what should have been the third out, only to have second baseman Ted Sizemore drop the throw.
Mike Ivie singled in Johnny Grubb with the go-ahead run and Bobby Tolan followed with a 2-run triple as the San Diego Padres broke a 1-1 tie with 4 runs with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 5-1 before 40,127 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.
Jim Dwyer singled home pinch runner Tony Scott with none out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 21,682 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal in the Saturday Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. Mr. Scott was running for Barry Foote, who had doubled off losing pitcher Mike Marshall to begin the inning. Bill Buckner's 2-run home run in the 5th inning gave the Dodgers a 2-0 lead, but the Expos scored runs in the 7th and 8th innings, ending Los Angeles starting pitcher Andy Messersmith's 26-inning scoreless streak.
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)--Tina Turner
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): A View to a Kill--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)
Toronto (3-4) 10 @ Montreal (5-2) 28
Concordes’ quarterback Turner Gill rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed to Kris Haines for another, while Roy Kurtz converted all 3 and added 2 field goals and a single. Toronto quarterback Mark Casale scored the only Argonaut touchdown, converted by Lance Chomyc, who added 2 singles. Hank Ilesic punted for a single for the Argonauts’ other point in front of an Olympic Stadium crowd of 26,747.
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'Em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (12th week at #1)
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had increased 0.4% in July, and that prices had risen at an annual rate of 5.8% during the first seven months of 1990.
Toronto (3-3) 41 @ Ottawa (1-5) 25
John Congemi completed 25 of 39 passes for 389 yards and touchdowns to Kevin Smellie and Trumaine Johnson to lead the Argos’ attack. Mr. Smellie rushed 15 times for 81 yards and another touchdown, while Mike "Pinball" Clemons picked up 71 yards on 7 carries, including a 62-yard touchdown in the 4th quarter. Lance Chomyc added 4 converts, 4 field goals, and a single. Ottawa quarterback Damon Allen threw touchdown passes to Jed Tommy and David Williams. Tony Cherry, replacing the injured Reggie Barnes, led the Rough Riders’ ground game with 15 carries for 91 yards, including a 28-yard touchdown run in the 3rd quarter. 27,591 were at Lansdowne Park, the largest crowd for a CFL game there in 7 years. The game marked the last in the CFL career of Ottawa wide receiver and kick returner Tyrone Thurman, who at 5’ 2" was the CFL’s shortest player. Mr. Thurman had become a fan favourite after joining the team during the 1989 season, and returning 2 punts for touchdowns. He missed the first 5 games of 1990 before finally getting to play, and was cut from the team after having a falling-out with head coach Steve Goldman.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Vassar Clements, 77. U.S. musician. Mr. Clements was a renowned bluegrass fiddler, performing with Bill Monroe and his Blue Grass Boys in the early 1950s, and then later on his own and in various bands. He played recording sessions on about 200 albums.
Victoria Cross Recipients: First World War now on Flickr - The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration in the Commonwealth and takes precedence over all other medals, decorations and orders. A recogn...
14 hours ago